PRESENTER:AZALITA BINTI HJ.ZAKARIA811334QUESTION OF THE REVIEW:NO. 10 & 40SGDU 5024LEADERSHIP IN EDUCATION
QUESTION10INTRINSIC MOTIVATION REFERSTO MOTIVATION THAT IS DRIVENBY ON INTEREST OR ENJOYMENTIN THE TASK ITSELF, AND EXISTSWITHIN THE INDIVIDUAL RATHERTHEN RELYING ON ANY EXTERNALPRESSURE. GIVE AN EXAMPLE OFTHIS CONCEPTS IN YOUR WORKENVIRONMENT
INTRODUCTIONMotivation or encouragement movement behavior oforganisms is continuing to carry out the activitiesstimulated by an incentive.Motivation comes from the English word whichmeans enthusiastic Motivation. Motivation issomething that any (or none) of the self and mindthat will determine success or failure in any thingdone.Motivation is the driving force to the will and desireto succeed or to achieve something. Motivation canalso be said as to the success of a stimulus orstimuli to avoid failure. People with motivationmeans he has acquired strength to excel in lifewhether in the world or the hereafter or both.
According to Kimble, (1984) motivation isthe process that occurs within the createdobjects and provide energy for thebehavior of an individual that is thedriving force in a person to performcertain activities in order to achieve agoal.While for Santrock (2008) saysthat "Motivation is the reason why peoplebehave the way for hire do. Motivatedbehavior is energized, directed, and
KEY FEATURES OF MOTIVATION: -(i) Motivation does not exist in nature.(ii) The motivation is not inherited.(iii) Motivation can be created by thephysiological or psychological needs.(iv) Motivation heading towards the direction ofachievement.(v) The level of motivation is different from oneperson to another. An increasingly strong desireto achieve a goal, the higher the motivation.
CONCEPT OF MOTIVATIONThings move and determine a persons behavior isalways associated with the concept of motivation is adesire (drives), needs (needs), incentives, fear(Fears), goals (goals), social stress (social pressure),ritualistic self (self-confidence ), interests (Interests),curiosity (curiousity), creed (beliefs), values (values),hope (expectations), and many more.Motivation depends on two factors, namely internaland external factors which were known as intrinsicmotivation and extrinsic motivation.
INTRINSIC MOTIVATIONMotivation stems from within or fromoutside the self. Motivation stems fromwithin ourselves the pleasure-driven andcuriosity-called intrinsic motivation. Aninner drive is the willingness to do a jobbecause of the job itself that caused herpleasure and satisfaction. Intrinsicmotivation created by nature from internalstimuli. Bruner (1966) intrinsic motivation islinked with curiosity and drive to achieveefficiency.
Harter (1981) identified five dimensions ofintrinsic tendencies .These dimensions is a challenge, anincentive to work to satisfy the interestand curiosity, independent control trial,an independent assessment of what to doin the classroom and internal criteria forsuccess.
According to Deci (1975), intrinsicmotivation can be described as apsychological condition caused whenindividuals consider themselves capableand able to determine something on itsown. Person is experiencing high intrinsicmotivation should be able to dosomething popular like driving a car, visitthe places you like, chooseaccommodation and choose the desired
FACTORS THAT AFFECT INTRINSICMOTIVATIONi) Perception AbilityOne is forming ability of the assessment ofthe ability perceived by others.The perceivedability of the assessment of the actualability. The higher the achievement of aperson, the more likely the person evaluatethemselves as capable. This perceivedabilities affect how feel abouthimself. Person with high perceived abilitylikely to have confidence in yourself.
ii) The perception of controlAccording to Cole and Chan (1987), thecause of the control of the reasons ofsuccess and failure is the perception ofcontrol.Harter (1981), Nicholls (1984) and Weiner(1984) points out, success and failure inorganization due to internal causes suchas self control and be able to work in areal situation.
ii) The feeling of learningFeelings include attitudes, values, interests andpreferences indicated by individuals on an object, thingor person.Behavior and individual assignments are influenced byability and how to control the situation. Positive self-concept gives confidence to individuals that he is ableto do certain tasks. In addition, individuals candetermine their own work. He will be involved in thetask and also the goals that will bring success tohim.Individuals will only have a self-concept that he iscapable and able to control his efforts if he has a highintrinsic motivation to work.Productive behavior arises if the conditions can bepredicted. Bandura (1986) has said that if he stressedindividuals working in an environment that he can notcontrol it and he does not have the ability. This bringstwo implications. First, he may pull out of not doing the
EXAMPLE OF THIS CONCEPTS IN YOUR WORKENVIRONMENTAs a assistance for teachingFactors that can increase the ability of self-conceptstudents are successful in certain tasks. Typicallystudents need teachers guidance in performingdifficult tasks. Teachers usually tell students theprocedure for solving task. Teachers rarely givestudents opportunities to think about their own wayto achieve success in its task. Best teachers toexpose students to the skills to make their owndecisions.Have students make their own decisionsbut with the guidance of teachers. This can increasethe intrinsic motivation of students. Another way todo is to give assistance to their teaching.
This will be done in three ways:1. Shows an exampleTeachers need to show students examplesof what to do. This was better than tellingstudents what they need to do. This allowsstudents to appreciate the properties foundin the sample. In this situation, the teacherprovides opportunities for students to think,control efforts and determine how and theextent to which students rely on theexamples given.
2. Segregation of dutiesThis strategy allows the teacher providesstudents with challenging assignments. Taskscan be divided into small parts and each part isdone by several students. For example, beforethe teacher asks students to write an essay, theteacher will ask students to provide acomprehensive essay. First teacher divides thestudents into small groups and each group wasgiven small tasks such as the identification, thecontents of the material and thecover. Discussions are held before each studentsessay individually.
3. Share assignmentsThis approach is similar to the division oftasks approach. Both of these approachesrequire a task is divided into topics orsections smaller. For example, in the activityof producing documents on the history ofMalaysia. This topic can be broken downinto several small examples and a smallgroup of students just need to make a smalltitle. Then, the information sub-topics arecombined to produce a complete document.
CONCLUSIONMotivation is a force that will excite,motivate, and influence the behavior ofmembers to act to meet the desiredrequirements.Confidence of individuals in relation to thework done is the basic things and theirattitude towards work will determinesuccess or failure.Intrinsic motivation is associated with jobsatisfaction covering self fulfillment,development, recognition of their ownefforts. This concept is in line with the needs
QUESTION40HOW DO YOU MOTIVATE PEOPLE?LIST SOME WAYS THAT YOU,AS ANADMINISTRATOR,COULD MOTIVATE THOSEWHOM YOU SUPERVISE?
INTRODUCTIONMotivation is the means reason, purpose ordriving force, then thats exactly what thepurpose of a primary driving force for him to beworking hard to achieve or get what also hewants either negative or positive.Therefore, we can define that:"MOTIVATION IS SOMETHING MOTIVATING ANDDIRECTING THE COURSE OF A PERSON IN HISACTIONS, WHETHER NEGATIVE OR POSITIVE. "
AS A MOTIVATIONAL IMPETUS.Motivation is a form of mind and heart impulseto be the main person, a family or anorganization to achieve whatever you want.“Purpose or motive is the same function with the goals,vision, aspiration, desire or ambition. So, the vision,ideals, dreams, desires or needs one even for acountry is a key driver that drives the relentlesspursuit to achieve what is desired.More importantly we want to achieve something,possessed, resolved or destination, more serious andstronger the efforts of a person, a family, organization,community or nation to achieve any goals set. So,with the goal or intent is more important or large, thestronger was the impetus or motivation to strive toachieve.
AS THE DEGREE OF SERIOUSNESS OFMOTIVATIONMotivation is the degree of seriousness and thecontinuity of a person, trying to reach the goal orgoals.“The level of importance that one wants to achievesomething, impacting on the level of enthusiasm forwork. Despite the relatively long time to achieve, but ifwhat is intended is very important, it will continue toremain a desire or willingness to work until the goal isreached.
MOTIVATION AS STIMULATORMotivation is induced stimulation or enthusiasm orpassion for something really desirable.MOTIVATION AS CATALYST COURAGEMotivation is a catalyst that arise andmenyeramakkan desire, courage and determinationto achieve a challenging goal that really be achieveddesired and / gain.
ADMINISTRATORS IN DUTIESUnderstanding of the term motivation and content andthe content is very important, especially to the heads,managers, administrators unit / department /organization because it tells something behind hisactions and human behavior.Motivation is an impulse in the minds of its people tostrive to achieve the goal. As a leader / manager /administrator of a unit / department / organization,play an important role in motivating their followers asmotivation relates to induce or influence the behaviorofA others based on to knowledge about what causesthem to behave either defensive or proactive.
IMPORTANCE OF MOTIVATION1. To satisfy their followers as if they are satisfiedand have high morals will exhibit close cooperation andgood adherence to the unit / department andorganization.2. Work aims to motivate behavior. Head / manager/ administrator effective should understand and knowthe work behavior should be motivated to aim the unit /department / organization can be achieved. Amongthose to be considered is the behavior-behaviorfollowers join a unit / department / organization,continues to be in the unit / department / organization,was always working and shows excellent performance.
CONT….3. Motivation can facilitate the task. There are manybarriers that interfere with the duties of a person. With thismotivation, obstacles such as absenteeism can be reduced oravoided. Eg head / manager / administrator can use a littletraining or reduce power to the disciples as a motivationaltool.4. Motivation to boost performance. The favorableconditions of work such as freedom in how to implement thework will encourage followers to work hard and increase theperformance of his career. Next is profitable in the long run tobe able to produce many followers always healthy competitionto enhance their performance and also the performance ofthe unit / department and organization.
HOW MOTIVATE WORKERS1. Use financial rewards to outputs (pay forperformance) - for example, low wages but high-commission fee higher quality work2. Use reward merit (merit pay) - approval for thebetter, even good payment3. Use of immediate reward (spot awards) - release-task-praise break4. The use of reward based on skills (skill-basedpay)
CONT…..5. The use f recognition (recognition) - award-certificate ofappreciation-letter-rank, medals6. Conduct structural change task (job redesign)7. The use of reward empowerment (empowerment) -power-power decided prefer team-work-power powerexpend funds targeting work8. How to use goal setting9. Use stimulus (reinforcement) positive - short courses,seminars - a conducive workplace - a colleague recentlyand motivating words10. The use of continuous learning