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Agriculture is the   cultivation of animals,  plants, fungi, and otherlife forms for food, fibre,and other products used t...
SHIFTING              AGRICULTURECOMMERCIAL                  SUBISTENCEAGRICULTURE                 AGRICULTUREPLANTATION  ...
Shifting agriculture isalso known as slash and    burn cultivation.(i) Shifting agriculture      is practiced by    tribal...
In subsistenceagriculture, farmer   and his familyproduce cereals for themselves only or  for local market.Cereals like wh...
(i) Intensive farming   aims at maximum possible productionon the limited farms    with all efforts  possible under the   ...
(i) It is the modern systemof farming doneon large farms.  (ii) It is also     known as    mechanical farming due toextens...
(i) In plantationagriculture, bush or tree farming is done on huge      areas.(ii) It is capital-   centered and     needs...
(i) Commercial    Agriculture is  practiced to raisecrops on a large scalewith a view to export    them to other  countrie...
The term Good        whether a practiceAgricultural         can be consideredPractices (GAP) can "good" will dependrefer t...
ROTATIONHORICULTURE              OF CROPS
Horticulture isthe art, science, techn  ology and business ofintensive plant cultivation for human use. It is   practiced ...
Crop rotation is the practice of growinga series of dissimilartypes of crops in the     same area in sequential seasons.  ...
ORGANIC FARMINGBIODYNOMIC                         NATUREAGRICULTURE                       FARMINGECOLOGICAL               ...
Organic farming is       the form of agriculture thatrelies on techniques     such as crop   rotation, green manure, compo...
Natural    farming is  an ecological  farming Thetitle refers not    to lack of labour, but to the avoidance        of man...
RegenerativeAgriculture reminds   us of the true    importance of   farmers in our     society. Theridiculous image ofthe ...
Permaculture is atheory of ecological design which seeks      to develop sustainable human   settlements and     agricultu...
Biodynamicagriculture is a   method of     organic  farming thatemphasizes the     holistic  development       andinterrel...
Ecofriendly agriculturel practises
Ecofriendly agriculturel practises
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Ecofriendly agriculturel practises

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Transcript of "Ecofriendly agriculturel practises"

  1. 1. Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and otherlife forms for food, fibre,and other products used to sustain life. Agriculturewas the key development in the rise of sedentaryhuman civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created foodsurpluses that nurtured thedevelopment of civilization.The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science.
  2. 2. SHIFTING AGRICULTURECOMMERCIAL SUBISTENCEAGRICULTURE AGRICULTUREPLANTATION INTENSIVEAGRICULTURE FARMING EXTENSIVE FARMING
  3. 3. Shifting agriculture isalso known as slash and burn cultivation.(i) Shifting agriculture is practiced by tribal communities of tropical forest lands.(ii) The people make a small clearing in the forest by cutting the trees and burning them. (iv) It causes soil erosion.
  4. 4. In subsistenceagriculture, farmer and his familyproduce cereals for themselves only or for local market.Cereals like wheat, rice, millets aremainly raised. This is practiced in most parts of India even today.
  5. 5. (i) Intensive farming aims at maximum possible productionon the limited farms with all efforts possible under the circumstances. (ii) Intensive farming is capableof raising more than one crop a year.(iii) It is practiced in most parts of densely populated areas.
  6. 6. (i) It is the modern systemof farming doneon large farms. (ii) It is also known as mechanical farming due toextensive use of machines. (iii) Extensivefarm raises onlyone crop a year.
  7. 7. (i) In plantationagriculture, bush or tree farming is done on huge areas.(ii) It is capital- centered and needs good managerialability, technical knowledge, improved machineries, fertilizers, irrigation and transport facilities.
  8. 8. (i) Commercial Agriculture is practiced to raisecrops on a large scalewith a view to export them to other countries and earn money.(ii) It is done mostlyin sparsely populated areas. (iii) Purpose ofcommercial agricultureis to sell the produce for money.
  9. 9. The term Good whether a practiceAgricultural can be consideredPractices (GAP) can "good" will dependrefer to any on the standardscollection of you are applying.specific methods, The remainder ofwhich when applied this articleto agriculture, describes one results that are in particular definitionharmony with the of "Goodvalues of the Agriculturalproponents of those Practices" aspractices. There defined by the Foodare numerous and Agriculturecompeting Organization (FAO)definitions of what of the Unitedmethods constitute Nations."Good AgriculturalPractices", so
  10. 10. ROTATIONHORICULTURE OF CROPS
  11. 11. Horticulture isthe art, science, techn ology and business ofintensive plant cultivation for human use. It is practiced from the individual level in a garden up to the activities of a multinational corporation. It is verydiverse in its activities,incorporating plants for food.
  12. 12. Crop rotation is the practice of growinga series of dissimilartypes of crops in the same area in sequential seasons. Crop rotation confers variousbenefits to the soil.A traditional element of crop rotation is the replenishment of nitrogen through the use of green manure in sequence with cereals and other crops.
  13. 13. ORGANIC FARMINGBIODYNOMIC NATUREAGRICULTURE FARMINGECOLOGICAL REGENERATIVEAGRICULTURE AGRICULTURE PERMACULTURE
  14. 14. Organic farming is the form of agriculture thatrelies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost a nd biological pest control. Organic farming uses fertilizers and pesticides butexcludes or strictly limits the use of manufactured(synthetic) fertilize rs
  15. 15. Natural farming is an ecological farming Thetitle refers not to lack of labour, but to the avoidance of manufactured inputs andequipment., Ecoagriculture andpermaculture bu t should be distinguishedfrom biodynami c agriculture.
  16. 16. RegenerativeAgriculture reminds us of the true importance of farmers in our society. Theridiculous image ofthe farmer as hick and redneck is forgotten. We remember that agriculture is the foundation of all civilization, that when you improve agriculture, you elevate the whole society.
  17. 17. Permaculture is atheory of ecological design which seeks to develop sustainable human settlements and agricultural systems, by attempting to model them onnatural ecosystems.Permaculture drawsfrom several otherdisciplines including organic farming, agroforestry .
  18. 18. Biodynamicagriculture is a method of organic farming thatemphasizes the holistic development andinterrelationshi ps of the soil, plants and animals as aself-sustaining system.
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