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Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
Rrr roundtable
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Rrr roundtable
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Rrr roundtable

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This presentation was presented for Central Asian Education Roundtable at the University of Kentucky in March 27, 2013

This presentation was presented for Central Asian Education Roundtable at the University of Kentucky in March 27, 2013

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  • 1. Education in Kazakhstan:Education in Kazakhstan:Between Soviet Legacy andBetween Soviet Legacy andWestern Challenges. Is ItWestern Challenges. Is ItPossible to Build a NationalPossible to Build a NationalModel of Education?Model of Education?Nazgul MingishevaVisiting scholarOSF/FDFPEducation Policy Studies & Evaluation DepartmentUniversity of KentuckyRRR Roundtable on Central Asian EducationMarch 27, 2013
  • 2. Provinces of KazakhstanProvinces of Kazakhstan
  • 3. General informationGeneral informationDecember 16, 1991 – Independence ofKazakhstanTerritory – 2,7 million square kilometersPopulation – 16,9 million (2013 estimate)State language – Kazakh; official language -RussianGDP (PPP) – 2012 estimate:Total - $232,349 billionPer capita - $13,921GDP (nominal) – 2012 estimate:Total - $200,6 billionPer capita - $12,021HDI – 0,754 (2013 estimate)President – Nursultan Nazarbayev (from 1990)
  • 4. Ethnic population inEthnic population inKazakhstanKazakhstanEthnicity 1989 1999 2009 2011Total (mln) 16 465 14 955 16 005 16 442Kazakh 6 535 7 971 10 099 10 527Russian 6 228 4 490 3 797 3 753Uzbek 332 370 457 481Ukrainian 896 549 333 321Uighur 185 210 223 233Tatar 328 249 203 204German 958 356 178 180
  • 5. Education in Kazakhstan: 1991-2013Education in Kazakhstan: 1991-2013Basic periods of educational reforms in1991-2010The State Program “Bolashak”Nazarbayev University, NazarbayevIntellectual Schools, NazarbayevFoundation (2010-2013)Current educational reforms and languagepolicy in educationQualitative research on Kazakh languagein education and science (2011-2013)
  • 6. Education in Kazakhstan: 1991-2013Education in Kazakhstan: 1991-20131928 – Kazakh State University in Almaty (nowKazakh National Pedagogical University)1991-1994 – Building of law basis for HE1995-1998 – Modernization and intensivereforming of HE1999-2000 – Decentralization of administrationand financing in HE, increasing of academicfreedom in HE (???)2001-2007 – Strategic development of higherand secondary education2005-2010 – Searching of effective ways ofadaptation of HE to the market economy inKazakhstan
  • 7. The Program “Bolashak” (“The Future”) –The Program “Bolashak” (“The Future”) –1994-20131994-20132005 2006 2007 2008Number ofgrants1796 778 500 1105The quote of grants was increased to three thousand scholarshipsin 2005• 68 students were expelled from 1994• From 2010 – focus on MA and PhD programs preferably fortechnical and medical majorsEthnic structure of Bolashak students (2008):• Kazakh – 93,6%• Russian – 3%• Korean – 0,9%• Tatar – 0,5%
  • 8. Nazarbayev UniversityNazarbayev University2010 – Nazarbayev University2011 – Law about status of NazarbayevUniversity (NU), Nazarbayev IntellectualSchools (NISs), and NazarbayevFoundation (NF)NU and NISs are autonomous educationalorganizations20 NISs in the future around ofKazakhstan
  • 9. Structure of NazarbayevStructure of NazarbayevUniversityUniversity7 schools and one centerBA programs – 18 (engineering, natural,technical, medical and social sciences)MA programs – 3 (MBA, Public andEducation Policy)Research centers – 3 (Energy research,Life sciences, Education policy)Rector – Shigeo Katsu
  • 10. Current educational reformsCurrent educational reformsNational universities 9International universities (including NU) 3State universities 32Non-civic universities 13Joint-Stock universities 15Private universities 69Total: 141The new program: one province – one university (state andprivate, except Astana, Almaty, Karaganda, and Shymkent)Ranking and number of universities in Kazakhstan (2012):
  • 11. Language policy in educationLanguage policy in educationLanguages of education at secondaryschools (2012):Kazakh (3843 schools)Russian (1508 schools)Uzbek (58 schools)Uighur (14 schools)Tajik (2 schools)English (8 schools)German
  • 12. Language policy in educationLanguage policy in educationStudy of the Kazakh language in the curricula:20 hours in 1-11 grades at secondary schools6 credits at universitiesTrilingual strategy (Kazakh, Russian and English)in secondary and higher education to 2020:Increasing of trilingual schools from 33 to 700Studying English from first grade at schools in2013-2014Development of trilingual strategy inundergraduate and graduate education
  • 13. Kazakh language in education and scienceKazakh language in education and science Transition (or returning) to Latin alphabet to 2025:modernization of the Kazakh languageResearch on Kazakh language in education and socialsciences (10-11 interviews with linguists, instructorsin Kazakh, experts and journalist in 2011-2013): Political issues of Kazakh language development inpostcolonial period: Why we still don’t communicatein Kazakh? Challenges of urban areas for Kazakh languagedevelopment Institutionalization of academic language in Kazakh Development of the Kazakh language not only ineducation but also in media, Internet, television, andpopular culture
  • 14. Thank you!nmi227@g.uky.edu

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