Salem Witch Trails For Computers In EducationPresentation Transcript
Salem Witch Trails By: Amber Navarre Ed. 205 03
Salem Witch Trails
History of the Events of The Salem Witch Trials
About the Author
Betty was the daughter of Reverend Samuel Parris. She was nine years old when the witchcraft epidemic broke out in Salem.
Her and her cousin began to undertake experiments in fortune telling, using a device known as a “Venus Glass.” A Venus Glass consists of an egg white suspended in water in which one could see shapes and figures.
Another accusers was Betty’s cousin Abigail Williams who was either 11 or 12 at the time.
The girls would bark like a dog when her Reverend Parris would rebuke them.
The Reverend called on the local physician who diagnosed them as being afflicted by the “Evil Hand” commonly known as witchcraft.
Abigail made a total of 41 complaints.
Another main accuser was Ann Putnam Jr. She was 12 years old in 1692.
Ann was close friend of several of the other afflicted girls.
After Betty was sent away she and Abigail became the most active, as well as the youngest, of the accusers.
Ann claimed to have been afflicted by sixty-two people.
She testified against several in court.
Most of the afflicted and the accusers were in some way related to the Putnam family. Her mother and her servant were also accusers.
In 1706, Ann offered a public apology for her participation in the witch trails at Salem; she stood in church while her apology was read.
Ann was the only one of the afflicted girls to make such an apology.
History of the Events of The Salem Witch Trails
Sometime during February 1692 the Minster’s daughter and niece began acting strangely.
On February 29 arrest warrants were issued for Sarah Good, Tituba the Minster’s slave, and Sarah Osborne.
Some of the accused had previous records of criminal activity including witchcraft.
By early autumn of 1692, doubts were developing as to how so many respectable people could be guilty.
By the time the witch-hunt ended, nineteen convicted witches were executed, at least four died in prison, and one man had been pressed to death.
About one to two hundred other persons were arrested and imprisoned on witchcraft charges.
In the spring of 1693, Sir William Phips, Governor of Massachusetts, liberated 168 pepole who were awaiting the hangman’s noose.
By 1710, the General Court had began to reverse some of the convictions and declared them null and void.
The First Church in Salem erased from their records and blotted out the excommunication of Rebecca Nurse and Giles Cory.
The First witch to be brought to trial was Bridget Bishop.
It was her flamboyant life style and exotic manner of dress that brought charges of witch craft against her.
On April 18, 1692, a warrant was issued for Bishop’s arrest.
In 1680 she had been charged (but cleared) of witchcraft.
On June 10, 1692, she was taken to Gallows Hill and executed by the sheriff.
She displayed no remorse and professed her innocence at her execution.
Sarah Good was one of the first three women accused.
By the time of the trail her and her second husband were homeless, destitute and she was reduced to begging for work, food, and shelter from her neighbors.
Particularly damaging to her case, was her accusation by her daughter, four-year-old Dorcas Good, who was arrested on March 23 and gave a confession, and in doing so implicated her mother as a witch.
During her trial, one of the afflicted girls cried out that she was being stabbed with a knife by the apparition of Good. Upon examination, a broken knife was found on the girl. However, as soon as it was shown to the court, a young man came forward with the other part of the knife, stated that he had discarded it in the presence of the afflicted girls. Although the girl was reprimanded and warned not to lie again, the known falsehood had no effect on Good’s trial. She was presumed guilty from the start.
Good was executed on July 19. She failed to yield to judicial pressure to confess, and showed no remorse at her execution.
Rebecca Nurse was another woman accused of being a witch.
Rebecca was one of the first “unlikely” witches to be accused.
At the time of her trial she was 71 years old, and had acquired a reputation for exemplary piety that was virtually unchallenged in the community.
Thirty-nine of the most prominent members of the community signed a petition on Nurse’s behalf, and several others wrote individuals petitions vouching for her innocence.. One of the signers of the petition, who had originally sworn out the complaint against Nurse, but apparently had later changed his mind on the matter of her guilt.
At her trial on June 30, the jury came back with a verdict of not guilty. When this was announced there was a large and hideous outcry from both the afflicted girls and the spectators. The magistrates urged reconsideration. Chief Justice Stoughton asked if they had considered the implications of something Nurse had said. When Nurse was asked what she had might she stood there silent being hard of hearing she did not hear them ask her the question. They took her silence as an indication of guilt. The jury deliberated a second time and came back with a verdict of guilty.
Nurse was granted a reprieve by Governor Phips, however no sooner had it been issued, the accusers began having renewed fits.
On July 3, this pious, God fearing woman was excommunicated from her church in Salem Town.
Nurse was sentenced to death on June 30.
She was executed on July 19.
After she was buried her family unburied her and hide her body.
Her two sister were also accused and hung.
On March 11, 1692 Martha Corey, a new yet upstanding member of the Puritan congregation was accused of being a witch.
Her skepticism may well have been the chief reason for her being accused.
Her trial was the scene of much talk and agitation.
Her own husband testified against her.
She was hanged at Gallows Hill on September, 22.
Her husband was the man that was pressed to death. Their farm land was the only land not taken by the sheriff after their deaths, because Giles Corey was not found guilty. He refused to pled, so to get him to pled they tried to press it out of him.
She was always another of the first three to be accused.
Osborne never confessed to witchcraft nor attempted to accuse anyone else.
In her own defense, she was the first defendant to assert in her defense the theological claim that the devil could take the shape of another person without their compliance.
She never came to trial because she died, shackled in prison on May 10, 1692 at the age of 41.
Her husband was also accused of witchcraft.
Ultimately, it was her refusal to comprise her integrity that cost her her life.
Tituba was the last of the first three women to be accused of witchcraft.
She was the slave of Samuel Parris. He brought her to New England for Barbados.
Tituba made herself a likely target for witchcraft accusations when shortly after Parris’ daughter, Betty, began having strange fits, she participated in the preparation of a “witch cake.” Parris was enraged when he found out about the cake, and shortly thereafter the afflicted girls named Tituba as a witch. Parris beat her until she confessed.
By confessing early on, Tituba avoided the ordeal of going to trail, joining with the afflicted girls in providing key evidence against accused witches. Her husband, John, would also fall into fits, and become afflicted.
When public sentiment towards the accusers and the trials began to change Tituba recanted her confession.
This further enraged Parris, who in retaliation, refused to pay the jailer’s fee to get Tituba out of prison. As a result, she spent thirteen months in jail until an unknown person paid the fee for her release and bought her.
Another person accused was the old town’s minster.
A couple was also accused however they managed to escape for their jail. Since they were rich they could be jailed in a friend’s house.
One of the accusers changed her mind when doing so she became an accused.
An old man was accused and later put to death. The one who accused him was his own granddaughter she later recanted her confession.