Instructional Models The Instructional Design process is a “systems”approach. The ID process is expressed as a linear model, aniterative process, and often as a pragmatic, real-worldset of procedures. ID Models includes:1. ASSURE model2. Dick and Carey Model3. ICARE model4. ADDIE model
ADDIE ModelA future educational leader may use ADDIE model to makechanges in an organization, because this model had beenused by instructional designers and training developers.The ADDIE model contain five phases:A: ANALYZED: DESIGND: DEVELOPMENTI: IMPLEMENTATIONE: EVALUATIONWhich represent a dynamic, flexible guideline for buildingeffective training and performance support tools. Thismodel attempts to save time and money by catchingproblems while they are still easy to fix.
AnalyzeAnalyze refer to the gathering of information about one’saudience, the task to be completed, and the projectoverall goal.The future education leader will gather the informationabout the task to be accomplished in an organization andclassify the information to make the content moreapplicable and successful.It asks several questions: Who is the audience? What do they need to learn? What constraint exist? What is the time line for the program completion?
DesignA future education leader should be able to plan,develop, evaluate an instruction process. He must knowhow to use curriculum in planning instruction.Design must be set to attained a particular goal.It has three functions:1.Evaluating the outcomes of instruction.2.Developing the instruction.3.Identifying the outcomes of instruction.
Cont’d In other to teach effectively there are fiveconsiderations to keep in mind:1. What are the objective2. What skills, attitude are to be develop3. What resources and strategies need to be use ininstruction4. How to structure the content of learning materials5. How to asses the learner’s understanding andwhether set objectives has been met.
Development1. The phase addresses the tool used in creatinginstructional material.2. It is the process of producing materials needed tomeet the goals and objectives.3. In other to help student learn the task, a list ofactivities should be produced.4. The delivery point should be chosen, whether it bethrough video, power point, note, lecture etc.5. Previous materials should be review in other not torepeat the information6. Finally, develop instructional coursework.
Implementation1. During this phase, the first use of instruction aredescribed to the learners.2. Implementation stage allow instructional leader totest all materials design to identify if they arefunctional and appropriate for learners.3. The instructor must be ready to face unforeseenproblem like learning difficulties or instructionalchallenges.
Evaluation1. An evaluation phase is a systematic process thatdetermines the effectiveness of instructional design.2. The evaluation is an on going process that happen at eachstage of ADDIE process.3. Evaluation consist of two parts : Formative andsummative assessment.Formative assessment - Is used to determine theeffectiveness of each stage or is used to monitor studentslearning .Summative assessment – It is the process of gatheringdata following information in other to determine theeffectiveness of the goal.
Conclusion A future education leader should have ability to identifylearner’s needs . An educational leaders must know how to use resourcesand strategy to achieved the objectives of the lesson. Again, he should know how to choose appropriatedelivery point and assess learners understanding. A future educational leader should know how to examineand evaluate their students so that they can accomplishtheir goal. Also, an educational leader should be able to modifyinstructional materials to make it suitable for learners.