Letter from birmingham jail 1

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  • Paragraph 1 is an introductionParagraphs 2-3 King explains why he is NOT an outsider.Paragraphs 5-11 King explains organization has TRIED to negotiate, and will again.Paragraphs 12-14 King refutes the accusation that his organization’s actions are “untimely”.Paragraphs 15-22 King presents an argument justifying civil disobedience.King deftly presents his agreement with the clergymen, but redefines the terms for them.
  • Letter from birmingham jail 1

    1. 1. One of the best texts for identifying rhetoricalprinciples, strategies, and terms!
    2. 2. “Public Statement byEight Alabamaclergymen” publishedin the Post Herald.The clergy make 4specific accusations:•King is an outsider.•He should negotiate forchange rather thandemonstrate.•Their actions are“untimely”•There is NO justificationfor breaking the law.
    3. 3. •Paragraph 1 is an introduction•Paragraphs 2-3 King explains why he is NOT an outsider.•Paragraphs 5-11 King explains organization has TRIED to negotiate, and willagain.•Paragraphs 12-14 King refutes the accusation that his organization’s actionsare “untimely”.•Paragraphs 15-22 King presents an argument justifying civil disobedience.King deftly presents his agreement with the clergymen, but redefines the termsfor them.
    4. 4. Respectful, courteous*Remember: Dr. King was not then the icon that he isnow.
    5. 5. Rhetorical Strategies In paragraph 25: Series of rhetoricalquestions crafted with aparallel structure andrepetition. Alludes to Socrates andbiblical events. Use of analogy Repeats the wordprecipitate to emphasizecause and effect. Final sentence is antithesis In paragraph 31 Use of irony with“extremist” Repeats the word extremistso many times it becomesas ordinary as he claims. The final sentence is anunderstatement, whichemphasizes the irony.
    6. 6. Repetition Paragraph 44: structureof a complex sentencebeginning with an “if”clause and the phrase “Ihave no…” The conjunction “Before”in two sentences. Repetition is often usedin sermons to encourageaudience members toremember and, in somecommunities, torespond.
    7. 7. SOAP: Let’s clarify! Subject: generaltopic/main idea. Occasion: Time, place,historical context,circumstances that giverise to the text Audience: Individual(s) orgroup(s) to who the text issupposed to appeal Purpose: Writer’s orspeaker’s intended reasonfor writing or deliveringthe text, what the speakerhopes to achieve Now let’s make it SOAPS Speaker: Identity of thevoice of the text, includingrelevant characteristicssuch as age, social class,education, reputation Or SOAPSTone: Include the attitude of thespeaker toward his or hersubject.

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