ObjectivesTo study English take on the role as the main languageof Singapore education and communicationTo study how these policies effect three ethnicsgroups; Chinese, Malaysian, and Indian in Singapore
Singapore Bilingual Education Policy(The key feature of the Singapore education sys tem)The government of Singapore Launches the Bilingual Education Policy for thecitizen Assigns the Ministry of Education to set and providethe Bilingual Education System and curriculum
Aims of Bilingual Education PolicyTo help the students discover their talent, potential, interest andlearning styleTo develop in students an enduring core of competences, valueand characterTo ensure that their skills and knowledge taught in school meetthe challenge of 21st centuryTo equip students with language competencies to access AsianCulturesTo enable them to appreciate students’ heritage
Bilingual Education PolicyEnglish To be recognized as the medium language Used in the subject-matter curriculum Used in main instruction at all school
The Examination The government requires the students in each level to dothe examinations before study further in the higher level Primary school: Primary School Language Examination(PSLE) Secondary school: Cambridge General Certificate ofCurriculum Ordinary (GCE “O” Level Examination) University: Cambridge General Certificate ofCurriculum Advance (GCE “A” Level Examination)
Second Language Acquisition AssumptionsUnderlying Singapore Bilingual Education Policy Beginning a second language early leads to higherproficiency Lee Kwan Yew said “a belief that children will learnEnglish better the earlier they start learning thelanguage.” This urged Malaysians and Indians to increase their useEnglish in order to improve the education achievementto their children Parents send their children to Eng-medium preschoolprogram
Home language development is not academicallyhelpful to development of English language skills Singapore education policy is bilingual, so thegovernment requires students to study official mothertongue as a subject in English-medium schooling The students who use English as home language insteadof their mother tongue, they will lead to academicsuccess in English
More time devoted to earn a language will result ingreater proficiency in language For preschool program, the students were not achieve ahigh level of proficiency in English, so the governmentrequired Mathematic and Science to be taught inEnglishThe two alphabetic language are similarEnglish is not difficult for the Malaysians and Indians tolearn because of similarities of alphabetMaintaining the ethnic language will protect ethnicidentity, a sense of rootedness and cultural values
Teacher QualityTeachers To be nurtured and motivated to achieve the best inline with the aspiration and interest To receive pre-service training at National Institute ofEducation (NIE) To encourage them to use research findings to improveclassroom practices
ICT To enhance students’ learning experience To equip the students with the critical competencies tosucceed in knowledge To enrich the learning environment of students
Partnership with Parents For deliver an education by involve and support schoolprograms To encourage parents and community to work togetherwith school To provide conductive learning environment inschools, homes and communities
Singapore’s Education System’sSucceeded Singapore builds strong linguistic foundation through bilingualpolicy Students seem to master English well enough to learnMathematic and Science content at high level of achievement IEA Progress in International Reading Literacy Study 2001provide an interesting source of evidence of students’ Englishreading skills. Their score are higher than international average Singaporeans performs very well on both literacy andinformational purposes on English reading In 1998, More than 60% of students, they pass the “Cambridge“O” level examination and can study in Universities
The Interviewing with Ethnic Groupsin Singapore Indian couple and students said Most of Indian children enroll in the normal school fortaking bilingual education and curriculum as same asChinese and Malaysians
At the present, the children usually use English ashome language for communicate with their familiesand friends, but just a small group of them speak Indo-European languages; Bengali, Hindi, and Punjabi The children can learn the Mother Tongue language,Tamil, at school. They can learn the Indo-European language, religious,culture and tradition from Indian temples or religiousinstitutions
An Chinese Teacher, named Tasha (on the right)said In her school, most of teachers don’t put muchinformation to their students. They are trying to give an assignment to them forsearching the knowledge outside classes. The teachers put the values in action by buildingstudents character through community involvementprograms.
For students’ English improvement It depends on different domains for English like theplaces or institutions that the language is used. If the students speak English at schools or institutionswhere have the fluent English speakers, they canpractice their English in the proper way. Sometime, the places may force them to use formalEnglish such as schools’ platform. The Mother Tongue language is also an obstacle thatcan effect to the students English speaking andpronunciation.