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Public  Speaking Public Speaking Presentation Transcript

  • Prepared Public Speaking Things to consider when writing, preparing for and giving a public speech. Miss Thalman North Summit High
  • Introduction • Speeches are given to inform the audience, persuade the audience, or to integrate the members of an audience. • People also listen for the same reasons • Speaking skills increase a person’s effectiveness and influence the decision of others. • Speaking in public is an art form nearly as old as humanity itself. • Effective public speaking is INFLUENCE. • INFLUENCE IS LEADERSHIP!!
  • PLANNING A SPEECH • As as a speech is • PURPOSE planned, consider the • AUDIENCE following: • OCCASION • If you can empathize with the audience, you will be able to plan a better speech!
  • Analyze the Audience • Find out as much • # in group information as • Ages possible about the • Interests • Formal or informal audience. • Setting • It will be helpful to • Time frame know the following in • Room size advance. • Place on program
  • Analyze the Audience • Keep in mind the following 3 questions when analyzing your audience: 1. To whom am I speaking? 2. What do I want them to know, believe, or do as a result of my speech? 3. What is the most effective way of composing or presenting my speech to accomplish my aim?
  • Select a Topic 1. Choose a topic that interests you. 2. Choose a topic in which you are knowledgeable or want to become knowledgeable. 3. Choose a topic of interest to your audience.
  • FFA Topic Areas • When searching for a topic for an FFA speech consider using these three general areas: – Production Agriculture – Agribusiness – Agriscience
  • Brainstorming • List topics within each area that interest you. • Jot down words or phrases you know related to those topic areas. • Spend no more than two minutes on each topic area. • This process is called brainstorming. – Example: Willie Nelson
  • Gather Information • Benjamin Franklin once said: – “An empty bag cannot stand upright.” • Without solid material, your speech will fold like Franklin’s bag. • Start research by checking personal books and magazines. • Consult organizations and experts. • Do research in a library and use the librarian to help you search.
  • Gather Information • If the subject is controversial, make sure to get expert opinions from both sides of the issue. • Speaker’s can find quotations to support their ideas in sources such as: – Bartlett’s Familiar Quotes – Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable – Oxford Dictionary of Quotations – Granger’s Index to Poetry
  • Record your Ideas • When gathering material, write each item of information on a note card with: – Name of Source – Page # – Author • Use quotations and statistics when they are needed to make a point.
  • Make an Outline 1. To help you recognize the speech’s strengths and weaknesses. 2. To help you organize and develop your ideas. 3. To help you save time when writing the speech.
  • Outline Format • Main Points are indicated by Roman Numbers ( I, II, V, VI) • Major Subdivisions by capitol letters (A, B) • Minor subheadings by Arabic numbers (1,2) • Further subdivision by lower case letters (a,b,c,d,k,t,)
  • Outline Example TITLE I. INTRODUCTION II. BODY A. First Main Point 1. Sub point #1 2. Sub point #2 B. Second Main Point 1. Sub point #1 2. Sub point #2 III. CONCLUSION
  • WRITE THE SPEECH • Write the way you talk! • Write the Body of the Speech first. • Begin with the main points. • Arrange them in logical order or sequence. • Then write the Introduction. • Finally, write the conclusion
  • Write the Speech • “Words, are the garments with whish speakers clothe their ideas.” J. Regis O’Connor • Wise speakers choose their words carefully. • Choose effective language. • Refrain from using statements that defame other people or organizations. (Ethical Issues)
  • Introduction • Do something to gain the audiences attention: – Tell a joke – Pound the speaker’s stand – Make a loud noise – Ask a question – Tell a story – Use a quotation – Use a personal reference – Create suspense – Give a compliment
  • Introduction • The introduction must grab the attention of the audience, but it must also focus on the goal of the speech.
  • CONCLUSION • All’s Well that Ends Well - Shakespeare • The conclusion offers the speaker on ed last opportunity to remind the audience of the speech content. • Summarize the main points. • Use a story. • Be humorous. • Appeal and • Make an emotional impact.
  • Practice the Speech • Practice Time Limits • Practice Methods – School Classes and Teachers – Home and Mirror – Auditorium – Civic Organizations – THE VIDEO CAMERA
  • THINGS THAT NEED PRACTICE • Your Smile • Gestures • Head and Eyes • Sincerity
  • Present the Speech • A good speech starts with good preparation. • Things to consider when giving speech: – Salutation – Being Deliberate – Using the Hands (Need to appear natural) – Using the Body (Do not sway, rock, fidget) – Humor – Dress and Physical Appearance – Where to stand – Notes – Special Considerations
  • Answer Questions • If you are asked questions afterwards, keep the following in mind: – Be deliberate, take time to think through answer and then reply. – Be complete – Answer with confidence – If you do not know the answer, says so without hesitation, do not bluff. – If you did not hear or did not understand the questions, ask the person to repeat or rephrase.
  • FINALLY, Listen and Evaluate • Evaluate speeches and presentation after each time. • Evaluation allows for an analysis of where the speech went right and/or wrong.
  • Other Points To Consider • Keep the voice well • Open the speech with a modulated, use variety of sentence that will secure pitch and tone. the attention of the • Strive for correct audience. pronunciation and • End the speech in a enunciate clearly. forceful manner. • Cultivate a sincere interest • Take appropriate pauses in people. and don not allow yourself • Constantly strive to to run out of breath. increased your • Maintain good posture vocabulary. while speaking.
  • Your Assignment • You will be given 4 class days to write a speech to present to your Ag Class. • Begin planning this weekend and be prepared to start presenting on Monday, OCTOBER 29. • Good luck, choose wisely, reseach smart, use time effectively. • Type written draft is due the day you present. • You may only use notecards when presenting in front of the class.