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Dsp thrissur ch11

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  • 1. << CHAPTER 10 < CONTENTS >District Spatial Plan - Thrissur SPATIAL STRUCTURE 143 Chapter – 11 SPATIAL STRUCTURE In this chapter, the spatial pat-tern of activities, hierarchy of settle-ment, hierarchy of nodes and road Hierarchy of settlements & Nodesnetwork evolving out of the settle-ment analysis are sinergically linked SPATIALto obtain the spatial structure. Connectivity STRUCTURE11.1 SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF THEDISTRICT Activity Pattern In settlement analysis, the fol-lowing aspects pertaining to settle- Fig: 11.1: Spatial structure evolutionments of the district were studied 1. Land use distribution settlement of the district evolved shows that Thrissur Municipal Corporation is the highest order settlement 2. Population distribution in the District. Chalakkudy Municipal Council, 3. Occupational structure Irinjalakkuda Municipal Council, Kunnamkulam Munici- 4. Functional character pal Council are the existing and Chelakkara and Mattathur are the proposed second order settlements. 5. Hierarchy of settlements Kodungallur Municipal Council, Guruvayur Municipal 6. Hierarchy of nodes Council and Grama Panchayats of Alagappanagar, Pananchery, Venkitangu, Valappad and Wadakkanchery 7. Urban profile are the proposed third order settlements. In general Spatial structure of the district is derived mainly there is one first order settlement, 5 second orderfrom the Activity pattern, Hierarchy of settlements and settlements and 7 third order settlements in the Dis-Hierarchy of nodes and Connectivity. (Fig 11.1) trict as shown in figure 11.2.11.1.1 Hierarchy of settlemets 11.1.2 Hierarchy of Nodes The study of hierarchy of settlement is explained The study of hierarchy of node shows that, obvi-in the chapter 7. As per the settlement analysis, it is ously Thrissur round and surrounding area is the 1st or-found that the settlements in the District can be der node of the District acting as a commercial centregrouped into four hierarchies. The future hierarchy of Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 2. 144 SPATIAL STRUCTURE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Fig: 11.2: Suggested hierarchy of settlementsserving the entire District. Based on the service area of profile is derived taking into account of occupationalthe existing second order nodes, nine extra nodes are structure and hierarchy of settlements, the land useproposed as second order and based on the service area concentration pattern is studied based on the land useof the existing third order nodes, ten extra nodes are analysis) and real ground scenario is also taking intoproposed as third order for serving the entire area ef- consideration.fectively by considering population distribution, cen- By superimposing the five activity pattern, thetrality and existing status of the nodes. Finally there final activity pattern of the district is emerging out. Andare 20 suggested second order nodes and 43 suggested it is shown in fig 11.4.third order nodes. The suggested hierarchy of nodes isshown in fig 11.3 11.1.4 CONNECTIVITY Modified proposed road network contains mainly11.1.3 ACTIVITY PATTERN five types of proposed roads. They are as follows. Activity pattern within the district is derivedbased on the land use concentration pattern, functional 1. Ring Road around Thrissur Municipal Corporationcharacter and future urban profile. The activity pattern 2. Radial Roads (1st order Road) – Connectingof urban, primary sector, secondary sector, Agriculture 1st order settlement with second order settle-and allied activity, forest activity are analyzed based on ment.the above data. The three aspects namely Land use 3. Ring Road connecting second orders.concentration pattern, Functional Charector and UrbanProfile which cover all the aspects taken for the study 4. Road connecting ring road with other majorof the settlements are combined in order to evolve the nodes.activity pattern (functional character is determined 5. By Pass Roads.based on population distribution and land use, UrbanDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 3. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur SPATIAL STRUCTURE 145 Fig: 11.3: Suggested hierarchy of nodes Fig: 11.4 Activity Pattern of the District Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 4. 146 SPATIAL STRUCTURE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Fig: 11.5: Proposed Road Network The modified proposed road network is shown of Thrissur and Ernakulum districts . Primary related ac-in fig. 11.5 tivity is more predominated in the eastern region of the district due to the effect of activity pattern of11.1.5 Spatial Structure of the Region (Thrissur & Palakkad district where primary activity is more con-Surrounding Three Districts). centrated at the boundary between Thrissur and The development of Thrissur district also af- Palakkad.fected by the activity pattern of neighboring Districts Urban activity is predominating in the Methala,especially due to presence of Ernakulam, the trade and Eriyad, and Edavilngu Grama Panchayats andcommercial centre of the State. The activity pattern of Kodungallur Muncipal Council, it may be due to the ef-Thrissur district with adjacent district is shown in figure fect of activity pattern of Ernakulum on Thrissur dis-11.6. From the figure it is clear that secondary and ter- trict. The study also reveals the transportation corridortiary activities are more predominant in coastal areas based developments which are shown in table 11.1Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 5. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur SPATIAL STRUCTURE 147 Table 11.1 : Transportation corridor development based on regional spatial structure Sl Name of Major Major Activity as Suspected No transportation Transportation per spatial generators of Corridor Net work structure development momentum 1 Chavakkadu- NH-17 Tertiary Ernakulam Municipal Guruvayoor- supported by Corporation and Kodungallor – Fisheries, SSI, Surrounding Methala-Paravoor- and HHI Municipal Counsil, Ernakulam Kodungalloor (MC) & Surrounding Urban Agglomeration 2 Thrissur – SH 22 & NH17 Tertiary Ernakulam Municipal Irinjalakkuda supported by Corporation and Kodungallur – SSI, Agriculture Surrounding Methala – Paravoor- and Allied Municipal Council, Ernakulam activities Thrissur Municipal Corporation, Kodungalloor (MC), Irijalakkuda(MC) & Surrounding Urban Agglomeration 3 Thrissur – NH -47 Tertiary Ernakulam Municipal Chalakkudy – supported SSI & Corporation and Angamali – Aluva - large scale Surrounding Ernakulam industries, Municipal Council, Agriculture and Thrissur Municipal Allied activities Corporation, Chalakkudy (MC), Angamali (MC) Aluva (MC) & Surrounding Urban Agglomeration. 4 Thrissur – SH 22 Agriculture and Thrissur Municipal Wadakkanchery – allied activities, Corporation, Shornur Shornur SSI and HH (MC) & Surrounding industry Urban Agglomeration 5 Thrissur – SH69 Tertiary activites Thrissur Municipal Kunnamkulam- supported by Corporation, Kuttippuram secondary Kunnamkulam (MC) activities Shornur (MC) & Kuttippuram & Surrounding Urban Agglomeration Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 6. 148 SPATIAL STRUCTURE District Spatial Plan - Thrissur Fig: 11.6 Activity pattern of Thrissur district with adjacent districtDepartment of Town & Country Planning, Kerala
  • 7. District Spatial Plan - Thrissur SPATIAL STRUCTURE 149 Fig: 11.7 Suggested spatial structure of the District11.1.4 SPATIAL STRUCTURE secondary sector, agriculture and allied activity, forest The spatial structure of the district is obtained by activity are studied.overlaying the activity pattern, road network and hier- Based on the hierarchy of settlements, hierarchyarchy of settlements derived. The spatial structure soobtained is shown in figure 11.7. of nodes, modified proposed transportation network11.2 INFERENCE and the activity pattern of various parameters, the spa- The activity pattern of urban, primary sector, tial structure of the district is evolved. Department of Town & Country Planning, Kerala < CONTENTS > CHAPTER 12 >>

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