Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Dsp thrissur ch5
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Dsp thrissur ch5

846
views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business

1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Hello! My name is Anna George. I'm an architecture student currently in my final year (UG) in Anna University, Chennai. I'm doing a project for my thesis and my site is in the village Konathukunnu in Thrissur District. I was wondering if you could email me the land use map of Thrissur if possible? Kindly revert :)
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
846
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. << CHAPTER 4 < CONTENTS >District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LAND USE 71 Chapter –5 LAND USE Use of a percent of land is indicated by the pre- analysis limited to that extent.dominant activity be it agriculture, residential, com- 5.1 LAND USE PATTERN OF KERALA STATEmercial, forest etc, for which the land is put to. Hencethe analysis of the existing land use is inevitable to Based on the land use data of the Natural Re-understand the predominant economic activities of an sources and Enviornmental Data Base the Land use ofarea as well as the availability of vacant land for future Kerala can be categorized under 9 Major categories andeconomic activities. In order to spatially analyze the the percentage share of these categories is shown inland use pattern and economic activity as well as link- Table (5.1) and Fig 5.1. Accordingly predominant landages between them land use survey in all the 99 LSGs in use of the state is a mix of residential and agriculturalthe district has to be completed. However this will take which constitute 48.38 % total Land area. It can be fur-considerable time period. The source of the data is from ther seen that Forest area of the state contribute nearlySatellite Data from IRS P6 LISS-IV Mx/ LISS- III/ 23.18 % of the total area making the forest land use asPAN 2003-‘04 (India Satellite Data). The Data forms part second highest land use of the state. The Agriculturalof the Natural Resources and Environmental Data Base Land use and plantation land use together constitute(NREDB). The Data on Land Use has been procured from 20.18% (Agricultural 10.17% and plantation 10.01%) ofKerala State Land use Board. The above data base is total area. The above analysis further support the realpredominantly agriculture oriented and as such the to ground peculiar scenario of the state in terms of ur- Table 5.1: Land use break-up – Kerala State SI No Land use Category % Of Total Area 1 Forest 23.18 2 Water bodies 2.92 3 Marshy Land 0.28 4 Residential 3.45 5 Agriculture 10.17 6 Plantation 10.01 7 Res/Agr Mix 41.38 8 Other Built up Land Use 0.48 9 Others 8.13 Total 100.00 Source: Natural resources and enviornmental data base of Kerala Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 2. 72 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissurban rural continuum, highly scattered settlement pat- of land under intense residential land use. Water bod-tern, and traditional homestead type of development ies and forest also has a significant share (88.58 and 8.13% 23.18% 41.38 x 10.17% 10.01% Source: Natural resources and enviornmental data base of Kerala Fig 5.1: Land use breakup – Kerala Stateindividual house surrounded by agricultural 772.86 sq km respectively) in the land use of the dis-land mainly of mixed crop cultivation. trict.5.2 LAND USE BREAK UP OF THRISSURDISTRICT Total area of the district is 3035 Sq.km.The breakup of land use area of the Districtwith its percentage to total area of the Dis-trict is shown in Table 5.2 and Fig. 5.2. Theland use map of the district is shown in Fig.5.3 The highest percentage of land use fallsunder the category Residential / Agriculturalmix, which include mainly dry agriculturelands where in residential developments areco-existent. The district consists of 353.65 sqkm of pacca agricultural land and 31.53 sq km Fig 5.2 : Percentage of land use breakupDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 3. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 73 Table 5.2: Land use breakup – Thrissur District SI No. Land use Area (Sqkm) Percentage 1 Forest 772.86 25.46 2 Water bodies 88.58 2.92 3 Kole Land 32.62 1.07 4 Residential 31.53 1.04 5 Agriculture 353.65 11.65 6 Plantation 159.35 5.25 7 Res/Agr Mix 1544.90 50.89 8 Other Built up Land Use 19.67 0.65 9 Others 32.46 1.07 Total 3035.63 100.00 Generated from NREDB of the State Map Generated for IDDP by TCPD, Thrissur Unit Fig 5.3: Land use map – Thrissur District From the analysis of land use of the district it is %) and agriculture (11.65 %). The glaring aspect of theclear that, the major portion of the total land area of land use is that the district is blessed with potentialthe District is coming under three major uses– Resi- resources such as agricultural land and forest.dential / Agricultural mix (50.89 %), forest land (25.46 Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 4. 74 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur5.3 REGIONAL LAND USE STUDY district the predominant land use is mix of residential Clearly the process of land use analysis of Thrissur and agriculture. The comparison of category wise landDistrict shall starts with an insight to the whole Kerala use with that of Kerala shows that the share of totalstate and neighboring Districts (Malappuram, Palakkad Kole land in Kerala is high in Thrissur District. The shareand Ernakulam). In this section an attempt has been of Residential / Agricultural land use category is also onmade compare the land use pattern of Thrissur District the higher compared to state.with the state as well as with surrounding districts of The comparison of Land use pattern of ThrissurPalakkad, Ernakulam and Malappuram. Land use pat- District with neighbouring Districts (Malappuram,tern of Thrissur in comparison with Kerala state is shown Palakkad and Ernakulam), is shown in Table 5.3.in Table 5.3. From the table, it is clear that within the Table 5.3 Comparison of Land use break up of Thrissur District and Kerala state SI No Land use Area % of Percentage of the ( sqkm) total corresponding area in the Dist. in the state 1 Forest 772.86 25.46 23.18 2 Water bodies 88.58 2.92 2.92 3 Marshy Land 32.62 1.07 0.28 4 Residential 31.53 1.04 3.45 5 Agriculture 353.65 11.65 10.17 6 Plantation 159.35 5.25 10.01 7 Res/Agr Mix 1544.90 50.89 41.38 8 Other Built up Land Use 19.67 0.65 0.48 9 Others 32.46 1.07 8.13 Generated from NREDB of the State Table 5.4 Land use break - comparison with Neighbouring Districts SI No LAND USE Ernakulam Thrissur Palakkad Malappuram 1 Forest 661.02 772.86 1263.90 643.13 2 Water bodies 174.58 88.58 123.42 57.05 3 Kole Land 0.00 32.62 4.58 11.87 4 Residential 233.53 31.53 12.05 18.14 5 Agriculture 275.26 353.65 755.55 252.27 6 Plantation 174.82 159.35 208.59 138.19 7 Res/Agr Mix 1483.61 1544.90 1813.06 2159.13 8 Other Built up Land Use 3.40 19.67 56.75 19.79 9 Others 37.87 32.46 231.08 252.30 Total 3044.09 3035.63 4468.98 3551.87 Generated from NREDB of the StateDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 5. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 75 Comparison of the percentage of share Forestland use of Thrissur District and neighbouring threeDistricts shown in Fig. 5.4. The figure clearly showsthat Palakkad District has the highest share where asThrissur is placed in the second position. Fig 5.6 Comparison of the percentage share of land marked as Marshy Land of the state in Thrissur and surrounding district Fig 5.4 Comparison of the percentage share of Forest Land use of the state in surrounding districts The percentage of Forest Land Use of each dis-trict is shown in Fig.5.5 . Palakkad district shows high-est percentage (28.28%) followed by Thrissur. (25.46%).Ernakulam and Malappuram shows less percentage offorest land comparing to Thrissur Dist. Fig 5.7 Percentage share of Marshy Land - Comparison with surrounding districts Residential land use which include landuses categorised as Mixed Built-up/Mixed Built-up con- verted from paddy, Residential, and Residential (Con- verted from Paddy) shows higher concentration in Ernakulam District with 18.62% of the total area under this category in the state. The corresponding share of Thrissur District is only 2.51%. At the same time it isFig 5.5 Forest Land use comparison with surrounding districts higher than the corresponding shares of Palakkad and In case of land depicted as Marshy land in the Malappuram District (fig. 5.8).data base Ernakulam has no land under this categorywhere as Thrissur shows highest contribution of about31.82% of the total area under this category in the state(fig. 5.6). The percentage of Marshy land of each district isshown in fig. 5.7 The figure shows that Thrissur districtshows highest percentage (1.07 %). It is observed thatthe Kole lands of the district is categorised as Marshyland as per NREDB. Hence the percentage share of Fig 5.8 Comparison of the percentage share of Residentialmarshy land in Thrissur district is reported to be high. Land Use in district of Kerala - Thrissur and Surrounding District Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 6. 76 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur The percentage of Residential Land use ofThrissur & Surrounding Districts is shown in Fig. 5.9 Thefigure shows that Ernakulam district shows highest per-centage (7.67%) followed by Thrissur. (1.04%).Malappuram and Palakkad shows lowest percentages. Fig 5.11 Percentage share of Agriculture land use - Thrissur & Surrounding district The percentage share of Plantation Land Use in Thrissur & surrounding districts is shown in Fig. 5.12. The figure shows that Ernakulam district shows highest Fig 5.9 Comparison of Percentage share of Residential land use in Thrissur & Surrounding Districts percentage (5.74%) . Among the near by district Thrissur In case of wet agriculture land use Palakkad shows fall under 2nd position.dominance (20.45%) within whole Kerala State andThrissur has a share of 9.57% of agricultural land in the 5.74% 5.25% 4.67%state Fig. 5.10 38 % .9 Fig 5.12 Comparison of Plantation Land use Thrissur & Surrounding district Res / Agri mix category mainly include dry agri- culture land uses. Comparing to the other districts of Kerala, Thrissur and surrounding three districts show highest (Fig. 5.13) concentration of mix of residential Fig 5.10 Comparison of the percentage share of Agricultural and agricultural land uses. Land use of the State - Thrissur & surrunding district The comparison of percentage of AgricultureLand Use of each district is shown in Fig.5.11. The fig-ure shows that Palakkad district shows highest per-centage (16.91%) and Thrissur District is in second po-sition (11.65%) followed by Ernakulam andMalappuram. Fig 5.13 Comparison of the percentage share of State Res/AgrDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala Mix land use of the state in Thrissur & Surrounding district
  • 7. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 77 The percentage share of Forest Land Use of each Using the above method concentration index ofdistrict is shown in Fig. 5.14. The figure shows that 9 categories of Land use (which are Forest, Water Bod-Malappuram district shows highest percentage (60.79%) ies, Marshy Land, Residential, Agriculture, Plantation,followed by Thrissur (50.89%), Ernakulam shows Resi/Agri Mix, Other built up land use and Others) are(48.74%), Palakkad shows less percentage (40.57%) of analysed.Resi / Agri mix land. The regional land use study shows a general ob- servation that Thrissur stand in the second or third po- sition with respect to surrounding district in the case of urban components of landuse (residential, mixed builtup, resi/agri mix etc., other built up etc.) and rural components of the landuse ( Agriculture, plantation etc.) 5.4.1 Agricultural land use The Agricultural land use consists of Cashew/or- ange/pepper/pineapple, Viruppu (1st Crop)/ Fig 5.14 Percentage of Res / Agr mix land use in the district Mundakan, Land without scrub, Double Crop/Triple5.4 CONCENTRATION PATTERN OF LAND USE crop, Agriculture farm, Agriculture farm (Orchads)/and Mixed trees catagories of land use as demarketed in The concentration pattern of a land uses gives an the landuse map generatedout of NREDB. The concen-idea about where that particular land use is concen- tration pattern of agricultural land use (Figure-5.15)trated within the District. shows that agricultural area of the District is mainly con- The Concentration Index value may be greater centrated in the central, and some of the up land re-than one, equal to one or less than one. LSGS gions of the District. The pattern also reveals that thewith Concentration Index greater than one indicates concentration pattern of agricultural land use is alsothat the land use under consideration is concentrated influenced by the location of water bodies.more than the other LSGS in the district. Fig. 5.15 : The concentration pattern of agricultural land use Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 8. 78 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Fig. 5.16 : The concentration Intex of agricultural land use The variation of concentration index of Agricul- concentration of agricultural land use within the dis-tural land use among the LSGs where concentration trict is seen in Grama Panchayats of Kuzhur, Poyya,index of agricultural land use is greater than 1 is shown Alagappanagar, Arimpur, Mullassery, Chowannoor,in fig 5.16. The list of LSGs with concentration index of Vallathole Nagar of the district.agricultural land use is given in Annexe 5. The highest Fig 5.17 : Concentration pattern of the Other Built up Land UseDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 9. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 795.4.2 Other Built up Land Use 5.4.3 Forest Land Use Other built up land use include Commercial, In- Forest Land use contains land use categories ofdustrial /Industrial Park and Educational Institutions. Dense Mixed Forest, Dense Mixed Forest (R.F)/ForestFigure 5.17 shows the distribution of the concentration Blank, Dense mixed forest mainly bamboo, Densepattern of the Other Built up Land Use. From the figure mixed forest mainly bamboo & teak (R.F), Dense mixedit is clear that the concentration index of the Other Built forest mainly bamboo (R.F), Dense mixed forest mainlyup Land Use in urban LSGs and in those LSGs along the teak or cashew, Bamboo (R.F), Barren Rocky/ Stonemajor transport corridors are higher than that in other waste/ sheet rock (RF), Open mixed forest/Open mixedLSGs. Also it is observed that high land area of the dis- forest (RF), Scrub forest, Degraded grass land (RF),trict has lesser concentration of Other Built up Land Uses Dense mixed forest mainly rubber, Under utilized /even in LSGs along main transportation corridors indi- degraded notified forest and Dense Grassland/De- Fig 5.18: The variation of concentration pattern of Other builtup land use among LSGS of Thrissur Dist.cating that the economic activity of hill areas is not con- graded grass land.siderably dependent on secondary / tertiary sectors. The concentration pattern of forest land useThe list of LSGs with concentration index of the Other shows (Figure 5.19) that forest area of the District isBuilt up Land Use is given in Annexe 6 and the list of mainly concentrated in the South - Eastern part of theLSGs with high concentration of the Other Built up Land District. Total area of active forest land of the district isUse (i.e. concentration index of other built up land use 927.25 sq km which is about 30.55% of the total area ofgreater than one) is shown in Annexe 6. The variation the district. The forest land of the district is concen-of concentration index of Other builtup land use among trated in 11 LSGs namely Grama Panchayat of Athirapalli,the LSGs where concentration index of other builtup Kodassery, Mattathur, Varantharapalli, Puthur,land use is greater than one is shown in Fig 5.18. Pananchery, Pazhayannur, Chelakkara, Erumapetty , Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 10. 80 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - ThrissurVaravoor and Mullurkkara. The forest land is seen in among the LSGs is shown in Fig 5.20the high land and upland regions of the district. The The LSGs wise concentration index of Forest landvariation of concentration index of Forest Land use use is given in Annexe 6. Fig 5.19: Concentration patern of forest land use in LSGs of Thrissur Dist. Fig 5.20: Variation of concentration pattern of forest land use among LSGSDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 11. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 815.4.4 Residential Land Use The LSGs wise concentration index of Residen- The concentration pattern of Residential land use tial land use and list of LSGs where residential land useshows (Figure 5.21) that Residential area of the District is concentrated are given in Annexe - 6. The variation ofis mainly concentrated in the coastal LSGs of the dis- concentration index of Residential land use among thetrict. Orumanayur is characterised with the highest con- LSGs where concentration index of Residential landcentration index for residential land use (16.66). use is greater than one is shown in Fig 5.22 Fig 5.21: Concentration pattern of Residential land use Fig 5.22: Variation of concentration index of Residential land use Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 12. 82 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur5.4.5 Residential / Agriculture mixed Land use ber, Mixed and Tapioca as per the land use data of Resi/Agri mixed land use consists of land use cat- NREDB. Resi / Agri land use is concentrated in the coastalegories of Arecanut, Banana, Banana & Tapioca, Coco- areas of the district. The concetration patter of Resi/nut/coconut & arecanut/cocconut & tapioca, Coconut Agri land use is shown in Fig. 5. 23. The pattern alsodominant mixed crop, Current fallow, Mixed Crop, Rub- reveals that the concentration of Res/Agr Land use is in Fig 5.23: Concentration pattern of Res/Agri mixed land use Fig 5.24: Concentration pattern of water bodyDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 13. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 83coastal and midland regions of the district. and Back waters. The land use is concentrated among the major river basis which are Chalakkudy Puzha,5.4.6 Water bodies Karuvannur puzha, Kanjira puzha and small portions of Water bodies include perennial, Reservoir/Canal, Bharatha puzha and Periyar.Reservoir Bed/River bed/River island, Water Bodies, Fig. 5.24 shows concentration index based on Fig 5.25: Distribution of concentration - Index of Plantation land use Fig 5.26: Distribution of concentration - Index of Kole land use Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 14. 84 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissurextend of land under water bodies in LSGs of Thrissur. Cardomom(RF), Teak, Teak & Softwood (R.F), Teak (R.F)/ Cashew (RF), Eucalyptus (R.F)/ Eucalptus and soft wood5.4.7 Plantations (RF)/Sof wood (silver oak), Oil Palm and Oil Palm (R.F) This category of Land use include land use cat- as per land use data of NREDB.egories of Rubber (R.F), Tea/Cofee/cardomom/ Plantations are spreaded in most of the northEucalptus, Tea & Eucalyptus, Tea (R.F)/Cofee (RF)/ east / south east areas of the district. The concetration Fig 5.27: Concentration pattern of Other land use Table 5.5: Break up of Agricultural land use, Thrissur District, 2008 Sl.No. Type Area (sqkm) % 1 Coconut Dominant Mixed Crop 751.45 38.55 2 Mixed Crop 484.27 24.84 3 Paddy 333.49 17.11 4 Rubber 208.51 10.70 5 Coconut 65.8 3.38 6 Perennial 54.37 2.79 7 Current Fallow 29.61 1.52 8 Land without scrub 9.23 0.47 9 Banana 1.97 0.10 10 Mixed trees 0.99 0.05 11 Plantation 9.31 0.48 12 Coffee 0.2 0.01 13 Arecanut 0.02 0.00 14 Banana Tapioca 0.09 0.00 Total 1949.31 100.00Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala Source: Census 2001
  • 15. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 85pattern of Plantations is shown in Fig.5.25.. 5.5 ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND USE The agricultural land use is analyzed further for5.4.8 Marshy Land / Kole Land all crops within the district. The total agricultural area Land parcels which are categorised as Temporarily of the district is 1949.31sq km. The breakup of the agri-marshy land / Marshy land/Permanently marshy land is cultural land use of Thrissur District is shown in Tableper NREDB is included under Marshy land / Kole land. 5.5 and Figure 5.28. Dry Agriculture contribute an areaDistribution of concentration - Index of Kole land use of 1616 sqkms and wet agriculture contribute an area ofis shown in Figure 5.26 333.5 sqkms. The LSG wise break up of the agricultural land use is shown in Figure 5.29.5.4.9 Other Land Use From the above analysis it is found that major Following land use of NREDB are grouped to contributor among various crops in Thrissur District isform the category Other Land use - Barren Rocky/ Stone coconut (42%), followed by mixed crops (25%), paddywaste/ sheet rock, Coastal Sand, Sands/ riverine/Flood (17%) and rubber (10%). Other crops contribute onlyplain, Beaches, Harbour / Port, Mining / Industrial waste 5.5%. So the agricultural land use is analyzed furtherland, Airport, Playground, Dam wall, Mining. Other Land considering these four main crops (Coconut, Mixeduses are spreaded near by coastal areas and in the North Crops, Paddy and Rubber). The breakup of the agricul-and Western region of the district. The concetration tural land use of Thrissur District considering these mainpattern of Other land use is shown in Fig. 5.27. crops is shown in Table 5.6 , Figure 5.30 and Figure 5.31 Source: Census 2001 Fig 5.28 Break up of agricultural land use Thrissur Dist. Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 16. 86 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Fig 5.29 : LSG wise break up of agricultural land use Table 5.6 : Break up of Agricultural land use, Thrissur District, 2008 Major Land use Sub Land use Area SqKm. % Total% Coconut Coconut Dominant Mixed Crop 751.45 38.55 42.00 Coconut 65.8 3.38 Mixed Crop Mixed Crop 484.27 24.84 24.84 Paddy Paddy 333.49 17.11 17.11 Rubber Rubber 208.51 10.7 10.7 Others Perennial 54.37 2.79 5.42 Current Fallow 29.61 1.52 Land without scrub 9.23 0.47 Banana 1.97 0.10 Mixed trees 0.99 0.05 Plantation 9.31 0.48 Coffee 0.2 0.01 Arecanut 0.02 0.00 Banana Tapioca 0.09 0.00 Total 1949.31 100.00 100.00 Source: Census 2001Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 17. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 87 Paddy Rubber Mixed Crop Others Coconut 5% Fig 5. 30: Break up of agricultural land use in to five classes Fig 5.31 : Spatial patterm of agricultural land use Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 18. 88 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur5.5.1 Concentration Pattern of Agriculture land one indicating poor land cover of coconut.use 5.5.1.2 Mixed crop The concentration pattern of Agricultural land usegives an idea about where that particular Agriculture is Figure 5.33 shows the distribution of the concen-concentrated. For major agriculture viz: Coconut, Mixed tration index of the mixed crop land use. From the fig-crop, Paddy and rubber - that dominant in Thrissur dis- ure it is clear that the high concentration of mixed croptrict are analyzed here. is found in LSGs located nearby main transportation corridors of the district.5.5.1.1 Concentration Pattern of Coconut land use Considering the unique scattered or dispersed Figure 5.32 shows the distribution of the concen- settlement pattern prevailing in Kerala the LSGs locatedtration index of the coconut land use. From the figure it near by the major transportation corridors usually haveis clear that the high concentration of coconut land use small land holdings together with built up land use Fig 5.32 : Distribution of concentration - Index of Coconutlying along Coastal belt, so we can say beach sand is which lead to mixed crop cultivation instead special-very supporting to enrichment of coconut and coconut ized single crop cultivation. In other words the urbandominant mixed crops. Second highest concentration and semi urban areas support mixed crop cultivation.of coconut is also lying neighboring LSGs of coastal belt. Highland areas have less concentration of Mixed crops.High and up land have concentration index less thanDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 19. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 89 Fig 5.33: Distribution of concentration - Index of Mixed Crop Fig 5.34: Concentration pattern of Paddy lands Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 20. 90 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur5.5.1.3 Paddy upland areas have very poor concentration of paddy Figure 5.34 shows the distribution of the concen- lands.tration index of the Paddy land use. Highest concentra- 5.5.1.4 Rubbertion index of the paddy area is found in LSGs in mid andup land areas. It may be due to good drainage catch- Figure 5.35 shows the distribution of the con-ment area that support paddy cultivation. Coastal and centration index of the Rubber land use. North – East- Fig 5.35: Concentration pattern of Rubber Fig 5.36: Concentration Pattern of AgricultureDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 21. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 91ern parts of the district have the highest concentration (Athirapalli and Puthoor) do not exhibit anyof Rubber land use. Most of the LSGs on highland re- specialisation in agriculture activities. It may be duegions are showing a clear dominance to Rubber. As pro- the forest land cover of that LSGs.ceeding from highland area to low land area of the dis- 5.6.1 Major agriculture activities including Plan-trict value of concentration index of rubber is descend- tationing. Coastal areas have very little concentration of Rub-ber. From the analysis of major agricultural activities it is found that two Grama Panchayats (Athirapalli and5.6 MAJOR AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES Puthoor) do not exhibit any agriculture activities, but In the above paragraphs, the areas of concentra- as per real to ground scenario these areas are active intion of the major agriculture land uses in the District is primary sector activities. Hence the analysis is furtherdelineated taking land put to crops viz coconut, mixed extended including ‘others category’ especially forcrop, paddy and rubber. By combining the concentra- Plantation.tion pattern of major agricultural land uses spatially and Figure 5.37 shows the distribution of the concen-by analyzing the resulting pattern, areas of major agri- tration index of the Plantation land use. Highest con-cultural (based on the existing land use) activity can be centration of plantation is Thrikkur area. Athirapalli,delineated. Varantharapalli, Thiruvilwamala and Pazhayaanoor are The area of specialization of each LSG of the dis- also showing clear dominant of Plantations. So it is cleartrict against agriculture land use is given in Annexe 7. that Athirapalli have a clear land cover for plantations.Figure 5.36. shows the concentration pattern of all the Figure 5.38 shows the concentration of all thefour major agriculture land uses together. From the fig- four major agriculture land uses together with planta-ure, the areas of Specialization can be delineated. From tion . From the figure, the areas of Specialization, basedthe figure it is found that only two Grama Panchayats on the agricultural land use analysis, can be delineated. Fig 5.37: Concentration Pattern of Plantations Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 22. 92 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Fig 5.38: Concentration Pattern of Agriculture Including PlantationsTable 5.7: Grouping of land use classifications Sl land use Catagories grouped Major Land use No. 1 Non Agriculture (Urban Other builtup + Others+ land use) Residential ( Plot size <50 Scents 2 Agriculture Agri + Resi / Agri+Residential ( Plot size >50 Scents 3 Forest All components of Forest land use 4 Plantation All components of Plantation land useDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 23. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 93The area of specialization of each LSGs of the district Athirapalli Grama Panchayat dominance of Plantation.against agriculture including plantation land use is given Still Puthoor show no dominance to any agricultural ac-in Annexe 7. From the figure and table it is found that tivities. Fig 5.39 a: The concentration pattern of Non- Agricultural land use Fig 5.39b: The concentration pattern of Agricultural land use Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 24. 94 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur5.7 ACTIVITY ZONES BASED LAND USE CONCENTRA- taking each land uses separately. By combining the con-TION PATTERN centration pattern of the major land uses spatially and In the previous sections, the areas of concentra- by analyzing the resulting pattern, activity pattern oftion of the major land uses in the District is delineated LSGs (based on the existing land use) can be evolved. Fig 5.39c: The concentration pattern of Forest land use Fig 5.39d: The concentration pattern of PlantationsDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 25. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur LANDUSE 95 In order to evolve the activity pattern the nine spectively. Based on the pattern, the activity of the LSGscategories of land uses are grouped into 4 categories is evolved as per the criteria shown in Table. 5.8which are Non agricultural, Agricultural, Forest and Plan- Activity based on land use evolved based on thetation as given in Table 5.7. above criteria for each LSG is shown in The concentration index of these major land use Annexe - 8. The activity pattern based on the land usecatogories is shown in Annexe - 7. The concentration is shown in Figure. 40.patterns are shown in Fig. 5.39a, 5.39b, 5.39c, 5.39d re- Table 5.8: Criteria for determination of activity based on Land use SI No Activity based on Land use Criteria 1. Urban CI* Urban > CI Agri / CI Plantation / CI Forest 2. Agricultural CI* Agri > CI Urban /CI Plantation 3. Plantation CI* Plantation > CI Forest /CI Urban / CI Agri 4. Forest` CI Forest > CI Plantation /CI Urban / CI Agri * CI - Concentration index of Urban Fig 5.40 Land use concentration pattern of LSGS Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 26. 96 LANDUSE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur The analysis of land use concentration pattern whole District can be divided into four Activity zonesshows that most of the plantation / forest activities are namely Agricultural, Non-Agricultural/Urban, Planta-concentrated on the highland region of the district. The tion, Plantation/Forest. The analysis of land use con-urban activity is found to be mainly concentrated in centration pattern shows that most of the plantation /coastal regions and along the major transportation cor- forest activities are concentrated on the highland re-ridors. The agricultural activities are predominantly con- gion of the district. The urban activity is found to becentrated in the midland region of the district. mainly concentrated in coastal regions and along the major transportation corridors. The agricultural activi-5.8 INFERENCE ties are predominantly concentrated in the midland From the above details we can conclude that the region of the district.Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala < CONTENTS > CHAPTER 6 >>