motivation – driving force behind all action of an organism
Human behavior has multiple causes.
- Influenced by culture
Human behavior can be adaptive and maladaptive
Human are social beings
Any person depend upon each other for survival
People need interaction
People play an integral part in creating their experience
Human lives are continuous process of change.
Every person is different yet the same.
Individual is a unique person.
Theoretical approaches about the factors that cause, maintain, alter behavior, and mental process :
Is based on the belief that childhood experiences greatly influence the development of late personality traits and psychological problems. It also stresses the influence of unconscious fears, desires and motivations on thoughts and behavior.
Emphasizes that each individual has great freedom in directing his/her future, a large capacity for personal growth, a considerable amount of intrinsic worth & enormous potential for self-fulfillment.
Studies how organism learn new behavior or modify existing ones, depending on whether events in their environment reward of punish these behavior.
Examines how we process, store, and use information, and how this information influences what we attend to, perceive, learn, remember believe and feel.
HUMAN NEEDS THEORY BY: MASLOW
Needs such as air, food, water, shelter, rest, sleep, activity and temperature maintenance are crucial for survival.
SAFETY AND SECURITY NEEDS
The need for safety has both physical and psychological aspects. The person needs to feel safe both in the physical environment and in relationship.
LOVE AND BELONGING NEEDS
The third level needs includes giving and receiving affection, attaining a place in group, and maintaining the feeling of belonging.
The individual needs both self-esteem (ex. Feelings of independence, competence, and self-respect) and esteem from others (ex. Recognition, respect, and appreciation)
When the need for self-esteem is satisfied, the individual strives for self-actualization, the innate need to develop one’s maximum potential and realize one’s abilities and qualities.