Fuzzy cognitive mapping .ppt new
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Fuzzy cognitive mapping .ppt new

on

  • 323 views

Fostering conceptual and cognitive change in learners can be difficult. Students often come to a learning situation with robust, implicit understandings of the material under study. One explanation ...

Fostering conceptual and cognitive change in learners can be difficult. Students often come to a learning situation with robust, implicit understandings of the material under study. One explanation for the implicit nature of these understandings is a lack of metaknowledge about the knowledge to be acquired. Helping learners create metaknowledge may free paths to conceptual change. This paper proposes the use of fuzzy cognitive maps [FCMs] as a tool for creating metaknowledge and exploring hidden implications of a learner’s understanding. Two specific educational applications of FCMs are explored in detail and recommendations are included for further investigations within educational contexts.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
323
Views on SlideShare
323
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Fuzzy cognitive mapping .ppt new Fuzzy cognitive mapping .ppt new Presentation Transcript

  • EXIMUS 2013 Rule Based Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping: Applications in Education Presented By, Naveen H Najashree USN 4SF10EC062 4SF10EC061 Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • CONTENTS • • • • • • • • Abstract Introduction Fuzzy Logic Fuzzy cognitive maps Fuzzy and crisp sets Concept mapping Causality and FCMs Conclusion Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • ABSTRACT  Fostering conceptual and cognitive change.  Creating metaknowledge and exploring hidden implications of a learner’s understanding.  ‘‘So far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain. And so far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.’’ Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • INTRODUCTION  Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping(FCM) is a tool for formalizing understandings of conceptual and casual relationships.  FCMs in educational organization.  FCM combine the strength of cognitive maps with fuzzy logic. Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • FUZZY LOGIC  Embeds human knowledge into working algorithms.  highly complex systems whose behaviors are not well understood.  If-Then rules are the examples of structured knowledge.  Important tool in generic decision making. Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • FUZZY SETS  Fuzzy Sets can represent the degree to which a quality is possessed.  Fuzzy Sets (Simple Fuzzy Variables) have values in the range of [0,1] Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • FUZZY COGNITIVE MAPS • Fuzzy logic is a system for representing uncertainty, or possibility. EXAMPLES OF FCMS: Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • FUZZY LOGIC SYSTEM  Fuzzification: transforming crisp values into linguistic terms of fuzzy sets.  Inference mechanism: Interprets the values in the input vector and, based on user-defined rules, assigns values to the output vector. Usually based on if-then rules.  De-Fuzzification: conversion of fuzzy output to crisp Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • FUZZY AND CRISP SETS Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • CONCEPT MAPPING  Graphical representations of a specified conceptual domain.  Include some aspect of subjectivity.  Representation of the perceptions and beliefs of a decision maker  Represent a form of distributed intelligence.  structure activity  save mental work  avoid error. Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • FUZZY COGNITIVE MAP
  • FUZZY LINGUISTIC VARIABLES Fuzzy Linguistic Variables are used to represent qualities spanning a particular spectrum Social :{police vigilance, theft } ;  Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • Police vigilance Theft Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • CLASSIFICATION OF FUZZY INFERENCE METHODS Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • MAMDANI'S METHOD  Step 1: Evaluate the antecedent for each rule.  Step 2: Obtain each rule's conclusion.  Step 3: Aggregate conclusions.  Step 4: Defuzzification. Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • CAUSALITY AND FCMS  The relation between causes and effects  Fuzzy logic allows the representation of fuzzy concepts and degree of causality.  FCMs are a tool for representing a dynamic process and modeling the process in real-time.  FCMs is the temporal and causal nature. Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • ADVANTAGES 1. FCMs capture more information in the relationships between concepts. 2. FCMs are dynamic. 3. FCMs express hidden relationships. 4. FCMs are combinable. 5. FCMs are tunable. Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • CONCLUSION  Potential usefulness of fuzzy cognitive mapping in educational organization settings.  Combining the capability of fuzzy logic to represent soft knowledge domains with dynamic modeling.  Stimulates educational research to recognize the unique applicability of fuzzy logic to our field. Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • REFERENCES Jason R. Cole, Kay A. Persichitte, Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping, University of Northern Colorado,  Kosko B. Fuzzy cognitive maps. Int J Man-Mach Stud 1986;24:65]75.  Gardner H. The unschooled mind: How children learn and how schools should teach.  João Paulo Carvalho José A. B. Tomé Rule Based Fuzzy Cognitive Maps and Fuzzy Cognitive Maps – A Comparative StudyINESC - Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores 
  • Queries ? Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • Thank You Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • Backup slides Fuzzy cognitive mapping, Sahyadri college of engineering and management.
  • THE END