I AM A CORAL REEF
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I AM A CORAL REEF

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I AM A CORAL REEF

I AM A CORAL REEF

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  • APPENDIX 2B – A SAMPLE POWERPOINT PRESENTATION ON, “INTRODUCING COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS” These slides are available on the Compact Disc that is included in the Training Pack called, “Strengthening Environmental Stewardship Among Major Stakeholders in the Grenadine Islands”. You may use this presentation as a basis for creating your own presentation suited to your own audience. Please do not forget to credit the source(s) of your slides. This slide presentation was originally created by Susan Mahon in order to provide an introduction for workshops held in the Grenadines. A Revised version is provided here (S. Mahon; Feb 2008) Workshops were conducted with reference to commitments made by Counterpart Caribbean to contribute to the GEF/UNDP Small Grants Project being managed by the Carriacou Environmental Committee, and considering the ongoing activities being undertaken by the Sustainable Grenadines Project of CERMES, and the Sandy Island/Oyster Bay Project of CREP. Planning and coordinating the logistics of the workshops highlighted the collaboration among all the local principals involved -- especially the Sustainable Grenadines Project (SGP) and the Carriacou Environmental Committee/Carriacou and Petite Martinique Water Taxi Association (CEC/CPMWTA), the Southern Grenadines Water Taxi Association (SGWTA) and Bequia Independent Water Taxi operators. Counterpart funding for the workshops was provided by the European Commission as part of the Caribbean Coastal Co-management and Coral Regeneration Programme (4Cs Programme) of Counterpart Caribbean; managed on a global level by the Foundation of the Peoples of the South Pacific (FSPI).
  • Note: Distinct push-button corallites more rounded corallites than annularis
  • Boulder morphotype has small clusters of polyps without zooxanthellae Corallites resemble barnacles *** Book has typo ***
  • Corallites protrude perceptibly Corallites are usually elliptical, sometimes circular or y-shaped Colonies may be flattened or round
  • Note interconnecting network of branchlets

I AM A CORAL REEF I AM A CORAL REEF Presentation Transcript

  • I AM A CORAL REEF By Susan Mahon My Special Story
  • I AM A CORAL REEF
    • My foundation is made-up of thousands of tiny coral animals called polyps
  • Close-up Large Star Coral (Montastrea cavernosa)
  • I AM A CORAL REEF
    • I include a great diversity of
    • animals
    • eg. boulder corals, sea fans, fishes,
    • sea eggs, starfish, fire worms
    • lobsters, sponges and turtles
  •  
  • I AM A CORAL REEF:
    • REMEMBER 
    • I also include non-living elements like
    • sunlight, water, sand, and rocks
    • SUNLIGHT
    • WATER
    • SAND
    • ROCKS
    • Algae
    • Plankton
    • turtles
    • fishes
    • corals
    • Sea urchins
    • Sea slugs, octopus
    sunlight water Sand & rocks
  • I AM A CORAL REEF:
    • I include you and I am affected by you !!!
  • FOLKESTONE yesterday May Day 2008
  • and other people …….
  • I AM A CORAL REEF:
    • And, I am super sensitive
  • SUPER SENSITIVE to PHYSICAL DAMAGE Done by People
  • SUPER SENSITIVE to ……….. ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES
    • Temperature Rise
    • Storms and Hurricanes
    • Freshwater flooding
    • Erosion and sedimentation
  • SUPER SENSITIVE to POLLUTION
  • I AM A CORAL REEF:
    • WHY AM I SO SENSITIVE?
    • Because……
  • I AM A CORAL REEF
    • My foundation is made-up of thousands of tiny coral animals called polyps
    • These polyps are sensitive
    • They also contain sensitive algae
  • A CORAL POLYP
  • ALGAE IN CORALS
    • Also called zooxanthellae
    • Give corals their colour (eg. green, blue, orange, yellow)
    • Help to feed corals through photosynthesis
    • Are very sensitive to light and temperature changes -- and chemicals
    • Are symbiotic
    • CORALS CANNOT LIVE WITHOUT THEM!!!
  • Boulder coral Montastrea annularis
    • Fire Coral
  • ALGAE IN CORALS
    • Are very sensitive to light and temperature changes -- and chemicals
    • eg; global warming and coral bleaching
    • oils – motor and even suntan oil
    • low light when they are smothered by sediments
    • freshwater kills them when the reefs are flooded
    • CORALS CANNOT LIVE WITHOUT THEM!!!
  • Corals are very vulnerable during Reproduction
  • THE SEX LIFE OF CORALS
    • Corals are quite peculiar !!!
    • They can reproduce in two ways
  • Two Kinds of Reproduction
    • Asexual reproduction (budding to clones)
    • Sexual reproduction through different life stages that drift in the sea, change and settle
  • ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
    • No sex
    • Budding
    • Different patterns
    • Different forms
    • BUT
    • ALL POLYPS ARE IDENTICAL CLONES
  • Elliptecal star coral Dichocoenia stokesii
  • Gorgonia sp.
  • SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
  • Sexual Reproduction
    • Is good because it creates variety
    • Adult corals containing a variety of genetic materials are more likely to survive
    • BUT
    • The different life stages that drift in the sea, change and settle, are vulnerable to being eaten by bigger animals, or being destroyed by pollution, physical damage, or environmental changes.
  • I AM A CORAL REEF
    • My foundation is made-up of thousands of tiny coral animals called polyps
    • I include a great diversity of animals (eg corals, fishes, sea eggs, lobsters, turtles)
    • I include non-living elements like water, sunlight, sand and rocks
    • I am affected by you, and others !!! and
    • I am super sensitive
  • There exists a delicate balance of natural interconnections and overlap of systems
  • EVERYTHING IS INTERCONNECTED
    • Land
    • Reef
    • Mangrove
    • Seagrass
    • Open Ocean
  • Marine Ecosystems are Fragile
    • A FEW GUIDELINES
    • No Contact
    • Buoyancy
    • Good Finning
    • Streamline your Gear
    • Let the animals come to you
    • Take only pictures, leave only bubbles !!!
    PHYSICAL DAMAGE POLLUTION Adapted from : Our Living Coral Reef – written by the Junior League of Miami, Inc. Living with Nature Committee. Illustrated by Deborah A. Coulombe. (1991) 16pp Adapted from : Our Living Coral Reef – written by the Junior League of Miami, Inc. Living with Nature Committee. Illustrated by Deborah A. Coulombe. (1991) 16pp
  • Love and Respect the Reef
  • Please !
    • Throw no garbage, leave no litter
    • Touch nothing
    • Remain Horizontal
    • Unsure ? Wear a float vest
    • Uneasy? Practice your skills
    • Look, enjoy, and leave
    • Do not anchor on coral
    • No feeding of fish or turtles please
    • Don’t brace yourself on coral (eg to take photos)
    • Divers – adjust buoyancy, know where your fins are, don’t get too close to corals
    Adapted from a handout prepared by the Nature Conservancy Virgin Islands and Eastern Caribbean Program and Association of Reef Keepers PO Box 540 East End Tortola BVI and Cruz Bay USVI
  • A handout prepared by the Nature Conservancy Virgin Islands and Eastern Caribbean Program and Association of Reef Keepers PO Box 540 East End Tortola BVI and Cruz Bay USVI
  • THANK YOU
    • For letting me tell my story
    • Goodbye for now…. See you on the Reef