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Working with wikis


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  • 1. Working with Wikis: Learning & Collaboration in a Virtual Space
    Nathan Whitley-Grassi
    State University of New York, Empire State College, Niagara Frontier Center
  • 2. Why are we here?
    Recent surveys of top companies found that collaboration was one of the most highly valued skills in new college graduates.
    How do we facilitate collaboration & collaborative learning to support this statement in a blended or hybrid format?
  • 3. Why not a CMS?
    It is best to choose a tool that fits your needs rather than creating a need to fit the tool.
    Course Management System expansion can be expensive, time consuming, and often does not usually allow for student co-created content development
    Third party software provides users with additional free and flexible tools
  • 4. What is a Wiki?
  • 5.
  • 6. What is a Wiki?
    Wikis are editable websites
    Require very little technical “know how” to edit
    Ward Cunningham – Wiki Wiki Web (1991)
    “The simplest online database that could possibly work”
    Wiki – Hawaiian word for “fast”
  • 7.
  • 8. Why a Wiki?
    No HTML knowledge required
    Share knowledge quickly
    Easy way to collaborate
    Revert back to old versions
    Follow who’s done what, when, & where
  • 9. How does it work?
    A Wiki page starts more or less blank
    Wiki pages are connected by internal hyperlinks
    Every page should be connected
  • 10.
  • 11. Where to find a free Wiki
  • 12. Guide to Creating Wikispaces Wikis:
  • 13. Collaboration:
    Creates communities of practice
    Collaborative learning communities
    The cooperative learning paradigm:
    Positive interdependence of members
    Individual accountability
    Peer-to-peer interaction
    Use of communication skills
  • 14. Learning & Engagement:
    Constructivist Theory –
    Individual Unit of Instruction
    Collaboration is at the heart of learning
    Deeper level of knowledge generation
    Active and manipulative learning
    Initiative, creativity, and critical thinking skills
    Learning communities
    Shared goal for learning
  • 15. Collaboration With Wikis
    Collaboration does not just happen
    Requires planning on the instructors part
    And don’t forget to Scream….
    Set the stage
    Create the environment
    Release of responsibility
    Encourage collaboration
    Assess regularly
    Motivate learners
  • 16. Learning Communities:
    Are not just group assignments:
    Learning communities require a higher level collaboration
    This is usually brought about by creating:
    A shared sense of community
    A group value system
    A common community goal
  • 17. Learning Communities (cont.):
    This paradigm has become the template for many cohort-based programs in higher ed.
    Learning Communities
    Linked Courses
    Freshman focus groups
    Multi-part Group Assignments?
  • 18. Forming Learning Communities:
    A shared sense of community
    The Assignment
    Requires interaction
    Students depend on one another
    A common community goal
    Create a scoring system that examines both individual and group efforts.
    A group value system
    As students depend...
    Feel a responsibility to each other
    Make it FUN???
    Students need to feel confortable with each other
    A Place to call home
    The Wiki!
  • 19. Mediation Models:
    How can we use Wikis in Collaborative learning?
    Student Control? Group Control? Instructor Control?
    Self Mediated
    Each student has own wiki
    Students visit other wikis of group members
    Group Mediated
    Each group has their own space
    Student each have a page linked together from a community home
    Shared Space
    The group participates in collective activities on one page.
    Instructor/Class Mediated
    Each group has a page as part of a larger class wide wiki
  • 20. Sample Learning Community:Group Mediated – Individual Pages
  • 21. Sample Learning Community:Instructor Mediated
  • 22. Additional Wiki Uses:
    Assembling sources for research projects
    Construct annotated bibliography
    Publishing course resources
    Concept mapping or brainstorming
    Student comment and revision
  • 23. Questions?
  • 24. Selected References:
    Carter, J. (2009). Lines of communication: Using a WIKI in a mathematics course. Primus: Problems, Resources & Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies, 19(1), 1-17.
    Clark, C. & Mason, E. (2008). A wiki way of working. Internet Reference Services Quarterly, 13(1), 113-132.
    Elgort, I., Smith, A., & Toland, J. (2008). Is Wiki an effective platform for group course work? Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(2), 195-210.
    Ellison, N. B. & Y. Wu (2008). Blogging in the classroom: A preliminary exploration of student attitudes and impact on comprehension. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia17(1): 99-122.
    Farmer, B.; Yue, A.& Brooks, C. (2008). Using blogging for higher order learning in large cohort university teaching: A case study. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology24(2): 123-136.
    Harris, A. L.& Rea, A. (2009). Web 2.0 and virtual world technologies: A growing impact on IS education. Journal of Information Systems Education, Summer2009, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p137-144
    Hazari, S., North, A., & Moreland, D. (2009). Investigating pedagogical value of Wiki technology. Journal of Information Systems Education, 20(2), 187-198.
    Hung-Ling, T. (2009). Effective Wiki strategies to support high-context culture learners. TechTrends: Linking Research & Practice to Improve Learning, 53(5), 16-22.
    Matthew, K., Felvegi, E., & Callaway, R. (2009). Wiki as a collaborative learning tool in a language arts methods class. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 42(1), 51-72.
    Moskaliuk, J., Kimmerle, J., & Cress, U. (2009). Wiki-supported learning and knowledge building: effects of incongruity between knowledge and information. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25(6), 549-561.
    Neumann, D., & Hood, M. (2009). The effects of using a wiki on student engagement and learning of report writing skills in a university statistics course. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 25(3), 382-398.
    Roberts, T. S. & J. M. McInnerney (2007). Seven problems of online group learning (and their solutions). Educational Technology and Society10(4): 257-268.
    Skiba, D. (2005). Do your students Wiki? Nursing Education Perspectives, 26(2), 120-121.
    Stewart, B. L. (2004). Online learning: a strategy for social responsibility in educational access. The Internet and Higher Education7(4): 299-310.
    Vicenc F., Pep, S., & J. M. Sallan, Podcasting: A new technological tool to facilitate good practice in higher education. Computers & Education, 53(2): 385-392
    Vratulis, V. & Dobson, T. M. (2008). Social negotiations in a Wiki environment: a case study with pre-service teachers. Educational Media International, 45(4), 285-294.
    Vygotskiĭ, L. S.(Lev Semenovich),1993. Studies on the history of behavior : ape, primitive, and child. Hillsdale, N.J. : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Yayoi, A. (2009). Digital trends among Japanese university students: Podcasting and Wikis as tools for learning. International Journal on E-Learning, 8(4), 453-467.