O365con14 - powershell for exchange administrators

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European Office 365 Connect Session

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O365con14 - powershell for exchange administrators

  1. 1. PowerShell for Exchange Administrators Dejan Foro CEO, Exchangemaster GmbH European Office 365 Connect Conference, Haarlem, Netherlands 2.4.2014
  2. 2. Speaker introduction • 21 years in IT of which last 16 as an Exchange specialist • 6 Exchange generations (5.5, 2000, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2013) • 3,2 million mailboxes • Exchange User Group Europe - Founder • 9x Microsoft MVP for Exchange • Founder and CEO, Exchangemaster GmbH, Zurich, Switzerland
  3. 3. Agenda • Introduction • Setting you up for working with PowerShell • PowerShell basics • Using PowerShell examples in daily Exchange administration
  4. 4. Presentation download • This presentation will be available for download from www.exchangemaster.net
  5. 5. Setting you up for work with PowerShell Tools, etc.
  6. 6. Get the properTools http://www.idera.com/productssolutions/freetools/powershellplus
  7. 7. PowerShell Plus • Advantages over built in PowerShell editor • Advanced Editor • Code you use everday at hand • Script sharing with your colleauges • Profiles • Modules loading • Different layouts • Code signing
  8. 8. If you use other scripting languages in addition to Powershell -
  9. 9. PowerGUI
  10. 10. PowerGUI
  11. 11. PowerGUI
  12. 12. PowerGUI
  13. 13. Introduction to PowerShell ABC of ExchangeAdministration with PowerShell
  14. 14. Introduction • How it used to be .... • Problems of Scripting inWindows enviroment • Many things could be done through command line • VBScript – programming knowledge required, knowledge ofVB, WMI,WBEM,ADSI, object models • security voulnearable
  15. 15. Introduction • How it is today ... • Scripting with PowerShell in Exchange • Command line interface developed first, than GUI • EVERYTHING can be done via command line • Exchange managment GUI actually executes PowerShell commands and shows you the syntax • Single line commands replace pages ofVB code • Symple syntax • Better security – exectution of powershell scripts completely disabled by default, require scripts to be signed, etc.
  16. 16. Introduction • Exchange Powershell – 500+ commands Get-Excommand • Don’t worry, you will be cool with approx. 20 
  17. 17. Why are you going to love PowerShell •Task example : • Get a list of mailboxes and export into .csv file
  18. 18. Why you are going to love PowerShell • VBScript  Dim SWBemlocator Dim objWMIService Dim colItems Dim objFSO Dim objFile strTitle="Mailbox Report" strComputer = “MyServer" UserName = "" Password = "" strLog="Report.csv" Set objFSO=CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject") Set objFile=objFSO.CreateTextFile(strLog,True) strQuery="Select * from Exchange_Mailbox" Set SWBemlocator = CreateObject("WbemScripting.SWbemLocator") Set objWMIService = SWBemlocator.ConnectServer(strComputer,"rootMicrosoftExchangeV2",UserName,Password) Set colItems = objWMIService.ExecQuery(strQuery,,48) For Each objItem In colItems objFile.writeline objItem.ServerName & "," &objItem.StorageGroupName &_ "," & objItem.StoreName & "," & Chr(34) & objItem.MailboxDisplayName Next objFile.close
  19. 19. Why you are going to love PowerShell •PowerShell  Get-mailbox | export-csv c:report.csv
  20. 20. .... And Action !!!
  21. 21. Command Syntax • New-Mailbox • Get-Mailbox • Set-Mailbox • Move-Mailbox • Remove-Mailbox ...
  22. 22. Getting help • List of all available PowerShell commands Get-Command • List of only Exchange commands Get-Excommand • Getting help about specific command Get-Help Get-Mailbox Get-Help Get-Mailbox – detailed Get-Help Get-Mailbox – full
  23. 23. Getting info about users/mailboxes • List of all mailboxes in organisation Get-Mailbox Get-Mailbox -ResultSize unlimited
  24. 24. Getting all available properties Get-Mailbox | Format-List Get-Mailbox –ResultSize 1 | Format-List
  25. 25. Getting just a list of properties names Get-Mailbox | Get-Member -MemberType *Property | Select-Object Name
  26. 26. Selecting & Sorting Get-Mailbox | Select-Object -Property DisplayName, PrimarySMTPAddress Get-Mailbox | Select-Object -Property DisplayName, PrimarySMTPAddress | Sort-Object -Property DisplayName
  27. 27. Examples • List all mailboxes, sort by name, and export into a CSV file Get-Mailbox | Sort-Object -Property Name | Export-csv c:mailboxes.csv • Get a list of mailboxes from Active Directory OU named Users Get-Mailbox -OrganizationalUnit Users
  28. 28. Examples • Count mailboxes in organisation (Get-mailbox).count • Getting all properties for a specific user Get-Mailbox | where {$_.DisplayName -eq "Dejan Foro"} | format-list • Who is the postmaster ? Get-Mailbox | where {$_.EmailAddresses -contains "postmaster@exchangemaster.net"}
  29. 29. Examples • Who is the user with GUID e65a6ff3-d193-4563-9a8e-26a22315a686 ? Get-Mailbox | where {$_.guid -eq "e65a6ff3-d193- 4563-9a8e-26a22315a686"} • Who has UM extention 200 ? Get-Mailbox | where {$_.extensions -contains "200"}
  30. 30. Getting info about servers • Give me a list of Exchange servers Get-Exchangeserver Get-ExchangeServer | Select-Object -Property Name, Edition, AdminDisplayVersion, ServerRole | format-list
  31. 31. Examples • Give me a list of mailbox servers Get-ExchangeServer | where {$_.ServerRole -ilike "*Mailbox*"} • Do we have servers running on trial version of Exchange and if yes when do they expire ? Get-ExchangeServer | where {$_.IsExchange2007TrialEdition -eq "True"} | Select- Object -Property FQDN, RemainingTrialPeriod
  32. 32. Getting membership of a group Get-DistributionGroupMember -identity "Swiss IT Pro User Group Moderators"
  33. 33. Managing the user lifecycle • Creating users - Importing from a .csv file • Modifing users – move to another database • Removing mailboxes and users
  34. 34. Importing users from a .CSV file • Task • Import users from a file c:users.csv • For every user • Create user account in AD of form First.Last@exchangemaster.net • Put them in Organizational UnitVIP • Create a mailbox in database “Standard users” • Enter his first and last name • Set all users with password Password123 and require the users to change the password at first logon
  35. 35. Importing users from a .CSV file Import-CSV c:users.csv
  36. 36. Procesing values from a csv file • Processing each row of data from .CSV file Import-CSV c:users.csv | ForEach-Object { SOME ACTION} • Command for creating Users New-Mailbox Get-Help New-Mailbox –full
  37. 37. Processing values from .CSV file • Referencing column names from the .CSV file $_.columnname • Converting Password text into secure string $Password = ConvertTo-SecureString -String "Password123" - asplaintext -force
  38. 38. Importing users from a .CSV file • Putted all together $Password = ConvertTo-SecureString -String "Password123" -asplaintext -force Import-Csv c:users.csv | ForEach-Object { $Name = $_.First + " " + $_.Last $UPN = $_.First + "." + $_.Last + "@exchangemaster.net" New-Mailbox -Name $Name -UserPrincipalName $UPN -Password $Password - OrganizationalUnit VIP -Database 'standard users' -FirstName $_.First -LastName $_Last -ResetPasswordOnNextLogon $True}
  39. 39. Making changes to users • Apply policies • Assing to groups • Enable or disable features • Changing attributes • Moving mailboxes ....
  40. 40. Moving mailboxes • Moving mailoboxes of users in OUVIP to a new database forVIPs Get-Mailbox -OrganizationalUnit "VIP" | Move-Mailbox - TargetDatabase "VIP users"
  41. 41. Moving mailboxes • Checking for mailbox location after move Get-Mailbox | Select-Object Name,Database
  42. 42. Removing mailboxes • Check before deleting ! Get-Mailbox -OrganizationalUnit VIP | Remove-Mailbox -WhatIf • Remove them Get-Mailbox -OrganizationalUnit VIP | Remove-Mailbox
  43. 43. Recommendation • 3rd party snap-in for better manipulation ofADobjects • Quest Software • ActiveRoles Management Shell for Active Directoy
  44. 44. Managing queues • Removing spam messages from the queue Remove-Message -Filter {FromAddress -like "*spammer.com*“ } - withNDR $false
  45. 45. Testing • Get a list of test commands • Get-Command test*
  46. 46. Testing
  47. 47. Communicating with user from the script • Prompting user Write-Host -ForegroundColor red -BackgroundColor yellow "Formating your drive c: ..." Write-Host -ForegroundColor blue -BackgroundColor green "Be cool I am just kidding" • Getting user input Read-Host
  48. 48. Script samples Using PowerShell in your daily Exchange admin routine
  49. 49. Install Exchange 2013 pre-requisites http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb691354(v=exchg.150).aspx#WS2008R2SP1MBX Import-Module ServerManager Add-WindowsFeature Desktop-Experience, NET-Framework, NET-HTTP-Activation, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Web-Server, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI
  50. 50. Good Morning Exchange FAQ 000116 - Good Morning Exchange - doing a quick check on Exchange using PowerShellhttp://www.exchangemaster.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=247 &Itemid=1&lang=en It checks the following 3 things on all your Exchange machines: - Are Exchange services running? - Are all databases mounted and healty? - Are E-mails piling up in the queues?
  51. 51. Good Morning Exchnage Checking services... All Exchange services OK Checking databases.. All Databases OK Checking Queues... All Queues OK All systems OK, you can have your morning coffee :) |---| | |) |___|
  52. 52. Checking services... All Exchange services OK Checking databases.. All Databases OK Checking Queues... SERVER01 SERVER011448 500 SERVER011478 300 SERVER011485 50 Sorry mate, no coffee for you. There is work to do. |---| | |) |___| Good Morning Exchnage
  53. 53. Did the backup run last night? • Exchange 2010 backup report http://www.exchangemaster.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=vie w&id=251&Itemid=57&lang=en • Exchange 2007 backup report http://www.exchangemaster.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=251&Ite mid=57&lang=en
  54. 54. Did the backup run last night ? Backup Status Report for All Databases in Exchange Organization MAIL Created on 23.09.2013 15:40:57 Backup Status of Mailbox Databases Server Name BackupInProgress LastFullBackup LastIncrementalBackup LastDifferentialBackup LastCopyBackup RetainDeletedItemsUntilBackup -------- ---- ---------------- -------------- --------------------- ---------------------- -------------- ----------------------------- SERVER01 DB01 False 20.09.2013 17:01:35 False SERVER01 DB02 False 20.09.2013 17:01:35 23.07.2013 18:37:31 False SERVER02 DB03 False 20.09.2013 17:01:35 23.07.2013 20:19:37 False SERVER02 DB04 False 20.09.2013 17:01:35 23.07.2013 21:49:31 False SERVER03 DB05 False 22.09.2013 17:20:02 23.09.2013 12:05:12 False SERVER03 DB06 False 22.09.2013 17:20:03 23.09.2013 12:05:12 False SERVER03 DB09 False 22.09.2013 17:20:02 23.09.2013 12:05:12 False SERVER04 DB07 False 22.09.2013 17:20:03 23.09.2013 12:05:12 False SERVER04 DB08 False 22.09.2013 17:20:02 23.09.2013 12:05:12 False Backup Status of Public Folder Databases Server Name BackupInProgess LastFullBackup LastIncrementalBackup LastDifferentialBackup LastCopyBackup RetainDeletedItemsUntilBackup -------- ---- --------------- -------------- --------------------- ---------------------- -------------- ----------------------------- SERVER01 Public Folder DB06 22.09.2013 17:20:03 False SERVER03 Public Folder DB08 20.09.2013 17:01:35 False
  55. 55. DAG Maintenance • Scripts that come with Exchange server C:Program FilesMicrosoftExchangeServerV14scripts StartDagServerMaintenance.ps1 StopDagServerMaintenance.ps1 RedistributeActiveDatabases.ps1
  56. 56. DAG Maintenance Exchange01 Exchange02 DAG01 DB01 DB02 DB03 DB04 DB01 DB02 DB03 DB04
  57. 57. DAG Maintenance On the first node 1) execute .StartDagServerMaintenance.ps1 -ServerName Exchange01 2) Do your maintenance (patching, whatever) on the first node Exchange01 Exchange02 DAG01 DB01 DB02 DB03 DB04 DB01 DB02 DB03 DB04
  58. 58. DAG Maintenance 3) After maintenance is completed .StopDagServerMaintenance.ps1 -ServerName Exchange01 Exchange01 Exchange02 DAG01 DB01 DB02 DB03 DB04 DB01 DB02 DB03 DB04
  59. 59. DAG Maintenance 4) On the second node .StartDagServerMaintenance.ps1 -ServerName Exchange02 5)Do the patching Exchange01 Exchange02 DAG01 DB01 DB02 DB03 DB04 DB01 DB02 DB03 DB04
  60. 60. DAG Maintenance 6) On the second node .StopDagServerMaintenance.ps1 -ServerName Exchange02
  61. 61. DAG Maintenance 7) execute .RedistributeActiveDatabases.ps1 -DagName DAG01 -BalanceDbsByActivationPreference -ShowFinalDatabaseDistribution -Confirm:$false
  62. 62. Compare Services • Computer1: SERVER01 • Computer2: SERVER02 • SystemName DisplayName StartMode State Status • ---------- ----------- --------- ----- ------ • SERVER01 Application Management Manual Running OK • SERVER02 Application Management Manual Stopped OK • SERVER01 PsKill Manual Stopped OK • SERVER01 WinHTTP Web Proxy Auto-Discovery Service Manual Running OK • SERVER02 WinHTTP Web Proxy Auto-Discovery Service Manual Stopped OK
  63. 63. PowerShell books – Lite • Frank Koch, Microsoft Switzerland • German version • English version
  64. 64. PowerShell books – medium • PowerShell documentation Pack • Manuals that comes with Powershell http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=b4720b00-9a66-430f-bd56- ec48bfca154f&DisplayLang=en
  65. 65. PowerShell books – medium • PowerShell documentation Pack • Manuals that comes with Powershell http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=b4720b00-9a66-430f-bd56- ec48bfca154f&DisplayLang=en
  66. 66. Powershell Books – Advanced
  67. 67. Q&A • Q&A session 17:30 – 18:30 • You can send your questions in advance to • dejan.foro@exchangemaster.net
  68. 68. Contact Dejan Foro, CEO dejan.foro@exchangemaster.net Exchangemaster GmbH www.exchangemaster.net
  69. 69. Show your scripts to the world • Technet Gallery • Powershell.com

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