Malaysian studies

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Malaysian studies

  1. 1. THEJUDICIARY(THE COURT)
  2. 2. Chief Justice YAA Tun Dato’ Seri Arifin bin Zakaria(Dato’ Lela Negara) Born on 1st Oct. 1950, Kg Repek, Pasir MasKelantan 12th Sept - Current
  3. 3. ROLE AND JURISDICTION Defend justice for everyone Guided by the Federal Constitution
  4. 4. ROLE (CONT’D)Areas ofjurisdictionInterpret theConstitutionInterpret lawProclaim aFederal orState lawInvalidDeclare agovernmentaction asinvalidTun Mohamed Suffian Hashim(Lord President of SupremeCourt, 1974-1982)
  5. 5. JUDICIAL SYSTEM STAGESFederalCourt•Consists of Chief Justice, 4 judges and a number of additional judges•Validate the law•Settle disputes (Federal vs. States / between states)•Deliberates on appeal of civil and criminal cases•Advises the Yang di-Pertuan AgongHigh Court•Headed by the Chief Judge•Hear cases with death penalty•Hear civil cases (matrimonial, bankruptcy, guardianship)LowerCourt•Session Court, Magistrate court, “Penghulu” Court, District Court, Juvenile Court, Syariah Court,Industrial Court
  6. 6. Court Hierarchy
  7. 7. Freedom of the Court Free from political influence or pressure Constitution guarantee the court frombeing controlled Article 127 – behavior of the judgescannot be simply discussed in anyParliamentary Council Article 126 – protects the high position ofthe court
  8. 8. THE EXECUTIVE BODY Sultan and Yang Dipertua Negeri – Headof a state and symbolizes the sovereigntySultan Raja Yang Dipertuan Besar Yang DipertuaNegeriSelangor Perlis Negeri Sembilan MalaccaPerak PenangPahang SabahJohore SarawakKelantanKedahTerengganu
  9. 9. Authority Appointment of Menteri Besar Assent to the request for dissolving the StateLegislative Assembly Request Rulers Council to meet - special rights,position, sovereignty, supremacy, religious acts,practices, and ceremonies Head of Islamic Religion or Malay Customs Appointment of heir, queen, acting ruler Appointment of people holding ranks, titles,honours and designation Making rules relating to the royal audience halland palace
  10. 10. State Executive Council Federal Level – State Cabinet Peninsular – State Executive Council Sabah – Cabinet Sarawak – Supreme Council
  11. 11. Authority Forming state policies andimplementation Advisor Cabinet – Ministry State Executive Council - Portfolios

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