Since the Grammar-translation method was not
very effective in preparing students to use the
When “Direct method “ has been used ?
What is the basic role that the Direct method
“NoTRANSLATION” is allowed
In fact ,the Direct method received its
name from the fact that meaning is to be
conveyed directly in the target language
through the use of demonstration and
visual aids, without resort to the native
language of the student.
What are the goals of teachers who use
the Direct Method?
Communication and think in the
target language .
What is the role of the teacher?
What is the role of the students?
The teacher and the students are
more like partners in
the teaching/learning process.
What are the characteristics of the
teaching/learning process ?
Teachers who use the Direct Method believe
students need to associate meaning and the
target language directly.
When the teacher introduces a new target
language word or phrase, he demonstrates its
meaning through the use of realia(, or pictures,
he never translates it into the students' native
Students speak in the target language a great
deal and communicate as if they were in real
The syllabus used in the Direct Method is
based upon situations (language that
people would use at a bank or when
going shopping) or topics (such as
geography, money, or the weather).
Grammar is taught inductively.
Students practice vocabulary by using
new words incomplete sentences.
What is the nature of student-teacher
What is the nature of student-student?
The initiation of the interaction goes
both ways, from teacher to students
and from student to teacher.
How are the feeling of the students
dealt with ??
There is No principles of the method
which relate to this area .
How is language viewed ?how is
culture viewed ?
Language is primarily spoken ,not written.
Students study common, everyday speech
in the target language .
Study of the history , geography,culture
and information about the daily lives of
the target language .
What areas of the language are
emphasized? What language skills are
Vocabulary is emphasized over grammar.
What are the role of the students "native
Native language should not be used inside
the classroom .
How is the evaluation
students are asked to use the language
not to demonstrate their knowledge
about the language .
They are asked to do so using both oral
and written skills.
How does the teacher respond to student
The teacher tries to get students to
self-correct whenever possible.
Reading aloud .
Question and answer exercise .
Getting students to self-correct.