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  • 1. British Board of Film Classification
    By NAOMI BOLAND
  • 2. Certificates Issued by the BBFC
  • 3. Certification: U
    U- Universal (suitable for all)
    U films are set in a positive moral framework and offer reassuring counterbalances to violence, treat or horror.
    Things a U cannot Contain:
    Discrimination or Drugs
    Horror- If there is a scary sequence it should be brief and mild, also the outcome at the end should be a positive one. It should not cause any anxiety o you children.
    Imitable Behaviour- A U shouldn't contain dangerous behaviour that a child is going to copy. It shouldn't contain realistic weapons e.g. A gun or Knife.
    Language- Very mild bad language can be used but shouldn't be used frequently.
    Nudity- A U shouldn't contain any sexual content but can have natural nudity.
    Sex- Can contain mild sexual behaviour like kissing
    Theme- The movie can contain a problematic theme but should be sensitive and also appropriate for young children
    Violence- Milk violence only.
    Example
    Beauty and the Beast
    Certificate: U
    • Contains very mild violence but is fantasy and not real.
    • 4. Even though there is violence and the beginning where the beast takes Belle father may be distressing for young children it has a positive ending.
    • 5. No bad behaviour can be copied in this movie because most of it contains fantasy characters like a teapot.
    • 6. Contains kissing but nothing else sexual
  • Certification: PG
    PG- Parental Guidance (some scenes unsuitable for young children)
    A PG rated film can be watched by any age however parents should consider whether it could upset there child. Nothing in the film should disturb a child 8 years or older.
    Discrimination- Can only be used if in a educational or historical context or if shown to be completely unacceptable.
    Drugs- Can be referenced to but should carry an anti-drug message.
    Horror- If freighting sequences are in the film they shouldn't be prolonged or intense.
    Imitable Behaviour- Shouldn't show in detail dangerous behaviour that a child would copy. It also cannot contain glamorisation of realistic and accessible weapons like guns.
    Language- Can only contain mild bad language
    Nudity- Natural nudity is permitted but no sexual content
    Sex- Can be implied but has to be discreet and not frequent. Mild innuendo only.
    Theme- Can contain serious issues but should be shown in a negative light and as unacceptable.
    Violence- A film is allowed moderate violence with no detail and it has to be justified. For example if it a historical or fantasy film.
    Example
    Three Men and a Baby
    Certificate: PG
    • Even though this movie is about relationships and may be considered a serious issue everything is resolved at the end.
    • 7. Only mild bad language is used and this is only once.
    • 8. Sex is only implied but the audience never see it happening.
  • Certification: 12A/12
    Example
    The Dark Night
    Certificate: 12A
    This movie even though a 12A it was seen to be very controversial it could easily also be a 15 as it contains violence that some may view as strong.
    • Contains many weapons, even though they are not really glamorized they are shown often in the film.
    • 9. There are a view cases of strong bad language
    • 10. Depending on a persons view there is a lot of “moderate violence” however some may view this as “strong violence”- if I was rating this film I would have rated it a 15 for this reason because the violence is frequent.
    12A/12- Suitable for 12 years and over
    It means that the material is suitable for only aged 12 and over can could upset those younger however when the movie is in cinemas a person younger then 12 can see it without being accompanied with an adult. The 12 is for when selling the movie and cannot be sold to those younger.
    Discrimination- Such discrimination should be condoned and not be endorsed as a whole.
    Drugs- Can contain misuse of drugs but this should not be glamorized
    Horror- Physical and Psychological threat can be shown but these scene should be infrequent and not very long.
    Imitable Behaviour- Weapons can be shown but not glamorized. Also dangerous behaviour such as hanging or suicide shouldn't be shown in detail to be copied.
    Language- Strong bad language can be used but this should be very infrequent. Moderate language can be used.
    Nudity- Can show nudity but when used in a sexual context it has to be brief and very discreet.
    Sex- Sexual activity can be briefly and discreetly be shown however shouldn't go beyond what is known to be suitable for young teenagers.
    Theme- A 12 film can show mature theme but should be shown in a way that suitable for young teens.
    Violence-Moderate violence is permitted but there should be no emphasis on the injuries or blood.
  • 11. Certification: 15
    Example
    Disturbia
    Certificate: 15
    This movie even though a 12A it was seen to be very controversial it could easily also be a 15 as it contains violence that some may view as strong.
    • The film contains not discrimination or drug use
    • 12. Contains strong threat especially at the end where the killer is trying to trap his victim
    • 13. Bad language is used frequently.
    • 14. You see natural nudity and kissing but not anything sexual.
    • 15. The Violence is strong but could also be seen as moderate because most is shown nearer the end of the film.
    • 16. I think the only thing making this film a 15 is the use of strong language and the strong horror at the end.
    15- Suitable for 15 years old and up
    No one under the age of 15 is allowed to go see the film or buy it.
    Discrimination- The film must not promote discriminatory language or behaviour.
    Drugs- You can show drugs being used in the film but you are not allowed to promote it. Drugs that are accessible to the audience such as solvents are not likely to be acceptable.
    Horror- Strong threat and menace are allowed unless it is sadistic or sexualised.
    Imitable Behaviour-Dangerous behaviour such as suicide should not be shown in detail so it cannot be copied. Weapons hat are easily accessible to the audience should not be glamorized.
    Language- You can have frequent strong language but the strongest bad language terms, for example “cunt” can not be used frequently.
    Nudity- Nudity is permitted n a sexual context however there cannot be any strong detail.
    Sex- You can portray sexual activity but without strong detail.
    Theme- Any theme can be a 15 but only if its appropriate for 15 year olds. .
    Violence-Violence can be strong but shouldn't dwell on the infliction of pain and injury. There may be detailed verbal references to sexual violence
    but any portrayal of sexual violence must be discreet and have a strong contextual justification
  • 17. Certification: 18
    Example
    Scream
    Certificate: 18
    • This film has been classified a 18 because a 15 says you should dwell on the pain or injury but in Scream you see the person being killed and see how much pain they are in.
    • 18. The horror is also very strong and is not a typical 15 movie
    • 19. Frequent use of bad language is used but not the “strongest”
    • 20. The audience sees a lot of blood but from looking at 15 certification you hardly see any.
    18-Suitable for 18 years old and up only
    In line with the consistent findings of the BBFC’s public consultations and The Human Rights Act 1998, at ‘18’ the BBFC’s guideline concerns will not normally override the principle that adults should be free to choose their own entertainment.
    Exceptions are most likely in the following areas:
    • where the material is in breach of the criminal law, or has been created through the commission of criminal offence
    • where material or treatment appears to the BBFC to risk harm to individuals or, through their behaviour, to society – for example, any detailed portrayal of violent or dangerous acts, or of illegal drug use, which may cause harm to public health or morals. This may include portrayals of sexual or sexualised violence which might, for example, eroticise or endorse sexual assault
    • where there are more explicit images of sexual activity which cannot be justified by context. Such images may be appropriate in ‘R18’ works, and in ‘sex works’ would normally be confined to that category.
    In the case of video works (including video games),
    which may be more accessible to younger viewers, intervention may be more frequent than for cinema films.
  • 21. Our Film
    I say our film should be certified 15 because it does contain strong horror threat and menace which is permitted. However we don't dwell on the pain or injury we mostly show the aftermath or from a distance as mentioned in our treatment if we didn't then it would most likely be an 18.
    A Hanging is shown in our movie, however is isn't a suicide. We would not show this is detail but only the aftermath, someone finding the two characters hanging. Also this would most likely be suggested rather then a full on view of them both.
    Strong language would be used frequently but none of the strongest terms are used which makes it below an 18.
    The main weapon is a knife but we are not glamorizing it therefore sticking within the certificate 15 boundaries.
    No discriminatory language or drug use is going to shown.