Dsp thrissur ch2


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Dsp thrissur ch2

  1. 1. << CHAPTER 1 < CONTENTS >District Spatial Plan - Thrissur HISTORY AND REGIONAL LINKAGE 15 Chapter – 2 HISTORY AND REGIONAL LINKAGES Thrissur is a central coastal district of Kerala situ-ated approximately 295 Km north ofThiruvananthapuram, the state capital. The Districtplayed a very important role in fostering trade rela-tions between Kerala and outside world in the ancientand medieval periods. This is an introductory chapterwhich include an introduction about Thrissur district,its historical background and physical setting of the dis-trict with respect to the nearby important settlementsare described.2.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Sakthan Palace, Thrissur Thrissur with its rich history, cultural heritage andarchaeological wealth, is called the cultural capital of the colonial period.Kerala. From ancient times, this district has played asignificant role in the political history of South India. The district played a very important role in fos-Many rulers and dynasties beginning with the Zamorins tering trade relations between Kerala and outside worldof Kozhikode, Tipu Sultan of Mysore and Europeans in- in the ancient and medieval periods. The sea port ofcluding the Dutch and the British moulded the destiny Muziris of the Sangam age is the modern Kodungallurof this region. Raja Rama Varma, popularly known as of Thrissur district.“Sakthan Thampuran” was the architect of the present The political agents of British Government hadThrissur Town. their temporary head quarters in Thrissur. The Trichur The term Thrissur is the abbreviated anglicized was connected by roads to hinterland settlements. Theform of the malayalam word “THRISSIVAPERUR” which Trichur-Coimbatore road was inaugurated in 1844. Ameans the town of the “SACRED SIVA”. The town is built narrow gauge railway line from Shornur to Ernakulamon an elevated ground, at the apex of which is the fa- through Thrissur was commissioned in 1902. This wasmous “VADAKKUNNATHAN” Temple. A place of great later converted into broad-gauge in 1944.The existenceantiquity, Thrissur was also known as of the Trichur Public Library dates back to the seventies“VRISHABHADRIPURAM” and “TEN KAILASAM” in an- of the 19th century. The Museum, Zoo and Botanicalcient days. Thrissur is also named as ‘Trichur’ during Gardens were started in 1885. The Central Jail of Cochin Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  2. 2. 16 HISTORY AND REGIONAL LINKAGE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur yam), Poonthanam (Njanappana), Unnayi Warrier (Nalacharitham), Kunjikuttan Thampuran known as Kerala Vyasa, Vallathol Narayana Menon, C.Achutha Menon, Panditaraja K. Rama Pisharoti are some prominent personalities belonging to this district. Kerala Kalamandalam at Cheruthuruthi, re- nowned the world over for its Kathakali training Kerala Kalamandalam, Cheruthuruthi Centre, The Kerala Nritha Kalalayam, The Kerala Sahithya Academy, The Kerala Sangeetha NatakaState was established in 1914. Academy , Kerala Lalithakala Academy (fostering de- The present Trichur district is a part of erstwhile velopment of Kerala Dance, Drama and Music) are lo-Cochin state. Cochin state had been divided into‘Nadus’, these Nadus were subsequently divided into‘Kovilakathum-vathukkals’ or Taluks. The taluks weregrouped into two divisions- Vadakkemugham andThekkemugham. The Cochin area of present Trichurcomes formed part of the Vadakkemugham. With ef-fect from the 1st July 1949 a new district named Thrissurwas formed with 6 taluks of the erstwhile Cochin Stateviz. Thalappilly, Chittoor, Thrissur, Mukundapuram,Canannore and Cochin-Kanayannur and taluks of erst-while Travancore areas, namely, Kunnathunad and The Kerala Sangeetha Nataka AcademyParur. cated here. School of Drama, established in 1977 is also Melpathoor Narayana Bhattathiri (Narayanee- in this district. The Trichur Town hall contains the Ar- chaeological Museum and Picture Gallery, where mu- ral paintings from all parts of the state are copied and exhibited. Thrissur city have a large number of historic temples such as Thiruvambady temple, Vadakkumnathan temple and Paramekkavu temple and the temples participates in the colorful Thrissur pooram. Thrissur pooram is a spectacular religious fes- tival in South India and known as “Mother of all Poorams” which brings thousands of people from around the world. In Thrissur city there are two well known churches, the Our Lady of Lourdes Metropolitan Cathe- dral and the Our Lady of Dolours, popularly known as “Puthenpally” (the New Church). It is the biggest church The Kerala Sahithya AcademyDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  3. 3. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur HISTORY AND REGIONAL LINKAGE 17 Vadakkunnathan Temple Guruvayoor Templein South Asia. The Cheraman Juma Masjid, believed to 2.2 REGIONAL LINKAGESbe the oldest Mosque in India is situated in Thrissur Thrissur district is in the central region of KeralaDistrict. state lying between 10010’ and 100 46’ north latitude and The famous Sree Krishna temple at Guruvayur lies 750 57’ and 760 54’ east longitude. Thrissur district isjust 25 km from Thrissur town. And there are many his- bounded on the north by Malappuram and Palakkadtoric temples like Thriprayar Sree Rama Temple, Districts, south by Idukki and Ernakulam districts, eastKodungalloor Bhagavathi Temple, Irinjalakuda by Palakkad district and Coimbatore district ofKoodalmanikkyam Bharatha Temple, Thiruvilwamala TamilNadu and west by Lakshadweep sea.Villuadrinatha Temple etc. Thrissur is placed approximately 295 Millions of money is traded in Km north of the state head quarters ofthe city of Thrissur under the name Kerala, 71 kms north to Kochi, the indus-Gold and that is why Thrissur is also trial hub of Kerala and 120 kms south toKnown as the Gold capital of India. Kozhikode, the commercial capital ofAll major jewelleries in Kerala havebranches in Thrissur and 70%of manufacturing of plain gold androlled gold happens in this city.Thrissur city is also animportant center of garments madeof Silk in Kerala. This city holds therecord for the highest number finan- Puthenpally (New Church) Cheraman Jumacial institution as they exceed 1000,both government and private. Three predominant Malabar region. (figure 2.1) Thrissur town lies 55 km farscheduled banks in Kerala, the South Indian Bank, the from Cochin International air-port and 80 kilometer farCatholic Syrian Bank and Dhanalakshmi bank have their from Kozhikodu air-port. Thrissur railway station is anheadquarters at Thrissur. Diamond polishing and auto- important railway station that connects South India tomobile tyre moldings are the remaining industries that rest of India through Trivandrum-Chennai andplay an important role in Thrissur economy. Trivandrum-Mangalapuram routes. KSRTC operates bus Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  4. 4. 18 HISTORY AND REGIONAL LINKAGE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Thiruvambadi Temple Paramekkavu Temple services to Thrissur from all important cities in Kerala and also interstate buses are available to reach Thrissur from Madurai, Chennai, Coimbathoor etc. 2.3 CONNECTIVITY The road network is the most important mode of transportation in the district connecting almost all im- portant nodes. Thrissur district is well connected with almost all the major towns and cities of the state as120 k.m. well as nation. The district has comparatively good con- nectivity due to the two National Highways (NH-47, NH- 17) having a total length of about 124.56km, twenty State Highways (374.03km), district roads (1249.06kms) and the railway route network. 71 k.m. Broadly, the transport network structure in the district is a network of roads and railway routes. The existing National Highways in the district are: 1. Kanyakumari – Salem NH-47 start from Karukutty (Pongam) to Vaniyampara of length 60km. 2. NH-17 from Moothakunnam to Palapetty of length 64.562km and Kodungallur Bye-Pass of length 3.75 Km 295 k.m. NH-47 act as a main spine of traffic movement for the district. It facilitates commutation of passen- Fig 2.1 Regional conectivity with other district gers and goods from within the state and outside theDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  5. 5. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur HISTORY AND REGIONAL LINKAGE 19state. This may be due to the fact that NH 47 is the only work of Thrissur district is shown in Fig 2.2national highway passing through the district in 1980’s. Before the construction of roads in the latter halfNH-17 acts as a coastal corridor connecting coastal belt th of 19 century, inland traffic in the district was carriedof Kerala. It also facilitates transportation of perishable on almost entirely over backwaters and rivers. The talukcoastal goods. of Kodungallur and portions of the taluks of Railways play an important role in the transport Mukundapuram and Trichur are so admirably served bysector of the district in terms of inter-regional passen- backwaters and rivers that they not only afforded easyger and goods movement. Railways provide the cheaper and cheap means of conveying the produce of the inte-and fast inter-city and intra-district transportation fa- rior to the ports of Cochin, Kodungallur and Chettuvaicility for commuters. Thrissur is an important railhead but also enabled the old Cochin state to enjoy the lion’sof southern railways. share of the trade with the Portuguese and the Dutch on the Malabar coast for nearly 3 centuries. Indeed ca- The network pattern of the railways in the dis- nals are important means of communication in earlytrict is primarily in the form of two corridors:Double Cochin that successive rulers devoted much attentionlane broad gauge running from Ernakulam to Shornur to their improvement and maintenance.(ie. South-North), parallel to NH-47 and East-West Broadgauge (Single Line) connecting Poonkunnam to world The main canals of the district at that time arefamous temple town Guruvayoor. Transporation net- 1. Ponnani canal in Chavakkad Taluk Fig 2.2 Transportation Network - Thrissur District Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  6. 6. 20 HISTORY AND REGIONAL LINKAGE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Fig 2.3 Water Bodies - Thrissur DistrictDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  7. 7. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur HISTORY AND REGIONAL LINKAGE 21 Thrissur swaraj round 2. Cannoli canal lying between Chavakkad and logical wealth act as cultural capital of the state. TheMukundapuram taluk district is also well known for festivals (Thrissur 3. Shanmughom canal in Mukundapuram taluk Pooram), number of cultural and art institutions (like Kalamandalam, Kerala Sahithya Accadamy, etc.), gold 4. Puthenthodu in Trichur taluk and diamond industry and number of historic temples, These canals form the main arteries of water com- Churches & Mosques. Thrissur District is connected tomunication. Now Canoli canal is only existing water other parts of the state and the country through twoway. Water bodies in Thrissur district is shown in Fig modes of transport, rail and roads. The waterway, which2.3. was once the major mode of transport of the district, is in an abandoned state now. The nearest airport2.4 INFERENCE “Nedumbassery” (Kochin International Airport) is lo- It can be concluded that Thrissur District with its cated at a distance of 55kms, and the nearest port Kochirich history, heritage, cultural, religious and archaeo- at a distance of 80 kms. Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala < CONTENTS > CHAPTER 3 >>