Protestant reformation
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Protestant reformation






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  • Define Protestant Reformation – break from the Catholic church because people wanted to change the RCC’s ways and disagreed with some of their policies

Protestant reformation Protestant reformation Presentation Transcript

  • Protestant Reformation Mrs. Boyd 12th grade Global Studies Thomas Jefferson High School
  • The Protestant Reformation: Roots• Great Schism of the West (1054) – First break within the Catholic Church• John Huss – 100 yrs. before Martin Luther – The first reformer – Beat off five crusades against the Catholic Church – Excommunicated and burned at the stake• Northern Renaissance
  • Causes of the Reformation• Problems with the church – Greedy - $$ – Popes = Politicians – Warriors instead of moral leaders. – Many officials were unmoral and corrupt.• It starts in Germany – Not unified – No strong leader to hold religion together
  • Lutheranism• Salvation comes from God and faith alone. – No ceremonies, relics, good deeds • Sacraments – baptism and communion – Key is the Bible • Wants people to be able to read the Bible • Religious education for all – Priest do not have special powers• Broke away from the Catholic Church because it was not pure – Traditional Lutherans have many similarities to Catholics
  • The Breaking Point!Martin Luther Vs. Johann Tetzeland the fight over indulgences
  • 95 Theses
  • What helps to spread Luther’s ideas?
  • Diet of the Worms
  • Luther says NO!!!!!!!!!! Hier stehe ich. Ich kann nicht anders. Gott helfe mir. Amen." ("Here I stand. I can do nothing else. God help me. Amen.")• He is excommunicated from church andforced into hiding for the rest of his life•Worked banned – Stopped by Frederick theWise
  • Luther’s Legacy• Permanent split in the Christian faith between Catholicism and Protestantism• A number of different sects of Protestantism:: – Methodist – Presbyterian – Baptist• Today - approximately 590 million Protestants worldwide
  • John Calvin - Calvinism• French lawyer - moved to religious community in Geneva, Switzerla nd• Founder of Calvinist faith• 1536 – The Institutes of the Christian Religion – Code = all religious questions
  • Beliefs• “Faith Alone” saves you• The Bible holds the truth – Religious Education• Calvinism = Calvinists• PREDESTINATION – God has already decided who is saved/condemned. – “ the elect” – expected to follow a high moral standard
  • Calvinism Spreads• Official religion – Geneva – Theocracy – government ruled by religious leaders who claim God authority. – Outlawed dancing, cards, bad language, etc. – Created appeal – people knew how to act – Are the elect people????
  • Calvinism Spreads• Spreads to France, Germany, Netherlands, Scan dinavia, Scotland• France – Huguenots – Civil Wars (1562) – King Henry IV – Edict of Nantes • Freedom of religion • Some political rights
  • Henry VIII of England • Wished to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn – Pope refused to grant it • Henry declares himself head of the Church of England in the “Act of Supremacy” 1534 • Henry is the head of the Church of England not the Pope – In America we call this the Anglican Church
  • End of a united ChristendomBloody wars of religion, religiouspersecutionReligious, Social, Political conflictsintermingledEstablishment of modern languages(German, English) not LatinConfiscation of Church lands increasedpower for rulers
  • Religions Today (US)
  • Religions Today (US Catholicism)
  • Religions Today (US Judaism)
  • Religions Today (Europe)
  • Religions Today (World)