“ Eyes and Ears” of Maui  Early Detection of Invasive Plants and Animals on Maui   Elizabeth Speith, USGS Pacific Basin In...
<ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection in Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></u...
An invasive species is... An alien species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or...
Area Time # of individuals Introduction (Lag time)‏ Colonization Naturalization EARLY DETECTION/ RAPID REPSONSE PREVENTION...
“ The easiest, least expensive, and most successful control programs are those that have detected the invader early.”
<ul><li>Early Detection and Rapid Response </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline knowledge of existing pests </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid ...
When is eradication of pest plants a realistic goal? M. Rejmánek and M. J. Pitcairn, 2002 Turning the Tide: The Eradicatio...
Hawaii Maritime Shipping Paths Across the Pacific Maritime Shipping Paths Across the Pacific Hawaii
<ul><li>Island Specific Pests </li></ul><ul><li>HI Noxious Weeds and Injurious Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>US Noxious Weeds...
<ul><li>ISC Early Detection Programs </li></ul><ul><li>- Roadside and ‘hotspot” surveys </li></ul><ul><li>- Hawaii weed ri...
From: EXPERIMENTAL ERADICATIONS OF POTENTIALLY INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI, HAWAII, 2006 Forest Starr, Ki...
- Conservation workers - Harbor/dock workers - Teachers - County Road Crews - Landscape professionals - Hikers -  Hunters ...
 
 
<ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection in Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></u...
LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Pig blinded from LFA bites LFA Impacts: Quality of life, agriculture, and ecological Entire colony of LFA in a Macadamia n...
LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Location of Survey: (Example- 123 Olinda Rd., Makawao, HI, makai side of garden) Date (month, date, year): Collector Name ...
Finding LFA Places you might find LFA Waysides New Landscaping Nurseries/ Fruit Stands Shipments from infested areas of Bi...
Don’t Forget! Do Not Apply Pesticide- let someone know!
Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tropical fire ant ( Solenopsis geminata )   3-5 mm (1/8-1/4 in)   Investigate it! Inspect it! ...
Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tetramorium ant  ( Tetramorium simillimum ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Banana Bunchy Top Virus Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
With 20 known native varieties still alive on Maui,  the Valley Isle is the capital of heirloom bananas. BBTV endangers th...
Banana Bunchy Top Virus
BBTV
BBTV <ul><li>Morse Code </li></ul><ul><li>Green “J” Hooks </li></ul>
 
 
 
Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
 
 
 
 
 
Coqui  LOOK ALIKE! Greenhouse frog ( Eleutherodactylus planirostris )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Jubata Grass  ( Cortaderia  species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Dark green   leaves  (C. jubata)‏ Both are sh...
 
 
Jubata Grass  ( Cortaderia  species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
 
Jubata Grass  ( Cortaderia  species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Jubata Grass  ( Cortaderia  species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Grows in a bunch
 
Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Red flowers shaped like a bottle-cleaning brush
 
Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Fountain Grass    LOOK-ALIKE! Red Fountain Grass (Pennisetum macrostachyum)‏ Molass...
Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! - Star shaped flowers - Red Fruit 1-3 in long
 
Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Variable leaves
 
Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Ivy Gourd   LOOK-ALIKE! Bitter melon (Momordica charantia)‏
Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! <ul><li>- Purple funnel shaped flowers </li></ul><ul>...
 
Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
 
Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Rubber Vine   LOOK-ALIKE! Purple Alamanda (Allamanda violacea)‏ Brazilian jasmine (...
<ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection in Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></u...
BECOME MAUI’S EYES AND EARS!
WWW.REPORTAPEST.ORG
 
 
<ul><li>Don’t plant a pest. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid planting any plant that may potentially become invasive. Use the HAWAI...
What can we do? <ul><li>Protect Hawai‘i. </li></ul><ul><li>Clean your hiking boots, equipment and vehicles before you go i...
THANKS! Elizabeth Speith, USGS-Pacific Basin Information Node, espeith@usgs.gov, 984-3716 Lissa Fox, Maui Invasive Species...
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First Line of Defense- Early Detection of Invasive Plants and Animals on Maui

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Learn about how you are the first line in defense against the onslaught of invasive species on Maui. This presentation was originally presented by NBII Pacific Basin Information Node and the Maui Invasive Species Committee to employees of the USDA-APHIS on December 12, 2009.

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  • First Line of Defense- Early Detection of Invasive Plants and Animals on Maui

    1. 1. “ Eyes and Ears” of Maui Early Detection of Invasive Plants and Animals on Maui Elizabeth Speith, USGS Pacific Basin Information Node Lissa Fox, Maui Invasive Species Committee Pacific Basin Information Node https://pbin.nbii.gov
    2. 2. <ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection in Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></ul><ul><li>“ Eyes and Ears” Program </li></ul>
    3. 3. An invasive species is... An alien species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health (Exec. Order 13112)‏ Not all alien plant species are invasive. Not all invasive plants are alien.
    4. 4. Area Time # of individuals Introduction (Lag time)‏ Colonization Naturalization EARLY DETECTION/ RAPID REPSONSE PREVENTION MANAGEMENT RESTORATION Phases of Invasion and Associated Control Strategies
    5. 5. “ The easiest, least expensive, and most successful control programs are those that have detected the invader early.”
    6. 6. <ul><li>Early Detection and Rapid Response </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline knowledge of existing pests </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid assessment of new pests </li></ul><ul><li>Limited pest range </li></ul><ul><li>Agency capacity for response </li></ul>
    7. 7. When is eradication of pest plants a realistic goal? M. Rejmánek and M. J. Pitcairn, 2002 Turning the Tide: The Eradication of Invasive Species
    8. 8. Hawaii Maritime Shipping Paths Across the Pacific Maritime Shipping Paths Across the Pacific Hawaii
    9. 9. <ul><li>Island Specific Pests </li></ul><ul><li>HI Noxious Weeds and Injurious Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>US Noxious Weeds, Plant Pests, Pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Newly naturalized and established pests </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>ISC Early Detection Programs </li></ul><ul><li>- Roadside and ‘hotspot” surveys </li></ul><ul><li>- Hawaii weed risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>- Outreach programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- “Eyes and Ears” program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Hoike o Haleakala </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. From: EXPERIMENTAL ERADICATIONS OF POTENTIALLY INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES ON THE ISLAND OF MAUI, HAWAII, 2006 Forest Starr, Kim Starr1, and Lloyd L. Loope Residential Naturalized .01 1 Island Yes Verbascum thapsus Residential Naturalized .1 1 Local No Sideroxylon persimile Wildland Naturalized 1+ 5 Island No Pittosporum viridiflorum Wildland Cultivated .01 1 Local Yes Morella faya Wildland Naturalized .1 2 Island No Morella cerifera Residential Not sure .001 1 Island Yes Melastoma sanguineum Residential Cultivated .01 1 Island Yes Maclura pomifera Residential Cultivated .01 2 Local Yes Macaranga tanarius Residential Cultivated .0001 2 Island Yes Macaranga mappa Residential Not sure .01 1 Local Yes Caesalpinia decapetala Residential Naturalized .1 1 Island Yes Acacia retinodes Residential Cultivated .01 3 Island No Acacia podalyriifolia Residential Not Sure 1+ 3 Island No Acacia mangium Residential Not sure 1+ 3 Island No Acacia auriculiformis Land Use Status Acreage Locations Scale Control-led? Scientific Name
    12. 12. - Conservation workers - Harbor/dock workers - Teachers - County Road Crews - Landscape professionals - Hikers - Hunters and Anglers - General Public - Utility workers - Neighborhood Associations “ Eyes and Ears” Early Detection Network Visit: www.reportapest.org
    13. 15. <ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection in Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></ul><ul><li>“ Eyes and Ears” Program </li></ul>
    14. 16. LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    15. 17. Pig blinded from LFA bites LFA Impacts: Quality of life, agriculture, and ecological Entire colony of LFA in a Macadamia nutshell Cacao tree infested with LFA Fire ant bites
    16. 18. LFA Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    17. 19. Little Fire Ant ( Wasmannia auropunctata ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    18. 20. Location of Survey: (Example- 123 Olinda Rd., Makawao, HI, makai side of garden) Date (month, date, year): Collector Name and affliliation: Collector Phone #: Observations: Did the ant sting? Is ant slow or fast? Are nests visible? Finding LFA Peanut butter traps Finding LFA Peanut butter traps 1) Peanut butter chopstick bait 2) Leave for 2 hours in area that you suspect LFA 3) Carefully place ant covered chopstick in ziplock with label 4) Freeze ants overnight 4) Take your ant sample to HDOA at the airport or call MISC 573-PEST to arrange for a pick-up.
    19. 21. Finding LFA Places you might find LFA Waysides New Landscaping Nurseries/ Fruit Stands Shipments from infested areas of Big Island
    20. 22. Don’t Forget! Do Not Apply Pesticide- let someone know!
    21. 23. Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tropical fire ant ( Solenopsis geminata ) 3-5 mm (1/8-1/4 in) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    22. 24. Little Fire Ant LOOK ALIKE! Tetramorium ant ( Tetramorium simillimum ) Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    23. 25. Banana Bunchy Top Virus Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    24. 26. With 20 known native varieties still alive on Maui, the Valley Isle is the capital of heirloom bananas. BBTV endangers these cultural treasures.
    25. 27. Banana Bunchy Top Virus
    26. 28. BBTV
    27. 29. BBTV <ul><li>Morse Code </li></ul><ul><li>Green “J” Hooks </li></ul>
    28. 33. Coqui ( Eleutherodactylus coqui )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    29. 39. Coqui LOOK ALIKE! Greenhouse frog ( Eleutherodactylus planirostris )‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    30. 40. Jubata Grass ( Cortaderia species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Dark green leaves (C. jubata)‏ Both are sharply toothed and can cut when rubbed the wrong way! Narrow bluish-green leaves (C. selloana)‏
    31. 43. Jubata Grass ( Cortaderia species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    32. 45. Jubata Grass ( Cortaderia species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    33. 46. Jubata Grass ( Cortaderia species)‏ Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    34. 47. Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Grows in a bunch
    35. 49. Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Red flowers shaped like a bottle-cleaning brush
    36. 51. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Fountain Grass LOOK-ALIKE! Red Fountain Grass (Pennisetum macrostachyum)‏ Molasses grass (Melinus minutiflora)‏
    37. 52. Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! - Star shaped flowers - Red Fruit 1-3 in long
    38. 54. Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Variable leaves
    39. 56. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Ivy Gourd LOOK-ALIKE! Bitter melon (Momordica charantia)‏
    40. 57. Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! <ul><li>- Purple funnel shaped flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Glossy leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Produce white latex sap </li></ul>
    41. 59. Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    42. 60. Rubber Vine Cryptostegia spp. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it!
    43. 62. Investigate it! Inspect it! Report it! Rubber Vine LOOK-ALIKE! Purple Alamanda (Allamanda violacea)‏ Brazilian jasmine (Mandevilla sanderi)‏
    44. 63. <ul><li>Weed ID Course Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Early detection in Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Plant and Animal ID </li></ul><ul><li>“ Eyes and Ears” Program </li></ul>
    45. 64. BECOME MAUI’S EYES AND EARS!
    46. 65. WWW.REPORTAPEST.ORG
    47. 68. <ul><li>Don’t plant a pest. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid planting any plant that may potentially become invasive. Use the HAWAII WEED RISK ASSESSMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Carefully inspect plants before purchasing to ensure they are free from unwanted pests. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove invasive plants and animals on your property. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t buy a pest. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not import, plant, sell, or move invasive plants and animals in, around, or off island. </li></ul><ul><li>Report locations where invasive species are growing or for sale. </li></ul><ul><li>Use non-invasive and native plants in your landscape. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep pets contained. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not release pets into the wild – keep parrots and rabbits caged. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t dump aquarium pets or plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn in unwanted aquarium pets or plants to a pet store. </li></ul>What can we do?
    48. 69. What can we do? <ul><li>Protect Hawai‘i. </li></ul><ul><li>Clean your hiking boots, equipment and vehicles before you go into a native area and after hikes in infested areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread the word. </li></ul><ul><li>Share what you learn with your friends and neighbors. </li></ul>
    49. 70. THANKS! Elizabeth Speith, USGS-Pacific Basin Information Node, espeith@usgs.gov, 984-3716 Lissa Fox, Maui Invasive Species Committee, 573-MISC Spread the Word, Not the Weed
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