FULL TITLE · The Iliad AUTHOR · Homer TYPE OF WORK · Poem GENRE · Epic LANGUAGE · Ancient Greek TIME AND PLACE WRITTEN · Unknown, but probably mainland Greece, around750 B.C.
epic poem in dactylic hexameters(a form of meter in poetry or a rhythmic scheme) Set during the Trojan War is among the oldest extant works of Western literature written version is usually dated to around the eighth century BC contains over 15,000 lines written in Homeric Greek
Achaeans The Achaeans (Ἀχαιξί) — aka the Hellenes (Greeks), Danaans (Δαμαξί), and Argives (Ἀογεĩξι). Agamemnon — King of Mycenae, leader of the Greeks. Achilles — Leader of the Myrmidons, half-divine war hero. Odysseus — King of Ithaca, the wiliest Greek commander and hero of the Odyssey
Trojans The Trojan men Hector — son of King Priam and the foremost Trojan warrior. Aeneas — son of Anchises and Aphrodite. Deiphobus — brother of Hector and Paris. Paris — Helen’s lover-abductor. Priam — the aged King of Troy.The Trojan women Hecuba (Ἑκάβη) — Priam’s wife, mother of Hector, Cassandra, Paris, and others. Helen (Ἑλέμη) — Menelaus’s wife; Andromache (Ἀμδοξμάχη) — Hector’s wife, mother of Astyanax (Ἀστυάμαν). Cassandra (Κασσάμδοα) — Priam’s daughter;
In the literary Trojan War of the Iliad, the Olympic gods, goddesses, and demigods fight and play great roles in human warfareThe major deities:Zeus (Both Sides) Hera (Achaeans) Artemis (Trojans) Apollo (Trojans) Hades (Achaeans) Aphrodite (Trojans) Ares (Trojans) Athena (Achaeans) Hermes (Achaeans) Poseidon (Achaeans)
The religion of the ancient Greeks was polytheistic and consisted of the worship of various gods who presided over different aspects of the physical world and human experience In the Iliad the gods are very much concerned with human affairs. One reason for this involvement is the fact that many gods and goddesses who have mated with mortals have human children or human favorites participating in the war.
The Glory of War Military Glory over Family Life The Impermanence of Human Life and Its Creations