STRESS MANAGEMENT
Presentation Outline <ul><li>GENERAL AWARENESS </li></ul><ul><li>STRESS AT WORK </li></ul>
Part -1 <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GENERAL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AWARENESS </li></ul></ul></u...
PART 1- OUTLINE <ul><li>What is Stress ? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Stresses </li></ul><ul><li>Stress origins & body sympt...
WHAT IS STRESS ? <ul><li>Stress is the reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed upon th...
WHAT IS STRESS ? <ul><li>Stress is the “wear and tear” our minds and bodies experience as we attempt to cope with our cont...
DEFINITION S = P > R Stress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource
STRESS FEELINGS <ul><li>Worry </li></ul><ul><li>Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Tired </li></ul><ul><li>Frightened </li></ul><ul><...
TYPES OF STRESSERS <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul></ul></ul>...
EXTERNAL STRESSORS <ul><li>Physical Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Social Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational </li...
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Bright Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul><ul><li>Confined Space...
SOCIAL INTERACTION <ul><li>Rudeness </li></ul><ul><li>Bossiness </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressiveness by  </li></ul><ul><li>oth...
ORGANISATIONAL <ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul>
MAJOR LIFE EVENTS <ul><li>Birth </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Lost job </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><...
INTERNAL STRESSORS <ul><li>Lifestyle choices </li></ul><ul><li>Negative self - talk </li></ul><ul><li>Mind traps </li></ul...
LIFESTYLE CHOICES <ul><li>Caffeine </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Overloaded schedule </li></ul>
NEGATIVE SELF - TALK <ul><li>Pessimistic thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Self criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Over analysing </li><...
MIND TRAPS <ul><li>Unrealistic expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Taking things personally </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid thinking </...
PERSONALITY TRAITS <ul><li>Perfectionists </li></ul><ul><li>Workaholics </li></ul>Give Me More work Boss. I Can Do it
TYPES OF STRESS <ul><li>Negative stress </li></ul><ul><li>Positive stress </li></ul>Stress Are of Two Types????
NEGATIVE STRESS <ul><li>It is a contributory factor in minor conditions, such as headaches, digestive problems, skin compl...
POSITIVE STRESS <ul><li>Stress can also have a positive effect, spurring motivation and awareness, providing the stimulati...
SYMPTOMS OF STRESS <ul><li>Physical symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Mental symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural symptoms </li...
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Sleep pattern changes </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Digestion changes </li></ul><u...
MENTAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Lack of concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Memory lapses </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in making decis...
BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Appetite changes - too much or too little </li></ul><ul><li>Increased intake of alcohol & oth...
EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Bouts of depression </li></ul><ul><li>Impatience </li></ul><ul><li>Fits of rage </li></ul><ul><...
STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES <ul><li>Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; </li></u...
<ul><li>Digestive disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Skin complaints –  </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches and migraines </li></ul><ul><...
COSTS OF STRESS <ul><li>80% of all modern diseases have their origins in stress. </li></ul><ul><li>In the UK, 40 million w...
PART 2 STRESS AT WORK
OUTLINE <ul><li>Why do we work ? </li></ul><ul><li>Factors influencing work stress </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies to control...
WHY DO WE WORK ? <ul><li>Work provides an income and fulfils a variety of other needs; - mental and physical exercise, soc...
FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS <ul><li>The drive for success </li></ul><ul><li>Changing work patterns </li></ul><ul><li>W...
WORKING CONDITIONS <ul><li>Physical and mental health is adversely affected by unpleasant working conditions, such as high...
OVERWORK <ul><li>Stress may occur through an inability to cope with the technical or intellectual demands of a particular ...
UNDERWORK <ul><li>This may arise from boredom because there is not enough to do, or because a job is dull and repetitive. ...
UNCERTAINTY <ul><li>About the individuals work role - objectives, responsibilities, and expectations, and a lack of commun...
RESPONSIBILITY <ul><li>The greater the level of responsibility the greater the potential level of stress. </li></ul>
STRESS CONTROL A B C STRATEGY STRESS MANAGEMENT ABC STRATEGY
ABC STRATEGY <ul><li>A = AWARENESS </li></ul><ul><li>What causes you stress? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you react? </li></ul>
ABC STRATEGY <ul><li>B = BALANCE </li></ul><ul><li>There is a fine line between positive / negative stress </li></ul><ul><...
ABC STRATEGY <ul><li>C = CONTROL </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do to help yourself combat the negative effects of stress ...
Stress Management Techniques <ul><li>Change your thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Change your behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Change...
Change your Thinking <ul><li>Re-framing </li></ul><ul><li>Positive thinking </li></ul>
Positive Thinking <ul><li>Forget powerlessness, dejection, despair, failure.Stress leaves us vulnerable to negative sugges...
Discussion forum <ul><li>Any Questions ?? </li></ul>
The End
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Stress Management

  1. 1. STRESS MANAGEMENT
  2. 2. Presentation Outline <ul><li>GENERAL AWARENESS </li></ul><ul><li>STRESS AT WORK </li></ul>
  3. 3. Part -1 <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GENERAL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AWARENESS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. PART 1- OUTLINE <ul><li>What is Stress ? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Stresses </li></ul><ul><li>Stress origins & body symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Costs of Stress </li></ul>
  5. 5. WHAT IS STRESS ? <ul><li>Stress is the reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed upon them. It arises when they worry that they can’t cope. </li></ul>HELP ME!
  6. 6. WHAT IS STRESS ? <ul><li>Stress is the “wear and tear” our minds and bodies experience as we attempt to cope with our continually changing environment </li></ul>I HATE YOU
  7. 7. DEFINITION S = P > R Stress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource
  8. 8. STRESS FEELINGS <ul><li>Worry </li></ul><ul><li>Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Tired </li></ul><ul><li>Frightened </li></ul><ul><li>Elated </li></ul><ul><li>Depressed </li></ul><ul><li>Anxious </li></ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul>I Hate My Work .. I‘ll put down my papers
  9. 9. TYPES OF STRESSERS <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organisational </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. EXTERNAL STRESSORS <ul><li>Physical Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Social Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational </li></ul><ul><li>Major Life Events </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Hassles </li></ul>
  11. 11. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Bright Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul><ul><li>Confined Spaces </li></ul>
  12. 12. SOCIAL INTERACTION <ul><li>Rudeness </li></ul><ul><li>Bossiness </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressiveness by </li></ul><ul><li>others </li></ul><ul><li>Bullying </li></ul>I Am The Boss !
  13. 13. ORGANISATIONAL <ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul>
  14. 14. MAJOR LIFE EVENTS <ul><li>Birth </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Lost job </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Marital status change </li></ul>
  15. 15. INTERNAL STRESSORS <ul><li>Lifestyle choices </li></ul><ul><li>Negative self - talk </li></ul><ul><li>Mind traps </li></ul><ul><li>Personality traits </li></ul>
  16. 16. LIFESTYLE CHOICES <ul><li>Caffeine </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Overloaded schedule </li></ul>
  17. 17. NEGATIVE SELF - TALK <ul><li>Pessimistic thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Self criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Over analysing </li></ul>I Cant do it.
  18. 18. MIND TRAPS <ul><li>Unrealistic expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Taking things personally </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid thinking </li></ul>
  19. 19. PERSONALITY TRAITS <ul><li>Perfectionists </li></ul><ul><li>Workaholics </li></ul>Give Me More work Boss. I Can Do it
  20. 20. TYPES OF STRESS <ul><li>Negative stress </li></ul><ul><li>Positive stress </li></ul>Stress Are of Two Types????
  21. 21. NEGATIVE STRESS <ul><li>It is a contributory factor in minor conditions, such as headaches, digestive problems, skin complaints, insomnia and ulcers. </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive, prolonged and unrelieved stress can have a harmful effect on mental, physical and spiritual health. </li></ul>
  22. 22. POSITIVE STRESS <ul><li>Stress can also have a positive effect, spurring motivation and awareness, providing the stimulation to cope with challenging situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Stress also provides the sense of urgency and alertness needed for survival when confronting threatening situations. </li></ul>I have kill the stress
  23. 23. SYMPTOMS OF STRESS <ul><li>Physical symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Mental symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional symptoms </li></ul>I am not Happy.
  24. 24. PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Sleep pattern changes </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Digestion changes </li></ul><ul><li>Loss Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of sexual drive </li></ul><ul><li>Aches and pains </li></ul><ul><li>Infections </li></ul><ul><li>Indigestion </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Fainting </li></ul><ul><li>Sweating & trembling </li></ul><ul><li>Tingling hands & feet </li></ul><ul><li>Breathlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Palpitations </li></ul><ul><li>Missed heartbeats </li></ul>
  25. 25. MENTAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Lack of concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Memory lapses </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in making decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Disorientation </li></ul><ul><li>Panic attacks </li></ul>I am Confused
  26. 26. BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Appetite changes - too much or too little </li></ul><ul><li>Increased intake of alcohol & other drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Increased smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Restlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Fidgeting </li></ul><ul><li>Nail biting </li></ul><ul><li>Hypochondria </li></ul>I Love Smoking.
  27. 27. EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Bouts of depression </li></ul><ul><li>Impatience </li></ul><ul><li>Fits of rage </li></ul><ul><li>Tearfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Deterioration of personal hygiene and appearance </li></ul>I want it right now.
  28. 28. STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES <ul><li>Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular disease </li></ul><ul><li>Immune system disease </li></ul><ul><li>Asthma </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Digestive disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Skin complaints – </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches and migraines </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul>
  30. 30. COSTS OF STRESS <ul><li>80% of all modern diseases have their origins in stress. </li></ul><ul><li>In the UK, 40 million working days per year are lost directly from stress - related illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Costs in absenteeism to British industry is estimated at £1.5 billion pounds per year. </li></ul>
  31. 31. PART 2 STRESS AT WORK
  32. 32. OUTLINE <ul><li>Why do we work ? </li></ul><ul><li>Factors influencing work stress </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies to control stress </li></ul>
  33. 33. WHY DO WE WORK ? <ul><li>Work provides an income and fulfils a variety of other needs; - mental and physical exercise, social contact, a feeling of self-worth and competence. </li></ul>
  34. 34. FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS <ul><li>The drive for success </li></ul><ul><li>Changing work patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Overwork </li></ul><ul><li>Under-work </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships at work </li></ul><ul><li>Change at work </li></ul>FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS <ul><li>The drive for success </li></ul><ul><li>Changing work patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Overwork </li></ul><ul><li>Under-work </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships at work </li></ul><ul><li>Change at work </li></ul>
  35. 35. WORKING CONDITIONS <ul><li>Physical and mental health is adversely affected by unpleasant working conditions, such as high noise levels, lighting, temperature and unsocial or excessive hours. </li></ul>Kill Me Please
  36. 36. OVERWORK <ul><li>Stress may occur through an inability to cope with the technical or intellectual demands of a particular task. </li></ul><ul><li>Circumstances such as long hours, unrealistic deadlines and frequent interruptions will compound this. </li></ul>
  37. 37. UNDERWORK <ul><li>This may arise from boredom because there is not enough to do, or because a job is dull and repetitive. </li></ul>How can I Increase My Productivity
  38. 38. UNCERTAINTY <ul><li>About the individuals work role - objectives, responsibilities, and expectations, and a lack of communication and feedback can result in confusion, helplessness, and stress. </li></ul>
  39. 39. RESPONSIBILITY <ul><li>The greater the level of responsibility the greater the potential level of stress. </li></ul>
  40. 40. STRESS CONTROL A B C STRATEGY STRESS MANAGEMENT ABC STRATEGY
  41. 41. ABC STRATEGY <ul><li>A = AWARENESS </li></ul><ul><li>What causes you stress? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you react? </li></ul>
  42. 42. ABC STRATEGY <ul><li>B = BALANCE </li></ul><ul><li>There is a fine line between positive / negative stress </li></ul><ul><li>How much can you cope with before it becomes negative ? </li></ul>
  43. 43. ABC STRATEGY <ul><li>C = CONTROL </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do to help yourself combat the negative effects of stress ? </li></ul>
  44. 44. Stress Management Techniques <ul><li>Change your thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Change your behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Change your lifestyle </li></ul>
  45. 45. Change your Thinking <ul><li>Re-framing </li></ul><ul><li>Positive thinking </li></ul>
  46. 46. Positive Thinking <ul><li>Forget powerlessness, dejection, despair, failure.Stress leaves us vulnerable to negative suggestion..so focus on </li></ul><ul><li>POSITIVES </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on your strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from the stress you are under </li></ul><ul><li>Look for opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Seek out the positive - make a change. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Discussion forum <ul><li>Any Questions ?? </li></ul>
  48. 48. The End
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