Net neutrality
                                                               Why it matters to you




             Matth...
What is net neutrality?
An analogy: electricity




                      All uses are prioritized equally.




Sources, from top then left: Fir00...
Applied to the Internet
Applied to the Internet
What is net neutrality?



All content is created equal.
What is net neutrality?



       All platforms are created equal.




E-readers         Computers       Mobile phones
What is net neutrality?



       All users are created equal.




                Companies
Home users                   ...
The state of regulation


   “ It's here: FCC adopts
       net neutrality (lite)
                             ”
         ...
The state of regulation



      Wired networks                 Mobile networks
●   No content-blocking         ●   Status...
Issue #1
Will there be content discrimination
  and/or “network management?
Content discrimination



Content discrimination:
Making it easier and/or faster to access
certain sources or types of inf...
Pay for better access?
Priorities: The Comcast NBC merger
Priorities: The Comcast NBC merger
It's not just academic:
                          Comcast + bittorrent




In 2008, Comcast was detected
   slowing traffi...
Double-dipping




$           $

    $
Network management



 Network Management:
 Practices for companies running networks
 that allow them to control types of ...
Issue #2
Will net neutrality promote or stifle
   innovation and investment?
Two different views


Would allowing discriminatory
pricing models encourage for-
profit companies to invest more
in infra...
N
                                    et




                                                               0
            ...
20000
                                                                                                            40000
  ...
Issue #3
What about the mobile Internet?
Mobile data: The future of the Web
        OECD wireless broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by technology

100
 ...
Investment is happening




                   Samsung GALAXY Tab
HTC EVO
But will we be nickel & dimed?

$                                                $
RSS                                    ...
Issue #4
       Should the government be
involved in regulating the Internet at all?
Regulation and innovation

Television               Highly regulated


Radio                    Highly regulated

Film    ...
Is Internet sufficiently competitive?



Your broadband choices
in Coos County. If you're
   fortunate enough to
        h...
The gist:
How content is treated on the Web will affect
what services are available in the future, how
  they're accessed,...
Questions?




                        View this presentation on slideshare:
                        http://www.slideshare...
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Net neutrality

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This presentation summarizes the debate on net neutrality in the United States. It explains the concept, why it's important, and addresses the arguments for and against the concept.

This presentation was last given at the Bay Area Seniors Computer Club in Coos Bay, Oregon, on January 7, 2011.

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Net neutrality

  1. 1. Net neutrality Why it matters to you Matthew “Buzzy” Nielsen Assistant Director, North Bend Public Library This presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution United 01/07/2011 States license. For more information, visit http://www.creativecommons.org
  2. 2. What is net neutrality?
  3. 3. An analogy: electricity All uses are prioritized equally. Sources, from top then left: Fir0002/Flagstaffotos (Wikimedia Commons), bisonblog, dullhunk, and John McNab (Flickr)
  4. 4. Applied to the Internet
  5. 5. Applied to the Internet
  6. 6. What is net neutrality? All content is created equal.
  7. 7. What is net neutrality? All platforms are created equal. E-readers Computers Mobile phones
  8. 8. What is net neutrality? All users are created equal. Companies Home users Business users Image sources: Per Ola Wiberg
  9. 9. The state of regulation “ It's here: FCC adopts net neutrality (lite) ” ~ ars technica, December 21, 2010 ~
  10. 10. The state of regulation Wired networks Mobile networks ● No content-blocking ● Status quo maintained ●“Reasonable” network ●Internet Service Providers management can discriminate (or not) ●Some charging for additional services allowed.
  11. 11. Issue #1 Will there be content discrimination and/or “network management?
  12. 12. Content discrimination Content discrimination: Making it easier and/or faster to access certain sources or types of information over others. What's considered a neutral way to deal with content?
  13. 13. Pay for better access?
  14. 14. Priorities: The Comcast NBC merger
  15. 15. Priorities: The Comcast NBC merger
  16. 16. It's not just academic: Comcast + bittorrent In 2008, Comcast was detected slowing traffic for content delivered over BitTorrent.
  17. 17. Double-dipping $ $ $
  18. 18. Network management Network Management: Practices for companies running networks that allow them to control types of traffic to improve overall network performance. What's considered a legitimate network management practice?
  19. 19. Issue #2 Will net neutrality promote or stifle innovation and investment?
  20. 20. Two different views Would allowing discriminatory pricing models encourage for- profit companies to invest more in infrastructure? Would providing for neutrality encourage competition among different content providers?
  21. 21. N et 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 he rla nd D s en Sw m ar it z k er la nd K or ea N or Lu w xe ay m bo ur g Ic el an d Sw ed en Fr an G ce U er ni te m d an K y in gd om C an ad B a el U gi ni um te d St at es Fi nl an d DSL N Ja p Other Cable ew an Ze al Fibre/LAN an A d us OECD average tr al ia A us tr ia Sp a in It a ly Ire an l Po d rt ug al G re ec H e C un ze ch ga R ry ep ub lic OECD average Sl Po ov ak la nd R ep ub l ic C hi le M ex ic o Tu rk ey OECD Fixed (wired) broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by technology Source: OECD, June 2010 US broadband = pathetic
  22. 22. 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 0 M ex i co 2 5 14 Ire Lu l an xe d 6 0 88 m bo Median ur g 1 0 457 Tu rk e y 10 473 B el g iu m 10 825 download speed, kbit/s* Sp a in 12 800 U Average advertised broadband ni It a te ly 14 336 d St at es 14 619 G re e ce 15 945 G er m an y 16 033 Ic N el a ew nd 17 774 Ze al an d 1 7 807 N or w ay 18 000 C Fi ze nl ch an R d 18 384 ep ub lic 18 788 C an ad a 19 567 U Po ni te l d an d K 19 675 in gd Sw om 19 681 it z er la nd 20 073 D en m ar A k 20 397 us tr al ia 21 823 Sw ed en 23 693 Average advertised broadband download speed, by country, kbit/s, October 2009 Sl A o va us k tr R ia 25 519 ep ub lic 26 939 H un ga ry 27 542 O N EC et he D 30 550 rla nd s 33 679 K or ea 52 772 Fr an ce 54 551 Po rt ug 10 3 71 al 8 Ja pa n 107 72 5 Source: OECD, October 2009 US broadband = pathetic
  23. 23. Issue #3 What about the mobile Internet?
  24. 24. Mobile data: The future of the Web OECD wireless broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by technology 100 Dedicated mobile data 90 subscriptions Standard mobile broadband subscriptions 80 Terrestrial fixed wireless Satellite 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Fi ny un l ay ak ce y B ary M ey d m nd te ep d or d en N an n d g rl e Sw ea o er ds in lic Tu le an c Sw St a um ep a a U Au ark es om H ga al li ai ur an D lan li R an P an R tri ad he nc ic hi ub ub an at w te tra a rk or ed p a ex It Sp tu g gi gd bo m us et a C m ol rl l nl Ja or e K N Fr el Lu ze en s Ir P A C I d it K G xe ch d ni ze ov ni C Sl U Countries with partial data Source: OECD, June 2010
  25. 25. Investment is happening Samsung GALAXY Tab HTC EVO
  26. 26. But will we be nickel & dimed? $ $ RSS News $ Music $ Shopping $ Social networking $ Games
  27. 27. Issue #4 Should the government be involved in regulating the Internet at all?
  28. 28. Regulation and innovation Television Highly regulated Radio Highly regulated Film Self-regulated Print Lightly-regulated Internet Lightly-regulated
  29. 29. Is Internet sufficiently competitive? Your broadband choices in Coos County. If you're fortunate enough to have them.
  30. 30. The gist: How content is treated on the Web will affect what services are available in the future, how they're accessed, and the quality of the network on which they're delivered,
  31. 31. Questions? View this presentation on slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/nbpl/net-neutrality-6478880 This presentation was made using open source software. Fedora Linux OpenOffice Chromium GIMP Shutter Android Operating system Impress Web browser Image editor Screenshot utility Mobile operating Presentation program system
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