Role of NGO in Pakistan


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Role of NGO in Pakistan

  1. 1. Non Government Organization
  2. 2. Presented Abdul Naveed Khaskheli. Class : Personal Skills Development Class Teacher : Ms Afsheen Zehra PAF- KIET (City Campus)
  3. 3. NGO definition and introduction The World Bank defines NGOs as "private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development" (Operational Directive 14.70) Many NGOs are active in the traditional social sectors: emergency support, rehabilitation, poverty reduction, maternal and child health, family planning and education Social Mobilization. Most of the NGOs in Pakistan are unregistered, small scale and their funding source is philanthropy.
  4. 4. History of NGOs in Pakistan The origin of NGOs in Pakistan goes back to partition 1947, when British India was divided into two states India and Pakistan. Many voluntary organizations (though not referred as NGOs at that time) were formed to provide humanitarian aid to refugees pouring into the newly established country. During the first few years of Pakistan, many of the NGOs concentrated on rehabilitation and basic services such as health and education. The next upsurge in the formation of NGOs took place in the late 1970s, when the Martial Law government promoted its philosophy of social work and welfare. During 1980s, many new NGOs merged to avail of the funding set aside for development through local bodies ( district, municipal , town and local councils). Many Small NGOs Participant Pakistan Earthquake 8th Oct 2005 also were formed special for this purpose at that time.
  5. 5. Some Laws of NGOs  The Societies Act 1860.  The Trust Act of 1882.  Cooperative Societies Act1952.  The Volunteer Social Welfare ordinance 1961.  The Companies ordinance 1984
  6. 6.  PCP is an independent nonprofit support organization registered under the Companies Ordinance, 1984 with a vision “to link the three sectors of society i.e. government, business and civil society organizations in a synergistic partnership for development” and mission “to promote the volume and effectiveness of philanthropy for social development in Pakistan”.  PCP has Authority to audit of all NGOs in Society Act 1860, Foundation, Welfare, Trust Act 1882 .
  7. 7. Process of Registration  Reporting requirements  Organizations registered under the Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies (Registration and Control) Ordinance 1961 are required to maintain accounts and submit an annual report and audit report to District Officers.  Registered Societies must submit a copy of the membership list annually.  Not-for-profit companies must submit annual returns, audited accounts and other documents for examination. Accounts are open to public scrutiny.  The Economic Affairs Division (EAD) asks International NGOs to explain their plans. The EAD role is strategic, to coordinate activities of government and NGOs so as to minimize duplication of effort and focus on unmet needs.  NGOs, which benefit from tax exemptions, are required to submit annual audited accounts, a list of donors and beneficiaries and other financial information to the Central Board of Revenue.
  8. 8. Advocacy and lobbying NGOs Advocacy and lobbying NGOs are well-known, though their actual impact is low. These include organizations focused on legal rights, literacy, women’s issues, children, minorities and human rights. Health Education Their purpose is provide basic Primary & Secondary Health Facilitation in Rural Area. This kind of NGO Work for Education in Rural Base Community Schools Emergency, rehabilitation and relief organizations The majority of NGOs in Pakistan fall into this category. Except some very large organizations most of smaller grass-root organizations dominate this category. Mobilization ,Development, ,NGOs works on Capacity Building training awareness Session, & work for Community development like Community physical Infrastructure (Pit Latrine ,CC Road of Village, Boundary Wall ,Water Tank Supply. Livelihood Support. NGO Also work in Community for extend their livelihood system, NGO provides Livestock, Petty Shop, & help to farmer for extend their agriculture System through Micro-Finance Loan. provide Vocational training (Beatification ,Sewing & Cutting, Generator Repairing ,Automobile Repairing) T Types and activities of NGOs in Pakistan
  9. 9. Some NGOs in Pakistan have played an important role in creating awareness of issues such as human & legal rights women in development and overpopulation. Other have provided badly needed services such as basic health care, water & sanitation, & employment opportunities to underdevelopment areas. By showing their ability to succeed where the Govt has difficulties, NGOs have helped change national perceptions & policies concerning sustainable development. In recent years NGOs have become increasingly important players in designing & delivering community-based program. Today NGOs in Pakistan range from completely volunteer organization with small budget contributed by volunteer to those run by well-paid full-time professional .The majority are somewhere in the middle . Increasingly, NGO sector is becoming institutionalized, motivated both by altruistic goals as well as the ready availability of fund from external aid sources. with a very few exception, NGOs in Pakistan do not have well defined governance, transparency & accountability structure. While some rely entire on financial support from the Pakistan public & Pakistani institutions, a larger proportion rely almost entirely on project aid from international finding agencies. They are constantly challenged to prove their integrity Role of NGOs In Pakistan
  10. 10. The Asian Development Bank is interested in promotion greater NGO involvement in Bank- fund projects. However staff member at the bank ‘s resident Mission recognize that there is limited opportunity for NGOs to be involved in all Bank projects .One reason for this is that energy and infrastructure sections are major areas of cooperation between the Govt & the Bank , While NGOs are largely involved in the social sector. At present, direct cooperation between the bank & Pakistani NGOs and Community based Organization (CBOs) is limited. The Following Bank-supported initiatives. Social Action Plan (SAP). The bank has provided funds to the Govt which, in turn, has involved NGOs in the delivery of a part of this program. Swabi Salinity Control and Reclamation Project (SCARP) . An NGOs called the National Rural Support Program (NRSP) is working with the provincial Govt in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) on Training ,savings. & credit programs. Pat Feeder Canal Project . An NGOs called Baluchistan Rural Support Program is working on training & credit programs. Pakistan NGOs & Bank
  11. 11. Major Funding Partner
  12. 12. NGOs help in organizing local communities
  13. 13. Empowering the marginalized, especially women
  14. 14. Food Distribution During Flood 2011
  15. 15. Delivering Food in Remote Area
  16. 16. Camp
  17. 17. Rehabilitation after Flood
  18. 18. Quality Education in Less Privilege
  19. 19. Livelihood Enhancement Program
  20. 20. Community Midwifery Schools
  21. 21. Aman Tech Program
  22. 22. Thank You for Your Support
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