Re Experiencing The Book

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Presentation at ANELE, Madrid, Spain in October 2009 on the future of the book as a means to communicate and educate, focusing on collaboration, sharing, interactive content, and linked data.

Presentation at ANELE, Madrid, Spain in October 2009 on the future of the book as a means to communicate and educate, focusing on collaboration, sharing, interactive content, and linked data.

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  • 1. peter  brantley     internet  archive   san  francisco  ca  
  • 2. “ ... [N]one of the teens took any of the CDs, even though they were free. ‘That was the moment we realised the game was completely up,’ says a person who was there.” - “From Major to Minor,” The Economist, Jan 10 08
  • 3. leap  into  the  future     (put  aside  the  present)   “The  Rocket  blasts  off”,    Phil  Gyford,  Flickr  
  • 4.  “a  book  is  a  machine  to  think  with.”      -­‐  I.  A.  Richards,        -­‐  Principles  of  Literary  Criticism      -­‐  1924  
  • 5.  1.  inevitable  that  most  analogue  books      will  be  transformed  into  digital  books  
  • 6.  2.  current  books  translated  into  digital      (digital  is  seen  as  a  “colleague”  of  print)    
  • 7.  3.  we  are  beginning  to  re-­‐imagine  books  –      born  digital  in  their  new  manifestations.    It  is  of  this  I  will  speak  ...      (a  larger  transformation  in  publishing)  
  • 8.  2  archetypal  forms  of  digital  books:     Downloadable  “ebooks”      (Amazon  Kindle,  Sony  Reader)     Networked  books        (Shortcovers,  Google  Editions)  
  • 9.  digital  books  are  increasingly  hybrid  books:      local  (“cached”)  -­‐-­‐  tethered  to  the  network.     “Network  Operations  Center  at        NPR”,  Collapse  the  Light,  Flickr  
  • 10. In  computer  science  –   stateful    |vs|    stateless   the  digital  book  beckons  toward   statefulness.    it’s  keeping  place  –     across  the  open  web,  ereader,  mobile.   remembering  us,  remembering  itself.    
  • 11.    with  digital  editions   we  walk  away  from  owning  books   migrating  to  the  licensing  of  books     (libraries:  the  borrowing  of  books)  
  • 12. first  sale:   giving  books  to  friends  and  family   the  privacy  of  the  books  we  read   borrowing  books  from  libraries   we  may  lose  these  things     as  we  gain  others.      
  • 13. the  question  for  all  of  us   who  care  about  books  –   how  will  we  experience  the  story?   the  book,  providing  an  education.  
  • 14. what  is  the  value  of  an  ephemeral  book?   what  is  it  that  we  truly  value,  in  a  book?   “hand°i°craft°Art”,  Vali...,        Flickr  
  • 15. what  is  important  about  books   is  not  really  the  books  themselves   but  the  people  who  make  and  read  them   (this  has  always  been.)  
  • 16. books  |center     |  community    annotations    reading  lists       recommendations     critiques     networks  scale     the  conversation.  
  • 17. we  are  moving  away  from  books  /as/  objects,   and  toward  books  as  networked  experiences.     “books  strung  up  by  their   spines,    and  the  words     that  fell  out  of  them”,   glitter  feet,  Flickr  
  • 18. conversations     books     music     movies   an  environment   where  readers  become   engaged  with  each  other  
  • 19. the  book  is  not  a  static  thing,  anymore  –     not  a  long  sequence  of  words,  pictures.   “words”,  ceoln,  Flickr
  • 20. books  are  responsive   –  interactively  –       shared     experienced     re-­‐created    
  • 21.    the  narrative  (its  education)  –      _      is  turning  into  a  scaffolding    _      to  facilitate  an  environment    _      into  which  one  inserts  oneself    _      as  a  participant  –  as  a  reader.    
  • 22. how  we  read  –                  what  we  need            (in  order  to  read)       are  changing              in  the  minds                of  our  youth  
  • 23. iPhone  and  the  appeal  of   “touching”  content.   “Hold  Hands”,   wickenden,  Flickr  
  • 24. peter  collingridge,  apt  studio  
  • 25.  “[I]t  combines  text,  audio  and  video.      You  can   read  the  book,  watch  a  video  of  [Nick]  Cave   reading  the  book  and  add  “soundscapes”,   music  composed  by  him  —  or  all  three  at  the   same  time.”    -­‐  London  Evening  Standard,  14.09.09  
  • 26. we  will  expect  to:     touch  the  pianos     feel  the  strings  vibrate     hear  the  Variations     listen  to  a  concert  
  • 27.  “Small  objects      travel  further  and  travel  faster  -­‐      their  meaning  adapting  to  the      ever-­‐changing  context.      Every  step  an  opportunity.  ”        -­‐-­‐  Jan  Chipchase,  “Future  Perfect”  
  • 28. mobile  phones     bring  the  world   into  our  lives   a  new  generation  of  applications  as   phones  become  hosts  for  services  –     not  devices   (like  books)  
  • 29.   location  (GPS)     accelerometer     compass     video  camera     network   eyes,  ears,  mouth,  and  skin  
  • 30. mobile  as  my  story  teller,   a  new  kind  of  companion   the  narrative  and  the  reader   are  integrating  themselves  –     combining  people  and  presence  –   bringing  the  story  into  the  place.  
  • 31.   mobile,     interactive,  and       shared      new  layers  of  information  overlain      on  the  world  we  see,  feel,  and  hear  
  • 32. Layar,  demostración  en  la  calle    “...  Layar  es  una  aplicación  que  mediante  la  cámara  y   el  GPS  añade  una  capa  de  información  por  encima   de  la  realidad,  la  tan  soñada  realidad  aumentada.  Ya   hablamos  de  Layar  y  comparamos  con  Wikitude.   Esta  semana  he  hecho  un  vídeo  con  Layar  mientras   caminaba  por  el  centro  de  Barcelona.  Después  de   usarlo  y  juguetear,  para  hacer  el  video,  me  ha   parecido  un  bluf.  La  aplicación  es  más  espectacular   que  funcional,  Google  Maps  es  más  útil.  ”  
  • 33.  QR  code  stencils  and  spray  chalk  –      embedding  the  network  into  the  world.  
  • 34. one  can  live  within  a  story   insert  oneself  with  others   build  the  narrative     by  being  within  it  
  • 35. bring  the  textbook     and  its  invitation  to  learn   into  people’s  hands   imagine  this!   for  science,  for  history,  for  art.  
  • 36.  “It's  not  as  printers  who  use  bits  rather  than   ink.  It's  as  translators  between  the  human   stories  and  the  machines  who  have  to  take   those  stories,  integrate  them  into  a  web  of   linked  data,  and  make  it  possible  for  humans   to  ask  questions,  dream  dreams,  and  tell  new   stories.”        -­‐  John  Wilbanks,  “Story  Time”,  02.09.09  
  • 37. students     learning  from  the  story   that  they  help   to  tell   this  is  the  new  education  
  • 38.  “Como  forjamos  al  hierro        forjaremos  días  nuevos.”   -­‐  Regino  Pedroso,  "Mañana"    
  • 39. peter  brantley      co-­‐founder,  open  books  alliance      director,  bookserver  project      internet  archive      the  presidio,  san  francisco,  ca     @naypinya  (twitter)      peter@archive.org