Re Experiencing The Book

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Presentation at ANELE, Madrid, Spain in October 2009 on the future of the book as a means to communicate and educate, focusing on collaboration, sharing, interactive content, and linked data.

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Re Experiencing The Book

  1. 1. peter  brantley     internet  archive   san  francisco  ca  
  2. 2. “ ... [N]one of the teens took any of the CDs, even though they were free. ‘That was the moment we realised the game was completely up,’ says a person who was there.” - “From Major to Minor,” The Economist, Jan 10 08
  3. 3. leap  into  the  future     (put  aside  the  present)   “The  Rocket  blasts  off”,    Phil  Gyford,  Flickr  
  4. 4.  “a  book  is  a  machine  to  think  with.”      -­‐  I.  A.  Richards,        -­‐  Principles  of  Literary  Criticism      -­‐  1924  
  5. 5.  1.  inevitable  that  most  analogue  books      will  be  transformed  into  digital  books  
  6. 6.  2.  current  books  translated  into  digital      (digital  is  seen  as  a  “colleague”  of  print)    
  7. 7.  3.  we  are  beginning  to  re-­‐imagine  books  –      born  digital  in  their  new  manifestations.    It  is  of  this  I  will  speak  ...      (a  larger  transformation  in  publishing)  
  8. 8.  2  archetypal  forms  of  digital  books:     Downloadable  “ebooks”      (Amazon  Kindle,  Sony  Reader)     Networked  books        (Shortcovers,  Google  Editions)  
  9. 9.  digital  books  are  increasingly  hybrid  books:      local  (“cached”)  -­‐-­‐  tethered  to  the  network.     “Network  Operations  Center  at        NPR”,  Collapse  the  Light,  Flickr  
  10. 10. In  computer  science  –   stateful    |vs|    stateless   the  digital  book  beckons  toward   statefulness.    it’s  keeping  place  –     across  the  open  web,  ereader,  mobile.   remembering  us,  remembering  itself.    
  11. 11.    with  digital  editions   we  walk  away  from  owning  books   migrating  to  the  licensing  of  books     (libraries:  the  borrowing  of  books)  
  12. 12. first  sale:   giving  books  to  friends  and  family   the  privacy  of  the  books  we  read   borrowing  books  from  libraries   we  may  lose  these  things     as  we  gain  others.      
  13. 13. the  question  for  all  of  us   who  care  about  books  –   how  will  we  experience  the  story?   the  book,  providing  an  education.  
  14. 14. what  is  the  value  of  an  ephemeral  book?   what  is  it  that  we  truly  value,  in  a  book?   “hand°i°craft°Art”,  Vali...,        Flickr  
  15. 15. what  is  important  about  books   is  not  really  the  books  themselves   but  the  people  who  make  and  read  them   (this  has  always  been.)  
  16. 16. books  |center     |  community    annotations    reading  lists       recommendations     critiques     networks  scale     the  conversation.  
  17. 17. we  are  moving  away  from  books  /as/  objects,   and  toward  books  as  networked  experiences.     “books  strung  up  by  their   spines,    and  the  words     that  fell  out  of  them”,   glitter  feet,  Flickr  
  18. 18. conversations     books     music     movies   an  environment   where  readers  become   engaged  with  each  other  
  19. 19. the  book  is  not  a  static  thing,  anymore  –     not  a  long  sequence  of  words,  pictures.   “words”,  ceoln,  Flickr
  20. 20. books  are  responsive   –  interactively  –       shared     experienced     re-­‐created    
  21. 21.    the  narrative  (its  education)  –      _      is  turning  into  a  scaffolding    _      to  facilitate  an  environment    _      into  which  one  inserts  oneself    _      as  a  participant  –  as  a  reader.    
  22. 22. how  we  read  –                  what  we  need            (in  order  to  read)       are  changing              in  the  minds                of  our  youth  
  23. 23. iPhone  and  the  appeal  of   “touching”  content.   “Hold  Hands”,   wickenden,  Flickr  
  24. 24. peter  collingridge,  apt  studio  
  25. 25.  “[I]t  combines  text,  audio  and  video.      You  can   read  the  book,  watch  a  video  of  [Nick]  Cave   reading  the  book  and  add  “soundscapes”,   music  composed  by  him  —  or  all  three  at  the   same  time.”    -­‐  London  Evening  Standard,  14.09.09  
  26. 26. we  will  expect  to:     touch  the  pianos     feel  the  strings  vibrate     hear  the  Variations     listen  to  a  concert  
  27. 27.  “Small  objects      travel  further  and  travel  faster  -­‐      their  meaning  adapting  to  the      ever-­‐changing  context.      Every  step  an  opportunity.  ”        -­‐-­‐  Jan  Chipchase,  “Future  Perfect”  
  28. 28. mobile  phones     bring  the  world   into  our  lives   a  new  generation  of  applications  as   phones  become  hosts  for  services  –     not  devices   (like  books)  
  29. 29.   location  (GPS)     accelerometer     compass     video  camera     network   eyes,  ears,  mouth,  and  skin  
  30. 30. mobile  as  my  story  teller,   a  new  kind  of  companion   the  narrative  and  the  reader   are  integrating  themselves  –     combining  people  and  presence  –   bringing  the  story  into  the  place.  
  31. 31.   mobile,     interactive,  and       shared      new  layers  of  information  overlain      on  the  world  we  see,  feel,  and  hear  
  32. 32. Layar,  demostración  en  la  calle    “...  Layar  es  una  aplicación  que  mediante  la  cámara  y   el  GPS  añade  una  capa  de  información  por  encima   de  la  realidad,  la  tan  soñada  realidad  aumentada.  Ya   hablamos  de  Layar  y  comparamos  con  Wikitude.   Esta  semana  he  hecho  un  vídeo  con  Layar  mientras   caminaba  por  el  centro  de  Barcelona.  Después  de   usarlo  y  juguetear,  para  hacer  el  video,  me  ha   parecido  un  bluf.  La  aplicación  es  más  espectacular   que  funcional,  Google  Maps  es  más  útil.  ”  
  33. 33.  QR  code  stencils  and  spray  chalk  –      embedding  the  network  into  the  world.  
  34. 34. one  can  live  within  a  story   insert  oneself  with  others   build  the  narrative     by  being  within  it  
  35. 35. bring  the  textbook     and  its  invitation  to  learn   into  people’s  hands   imagine  this!   for  science,  for  history,  for  art.  
  36. 36.  “It's  not  as  printers  who  use  bits  rather  than   ink.  It's  as  translators  between  the  human   stories  and  the  machines  who  have  to  take   those  stories,  integrate  them  into  a  web  of   linked  data,  and  make  it  possible  for  humans   to  ask  questions,  dream  dreams,  and  tell  new   stories.”        -­‐  John  Wilbanks,  “Story  Time”,  02.09.09  
  37. 37. students     learning  from  the  story   that  they  help   to  tell   this  is  the  new  education  
  38. 38.  “Como  forjamos  al  hierro        forjaremos  días  nuevos.”   -­‐  Regino  Pedroso,  "Mañana"    
  39. 39. peter  brantley      co-­‐founder,  open  books  alliance      director,  bookserver  project      internet  archive      the  presidio,  san  francisco,  ca     @naypinya  (twitter)      peter@archive.org  

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