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Dsp thrissur ch13

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  • 1. << CHAPTER 12 < CONTENTS >District Spatial Plan - Thrissur GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 157 Chapter – 13 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES In this chapter, the development goals evolved idling of certain portion of potential work force of thefor District Spatial Plan and the development objec- district. The situation needs change through genera-tives set to achieve the goals based on the findings of tion of more employment opportunities for the peopleanalysis are discussed. The development goals of Thrissur. Diversification of economic activity to theemerged reflects the thrust areas where planning in- secondary and tertiary activity to create better job op-tervention is required and the objectives clearly spell portunities with due regard to ways and measures toout how the goals can be achieved in a real to ground increasing productivity, value addition, optimum utili-scenario. zation of resource and scientific intervention in primary sector may therefore be resorted to promote local eco-13.1. DEVELOPMENT GOALS nomic growth. The findings derived from the sector wise stud- Even though there exists Urban-Rural continuum,ies and settlement studies evolve following facts: the activity pattern evolved based on the land use con- The Thrissur – Kochi corridor exhibits spatial con- centration pattern, future urban profile and functionalcentration of secondary as well as tertiary activities and classification shows that there is a clear demarcation ofis developing into a vibrant region of development areas of concentration of urban activity, agriculturalwhich acts as a major generator of economic momen- activity, agriculture and allied activity and agriculturetum. Analysis reveal that Thrissur district has potential activity non detrimental to forests in the district, mak-for rural activities whereas it ranks 6th with respect to ing it possible to assign definite development charac-urban content among the districts in the state indicat- ter to each region. This has to be viewed as a potentialing the strength of the district in the case of urban ac- for the overall development of the district.tivities as well. At the same time primary sector too has The district is blessed with potential resourcesa considerable role in the district’s economy with nearly such as tourism potential spots, minerals, lengthy25% of the total area of the district under agricultural coastal stretch with potential for fishing, number ofland use. Most of the agricultural areas are concentrated religious centres with archaeological & historic impor-in the mid land and high land regions of the district. tance, presence of world famous pilgrim centreAlso the general character of settlements shows that ‘Guruvayoor’, four major river basins and connectedmost of them are rural in nature, indicating that there drainage network covering entire district. The analysisis scope for developing the agriculture sector as one of of the secondary sector reveals the potential for claythe economic bases of the District. based industries, diamond & gold based industries, agro Work participation rate of the district (32%) equals based industries, handloom industries, book makingthat of the state. At the same time it is well below the industries and wood based industries with in the dis-desirable WPR of a developed economy. This indicates trict. Co-ordination and inter linkage between few key Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 2. 158 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES District Spatial Plan - Thrissurthrust areas is essential to have a sustained develop- To attain balanced development throughment. equitable spatial distribution of facilities. Thrissur district having many higher level educa- To conserve cultural and heritage fabrics oftional institutions and health facilities caters not only the district so as to sustain the status ofthe District but a wider influence region. Thrissur cultural capital of the State.Municpal Corporation acts as the first order settlement To attain Ecological conservation andin the district serving the entire district. Further there environmental protection.are some centers of economic development to catersecond order functions in the other parts of the districtas well. Provision of equitable distribution of facilities 13.2. DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES(physical & social) in a planned manner and planned In order to achieve the development goals setconnectivity to ensure speed & safe commutation for above, development objectives have to be set throughthe entire population of the district is a concern. synthesis of the findings evolved from the sectoral and The analysis of environmental sector shows the settlement analysis and general planning parameters.need for protection of major ecological and environ- Developing Thrissur district as an eco-friendly andmental sensitive areas of the district namely the re- economically vibrant region in the state is one of theserve forest areas in the eastern high land region and development goal of District Spatial Plan Thrissur.the ‘kole lands’ in between low land and mid land re- Thrissur district contributes 9.87 % of the GDP of thegions of the district. The coastal belt of the district is state and is ranked third in the state in this respect. Asalso another area of environmental concern. per Economic Review-2009, during the period 2008-09 Another aspect of concern is that Thrissur Dis- (at constant price of 1999-2000), 62.58 % of the GDP oftrict with its rich history, heritage and cultural, religious the district is contributed by tertiary sector and is rankedand archaeological wealth, acts as the cultural capital third in the state. Whereas the contribution of second-of the state and this status need to be sustained through ary sector is also comparatively high with 25.02% and isconcerted efforts. ranked third in the state. Thrissur district, with per capita income of Rs 42316/- ranks fourth among districts of theTHUS THE MAJOR DEVELOPMENT GOALS FOR THE state and shows second highest growth rate in this re-DISTRICT SPATIAL PLAN ARE, gard. All the above points to the potential of the dis- To Develop Thrissur district as an eco-friendly trict in developing into a vibrant region of economic and economically vibrant region in the state development in the state. As stated earlier, the Thrissur To utilize resources for economic – Kochi corridor exhibits spatial concentration of sec- development with social justice in a ondary as well as tertiary activities and is developing sustainable manner. into a vibrant region of development which acts as a major generator of economic momentum. Measures To Enhance and ensure local economic growth for providing impetus to development of this region and to create better opportunities to the are required. people. The analysis of the occupational structure of the To attain a certain level of self-sufficiency in district points to a disturbing situation about the eco- production (primary and secondary) sectors. nomic base of the district. The number of workers inDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 3. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 159primary sector of production namely cultivators and that agricultural development is still having a potentialagricultural labourers show declining trend. Among the in the district.total workers only 17% of workers constitute agricul- The population growth rate pattern among LSGs ofture laborers and cultivators, indicating decline in agri- the District shows that growth rate is highest in thoseculture activity and in turn the rural nature of the Dis- LSGs adjacent to Thrissur Municipal Corporation andtrict. The occupational structure of the district shows other Municipal Councils. It can be presumed thatthat more than 75% of the total workers engage in non migrants to the district prefer to live in the peripheryagricultural pursuits. Even in rural areas of the district, of urban areas rather than within. If this tendency ismore than 50% of workers belong to non primary sec- continued, it will result in the undesirable spread oftors, mainly service or tertiary sector. Number of work- urban areas and conversion of agricultural land in ruralers in service sector is on the increase. Number of in- areas for residential and other nonagricultural purposesdustrial workers shows a slight increase. It is observed resulting in the destruction of the economic base ofthat rural areas of the district are slowly withdrawing rural areas. Thrissur District shows even more level offrom primary sector and depends more on service sec- urbanization when compared to the State average. Andtor and on industrial sector to a certain extent. Thus a also, the level of urbanization shows an increasingshift (mainly towards service sector and slightly to sec- trend within the District pointing out the fact thatondary sector) in the occupational structure of the dis- significant change in the urban profile of the district.trict (even in rural areas) resulting in the possible de- In brief, there is need to ensure appropriate forwardstruction of the rural character of rural areas is taking and backward linkages i. between urban areas of theplace. There is dilution in the rural nature of the rural district and its rural hinter lands and ii. betweenareas of the district as far as the occupational structure primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of productionis considered. At the same time industrial activity in so as revitalize the urban as well as rural areas of thethe urban areas is also on the decrease and the share of district to enhance socio-economic growth. Thisother workers category in the work force is increasing. necessitates planned intervention, such that selectiveThis has resulted in narrowing down of the boundary concentration of urban and rural economic activities isdistinguishing the character of rural and urban areas in made possible in the district in designated spatialterms occupational structure. Besides, the rate of in- regions.crease in number of main workers shows a decreasing The analysis clearly bring out the fact that the districttrend within the district indicating disturbing picture is blessed with its rich cultural resources, heritage value,about employment generation, resource utilization and art institutions, religious monuments etc… which in facteconomic base which in turn point to low economic played a crucial role in the evolution of the district asgrowth. ‘cultural capital’ of the state. The analysis also shows that In addition to its traditional status of cultural Comparing industrial and commercial land uses, it capital; at present Thrissur District also act as anis seen that land under commercial use is higher, educational and health hub. But the serious effortsindicating domination of tertiary sector over secondary towards effective and sustainable utilization of thesector. Also, in 2008-2009, 62.58 % of NSDP of the district above mentioned cultural and heritage resources areis from tertiary sector compared to 25.02% from the not emerged out from the analysis. Hence any planningsecondary sector, supporting the same. Another attempt should address the conservation and effectiveimportant aspect to be noted that 25 % of total area of utilization of these cultural and heritage fabric of thethe district is still under agricultural use. This indicates district. In this context, one should think of how these Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 4. 160 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES District Spatial Plan - Thrissurcultural and heritage fabric can be effectively utilized forests is showing positive trend, considering theto enhance the tourism potential of the district. Thrissur pressures for revitalization of forest economy anddistrict has got potential to develop the tourism spots tourism there has to be definite conservationin connection with eco tourism, adventure tourism, perspectives for this area. Obviously, the alreadyreligious tourism and heritage tourism. disturbed ‘kole land’ areas, watershed based drainage The district is endowed with abundant natural channels, etc... also needs to be conserved andresources also. Mining activities especially of clay and whatever pollution generated in the urban centersgranite and black sand has got immense potential within needs to be brought down. The coastal stretch of thethe district; the potential areas are lower part of the district is another area of environmental concern.mid land areas and lower part of the up land areas in MAJOR DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVESthe southern part of the district. Coastal belt is suitable 1. To take all possible measures for providingfor marine fishing. Areas surrounding the inland water impetus to development of the Thrissur- Kochibodies in north-west and south-west regions of the corridor as a generator of economic momentum.district are found suitable for developing inland fishingon a commercial basis. Forest area within the district 2. To selectively concentrate urban and ruralhas got economic potential. Also it is one of the main economic activities and diversify the economicenvironmentally sensitive areas of the district. base mainly through strengthening production From the study of existing hierarchy of settlements, sectorsit is seen that there is uneven distribution of higher 3. To attain a certain level of self-sufficiency inorder settlements. The existing pattern of higher order production (primary and secondary) sectors andsettlements do not follow the population distribution deliberate planning intervention in servicecreating a distorted spatial structure. This necessitates sector so that service sector enhances thereorganizing of the spatial structure of the district so as production sectors.to arrive at a planned settlement hierarchy to attain 4. To develop the key sectors of development ofequitable distribution of facilities and balanced the district so that the integration of thesedevelopment. sectors can ensure and trigger the socio- Although the district has fairly good network of economic development of the district.roads, the existing connectivity pattern is not sufficient 5. To conserve the existing cultural and heritageto distribute smoothly the movements of people, fabrics of the district in a planned manner and togoods and services. The future requirements in this utilize them effectively and sustainably forconnection shall also be taken into account. Therefore developing tourism sector.it is essential to develop a proper road network based 6. To achieve equitable spatial distribution ofon spatial structure of the district. facilities through a network of regional/sub The analysis of environmental sector shows the regional and service centers which are linked toconcentration ecological and environmental sensitive the service region through rationalareas of the district mainly in two areas; the reserve transportation networkforest area in the eastern high land region and the ‘kole 7. To conserve the ecologically sensitive areas andlands’ in between low land and mid land regions of the to minimize environmental pollution so as todistrict. Even though the ecological conservation of ensure sustainable development. Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala < CONTENTS > CHAPTER 14 >>