Attributes of a project-Sri Lankan case study

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Project attributes are described referring to Weli oya resettlement project Sri Lanka

Project attributes are described referring to Weli oya resettlement project Sri Lanka

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  • 1. Attributes of a project Welioya resettlement project
  • 2. Project appraisal Page 2 Table of Contents Attributes of a project.....................................................................................................................................................3 Welioya resettlement project......................................................................................................................................5 Background....................................................................................................................................................................5 Well defined objectives.............................................................................................................................................6 Project has a unique purpose. ................................................................................................................................6 Project is temporary...................................................................................................................................................6 Project is developed using progressive elaboration.....................................................................................7 Project required resources......................................................................................................................................8 Stakeholdersof the project.......................................................................................................................................9 Uncertainties of the project.....................................................................................................................................9 Project deliverables (Outcome /benefits / Impact)......................................................................................9 References ................................................................................................................................................................... 11
  • 3. Project appraisal Page 3 Attributes of a project 1. Project has a unique purpose 2. Project is temporary 3. Project is developed using progressive elaboration 4. Project requires resources 5. Project should have stakeholders 6. Project involves uncertainties 7. Project has deliverables 1. Project has a unique purpose Each and every project has a clear objective. It shows initially what the reason is and what the target of the project is. It is unique. From one project to another the purpose or the objective is different. There is no hard and fast rule that the project should have equal purposes. Definitely they are unique and different from one project to another. 2. Project is temporary. Each and every project has a starting date and an ending date. No project continues for ever. The time period of the project depends on many factors such as Scale of the projects Requirement of the owner of the project : Mahaweli project was convert in to accelerated Mahaweli project with the changes of the political authorities. 3. Project is developed using progressive elaboration Every project has a task, scope and a boundary. The actions of the project should be supportive to achieve the project. In the sense that the project is trying to achieve the triple constrains of a project. They are, Scope, Cost, and Time, start and end date. Progress identifies & solves risks, issues, and problems manages the project team escalates issues to project sponsor/stakeholders. So the challenge is to cope with those risk and to proceed to achieve the targets. 4. Project requires resources Projects need various kinds of resources. It may be human resources or other materials. But to prepare accounts, costs of the project many project follow checklist analysis to find are the exact resources need. The knowledge of expertise people are hired on such instance, organizations, equipments, materials, and facilities are few examples for the required resources.
  • 4. Project appraisal Page 4 5. Project should have stakeholders There should be a stakeholder to every project. If not the aim of the project won’t succeed. It should give benefits to the stakeholder. And on the other hand stakeholders are entity that provides the funds necessary to accomplish the project. So, an organization who involved with a project must be make their customer satisfy and happy. And in the case of welfare oriented projects the target benefit should goes towards the target group of community. 6. Project involves uncertainties Whatever the organization who involved in the project, need to calculate the risk of the project. This is for prevent from loss and also make sure the project can run smoothly and successfully. Ex: At the starting date the budget allocation may be 3 billion. But at the end it may exceed to 4 billion. So it is a great risk. The project is full of uncertainties or risks in terms of such cases. 7. Project has deliverables Finally the project should give an outcome that expected at the end. After carrying out many interdependence tasks the projects give outcomes. In terms of outcomes there may be both pros and cons. Especially in large scale development projects there may be impacts too. Ex: Kothmale hydropower plant project generate electricity in a sustainable way but at the same time it is predicated that the rocks beside the dam may collapse due to the vibration. So the ambition of the project should be to produce a high effective output with minimum constraints.
  • 5. Project appraisal Page 5 8. 6. 9. Background Welioya is an area that severely affected from war. Due to war situations there are about one hundred and forty families of Gajabapura and Monarawila in the Weli Oya AGA’s division, have returned to their original places and settled in temporary shelters. The main factor behind their flee over was the terrorists activities raised around 1999 at the height of their influence they left their villages. Now they are at their villages after 12 years. But as they returned to their villages it was not the village they lived. No infrastructure facilities. All the facilities were destroyed during the war period. Even the school was abandoned and destroyed. No pure water, no roads. The only solution they had was the army commander that stationed at Weli oya at that time. If not the condition may be worst. “Welioya resettlement development project” was took place to create the condition better where they were lived than what they experienced. The houses where they lived Welioya resettlement project Houses they got from the Welioya resettlement project
  • 6. Project appraisal Page 6 Well defined objectives The Welioya development project had only one defined objective. It is to “Provide houses to 850 families that were affected and displaced due to conflict in the Welioya Divisional Secretariat area in the Mullathivu District” Project has a unique purpose. There are endless resettlement projects in Sri Lanka. But in the terms of project attributes each and every project should have a unique purpose. So Welioya resettlement development project is not only another project. It has a unique character. It is a “Sustainable Housing Development Project”. Project is temporary Projects are not permanent. It has an exact beginning date and an end date. This is the same scenario with the Welioya project too. Welioya Sustainable Housing Development Project was inaugurated on July 29, 2012 under the ‘Mahinda Chintana-Way Forward’ to facilitate the needs of the resettled community in the area. First phase Under the first phase of the project, 500 New Houses have now been constructed in Helambawewa, Kalyanapura-I, Kalyanapura-III, Monerawewa and Gajabapura villages in Welioya Divisional Secretariat area. It was completed and handover on September 18, 2013. Second phase Under the Second phase of the project, 357 houses will be built in Janakapura, Kiriibbanwewa, Ethawetunuwewa, Nikawewa-South, New Gajabapura and Ehetugaswewa villages.
  • 7. Project appraisal Page 7 Project is developed using progressive elaboration. Each and every project has a task to perform. Although their ultimate scope is to realize the “Mahinda Chinthana – Way Forward” political manifesto it adds an added advantage in terms of the living status of Welioya community. It creates permanent houses to those who were displaced. It also provides a new model for rural development in the post conflict nation building exercise, which attempts to synergize participation of public, semi-public, private sector and security forces to address issues concerning resettled communities Site of Weli oya resettlements
  • 8. Project appraisal Page 8 Project required resources To carry out the project tasks required more resources. They can be people, equipment, technology, facilities, funding and anything which required for completion of the project activities. To Welioya Housing Development project also needed those all kind of recourses form first step of clearing site and last step of handing over of houses to the resettlers and providing infrastructure facilities. Funds are the most essential resource in this kind of large housing development project. Ministry of Resettlement was the main funding agency of the entire project. The capital expenditure for the project is Rs. 150 million. And also Rs.61 Lakhs were cost for clear jungle to provide infrastructure facilities in the resettlement area. As well as Ministry of Resettlement alone spent 276.0 million on this project and related development work in the area. 200 liters provided by the causeway Paints Lanka Ltd. to paint completed houses. As well as 0.73 million rupees were expended to provide various facilities to resettled people. To build the ‘Meheniaaramaya’ have expended 1.2 million rupees also. Resources are distributing by the authorities
  • 9. Project appraisal Page 9 Stakeholdersof the project Both Government and private institutions have participated in different level of the Welioya Housing Development project. Apart from that particular agencies, community which is take benefits from this project also can be consider as main part of the stakeholders.  Ministry of Resettlement  Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources Management  Ministry of Construction, Engineering Services, Housing and Common Amenities  Anuradhapura District Secretariat  Mullaitive District Secretariat  Welioya Divisional Secretariat  National Housing Development Authority  Sri Lanka Mahaweli Authority  Sri Lanka Army and Civil Defence Force  Sri Lanka Export Credit Insurance Corporation ((SLECIC)  Causeway Paints Lanka Ltd  Community (resettlers/beneficiaries) Uncertainties of the project The first phase of the project with 500 houses expected to be handed over to the resettlers end of the December 2012. But they couldn’t hand over the houses at given time. The houses were handed over to the beneficiaries by Minister of Resettlement on September 18, 2013. But we can accept this kind of delay in large scale development projects. Project deliverables (Outcome /benefits / Impact) In Resettlement Authority act no. 09 of 2007 under section 3, have mentioned necessity to implement projects to promote personality, social and economic development capacity among the resettled communities. In Welioya Sustainable Housing Development project also aiming to attend those objectives. Project deliverables of this project have fulfilled those necessities. The Ministry of Resettlement has constructed 856 new houses with basic facilities for the benefit of resettlers in the Welioya area who have returning to their villages after the dawn of peace. This is the main project deliverable. The first phase was inaugurated on the 29th of July 2012. Under first phase of the project Newly built 500 houses were handed over to the beneficiaries by Minister of Resettlement on September 18, 2013 in the Helambawewa village in the Welioya Divisional Secretariat Division. First phase of
  • 10. Project appraisal Page 10 the project have now been constructed in Helambawewa, Kalyanapura-I, Kalyanapura- III, Monerawewa and Gajabapura villages in Welioya Divisional Secretariat area. Second phase of the project, 356 houses will be built in Janakapura, Kiriibbanwewa, Ethawetunuwewa, Nikawewa-South, New Gajabapura and Ehetugaswewa villages in year 2013. In addition to the houses that are being built, infrastructure facilities, such as Roads, Electricity, Irrigation, Transport. Schools are also being developed. Meheniyaramaya has also been built to cater to the spiritual and religious needs of villagers, community infrastructure, such as pre-schools, community centers, common dug wells, internal roads have also been provided for the benefit of these villagers. This project also supports to improve the livelihood and economic status of the people. Under government’s ‘Divineguma’ programme, action has been taken to provide seeds and plants to cultivate their home-plots. Ministry of Resettlement is taking action to make available micro-credit facilities to resettlers on group basis, especially to women groups to startup entrepreneurial activities with the help of Private Micro Credit Agencies. It is hoped that enhancing their standard of living. Newly build houses for resettlers New Meheniyaramaya Provided infrastructure facilities
  • 11. Project appraisal Page 11 References J. Thaning, SVP,Global Consulting, Top 10 Key Attributes of a Successful Project, United States,2011 Website of Ministry of resettlemet. (www.resettlementmin.gov.lk) J.Gido, Successful project management, Mason, OH, South western, Cengage learning,2009 Daily news, Welioya housing project first phase launch today, Monday, September 16, 2013,