Students with Special Needs Overview <ul><li>Students who have special needs may be able to receive additional support in the classroom due to difficulty with learning or functioning. Children may qualify for support services if they are struggling in school. These students may receive an Individualized Education Program (IEP) to help them be more successful. </li></ul>
Students with Special Needs Overview <ul><li>Students with special needs may include students who may have the following: learning disabilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), emotional disorders, cognitive challenges, autism, hearing impairment, visual impairment, speech or language impairment, or developmental delay. </li></ul>
Students with Special Needs Overview <ul><li>Sometimes students may require educational services to be delivered by assistive technology (AT). An AT can be described in terms of types of devices a student may require or the services needed. Assistive Technology Devices include equipment or product systems that can maintain, help a child increase, or aid to help improve a student’s function. Assistive technology may include technology or approaches that do not require technology. </li></ul>
Teachers, psychologists, and parents need to identify AT solutions together as a team. Each child is unique and may require different amounts and types of support in order to be successful in the classroom. According to an article found on Learning Disabilities online there are 6-steps to finding a solution that can be found at: http://www.ldonline.org/article/8088 . <ul><li>Step 1: Collect child and family information </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Identify activities for participation. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Decide what can be observed that indicates the intervention is successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Brainstorm AT solutions. With the activity and desired outcomes established, you are now ready to discuss possible solutions with educators, family members, physical therapist, and other people with whom the child interacts on a weekly basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 5: Try it out. Determine when the AT intervention will begin and create an observation plan to record how the child participates with the AT supports. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 6: Identify what worked. Selecting AT interventions is a continuous learning opportunity. Reflect on your plan and discuss what worked. What didn’t work? What should be done differently? </li></ul>
Resources What I have found is that many of the resources available to students with special needs can benefit regular education students too! <ul><li>Students who are hearing impaired: http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/hearing.html#sect2 </li></ul><ul><li>This site identifies numerous strategies teachers can use to help students with auditory disabilities to be successful in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictograms: http://www.sclera.be/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>This site provides almost 5,000 visual interpretations (pictures) to help aid students understand key vocabulary terms. </li></ul>
Resources <ul><li>ADHD: http://www.teachervision.fen.com/add-and-adhd/teaching-methods-and-management/10425.html?detoured=1 </li></ul><ul><li>This site provides information to teachers such as background information about students with ADD/ADHD and strategies teachers can use to help modify daily lessons. </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive Technology Tools: http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/methods/technlgy/te7assist.htm </li></ul><ul><li>This site will provide in-depth examples of methods and devices teachers can use in the classroom to assist students with disabilities. </li></ul>
Resources <ul><li>Intellikeys: http://projectparticipate.org/handouts/writingforallsubjects.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>This article gives information about overlays a teacher can use in computer programs to promote active participation with students and allows students to be successful without having to do too much writing along the way. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Students may also find graphic organizers and outlining helpful to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can hand out notes/materials to students with special needs in advance so that they have time to review new information before it is presented in class. This can help them focus on the teacher’s explanation and student activities and less on comprehension of what words the teacher is saying. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can also upload podcasts of lessons so that students can review material at their own speed and pace. </li></ul>Resources
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