George Klare and his colleagues looked at the effects of greater reading ease on Air Force recruits. They found that more readable texts resulted in greater and more complete learning. They also increased the amount read in a given time, and made for easier acceptance.  Other studies by Klare showed how the reader's skills,  prior knowledge,  interest, and motivation  affect reading ease.
Our new system will let us train our employees with new techniques and with greater ease.
Lecture 5.3 readability and plain language student notes
Readability andPlain LanguageLecture 4.3University of AlbertaALES 204Nancy Bray 1
Plain language“The writing and setting out of essential information in a way thatgives a cooperative, motivated person a good chance ofunderstanding it at first reading, and in the same sense that the writermeant it to be understood.” -- Oxford Guide to Plain LanguageAlso called plain English 26
Plain language movement U.S. consumer groups ridicule language in government 1960s documents and forms New York State passes law requiring leases and 1978 consumer contracts to be clearer President Carter required regulations to be written in 1978 plain language President Clinton required all documents about 1998 government services to be written in plain language 27
Example #1: Common wordsBeforeThe Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends a half hour ormore of moderate physical activity on most days, preferably everyday. The activity can include brisk walking, calisthenics, home care,gardening, moderate sports exercise, and dancing.After 29
Example #2: PronounsBefore:A performance system will allow for the development of new andinnovative training techniques and methodologies and allowcompanies added flexibility in tailoring their training to the specificjob duties of their employees.After: 30
Example #3: PronounsBefore:Copies of tax returns must be provided.Loan applications will be reviewed to ensure that procedures havebeen followed.After: 31
Example #4: Active voiceBefore:Consumer messages have been developed to educate the public aboutthe Key Recommendations in the Dietary Guidelines and will be usedin materials targeted for consumers separate from this publication.After: 32
Exercise #5: Short sentencesBeforeA performance system will allow for the development of new andinnovative training techniques and methodologies and allowcompanies added flexibility in tailoring their training to the specificjob duties of their employees.After 33
Take awayKnow why plain language isimportantKnow the benefits of plainlanguageKnow what readability isKnow how readability ismeasuredKnow how to improvereadabilityKnow what plain language isKnow the four elements of plain 35
Photo Creditsbooks by Arslanpaper by Hacklockwords by ninasaurusrexnewspapers by leww_picsair force recruits by Nina_Haghighigrade 9 by Boston Public Librarythe reader by grewlikereading ease by sapheronGreen Eggs and Ham coverthe reader by murphyeppoonthe reader by adwriterreading newspaper by KC Tohreading by applejanveteran by KennethMoylege by Eric Lesliechina airlines by Roberto Verzo 36