Why was Georgia Founded?In 1732, James Oglethorpe was given a charterfrom King George II to create a new colonywhich he would name Georgia. This was locatedbetween South Carolina and Florida. It had twomain purposes: to serve as a place wheredebtors in prison could go to start anew and itserved as a barrier against Spanish expansionfrom Florida. Reference: Kelly, Martin.(2012) Georgia Colony. Retrieved May 9, 2012 from http://americanhistory.about.com/cs/colonialamerica/p/georgiacolony.htm
• Georgia, was the 13th and last colony to be established.• The new colony grew slowly. Many of the early settlers objected to a number of rules that were imposed. They included the outlawing of alcohol and the outlawing of slavery in the colony. Those rules were eventually relaxed and Georgia grew steadily.Reference: Kelly, Martin.(2012) Georgia Colony. Retrieved May 9, 2012 fromhttp://americanhistory.about.com/cs/colonialamerica/p/georgiacolony.htm
• At least initially, Georgia was conceived not just as a free state, but also as a state without African or black residents. Partly, the motivation was a charitable move with regard to the British poor, who were expected to emigrate in great numbers. General James Oglethorpe, a member of British Parliament credited as the founder of Georgia, conceived the idea of creating an asylum in America for the poor of his own country and for the persecuted protestants of all nations. A deeply religious man, Oglethorpe landed in Savannah in 1733 to start his new colony under auspices that strictly prohibited slavery, and even "declared it to be not only immoral, but contrary to the laws of England." Reference: Founded. Retrieved May 9, 2012 from http://www.historycentral.com/TheColonies/Georgia.html.
• Despite the best of intentions, however, slavery gradually penetrated into the territory. By 1752, the petitions for legalizing the institution had become so insistent that the royal trustees revoked their original charter. This act of righteous indignation effectively freed Georgians to practice chattel slavery, which in reality they had been doing for several years.• The Quakers and early abolitionists who had been attracted to Georgia were sorely disappointed. Oglethorpe quit the colony in 1743. Throughout his life he maintained that slavery was an immoral violation of the Christian Gospel. Reference: Founded. Retrieved May 9, 2012 from http://www.historycentral.com/TheColonies/Georgia.html
Discussion Checkpoints1. What was the initial purpose of founding Georgia?2. Who is credited for this?3. What year was Georgia founded?4. Georgia was the _____ colony to be founded.5. What was the first city founded in Georgia?
Georgia Facts• Georgia was named in honor of King George II of England.• State Motto- “Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation”• State Song- Georgia On My Mind by Ray Charles• Georgia is the 10th most populous state in the USA Reference:Col, Jeananda. Enchanted Learning. http://www.EnchantedLearning.com, 1996. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
Georgia Facts• The State Bird is the Brown Thrasher.• The State Flower is the Cherokee Rose.• The State Wildflower is the Azalea.• The State Reptile is the Gopher Tortoise.• The State Fish the Largemouth Bass. Reference:Col, Jeananda. Enchanted Learning. http://www.EnchantedLearning.com, 1996. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
Group Activity Break into groups of 4 andanswer questions 1-7 on the next slide. Once complete we will come together and review as a class.
1. What two states border Georgia on the north? _____ and ______2. What state borders Georgia on the west? _______________________________3. What state borders Georgia on the south? _______________________________4. What state borders Georgia on the northeast? ___________________________5. What ocean borders Georgia on the southeast? _____________________6. What is the name of the river that forms Georgias eastern border? ____________7. What is the name of the swamp in southern Georgia? _______________________ Reference:Col, Jeananda. Enchanted Learning. http://www.EnchantedLearning.com, 1996. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
The Capital of GeorgiaAtlanta is the state capital of Georgia. Below is asummary of what it has to offer visitors.http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=rwCui-uX6ik#t=110sAtlanta ga city guide - vidatown atlanta ga video - what to see travel tour attractionssampler uploaded by vidatown on Aug 30, 2011 Retrieved May 10, 2012 fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=rwCui-uX6ik#t=110s.
Atlanta Fun FactsAtlanta is host to well over 16.5 million visitors each year.Atlanta is the fifth city to be the capital of the state of Georgia. It waspreceded by Savannah, Augusta, Louisville and Milledgeville.The Varsity Restaurant has earned the distinction of serving the highest volume ofCoca-Cola anywhere. It dispenses nearly 3 million servings of Coca-Cola annually.The Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, then named Candler Field, made greatstrides in 1942 when it set a record of 1,700 takeoffs and landings in one day, earningthe airport its title as "the nations busiest airport in terms of flight operations”.Candler Fields name was changed in 1946 to Atlanta Municipal. Before becoming theHartsfield-Jackson International Airport, the airport was also named the William B.Hartsfield Atlanta Airport in February 1971 and renamed again as the William B.Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport in July 1971. After the death of former mayorMaynard H. Jackson in 2003, the airport was renamed to its current name ofHartsfield-Jackson International Airport. Reference: DSL Reports. Atlanta Fun Facts. Retrieved May 10, 2012 from http://www.dslreports.com/faq/12869e.
Atlanta Fun FactsThe Capitol Dome is layered in 43 ounces of pure gold that was minedin Dahlonega, Georgia - the site of Americas first Gold Rush.There are approximately 55 streets with the name Peachtree inGeorgia.Atlanta has 130 retail centers and 54 public parks, and the city is hometo the fourteenth largest mall in the nation, “The Mall of Georgia”.Atlanta has more shopping center space per capita than any other cityexcept Chicago.Atlanta is home to the Peachtree Road Race, the largest 10K race inthe world with approximately 45,000 runners annually. Reference: DSL Reports. Atlanta Fun Facts. Retrieved May 10, 2012 from http://www.dslreports.com/faq/12869e.
Atlanta Fun FactsAtlanta was briefly named Marthasville from 1843- 1844.Atlanta is the only city in North America destroyed by afire as an act of war, when General Sherman burned thecity on November 15, 1864. Today, the citys symbol is thePhoenix, a legendary bird of Egyptian mythology that rosefrom its own ashes with renewed strength and beauty.Atlanta is home to the Martin Luther King Jr. NationalHistoric Site, the largest museum in the world solelydedicated to the famous civil rights leader.Reference: DSL Reports. Atlanta Fun Facts. Retrieved May 10, 2012 fromhttp://www.dslreports.com/faq/12869e.
Discussion Checkpoint• What is the name of the mayor that Atlanta’s airport is named after?• What are the names of the previous cities in Georgia who were also the state capital at one time?• How many visitors does Atlanta host each year?• What is the name of the civil rights leader who has the largest museum of this nature in Atlanta?