The Human Rights Situation in Afganistan

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The Human Rights Situation in Afganistan

The Human Rights Situation in Afganistan

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  • 1. The Human Rights Situation in Afghanistan
  • 2. Improvements (2001-2013) (Legal Guarantee for Human Rights) 1. Approval of the new constitution • 1. More than 15 laws enacted for the protection of human rights • 1. Signed three major New international conventions on human rights by the Government of Afghanistan •
  • 3. UPR • Afghanistan has reported twice to the UN about Human Rights 1. 2009 2. 2013 • Afghanistan has reported to Committees of three International Conventions 1. Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural rights 2. Committee on children's rights 3. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
  • 4. Improvements • Created the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission 1. Nearly a million people have been trained by the AIHRC 2. In the first eight months of this year, nearly 30 thousand people visited the regional offices of the AIHRC 3. The AIHRC will monitor every day from all prisons
  • 5. International Cooperation • The AIHRC in the International level is a full member of the Asia–Pacific Forum (APF) • The AIHRC has the membership of the International Coordination Committee of National Human Rights Institutions (ICC). • . Committee on Accreditation of (ICC) confirmed the Grade “A” for the AIHRC in November 2008
  • 6. Impact of human rights Activities 1. Increased public awareness of human rights • 1. Private prisons are closed • 1. Torture cases has decreased • 1. Prisons Situation are better • 1. Reduction of illegal prisoners •
  • 7. The following graph shows that during the last three years, the number of illegal prisoners and detention has had a downward trend: from 2010 to 2011, 14% from 2011 to 2012 = 39% from 2010 to 2012, 29%
  • 8. Challenges 1. Insecurity • The AIHRC does not have access to 40 percent of its coverage • 2. Illegal armed groups: • 616 illegal armed groups are active in Afghanistan • 3. Bad traditions: • Forced marriages, honor killings …. •
  • 9. Challenges -2 4. Killing of civilians • In the first eight months of this year, 3095 civilians have been killed and injured • 5. Violence against women • In the first six months of this year, 4156 cases of violence against women have been recorded in the AIHRC •
  • 10. Challenges . Out-of-court judgment • Illegal armed commanders and Taliban in remote areas, are doing these actions • . Weak rule of law and corruption • 8. Citizens have not enough access to justice •
  • 11. For more information, please visit the AIHRC website: http://www.aihrc.org.af/en
  • 12. • On The website of the AIHRC daily reports, quarter and annual reports and research reports are available •
  • 13. Resources • The AIHRC, the Report on the Citizens’ Access to Justice, date of issue: Jenuary 2012 • The AIHRC, the Report on the Situation of Detention Centers, date of issue: March 2012 • The AIHRC, the 2012 Annual Report, date of issue: June 2013 • The AIHRC, the 2012 The Human Rights Situation: 2013
  • 14. Thank you for your attention Ahad farzam Email: ahad.farzam@gmail.com New Dehli, India, 19/12/2013