Libraries and Dewey Decimal Classification
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Libraries and Dewey Decimal Classification

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This basic overview of the Dewey Decimal System is used to train Library staff and volunteers. It details why libraries use Dewey and similar systems and explains how the system is organized.

This basic overview of the Dewey Decimal System is used to train Library staff and volunteers. It details why libraries use Dewey and similar systems and explains how the system is organized.

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  • The presentation is very informative and straight to the point.(in discussing DDC).. Mr. Nielsen simplified the way DDC should be used... Kudos to you =)
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    Libraries and Dewey Decimal Classification Libraries and Dewey Decimal Classification Presentation Transcript

    • 025.431: Libraries & Dewey Decimal Classification Presented by Matthew “Buzzy” Nielsen This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United Assistant Library Director, North Bend Public Library States License (http://www.creativecommons.org)
    • You’ve got some books Image source: "Pile of Books in the Prague Library," callumscott2 on Flickr
    • But let’s not be biblio-centric Image sources: "All of my DVDs," nickstone333 on Flickr " A few CDs," Spushnik on Flickr
    • YOUR TASK: How do you organize these materials so people can find them?
    • Color? Image source: “bookshelf," chotda on Flickr
    • Size? Image source: Library of Congress
    • Publication date? 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
    • Title?
    • Author? Fiction Nonfiction
    • Subject
    • How libraries are really organized (Presentations) Subject (Reynolds, Garr) Author (Presentation zen) Title
    • How libraries are really organized (Presentations) Subject (Reynolds, Garr) Author (Presentation zen) Title (Practical sciences) General (Business) Specific (Presentations) Really specific
    • A tale of two classifications Dewey Decimal Library of Congress classification (DDC) classification (LC)
    • Okay, four Dewey Decimal Library of Congress classification (DDC) classification (LC) Book Industry Standards Open Shelves & Communication (BISAC) Classification (OSC)
    • The esteemed Mr. Dewey • Invented the Dewey Decimal System when he was 21 • Helped found the American Library Association • Created the first library school at Columbia College
    • How Dewey Works Knowledge is divided into 10 subjects
    • How Dewey Works General History & Philosophy & Geography Psychology Literature Religion Knowledge is divided into 10 Social Arts subjects Sciences Applied Languages Sciences Natural Sciences
    • How Dewey Works 000s 900s 100s 800s 200s Those subjects are assigned 700s numbers 300s 600s 400s 500s
    • How Dewey Works 020s Libraries 950s 170s African history Ethics 880s And more specific 260s Greek Lit Theology subjects are given 750s 330s Painting more specific Economics 610s numbers 440s Medicine French languages 590s Zoology
    • Why numbers? 000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychology clear order. 200 Religion 300 Social Sciences Easy to 400 Language organize 500 Natural Sciences 600 Technology 700 The Arts 800 Literature 900 Geography & History
    • Why numbers? 000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychology clear order. 200 Religion 300 Social Sciences 2. Numbers can reflect 400 Language 500 Natural Sciences if a subject is more 600 Technology general or specific. 700 The Arts • 750 Painting more specific • 759 History of painting even more specific 800 Literature 900 Geography & History
    • Why numbers? 000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychology clear order. 200 Religion 300 Social Sciences 2. Numbers can reflect 400 Language 500 Natural Sciences if a subject is more • 590 Zoology general or specific. • 597 Fishes • 598 Birds 3. Numbers reflect • 599 Mammals 600 Technology groupings 700 The Arts effectively 800 Literature 900 Geography & History animal groups
    • From general to specific 000 Generalities 700 The Arts 100 Philosophy & 710 Landscaping & area Psychology planning 200 Religion 720 Architecture 300 Social Sciences 730 Sculpture 400 Language 740 Drawing & decorative arts 500 Natural Sciences 750 Painting 600 Technology 760 Graphic arts 700 The Arts 770 Photography 800 Literature 780 Music 900 Geography & History 790 Sports, games & entertainment
    • To even more specific 700 The Arts 780 Music 710 Landscaping & area planning 781 General principles 720 Architecture 782 Vocal music 730 Sculpture 783 Music for single voices 740 Drawing & decorative arts 784 Instruments & ensembles 750 Painting 785 Ensembles with one 760 Graphic arts instrument per part 770 Photography 786 Keyboards & percussion 780 Music 787 Strings 790 Sports, games & 788 Wind instruments entertainment
    • Groupings Groupings can be by 400 Languages • 420 English Dewey area. • 430 German • 440 French
    • Groupings Groupings can be by 400 Languages • 420 English Dewey area. • 430 German • 440 French Groupings can be by Biography topic within several • 921 – General • 979.5092 – Oregon Dewey areas. • 530.092 – Physics Dictionaries • 423 – English • 570.3 - Biological • 610.3 – Medical
    • Quick Dewey Test 1. In what order should 979.5/ORE these books be 557.95/STE shelved? 2. Which books are in 349.795/HIT the same Dewey 667.7/YOU subject area? 551.302/ALT 3. Which books are in 811/ANG different areas but have the same focus? 811/LON 551.31/BRO
    • Quick Dewey Answers 1. In what order should 349.795/HIT these books be 551.302/ALT shelved? 2. Which books are in 551.31/BRO the same Dewey 557.95/STE subject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANG different areas but have the same focus? 811/LON 979.5/ORE
    • Quick Dewey Answers 1. In what order should 349.795/HIT these books be 551.302/ALT shelved? 2. Which books are in 551.31/BRO the same Dewey 557.95/STE subject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANG different areas but have the same focus? 811/LON 979.5/ORE
    • Quick Dewey Answers 1. In what order should 349.795/HIT these books be 551.302/ALT shelved? 2. Which books are in 551.31/BRO the same Dewey 557.95/STE subject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANG different areas but have the same focus? 811/LON 979.5/ORE
    • Dewey Hierarchy Review Dewey numbers have a clear order. • 300 Social Sciences • 400s Languages • 500s Natural Sciences
    • Dewey Hierarchy Review Dewey numbers have a clear order. • 300 Social Sciences • 400s Languages • 500s Natural Sciences More specific subjects get more specific numbers. • 781.7 Sacred Music • 781.71 Christian Sacred Music • 781.7161 Baptist Sacred Music
    • Dewey Hierarchy Review Dewey numbers have a clear order. • 300 Social Sciences • 400s Languages • 500s Natural Sciences More specific subjects get more specific numbers. • 781.7 Sacred Music • 781.71 Christian Sacred Music • 781.7161 Baptist Sacred Music Topics are grouped using numbers. • 160 Logic • 349.795 Oregon Law • 170 Ethics • 557.95 Oregon Geology • 180 Ancient Philosophy • 979.5 Oregon History
    • Dewey Areas 000s: General works 500s: Natural sciences 100s: Psychology & 600s: Technology, philosophy applied sciences 200s: Religion 700s: Arts 300s: Social sciences 800s: Literature 400s: Language 900s: History, geography & biography
    • 000s: General works & info systems 000: Generalities 050: Magazines, (Info systems) journals, & serials 010: Bibliographies 060: Organizations & museums 020: Library & 070: Journalism information sciences 080: Quotations 030: Encyclopedias, etc. 090: Manuscripts & rare 040: Not used Books
    • 100s: Psychology & philosophy 100: Philosophy 150: Psychology 110: Metaphysics 160: Logic 120: Epistemology 170: Ethics 130: Occultism, 180: Ancient, medieval, parapsychology Eastern philosophy 140: Philosophical 190: Modern western schools of thought philosophy
    • 200s: Religion 200: Religion 250: Churches & 210: Philosophy & theory Religious orders of religion 260: Social theology 220: The Bible 270: History of 230: Christian theology Christianity 240: Christian Practice 280: Christian denominations 290: Other religions
    • 300s: Social sciences 300: Social Sciences, 350: Public sociology & administration anthropology 360: Social problems & 310: Statistics services 320: Political science 370: Education 330: Economics 380: Commerce & 340: Law Industry 390: Customs & Folklore
    • 400s: Language 400: Language 450: Italian & related 410: Linguistics languages 420: English & Old 460: Portuguese & English Spanish languages 430: German & related 470: Latin languages languages 480: Classical Greek 440: French & related languages languages 490: Other languages
    • 500s: Natural sciences 500: Natural sciences 550: Earth sciences & 510: Mathematics geology 560: Fossils & prehistoric 520: Astronomy life 530: Physics 570: Life sciences, 540: Chemistry biology 580: Plants (botany) 590: Animals (zoology)
    • 600s: Technology & applied sciences 600: Technology 650: Management 610: Medicine & health 660: Chemical 620: Engineering engineering 630: Agriculture 670: Manufacturing 640: Home & family 680: Misc. economics manufacturing 690: Building & construction
    • 700s: Arts & recreation 700: Arts 750: Painting 710: Landscaping 760: Graphic arts 720: Architecture 770: Photography & 730: Sculpture, ceramics, computer art & metals 780: Music 740: Drawing & 790: Sports, games, & decorative arts entertainment
    • 800s: Literature 800: Literature, rhetoric, 850: Italian literature & criticism 860: Spanish literature 810: American literature 870: Latin literature 820: English literature 880: Ancient Greek 830: German literature literature 840: French literature 890: Other literature
    • 900s: History, geography, & biography 900: History 950: Asian history 910: Geography & travel 960: African history 920: Biography & 970: North American genealogy history 930: Ancient history 980: South American 940: European history history 990: History of other areas
    • Quick Dewey Test In which Dewey subject area do these titles belong? Economics in plain English The plays and sonnets of William Shakespeare The story of thought Keep your car running practically forever The atlas of the solar system Teach yourself visually Windows XP
    • Quick Dewey Test In which Dewey subject area do these titles belong? 330s 820s 190s 620s 520s 000s
    • Dewey isn’t perfect!? Dewey Decimal “Problems” 1. Subjects can be found in multiple Dewey areas. 2. Dewey places fiction books in the 800s, divided by country and date. 3. Dewey places biographies in the area of the subject’s profession.
    • Same subject . . . in three sections? Problem: The same subject can be found in multiple Dewey subject areas Gardening 580 635 712.6 Botany Gardening Landscaping Solution: use the library catalog or ask a librarian
    • Fiction . . . by when it was written? Problem: Dewey 813.3 – Nathaniel Hawthorne 813.54 – Danielle Steel shelves fiction by the 813.6 – Alexander McCall Smith author’s nationality 823.8 – Charles Dickens and time period. 820.92 – J.K. Rowling 863.44 – Isabel Allende 891.733 – Fyodor Dostoevsky
    • Fiction books . . . by creation date? Problem: Dewey FIC/ALL – Isabel Allende FIC/DIC – Charles Dickens shelves fiction by the FIC/DOS – Fyodor Dostoevsky author’s nationality FIC/HAW – Nathaniel Hawthorne and time period. FIC/MCC – Alexander McCall Smith FIC/ROW – J.K. Rowling Solution: File all fiction FIC/STE – Danielle Steel by Author, together in one section.
    • Biographies . . . by profession? 180 – Socrates Problem: Dewey 270.6 – Martin Luther shelves bios by the 323 - Martin Luther King, Jr. subject’s profession. 530 – Albert Einstein 759.13 – Andy Warhol 973.46 – Thomas Jefferson
    • Biographies . . . by profession? 921/EIN – Albert Einstein Problem: Dewey 921/JEF – Thomas Jefferson shelves bios by the 921/KIN - Martin Luther King, Jr. subject’s profession. 921/LUT – Martin Luther 921/SOC – Socrates 921/WAR – Andy Warhol Solution: Shelve all bios by subject then by author, together in one section. • Common areas: 92, 921, B
    • The result? Image source: "seattle library stacks," oceandesetoiles on Flickr
    • But you’re still needed.
    • You help connect people with the information they need Image source: "IKBLC interior 8," UBC Library Graphics on Flickr
    • Hopefully, you can do it better now. Thank you. This presentation is available on SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/remnil/025431