Copyright Issues for Australian Schools in the Digital World


Published on

Australian teachers can copy and communicate other people's material under special licences and exceptions in the Australian Copyright Act 1968. This presentation talks through what is and isn't permitted under the statutory licences and exceptions and explores some smart and practical ways of managing copyright including using Creative Commons and Open Education material.

This presentation was prepared by the National Copyright Unit.

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Copyright Issues for Australian Schools in the Digital World

  1. 1. Copyright Issues for Australian Schools in the Digital World 2012 National Copyright Unit Australian Schools and TAFE
  2. 2. Smartcopying Website <ul><li>National Copyright Guidelines for Schools and TAFEs </li></ul><ul><li>Practical and simple information sheets and FAQs </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive teaching resources on copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Search the site for answers to your copyright questions </li></ul>
  3. 3. New Technologies <ul><li>Teachers are using a variety of new technologies in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>This includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive whiteboards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis and blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube and iTunes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile devices including iPods, iPads, Kindle, MP3 players and mobile phones </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Digital Content Repositories <ul><li>Many schools and jurisidictions are also creating content repositories . </li></ul><ul><li>A content repository is a digital space where content can be stored, accessed and shared amongst a group of people. This includes learning management systems such as Moodle, BlackBoard and ClickView, intranets, portals, interactive whiteboard galleries and media libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>In most cases, access to these repositories is password protected. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What can teachers copy and communicate on these technologies? <ul><li>There is a lot that teachers can do on these technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>There are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statutory Licences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Use Exceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which allow schools to use copyright </li></ul><ul><li>materials without the permission of the </li></ul><ul><li>copyright owner. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Part VB: Statutory Text and Artistic Works Licence <ul><li>Under this licence, a teacher can copy and communicate (email, place online) literary, dramatic, artistic and musical works subject to copying limits. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers books, newspaper articles, journal articles, paintings, diagrams, photographs, animations, song lyrics, plays, poems and maps in both hardcopy and electronic form including free and publicly available internet sites . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Part VB: Two schemes <ul><li>The Statutory Text and Artistic Works Licence has two schemes: </li></ul><ul><li>Hard Copying: photocopying hard copy print and artistic material </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Use Scheme (EUS): copying and communicating electronic print and artistic material </li></ul>
  8. 8. Part VB: Common Activities <ul><li>Common activities covered by the EUS include: </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning a hard copy book </li></ul><ul><li>Printing, saving and downloading material from the Internet (eg online articles and images) and electronic resources such as CD Roms and e-books </li></ul><ul><li>Uploading material onto a digital repository, school intranet, learning management system (LMS), class wiki or blog, or interactive whiteboard </li></ul><ul><li>Copying material onto potable devices including iPods, iPads, MP3 players, mobile phones and a USB </li></ul>
  9. 9. Part VB: Copying from websites <ul><li>Some teachers mistakenly believe that material available on the Internet is free of copyright. </li></ul><ul><li>This is not true. Internet material is protected by copyright! </li></ul><ul><li>Some websites are ‘free for education’ – this means that material on the website can be copied for educational purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Website terms and conditions will determine whether a website is ‘free for education’. </li></ul><ul><li>For further information on website terms and conditions, see information sheet ‘Understanding Website Terms and Conditions’ on the Smartcopying website: </li></ul>
  10. 10. Part VB: Website Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions Not Free Free Personal Use Personal, non commercial Personal and non commercial Non-commercial use Personal or non commercial Use in your organisation Free copying Free for education © name and/or year and no terms of use No copyright © name and/ or year or no terms and conditions Copying not permitted All Rights Reserved
  11. 11. Part VB: Copying Limits <ul><li>There are specific copying limits under Part VB: </li></ul><ul><li>10% or 1 chapter of a hardcopy book or e-book, 10% of words on a website or CD Rom </li></ul><ul><li>One article in a journal, more than one article if on the same subject matter </li></ul><ul><li>Literary or dramatic work of not more than 15 pages available in a published hardcopy or paginated electronic anthology (eg one short story from an e-book of stories or one play from a book of plays) </li></ul><ul><li>For more information, see the “Education Licence B” in the “National Copyright Guidelines” at: </li></ul>
  12. 12. Part VB: Copying Limits <ul><li>Can copy a whole work where: </li></ul><ul><li>The work has not been separately published; or </li></ul><ul><li>The work not commercially available: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. within a reasonable time (6 months for textbooks and 30 days for other material. Reasonable time may be shorter for electronic resources.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. at an ordinary commercial price. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>For more information, see the “Education Licence B” in the “National Copyright Guidelines” at: </li></ul>
  13. 13. Part VB: Simultaneous Storage Rule <ul><li>The Statutory Text and Artistic Works Licence does not allow two parts of a work, eg. two 10% excerpts of a text book or e-book, to be placed online at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>To minimise risk of infringement, measures must be taken to restrict access to this material to relevant classes only. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Part VB: Mandatory Notice <ul><li>You must attach a mandatory notice to all copies made available on an interactive whiteboard, learning management system, wiki, blog or school intranet. </li></ul><ul><li>This noticed is required by the Copyright Act. </li></ul><ul><li>A copy of this is available on the Smartcopying website at: </li></ul>
  15. 15. Part VA Statutory Broadcast Licence <ul><li>Covers the copying and communication of: </li></ul><ul><li>Off-air television and radio broadcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts and webcasts which originated as free-to-air broadcasts and are available on the broadcaster’s website </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t cover podcasts/webcasts: </li></ul><ul><li>from Pay TV sources </li></ul><ul><li>which have not been broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>For more information see: “Education Licence A” in the “National Copyright Guidelines”: </li></ul>
  16. 16. Part VA: Notice Requirements <ul><li>No limit on how much you can copy. </li></ul><ul><li>Format shifting is permitted. </li></ul><ul><li>If you want to put a copy on an interactive whiteboard, LMS, wiki, blog or school intranet, you must attach a notice . </li></ul><ul><li>This notice is required by the Copyright Act. </li></ul><ul><li>A copy of this notice is available at: </li></ul>
  17. 17. Part VA: ClickView & Video Commander <ul><li>Many schools are now using content repositories such as ClickView and Video Commander to copy, store, manage, share and deliver broadcasts to hundreds of viewers at the same time across the schools’ existing network. </li></ul><ul><li>Schools can record and store broadcasts around the clock with ClickView 24/7 and share broadcasts with other ClickView schools using ClickView Exchange. </li></ul><ul><li>ClickView Home also allows students and teachers to view the school’s ClickView Library at home. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Part VA Copyright Implications <ul><li>These copying and communication activities are permitted under the Statutory Broadcast Licence. </li></ul><ul><li>As these technologies facilitate copying and communication activities, costs under the Licence are likely to increase. </li></ul><ul><li>Schools should help manage copyright costs by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only copying what they need for educational purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archiving copies regularly – broadcasts available to students and teachers online for longer than 12 months are paid for again. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attach the mandatory notice. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. s28 Performing or Communicating Material to a Classroom <ul><li>Does not apply to ‘copying’ material. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows schools to perform and communicate material in class, or otherwise in the presence of audience. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a free use exception – no fees are paid. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet: “Performance and Communication of works and audio-visual material – What am I allowed to do?” : </li></ul>
  20. 20. s28 Uses <ul><li>Display or project material to the classroom via interactive whiteboard (ie. viewing websites such as YouTube) or PowerPoint. </li></ul><ul><li>Use an electronic delivery system to transmit a television program or film from a central DVD player in the library to a monitor in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate material to external students using virtual classroom software. </li></ul><ul><li>Play a film from the school intranet or LMS (eg ClickView) to a class. </li></ul><ul><li>Recite a poem to a virtual class using Skype. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet: “Performance and Communication of works and audio-visual material – What am I allowed to do?” : </li></ul>
  21. 21. s.200AB: Flexible Dealing <ul><li>Rely on flexible dealing when no statutory licence (Part VA or Part VB) or free use exception (s 28) applies to your use. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers may copy videos (eg YouTube) and sound recordings (eg podcasts, music) under flexible dealing subject to certain requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible dealing will not apply where it is possible to purchase a similar teaching resource </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible dealing is a free use exception – no fees are paid. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet: “The New Flexible Dealing Exception – What am I allowed to do?”: </li></ul>
  22. 22. S 200AB: Flexible Dealing Requirements N o Am I teaching in a classroom or remotely, preparing to teach, compiling resources for student homework or research or doing something for the purpose of teaching? - Is my use covered by Part VB of the Act (the Statutory Text and Artistic Licence)? - Is my use covered by Part VA of the Act (the Statutory Broadcast Licence)? - Is my use covered by another exception? - Am I taking more than I need? - Am I exposing the material to a risk of piracy? - Am I interfering with the quality of the material? - If I answer yes to any of these questions, is there something I can do to minimise any prejudice? 2. Am I using this for giving educational instruction? 3. Is my use non-commercial? 6. Would I unreasonably prejudice the copyright owner? Am I, my students, or the school making a profit or getting commercial advantage from this? (Cost recovery is OK) - Is my use narrow in a qualitative and quantitative sense? - Is my use only what I need for my teaching purpose? - Can I buy or get a licence for this use? - Is this use a way the copyright owner usually makes money from their work? - Will I deprive the copyright owner of significant revenue now or in the near future? Covered by 200AB 1. Is my use covered by a statutory licence or exception? 4. Is my use a special case? 5. Does my use conflict with normal exploitation? N o N o Yes Yes Yes
  23. 23. S 200AB: Flexible Dealing Uses <ul><li>Compile short extracts of audio-visual material for use in class (eg making DVD of short extracts of several films for a Film Studies or English class) when it is not possible to purchase similar teaching resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Convert a film or sound recording on DVD/CD/cassette to a digital file format when it is not possible to buy a digital version of the film or sound recording. </li></ul><ul><li>Include short extracts of music in podcasts, films and PowerPoint teaching tools or learning aids. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet: “Flexible Dealing and the Copyright Amendment Act 2006 – What am I allowed to do?” </li></ul>
  24. 24. S 200AB: Flexible Dealing and ATPMs <ul><li>Anecdotal evidence suggests that teachers are copying extracts of DVDs or making digital copies of DVDs to produce educational resources. </li></ul><ul><li>In doing so, they are inadvertently circumventing Access Technological Protection Measures ( ATPMs). </li></ul><ul><li>ATPMs are technologies which restrict access to copyright material. Most commercial DVDs are protected by an ATPM. </li></ul><ul><li>It is illegal to remove/disable an ATPM in order to copy extracts of a DVD or format shift the DVD into digital format. </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Most VHS tapes are not protected by ATPMs. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheets: “Format Shifting and the Copyright Amendment Act 2006 : What am I allowed to do?” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Technological Protection Measures and the Copyright Amendment Act 2006” </li></ul>
  25. 25. S 200AB: Flexible Dealing Dos and Don’ts <ul><li>Do not use pirated material. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Just in case’ format shifting is not permitted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools cannot make ‘back up’ copies of resources ‘in case’ the original is destroyed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools are not allowed to format shift their whole library or collection (eg, from video tape to DVD or a content management system) 'just in case' it will be useful later on. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any format shifting needs to be done for the purpose of giving educational instruction in the near future. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See information sheets: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Flexible Dealing and the Copyright Amendment Act 2006 – What am I allowed to do?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Format Shifting and the Copyright Amendment Act 2006: what am I allowed to do?”: </li></ul>
  26. 26. S 200AB: Flexible Dealing Dos and Don’ts <ul><li>Try not to copy more than you need. If you copy too large an amount, it might not be covered by this exception. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to s 200AB copies must be limited to those students who need to use the material for a class exercise, homework or research task </li></ul><ul><li>Remove the s 200AB copy from the LMS, school intranet, class blog/wiki, portal or interactive media gallery as soon as practical once it is no longer required for the class, homework or research task. </li></ul><ul><li>Label s 200AB copies with words similar to: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Copied under s200AB of the Copyright Act 1968’ </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet: “Flexible Dealing and the Copyright Amendment Act 2006 – What am I allowed to do?” </li></ul>
  27. 27. Snapshot Summary Type of Material Copied and Communicated Under <ul><li>Part VB </li></ul><ul><li>Copying limits: 10% or 1 chapter of book, 10% of words on a website or CDRom. </li></ul><ul><li>Attach notice when communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Part VA </li></ul><ul><li>No copying limits. </li></ul><ul><li>Can format shift. </li></ul><ul><li>Attach notice when communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>s.200AB </li></ul><ul><li>Limited format shifting rights. </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot buy it. </li></ul><ul><li>Only copy what you need. </li></ul>Images or print works Off air television and radio broadcasts Podcasts of free-to-air broadcasts (available on the broadcaster’s website) YouTube videos DVDs and videos Note: Most commercial DVDs are protected by ATPMs and cannot be copied because it illegal to circumvent an ATPM. Cassette tapes and CDs
  28. 28. Tricky copyright areas: YouTube and iTunes <ul><li>Teachers are increasingly using YouTube videos and content purchased from iTunes in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>The terms of YouTube and iTunes provide that the content can only be used for ‘personal, non-commercial’ use. </li></ul><ul><li>This may not include copying by educational institutions for ‘educational use’. </li></ul>
  29. 29. YouTube <ul><li>Can I copy YouTube videos for use in class or as part of a resource? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no clear answer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You may be able copy a YouTube video and use it for educational instruction under s 200 AB BUT the terms and conditions of YouTube may not strictly allow this.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is arguable that the terms and conditions do not form a contract and therefore are not enforceable because sufficient notice is not provided. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube is now testing an option that will allow video owners to upload their videos under a Creative Commons so they can share their work with others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers Tube is a great alternative: For further information: “YouTube: Use by Teachers” : “Teachers Tube: Use by Teachers”: </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. YouTube: Linking and Streaming <ul><li>Practical alternatives to copying videos off YouTube include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directly streaming YouTube videos in class (permitted under s 28) The streaming may be directly from the YouTube website or through a link to a YouTube video embedded on another website. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking to the YouTube video. Linking is not a copyright activity as you are not actually copying the content, rather providing a path to its location on another site. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See information sheets: “YouTube: Use by Teachers” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Performance and Communication of works and audio-visual material in class – What am I allowed to do?” </li></ul>
  31. 31. YouTube: Embedding Videos <ul><li>Can I embed a link to videos on another website? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You may embed a link to a video on another website, such as the class blog or wiki, or school intranet and learning management system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The YouTube website provides information on how to embed links to YouTube videos. ( ). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes, the video owner does not want others to embed their video and may disable this functionality. In this case, you should not pursue embedding the link. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You may stream videos that you have embedded in another website to a class under s 28. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See information sheets: “YouTube: Use by Teachers” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Performance and Communication of works and audio-visual material in class – What am I allowed to do?” </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. iTunes <ul><li>When buying content from the iTunes store, you must agree to the store’s Terms of Use. </li></ul><ul><li>Terms state that iTunes products can only be used for: ‘personal, non commercial use’.  </li></ul><ul><li>This expression may not include ‘educational use’. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet ‘Using iTunes’ at: </li></ul>
  33. 33. iTunes <ul><li>It has not been legally determined whether the iTunes contract prohibits the educational use of content purchased from iTunes. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a risk that the school might be said to be in breach of contract if its plays or copies content purchased from iTunes. </li></ul><ul><li>However, sections 200AB and 28 allow teachers to use sound recordings and video for educational purposes without having to seek the permission of the copyright owner. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet, ‘Using iTunes’ at: </li></ul>
  34. 34. iTunes <ul><li>You will need to find out whether your school has decided to: </li></ul><ul><li>rely on the Copyright Act exceptions or </li></ul><ul><li>avoid using content purchased from iTunes due to the iTunes contract. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet, ‘Using iTunes’ at: </li></ul>
  35. 35. iTunes Apps <ul><li>The iTunes App terms and conditions permit educational use of apps purchased from the iTunes store. </li></ul><ul><li>A school can download and sync an app for use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>by a single teacher on one or more devices that are used by that teacher but which are owned or controlled by the school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by multiple students, on a single shared device owned by the school. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See information sheet ‘Mobile Applications’ at: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  36. 36. iTunes Apps <ul><li>A school would be in breach of the app licence terms if it permits one app to be used on multiple devices for use by multiple students. </li></ul><ul><li>Apple has developed a ‘volume app purchasing system’ for use by US educational institutions. It is not clear whether this model will eventually be made available to educational institutions in Australia.  </li></ul><ul><li>Some apps may have different terms of use set by the developer of the app. Schools should check whether specific terms of use have been prepared by the developer for that app that permit broader educational uses. </li></ul><ul><li>See information sheet ‘Mobile Applications’ at: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  37. 37. Smartcopying tips… <ul><li>Link to and bookmark websites whenever possible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing a link to material is not a copyright activity. This is because you are not actually copying the content, but rather providing a pathway to its location on another site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bookmarking websites is a good way of saving and sharing links to websites. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embed material whenever possible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Embedding is another type of linking. It involves copying the HTML code of the film, which is often displayed in a box near the film, and pasting it onto your website. The result of this is, rather than displaying the link, it will show a small screen of the film on your website. </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Smartcopying tips… <ul><li>Attribute source of material. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is important that all material created and used by the school for educational purposes is properly attributed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This includes material that is photocopied and material that is copied digitally. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attribution information needs to include details of the copyright owner and author (if different), where the material was sourced from and when. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attributing material is important to ensure that original material created by a student, teacher or jurisdiction or that has been licensed is removed from survey data and therefore is not paid for. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See schools labelling information sheet at: “Labelling School Material”: </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Smartcopying tips… <ul><li>Limit access to relevant students only </li></ul><ul><li>Limiting access to material is an important cost management practice. CAL and Screenrights argue that the value of content increases with the number of people who can access and view it. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to s200AB copies must be limited to those students who need to use the material for educational instruction, ie one class as opposed to an entire school. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Smartcopying tips… <ul><li>Material is regularly archived or deleted from the system </li></ul><ul><li>Material copied and communicated under the Statutory Licences is paid for again every 12 months. This is because another ‘communication’ of the material is deemed to have occurred. This is known as ‘anniversary copying’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Flushing content repositories’ is a good way of managing anniversary copying costs. There are two ways of doing this. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Flushing the Repository <ul><li>1. Automatic archiving of material: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Material that is not currently being used for educational purposes but is likely to be used in the future should be archived. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archiving involves moving the material into a closed area on the repository or elsewhere online where it can only be accessed by one person, such as the school librarian, ICT Manager or teacher who uploaded the material to repository in the first place. </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Smartcopying tips… <ul><li>2. Deleting material from the repository: </li></ul><ul><li>Material that the school no longer requires for educational purposes should be completely deleted from the repository. </li></ul><ul><li>This will assist in minimising the storage burden on the school as well as ensuring that the school is not incurring anniversary copying fees for material it no longer needs. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Smartcopying tips… <ul><li>Use Open Education, Free for Education and Creative Commons material possible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The copyright owner of this material has already given permission for the material to be used for educational purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a result, this material is available for free! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depending on the terms of the licence, this material can also be modified and shared by teachers and students. </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Smartcopying tips… <ul><li>In summary, it is best practice to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to material whenever possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit what is copied to what is needed for educational purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure that the mandatory notice requirements have been complied with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure that all material is attributed </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Some copyright challenges <ul><li>While there is a lot that teachers can copy, the licence schemes and free use exceptions are restrictive and complicated: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers are burdened with complex copying limits. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers cannot modify, share or remix material except in limited circumstances. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The material can only be made available to parents and the community in limited circumstances. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open education and creative commons material is a great alternative! </li></ul>
  46. 46. OER - Definition <ul><li>Open Educational Resources (‘OER’) is a growing trend towards openness of teaching and learning materials. </li></ul><ul><li>OER are teaching and learning materials that are freely available online for everyone to use, whether you are a teacher, student or self learner. </li></ul><ul><li>OER include: worksheets, curriculum materials, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, class activities, pedagogical materials, games and many more resources from around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>See: </li></ul>
  47. 47. OER: Fundamental Values <ul><li>OER share some fundamental values: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources are free for any individual to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are licensed for unrestricted distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibility of adaptation, translation, re-mix, and improvement . </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Open Education Resources <ul><li>Some good OER sites include: </li></ul><ul><li>- Curriki: </li></ul><ul><li>- OER Commons: </li></ul><ul><li>- Encyclopaedia of Life: </li></ul><ul><li>- Comprehensive Knowledge Archive </li></ul><ul><li>Network: </li></ul><ul><li>- Connexions: </li></ul><ul><li>- Teaching Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>- Smart History: </li></ul><ul><li>The Smartcopying website lists OER: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  49. 49. CC Learn: A way to find OER <ul><li>CC learn is a division of Creative Commons dedicated to providing an up to date list of OER resources. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  50. 50. OER and FFE <ul><li>‘ Free for education’ (FFE) material is similar to OER material in that the copyright owner has given permission for the material to be used for educational purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>However, FFE material may not permit a teacher to communicate, modify or share the material. This will depend on the terms and conditions of use of the material. </li></ul><ul><li>Many websites are FFE because their terms and conditions allow copying for educational purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>The Smartcopying website lists FFE: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  51. 51. Example <ul><li>‘ You may download, display, print and copy any material at this website, in unaltered form only, for you personal use, educational use or for non-commercial use within your organisation’ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  52. 52. Other Free for Education Initiatives <ul><li>A number of organisations have agreed to make their online material free for education: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance TV Website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Museum Victoria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Vision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Material available on these websites can be copied for ‘educational purposes’. </li></ul><ul><li>The Smartcopying website lists FFE websites: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  53. 53. Free for Education: The Learning Federation <ul><li>The Learning Federation (TLF) delivers high quality digital resources to schools through education department intranets. In NSW, access is through TaLe. </li></ul><ul><li>TLF material can also be accessed through Scootle using a password ( ). </li></ul><ul><li>TLF resources will be aligned with the Australian Curriculum as it develops and includes cultural material from various museums and organisations, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Museum Australia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Sound and Film Archive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Australian Children’s Television Foundation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Library of Australia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  54. 54. OER and Creative Commons <ul><li>Most OER resources use Creative Commons (CC) licences. </li></ul><ul><li>This is because CC are well known, free, easy to use and no lawyers are needed. </li></ul><ul><li>CC licences come expressed in three different formats: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commons Deed (human-readable code), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal Code (lawyer-readable code); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata (machine-readable code). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A creator needs only to do one thing - select the type of licence they want from the CC website! </li></ul>
  55. 55. OER sites and Creative Commons… OER SITE CC LICENCE OER Commons Curriki Openlearn Teaching Ideas
  56. 56. <ul><li>Using Creative Commons (CC) material enables the education sector to overcome copyright barriers. </li></ul><ul><li>CC material is freely available for teachers and students to copy, modify and reuse. </li></ul><ul><li>This is important in the digital era where content can be created, accessed and shared in new and exciting ways globally. </li></ul><ul><li>The National Copyright Unit and CC Australia have developed an information pack for teachers and students on finding, using and attributing CC material. This pack can be found on the Smartcopying website at: </li></ul>CC makes copyright easy..
  57. 57. <ul><li>CC creates a “some rights reserved” model . </li></ul><ul><li>This means that the copyright owner retains copyright ownership in their work while inviting certain uses of their work by the public. </li></ul><ul><li>CC licences create choice and options for the copyright owner . </li></ul>What is CC?
  58. 58. <ul><li>There are 4 primary licence elements which are mixed to create a licence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attribution – attribute the author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-commercial – no commercial use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Derivative Works – no remixing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ShareAlike – remix only if you let others remix </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See the CC information pack at : </li></ul>CC Primary Licence Elements
  59. 59. <ul><li>Attribution </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution - non-commercial </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution - no derivatives </li></ul>Six Standard CC Licences Attribution – share alike Attribution – non-commercial – share alike Attribution – non-commercial – no derivatives
  60. 60. Australian Cultural Institutes and CC <ul><li>Many Australian institutes are using CC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Library of Australia and Picture Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Library NSW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Powerhouse Museum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australian War Memorial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ABC through Pool </li></ul></ul>
  61. 61. <ul><li>Last year, the Australian government agreed in principle to recommendations that PSI should, by default, be released to the public free of charge under a creative commons attribution licence. </li></ul><ul><li>In light of this, the Attorney General’s Department is in the process of drafting guidelines to assist Government agencies in adopting creative commons or other open licences when releasing their PSI, including legacy material. </li></ul><ul><li>For further information, including a link to the draft guidelines, see: </li></ul>Public sector information and CC
  62. 62. CC and the Australian Bureau of Statistics <ul><li>ABS website material is licensed under a CC Attribution Licence: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unless otherwise noted, all material on this website – except the ABS logo, the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, and any material protected by a trade mark – is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia licence” </li></ul>
  63. 63. Flickr and International Institutes <ul><li>The following museums and institutes have photostreams of CC licensed images on Flickr: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imperial War Museum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Library of Congress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Maritime Museum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>George Eastman House </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Media Museum </li></ul></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Attributing CC material <ul><li>In addition to providing details of author and copyright owner, title of work and source, CC licences require that you state the type of CC licence the work is available under along with a link to the licence terms. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to always check whether the creator has specified a particular attribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Open Attribute ( ) is a tool recently developed by Mozilla Drumbeat to assist users of CC material properly attribute the CC material. </li></ul><ul><li>Open Attribute is a simple tool that makes it easy for users to copy and paste the correct attribution for any CC licensed work. </li></ul><ul><li>For further information on attributing CC material, see: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  65. 65. Where should I place the attribution? <ul><li>For text resources (eg books, worksheets, PowerPoint slides etc), include the attribution details next to CC work or as the footer along the bottom of the page on which the CC work appears. </li></ul><ul><li>For video works, include the attribution information near the work as it appears on screen during the video. </li></ul><ul><li>For sound recordings (eg podcasts), mention the name of the artist during the recording (like a radio announcement) and provide full attribution details in text near the podcast where it is being stored (eg blog, school intranet, learning management system etc). </li></ul><ul><li>For further information on attributing CC material, see: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  66. 66. Example: Image licensed under CC Attribution licence <ul><li>Eid Mubarak by Hamed Saber available at </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  67. 67. For More Information <ul><li>Sylvie Saab </li></ul><ul><li>National Copyright Officer [email_address] (02) 9561 8730 </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Ruppin </li></ul><ul><li>National Copyright Manager </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>(02) 9561 1267   </li></ul><ul><li>Delia Browne </li></ul><ul><li>National Copyright Director [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>(02) 9561 8876 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>