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Nutrition Show

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  • Emotional: Expressing positive emotionsSocial: Quality of RelationshipsMental: Realizing and coping which leads to an increase in self-esteemSpiritual: Health valuesEnvironmental: Living and non-living about you

Transcript

  • 1. Nutrition and wellness
    Prepared by Miss Naugle
  • 2. S_D_N_A_Y L_F_S_Y_E
    Z U L A E U S H
    W A F D E K A I
    D D J N E E I E
    E I E R L T T E
  • 3. Wellness and Health
    Wellness: Achievement of a persons best in six separate components of health. They are influenced by heredity, social, cultural, and environmental factors.
  • 4. The BIG 6
    Spiritual
    Social
    Physical
    Emotional
    Mental
    Environmental
  • 5. LIFESTYLE DISEASES
    Most health problems are related to lifestyle diseases
    Caused by unhealthy behaviors and risk factors
    Controllable – you can change
    Uncontrollable – you cannot change
    Behaviors today
    Effect you tomorrow
  • 6. Which of the following are controllable risk factors?
    Sedentary
    Alcohol/drugs
    Sexual activity
    Behaviors
    Tobacco use
    Diet
    All of the above
  • 7. Risk Factor Notes
    CONTROLLABLE
    UNCONTROLLABLE
  • 8. Some Key Terms
    Metabolism
    Chemical process by which the body breaks the food down to produce energy
    A unit to measure the amount of energy released when nutrients are burned
    Building blocks of protein
    Calorie
    Amino Acids
  • 9. Deficiency
    More Terms…
    The 9 amino acids that the body cannot produce
    A condition in which the person does not obtain enough of a specific nutrient
    Dissolved substances in water
    When the body loses important electrolytes along with water
    Essential Amino Acids
    Electrolytes
    Dehydration
  • 10. Do you feel that you are as healthy as you can be at this point in time?
    Yes
    No
  • 11. What part of your life could most be improved?
    Diet
    Exercise
    Choices
    None of the above
  • 12. Nutrition
    The study of food and the way your body uses it.
  • 13. Nutrients
    Substances that provide:
    ENERGY
    HELP FORM BODY TISSUES NECESSARY FOR LIFE AND GROWTH
  • 14. Nutrients
    MACRONUTRIENTS
    Carbohydrates
    Fats
    Proteins
    MICRONUTRIENTS
    Vitamins
    Minerals
    Water
  • 15. You are standing at the fridge…what do you grab?
    30
    Fruit
    Cheese
    Left over pasta
    A piece of meat
    Ice cream
    Salty snack
    Answer Now
    0
  • 16. Which of the following would provide the least amount of nutrients?
    Fruit
    Cheese
    Left over pasta
    A piece of meat
    Salty snack
    WHY??
  • 17. Macronutrients
  • 18. Carbohydrates
    Energy giving nutrients that include simple, complex, and fiber
    Complex
    Starches
    Simple
    Sugars
    Fiber
  • 19. CARBOHYDRATES
    Complex
    Made of many sugars that are connected together. They are broken down by body into sugars, at which time it is then used by body
    • Simple
    •Quick energy reserve, stored as glycogen. If the glycogen stores become full, it will be stored as a fat.
  • 20. Specifically, Fiber…
    A complex carbohydrate
    Provides little energy and cannot be digested.
    Advantages of diets high in fiber are:
    Prevents constipation
    May prevent colon cancer
    May prevent heart disease
    What are some foods
    that are high in fiber?
  • 21. FATS
    Essential nutrient
    Adds texture, flavor, and aroma
    Made up of two smaller molecules
    Fatty acids
    Glycerol
    LIPIDS
    Fatty or oily substances that do not dissolve in water
  • 22. Types of Fats
    Saturated Fats
    Solid at room temperature and comes from meat and milk
    Leads to obesity, increase in cholesterol and heart disease
    Unsaturated Fats
    Common in plants
    Liquid at room temperature
  • 23. Cholesterol
    Type of lipid
    Necessary for:
    Production of Vitamin D
    Cell Membranes
    Hormones
    Bile (helps break down food)
    Two types of cholesterol
    LDL (Low density lipoprotein)
    HDL (High density lipoprotein)
  • 24. PLAQUE
  • 25. Proteins
    Responsible for growth and repair of body tissue
    Meat, fish, poultry, dairy, and nuts
    Contains all 9 Essential Amino Acids
    Missing 1 or more of the Essential Amino Acids
    Complete Protein
    Incomplete Protein
  • 26. Micronutrients
  • 27. Vitamins
    Made by living things that assist in chemical reactions
    Help to regulate body processes
    Two types
    Fat Soluble (stored in body)
    Water Soluble (cannot be stored in body)
  • 28. Vitamins
    Fat Soluble
    A
    D
    E
    K
    Water Soluble
    B
    C
    The Major
  • 29. MINERALS
    Nutrients that ARE NOT manufactured by living things
    Calcium
    Bone and teeth health
    Potassium
    Fluid balance
    Magnesium
    Bone growth
    Sodium
    Water balance and nerve impulses
    Iron
    RBC health
    What’s anemia?
    Lack of hemoglobin in RBC…O2 Deficiency
  • 30. WATER
    Essential for all life processes and energy reactions
    Dehydration can mask it itself in a variety of ways
    Such as….
    8
    Glasses a day
  • 31. www.mypyramid.gov
    Food guide pyramid
  • 32. GRAINS
    Whole Grains
    Contain the entire grain kernel
    Reduce the risk or heart disease and other chronic diseases
    Provide dietary fiber
    Refined Grains
    They have been milled
    A process that removes the bran and germ as well as many nutrients
    About 6 ounces a day is recommended
    ½ or more should be whole grains
  • 33. FRUITS
    Any fruit or 100% fruit juice
    They can be fresh, canned, frozen, or dried
    Provide nutrients and reduce the risk of chronic disease
    Go easy on the juices!
    Because of added sugar!
    2 cups per day
  • 34. VEGETABLES
    Dark Green
    Broccoli, spinach, kale, romaine lettuce
    Orange
    Carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin
    Starchy
    White potatoes, corn, green peas
    Dry Beans and Peas
    Kidney beans, pinto beans, and chickpeas
    Others
    Green beans, celery, cabbage, onions, mushrooms, and tomatoes
  • 35. Vegetables
    Provide nutrients such as Vitamins A, C, E, Folic Acid, and Dietary Fiber
    May help maintain a healthy blood pressure
    Reduces the risk of chronic diseases
    2 ½ Cups Per day
  • 36. The Milk Group
    All liquid milk products and foods made from milk that retain their calcium content
    Bone and teeth health
    Vitamin D which helps maintain stability in the body
    Yogurt, cheese, and ice cream
    Some that are not part…cream cheese, cream, and butter
    3 cups per day
  • 37. Meat and Bean Group
    Meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs and nuts
    Provide a variety of nutrients, including protein, B vitamins, niacin, riboflavin, and iron
    5 ½ ounces per day
    A palm is about 3 ounces
  • 38. Fats and Oils
    Fats are solid at room temperature
    Oils are liquid at room temperatures
    Oils are a good source of vitamin E and essential fatty acids
    6 teaspoons a day!
  • 39. HEALTHY ALTERNATIVES
  • 40. A BALANCED DIET