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  • 1. << CHAPTER 14 < CONTENTS >District Spatial Plan - Thrissur DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES 199 Chapter – 15 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES15.1. INTRODUCTION 15.2 GENERAL POLICIES AND STRATEGIES Based on the issues, problems and potentials Within the framework of Goals, Objectives andevolved from the study of settlements and within the the Development Concept the general District Devel-frame work of the goals and objectives, the key sec- opment Policy can be stated astors, where planning interventions are required are “To make the district a thriving economicidentified. We have the spatial structure of the district growth hub of the state by enhancing economy throughwhich is evolved from the hierarchy of settlements, optimum utilization of resources while conserving itsconnectivity and activity pattern. The environmental environmentally sensitive areas where equitable dis-aspects of the district are also studied. Based on the tribution of facilities enable people to live a better qual-above, and incorporating the spirit of the development ity life.”goals, development concept has been formulated. Sub-sequently development zones were delineated, trans- 15.3. DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES – 2021ferring the development concept into ground. Now, Future development strategies for the districtbased on the tentative development concept, devel- have been formulated based on findings of analysis,opment policies have to be framed. This chapter at- development concept and the development policy. Intempt to develop the General Policies and Strategies view of the development policy the strategies arefor integrated and concept based planned development grouped as follows:of the District. The desirable directions of future de- 1. Environmental Protection & Sustainable De-velopment of the district, evolved in the District Spa- velopment Strategies.tial Plan are also summed up in this chapter. 2. Strategies to enhance the economic growth The development concept derived for the dis- through optimum utilization of resourcestrict aim at 3. Social welfare strategies/ Strategies for pro- Environmental protection and sustainable vision of equitable distribution of facilities development Optimum utilisation of resources 15.3.1 Environmental Protection & Sustainable Integration of primary, secondary and tertiary Development Strategies sectors To attain long-term sustainability of natural re- Ensuring local economic development and sources, the land utilization pattern must be designed generation of better opportunities to ensure that the natural basis of living is sustained in Balanced development and equitable the long run, i.e. the use of land should correspond to distribution of facilities its natural potential. Environmental damage, already Attain certain level of self sufficiency in occurred shall be mitigated and damaging develop- production sectors ments shall be avoided in future. Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 2. 200 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Surveillance of natural eco systems and unique agricultural activities, and the provision of bio diversity in the western gaht reserve forest natural amenities, including landscapes. area of the district. Conversion of fallow land and waste land into Conservation of unique “kole land” areas which agricultural land act as food granaries within the district Restrict diversion of prime agricultural lands Protecting flora, fauna, water and soil through for other purposes traditional methods. Adoption of modernization techniques to Enhance the non conventional energy sources improve production of goods and thus to attain like solar energy, tidal energy and wind energy. certain level of self sufficiency in food crops. Eco friendly, sustainable and judicial utilization Develop agro based industries and food of natural resources and environmental wealth processing units in the Intensive Agricultural of the district for local economic growth Zone and increase the income of the district. through eco tourism, value added products, Create an administrative framework which can extraction of resources within the carrying promote integration. capacity limits and so forth. Co-ordination of various agencies such as Prevention of reclamation/conversion of kole environment, irrigation, agriculture and soil land / paddy lands and water conservation etc. Conservation of water bodies and natural ♦ Develop animal husbandry sector complemen- drainage networks. tary to agricultural sector through Enhance the ground water recharging and rainwater harvesting to improve the ground Augmenting the production potentialities of water table and thus to solve water scarcity livestock and poultry and thus increasing the problems of the district to the extent possible. production of milk, egg and meat. Abatement of water, air and noise pollution. Providing necessary and timely modern Developing efficient and sustainable solid veterinary assistance and health cover to the livestock and poultry. waste management system Improve infrastructure facilities; implement schemes for the development of livestock and15.3.2 Strategies to enhance the economic growth poultry products for self sufficiency.through optimum utilization of resources Restoration and protection of grazing lands♦ Develop agricultural sector as one of the economic ♦ Develop tourism as a major sector of economy bases of the District as most of the agricultural areas through various measures such as of the district are concentrated in the intensive Improve infrastructure facilities and agriculture zone of the district and general connectivity network character of most of the settlements are rural. This Make proper waste management plants/ can be achieved through: systems in tourist centers. Developing sustainable agriculture which Provide Guided Tours. involves three aspects: an economically viable Build better co-ordination between line agricultural production system, the departments and agencies for time bound maintenance or enhancement of the natural implementation of tourism projects. resource base and eco-systems affected by Start tourism study centre.Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 3. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES 201 Protect beach area from natural threats. Enhance the small scale and house hold Harness the direct and multiplier effects of industrial activities which support value tourism for employment generation, economic addition of agriculture, fisheries and marine development and providing impetus to rural products. tourism. Provision of trained manpower in par with the Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of anticipated demand due to industrial growth tourism growth; Need to preserve the environment and ensure Acknowledge the critical role of private sector the efficient use of available resources in a with government working as a pro-active prominent way. facilitator and catalyst. Create and develop integrated tourism circuits 15.3.3. Social welfare strategies/ Strategies for based on India’s unique civilization, heritage provision of equitable distribution of facilities and culture in partnership with States, private Safeguard the individual rights of every person sector and other agencies in view of the principle that every human being♦ Develop fisheries sector to enhance local has the right to live and enjoy the basic economic growth through various measures necessities of life such as Planning and preparedness to prevent or Promote fish markets, fish preservation and mitigate the effects of problems encountered production units, export and import of marine by vulnerable populations. products, ice plants, aquaculture farms, Develop, at different levels, the appropriate ornamental fish trading units, fish seed farms, specific social policies and strategies To monitor the economic, socio-cultural, fish farmers clubs, value added marine political and technological interests of the product outlet units, development of fish population, paying special attention to the harbour & boat building yards, production and needs and rights of minorities. maintenance units of machineries in the Developing indicators and quality standards in ‘accelerated growth zone – marine’ of the order to measure and evaluate the impact of district. social welfare/social security programmes and Increase salt water fishing harvest implementing programmes to fill the gaps Training in inland fish farming, maintenance identified Providing a hierarchial system of settlements/ of fishing equipment, and in fishing skills. nodes supported with a network of transport Improve equipment availability to fishermen corridors so as to ensure equitable distribution of facilities in the district♦ Developing Thrissur-Kochi corridor as an Economic Development Corridor through 15.4 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES various measures such as Promoting industries, industrial parks, Special The district spatial plan for Thrissur aim at planned Economic Zones (SEZ’s), IT & Info Parks, Quality sustainable and integrated spatial development of the Education and Health care institutions etc district. In connection with the preparation of the Plan Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 4. 202 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES District Spatial Plan - Thrissurdetailed studies of the profile and regional setting of 9. Edavilanguthe district, trend and level of urbanization in the dis- 10. Pavarattytrict, economic base and regional connectivity of thedistrict etc were conducted leading to evolution of func- 11. Adattional character and hierarchy of settlements of the dis- 12. Manalurtrict. Further the activity pattern of each Local Govern- 13. Cherpument is evolved by integrating urban profile (urban/non urban), functional character (Urban/Semi Urban/ 14. EriyadSemi Rural/Rural) and land use concentration pattern 15. Sreenarayanapuram(Urban/Agricultural/Plantation /forest) of Local Govern- 16. Methalaments in the district. The spatial structure of the dis-trict is evolved by integrating the activity pattern, re- 17. Puukkadgional connectivity and hierarchy of settlements. The 18. Maladevelopment goals and objectives of the district were The likely future urban profile of the districtderived based on findings of various studies. The ten- evolved is shown in the table 15.1tative development concept of the district is formu-lated by synthesis of findings of studies in the orbit of LSGs adjacent to Thrissur Municipal Corporationgoals and objectives over the district platform. The de- and those along the National High way can be assumedvelopment concept so derived will provide the required to attain urban status in the next 10 years and the re-frame work for integrated development of the district. maining LSGs to become urban within the next 20 years.Broad development policy for the district and the strat- Five LSGs (Adat Grama Panchayat, Pavaratty Gramaegies to achieve them were also framed. The develop- Panchayat, Eriyad Grama Panchayat, Mala Gramament directions of Thrissur district evolved in the Dis- Panchayat, Methala Grama Panchayat) will attain ur-trict Spatial Plan for the district are consolidated here- ban status in 2011 and six LSGs (Edavilangu Gramaunder: Panchayat, Valappad Grama Panchayat, Sreenarayanapuram Grama Panchayat, Pudukkad15.4.1 Future Urban Profile Grama Panchayat, Manalur Grama Panchayat, Cherpu Following local governments are expected to Grama Panchayat) will attain urban status in 2021.define the future urban profile of the District. The future urban profile of Thrissur District show- 1. Thrissur Municipal Corporation ing the existing urban local governments and the LSGs that will attain urban status by 2011 and by 2021 is rep- 2. Guruvayur Municipal Council resented in Fig 8.9 of Chapter 8. 3. Chavakkad Municipal Council 15.4.2 Development zones and functions of settle- 4. Irinjalakkuda Municipal Council ments 5. Kodungallur Municipal Council a. Development zones 6. Chalakkudy Municipal Council The tentative development concept formulated 7. Kunnamkulam Municipal Council for Thrissur District has given due respect to the unique 8. Valappad cultural and heritage character of the district, optimum utilization of resources, self sufficiency in productionDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 5. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES 203 Table 15.1: Future urban profile of the District Existing Urban areas Future probable urban areas 1. Thrissur Municipal Corporation 1. Valappad 2. Kunnamkulam Municipal Council 2. Edavilangu 3. Chalakkudy Municipal Council 3. Pavaratty Irinjalakkuda Municipal Council 4. Adat Kodungallur Municipal Council 5. Manalur Guruvayur Municipal Council 6. Cherpu Chavakkad Municipal Council 7. Eriyad 8. Sreenarayanapuram 9. Mehtala 10. Pudukkad 11. Malasectors, local economic growth and above all conserva- which are derived from the development concept. Thetion of environmentally sensitive areas of the district. proposed major functions of settlements in ThrissurAs per the development concept thus derived, the dis- district derived through integrating their existing ac-trict is divided into eight development zones and fu- tivity pattern and the nature of developments sug-ture hierarchy of each settlement and node are set and gested in the development zone(s) in which they area future transportation network connecting the higher included are as given hereunder:order settlements and nodes are planned (See fig 14.9 Whatever may be the major function identifiedof Chapter 14). A development zone is delineated by for a settlement, if any part of the settlement fall ingrouping the settlements possessing similar major eco- Environmental Concern Zone, developments that maynomic activity pattern as per the settlement studies. In adversely affect the environmental concerns of thatother words, the thrust development sector of each zone shall not be permitted in such parts . In the case ofGrama Panchayat or Municipal Council is specified. Environmental Concern Zone along coastal areas regu- The Development Zones evolved for Thrissur dis- lations like CRZ will be applicable. In the case of koletrict and the nature of developments suggested in each lands and other wet lands included in Environmentalzone are as given in Table 15.2. Concern Zone, agriculture and allied activities that are non detrimental to the environmental concerns of the The Development Zone in which each local gov- area are allowable. Forest related primary activitiesernment of the district is included is given in Annexe including eco tourism; Aromatic & Medicinal plant pro-18. duction, aforestation, plantation etc will be permittedb. Functions of settlements in non forest areas of Environmental Concern Zone The function of a settlement is determined by along eastern high land areas of the district.combining the effect of activity pattern and the zones Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 6. 204 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES District Spatial Plan - ThrissurTable 15.2 – Nature of developments suggested in various development zones Sl.No Development Zones Nature of developments suggested 1 Environmental Concern Zone Developments that will not adversely affect the environmental concerns of the area viz.cultivation, forest related primary activities including eco tourism; Aromatic & Medicinal plant cultivation, aforestation, plantation etc. as the case may be. 2 Intensive Agricultural Zone Agriculture related activities, Small scale industries promote value addition of production from agriculture and animal husbandry ie production units, chocolate production, coir industry, oil factory, Milk societies, Cattle feed etc 3 Economic Development Corridor(EDC) Large and medium scale industries, industrial park, , Quality Education and Health service institutions etc. 4 Accelerated Growth Zone – Industrial Large and small scale and house hold industrial activities which support value addition of agriculture, fisheries and marine products 5 Accelerated Growth Zone – Infrastructure facilities including Hospitals, Health Institutions Institutional and educational facilities, industries etc. 6 Accelerated Growth Zone – Marine Industries accelerate marine products, fishing etc. 7 Multifunction Zone I First order service activities, IT parks, Tourism, banking, infrastructure facilities, Real estate, textile, gold industry, Printing industry, brick and tile industry etc 8 Multifunction Zone II Second order service activities, tourism, banking, infrastructure facilities, Real estate, textile, Printing industry, brick and tile industry etc Thrissur Municipal Corporation falls in the industries like processing units, value addition Multifunction zone I and the main activity of units etc in this connection also have potential. Thrissur Municipal Corporation is tertiary Suitable projects and programmes are to be activity and will act as a service centre for the implemented to exploit the urban potential of entire district and will be seat of Higher order this zone. facilities like super specialty hospitals/other Municipal towns of Guruvayoor, Irinjalakkuda, major health institutions, five star hotels, IT Kodungalloor, Kunnamkulam, Chavakkad and parks, educational facilities etc. Besides, Grama Panchayats of Eriyad and Methala fall in Thrissur Municipal Corporation acts as cultural Multifunction Zone II. Here the basic function centre of District as well as the state. Thrissur is tertiary activities of second order. These LSGs Municipal Corporation has also good role in will act as a service centers for the respective industrial sector also. This zone is surrounded hinter lands and is very much suitable for by intensive agriculture zone. So agro and allied industries utilizing agricultural produces ofDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 7. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES 205 hinter land. Second order Service activities, value addition of primary production Tourism, banking, infrastructure facilities, Real (agriculture, marine etc…) and local resources. estate, textile Industry, Printing industry, brick Non polluting service sector industries like IT and tile industry etc will be promoted here. can also be promoted. Tertiary/service sector Grama Panchayats of Kadavallur, Chelakkara, activities to support secondary sector activities Desamangalam, Elavally, Erumapetty, are also promoted. Large and medium scale Kadangode, Kandanassery, Kondazhy, Kuzhur, industries, industrial park, IT & Info Parks, Madakkathara ,Mulloorkara, Nadathara, Panjal, Quality Education and Health service Pariyaram, Pazhayannoor, Pookkode, institutions etc are suggested in LSGs along Thekkumkara, Thiruvilwamala, Economic Development Corridor (EDC). Vadakkancherry, Vadakkekkad, Vallathol Nagar, Kaiparamba Grama Panchayat is in the Varavoor and Velur fall fully in Intensive Accelerated Growth Zone – Institutional. The Agriculture Zone. These Grama Panchayats will Grama Panchayat will specialize in service specialize in primary agriculture and allied sector institutions like health, education, activities. Tertiary service sector activities research and training along the transportation including eco tourism, farm tourism etc which corridors and primary agriculture activity in are in conformity in the zone can also be hinter land area. promoted. Grama Panchayats of Orumanayoor & Pavaratty Portions of Grama Panchayats of Arimpur, fall, fully in Accelerated Growth Zone Marine. Athirapilly, Chazur, Kattakampal, Kodassery, These Grama Panchayats will specialize in Pananchery, Porkulam, Punnayur, production, value addition and marketing of Punnayurkulam, Puthur, Tholur, marine produces and all allied activities. Also Varantharappilly that fall in Intensive portions of Grama Panchayats of Edathuruthy, Agriculture Zone are in Environmental Concern Edavilangu, Engadiur, Kadappuram, Zone. Agriculture and allied activities that are Kaippamangalam, Mathilakom, Nattia, non detrimental to the environmental Perinjanam, Sreenarayanapuram, Thalikulam, concerns of the area are allowable here. Vadanappally and Valappad that are not in Grama Panchayats of Avanur, Avinissery, Environmental Concern Zone are in Accelerated Karalam, Mala, Mulamkunnathukavu, Growth Zone Marine. In such areas, Marine Mundathokode, Paralam, Poomangalam, Activities viz. production, value addition and Poyya, Vallachira fall, fully in Accelerated marketing of marine produces, allied tertiary Growth Zone – Industries. Grama Panchayats sector developments (trade & commerce) are of Kodakara and Nenmanikkara fall, fully in proposed. Agricultural activities will be Economic Development Corridor (EDC). Some continued in potential agricultural areas. areas of Puthenchira and Vellangallur grama Grama Panchayats of Kattur & Padiyur fall partly panchayats fall in EDC and the remaining in Accelerated Growth Zone Marine & partly in portion of these grama panchayats fall in Accelerated Growth Zone - Industrial and Accelerated Growth Zone – Industries. These hence the proposed function of these LSGs is Grama Panchayats may specialise in micro, Secondary Activity with supporting Tertiary small, medium and large industries to trigger Activities. Accelerated industrial the development impulses with priority to development, mainly focusing on marine Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 8. 206 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES District Spatial Plan - Thrissur produces with supporting developments in Environmental Concern Zone. Similarly trade and commerce are suggested in these Cherppu Grama Panchayat falls in Intensive LSGs. Agriculture Zone, Accelerated Growth Zone- Kolazhy Grama Panchayat falls in Accelerated Industrial and Environmental Concern Zone. Growth Zone - Institutional & Accelerated Therefore function of these two grama Growth Zone - Industrial. The proposed panchayats derived is primary activity with function of the Grama Panchayat is secondary support to secondary activity. activity with supporting tertiary activity. We can Grama Panchayats of Alagappa Nagar, Alur, promote secondary sector industrial activity Annamanada, Kadukutty, Koratty, Melur, together with supporting tertiary service sector Parappukkara, Pudukkad and Thrikkur are along activities like industrial training institutions etc. Economic Development Corridor (EDC). Grama Panchayats of Choondal & Chowannur However, considerable portions of these LSGs fall in Accelerated Growth Zone Institutional & are in the Intensive agriculture zone. So the Intensive agriculture zone and hence the main function of these LSGs is primary activity. proposed major function of these LSGs is Secondary activities which support the Secondary Activity with supporting primary agriculture related activities will be promoted Activities. These Grama Panchayats will here. Promotion of large and medium scale specialize in service sector institutions like industries, industrial park, IT & Info Parks, health, education, research and training along Quality Education and Health service the transportation corridors and primary institutions etc are suggested along Economic agriculture activity in hinter land area Development Corridor (EDC). production, value addition and marketing of Grama Panchayats of Manalur, Mullassery, marine produces and all allied activities. Thaikkad, Thanniyam Anthikkad and Portion of Porathissery Grama Panchayat that Venkitanghu fall in Intensive agriculture zone falls in Accelerated Growth Zone - Industries is & Accelerated Growth Zone- Marine. The basic in Environmental Concern Zone. Similarly function of these Grama Panchayats is primary Portion of Velukkara Grama Panchayat that falls along with secondary. The agriculture related in Economic Development Corridor and activities along with Industrial activities Accelerated Growth Zone - Industries is in support Marine activities viz. production, value Environmental Concern Zone. The proposed addition and marketing of marine produces and functions of the Grama Panchayats are agriculture activities can be promoted here. secondary activity, but in areas that fall in Portions of Anthikkad and Venkitanghu Grama Environmental Concern Zone, any Panchayats fall in Environmental Concern Zone developments that may adversely affect the also. The basic function of these Grama environment shall not be permitted. Panchayats is primary along with secondary. The activity pattern of Grama Panchayats of The agriculture related activities along with Muriyad and Cherppu is primary activity Industrial activities support Marine activities (Agriculture). At the same time, Muriyad Grama viz. production, value addition and marketing Panchayat is included in Intensive agricultural of marine produces and agriculture activities zone, Economic Development Corridor (EDC), can be promoted here. Accelerated growth zone-industrial andDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 9. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES 207 The activity pattern of Adat Grama Panchayat the proposed function of the Municipal Council is Ter- is primary activity. The Grama Panchayat is tiary Activity, even though the Municipal Council is in- included in Intensive agriculture zone, cluded in the Development Zones of Intensive Agricul- Accelerated growth zone-Institutional and ture Zone and Economic Development Corridor (EDC). Environmental concern zone. The basic function of the Grama Panchayat is derived as primary 15.4.3 Hierarchy of settlements activity. Tertiary sector activities will be Balanced development of the district and equi- promoted in the Institutional Growth Zone. table distribution of facilities to its population are aimed The activity pattern of Mattathur Grama at in the Plan. Hence a hierarchial system of settlements Panchayat is primary activity (Plantation). The is proposed in the district with one regional centre, 5 Grama Panchayat is included in Intensive sub – regional centers and 7 service centers. The future agriculture zone, Economic Development hierarchy of settlement of the district evolved shows Corridor (EDC) and Environmental concern that Thrissur Municipal Corporation is the regional cen- zone. The basic function of the Grama tre of the District. Chalakkudy Municipal Council, panchayat is primary activity because major Irinjalakkuda Municipal Council, Kunnamkulam Munici- portion falls in the Intensive agriculture zone. pal Council and Grama Panchayats of Chelakkara and Chalakudy Municipal Council is one among the Mattathur are the proposed sub – regional centers.five sub-regional centers proposed in the district. Hence Kodungallur Municipal Council, Guruvayur Municipal Figure 15.1 Function of settlement – Thrissur District Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 10. 208 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES District Spatial Plan - ThrissurCouncil and Grama Panchayats of Alagappanagar, evolved is superimposed over the existing road netPananchery, Venkitangu, Valappad and Wadakkanchery work to suggest proposed road network for the Dis-are the proposed service centers. The suggested hier- trict.archy of settlements is as shown in figure 15.2. The proposed district road network contains The service area of the regional centre is the en- mainly following types of roads:tire Thrissur District. The service area and service popu- 1. Ring Road around Thrissur Municipal Corporationlation of the sub-regional centers and service centers 2. Radial Roads (1st order Road) – connecting Regionalis given in Annexe 15. Centre with Sub-Regional Centers15.4.4 Future Connectivity 3. Loop connecting Sub-Regional Centers Equitable distribution of facilities to the district 4. Roads connecting loop road with service centres.population calls for proper connectivity between settle- 5. By Pass Roads.ments of different hierarchies. Existing transportation Some routes of radial roads, loop roads and by-network need to be augmented by way of upgrading, passes are suggested in the road network by consider-providing new linkages etc. Incorporating the spatial ing the hierarchy of settlements. As far as the linkagedistribution of settlements of different hierarchies with between the Regional Centre and Sub-Regional Cen-the existing transportation network, a conceptual road ters is concerned, there already exists a radial patternnetwork is evolved for the district as shown in figure of roads which support the planning concept of road9.5 of Chapter 9. The conceptual road network thus Fig. 15.2 Suggested hierarchy of settlementsDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 11. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES 209network for a first order settlement which is centrally tion/sq km. The LSGs in the mid land region is having alocated. gross population density range of 750-1500 people/sq km. The highest population density is seen in the coastal The proposed district road network is shown in belt of the district which falls in the range 1500-3200figure 9.6 of Chapter 9. people/sq km.15.4.5 Future Population Content & Work Partici- When projected based on trend, the populationpation rate of the district will be 3,286,439 by 2021(growth rate The population of Thrissur district is analyzed 4.21%). But as per the district development concept,based on various parameters like population density, accelerated growth of population is envisaged in somepopulation growth rate, population concentration pat- of the development zones on account of the develop-tern etc. The spatial agglomeration pattern of popula- ment anticipated in those zones. Based on the districttion clearly shows that the transportation corridors, development concept natural growth in Environmen-especially the national highways, passing through the tal Concern Zone, enhanced growth in Intensive Agri-district play a crucial role in formulating the spatial con- cultural Zone, moderate enhanced growth along Eco-centration pattern of population. Other determinants nomic Development Corridor (EDC) & Acceleratedare social and physical character of coastal areas, near- Growth Zone – Institutional, high enhanced growth inness to existing urban areas etc. Accelerated Growth Zone – Industrial & Multifunctional Three distinct zones can be earmarked based on Zones of the district are expected. A reversion in thethe distribution of the gross population density. The trend of out migration from the district is expectedeastern high land region of the district shows the least through planned interventions. So the 2021 populationgross population density value of less than 750 popula- of the district is projected to be 3,405,062 with an in-Table 15.3: Zone wise population in 2021 Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 12. 210 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVES District Spatial Plan - ThrissurTable 15.4: Projected no of workers - Zone wise in 2021 Total Total main HH Other ZONE Cultivators Agri.Labour workers workers Indus.Workers Workers Environmental concern zone 39259 35168 2638 3517 1407 27853 Intensive agricultural zone 330551 296110 47378 94755 13473 140504 Economic Development Corridor (EDC) 197356 176808 12677 15913 8840 139378 Accelerated growth zone - Industrial 137951 123585 5487 9430 9887 98781 Accelerated growth zone - Institutional 97661 87485 3937 6850 6124 70574 Accelerated growth zone - Marine 179338 160662 3213 3213 19279 134956 Multifunctional zone I 145456 130298 378 651 5212 124057 Multifunctional zone II 101540 90962 455 910 4548 85049 District 1229112 1101078 76162 135239 68770 821153creased growth rate of 6.51%. Table 15.3 gives the dis- is mainly based on the development concept derivedtribution of future population in various development and projected population which is already explained.zones of the district. As per the likely impact in the occupational structure due to future developments, increase in work force is The existing occupational structure of the district expected in 7 out of the 8 development zones. The workclearly shows that there is a declining trend in the pro- participation rate in Thrissur District is expected to in-duction sector and increasing trend in service sector. crease from 32.12% in 2001 to 36% in 2021. The pro-Secondary sector also takes a determinant role in the jected occupational structure is given in Table 15.4.district’s economy. It is observed that rural areas of the The occupation structure of Thrissur districtdistrict are slowly withdrawing from primary sector and clearly shows that the percentage of cultivators andstarted depending more on the service sector. The agricultural labourers are 5% and 9% respectively inboundary distinguishing the character of rural and ur- 2001. And it is increased to 7% and 12% respectively inban areas is narrowing down. 2021. The percentage of House hold industrial workers It is clear that primary workers are more concen- also show increasing trend (5% in 2001 & 6% in 2021) intrated in high land region and some mid land LSGS. Sec- 2021. The development proposals in agriculture sectorondary workers are concentrated in the mid land re- are a major component in increasing the work partici-gion and some coastal LSGS and the tertiary workers pation rate. The boost in agricultural activities is ex-are more concentrated in and around the urban areas. pected to arrest the dilution in the economic base of The projected occupation structure of the district the District in its rural areas.Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala < CONTENTS > ANNEXES >>