Working with wikis


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Working with wikis

  1. 1. Working with Wikis: Learning & Collaboration in a Virtual Space<br />Nathan Whitley-Grassi<br />State University of New York, Empire State College, Niagara Frontier Center<br />
  2. 2. Why are we here?<br />Recent surveys of top companies found that collaboration was one of the most highly valued skills in new college graduates.<br />How do we facilitate collaboration & collaborative learning to support this statement in a blended or hybrid format?<br />
  3. 3. Why not a CMS?<br />It is best to choose a tool that fits your needs rather than creating a need to fit the tool.<br />Course Management System expansion can be expensive, time consuming, and often does not usually allow for student co-created content development<br />Third party software provides users with additional free and flexible tools<br />
  4. 4. What is a Wiki?<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. What is a Wiki?<br />Wikis are editable websites<br />Require very little technical “know how” to edit<br />Ward Cunningham – Wiki Wiki Web (1991)<br />“The simplest online database that could possibly work”<br />Wiki – Hawaiian word for “fast”<br />
  7. 7.<br />
  8. 8. Why a Wiki?<br />No HTML knowledge required<br />Share knowledge quickly<br />Easy way to collaborate<br />Revert back to old versions<br />Follow who’s done what, when, & where<br />
  9. 9. How does it work?<br />A Wiki page starts more or less blank<br />Wiki pages are connected by internal hyperlinks <br />Every page should be connected <br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Where to find a free Wiki<br />
  12. 12. Guide to Creating Wikispaces Wikis:<br /><br />
  13. 13. Collaboration:<br />Creates communities of practice<br />Collaborative learning communities<br />The cooperative learning paradigm:<br />Positive interdependence of members<br />Individual accountability<br />Peer-to-peer interaction<br />Use of communication skills<br />
  14. 14. Learning & Engagement: <br />Constructivist Theory – <br />Individual Unit of Instruction<br />Collaboration is at the heart of learning<br />Deeper level of knowledge generation<br />Active and manipulative learning<br />Initiative, creativity, and critical thinking skills<br />Learning communities<br />Shared goal for learning<br />
  15. 15. Collaboration With Wikis<br />Collaboration does not just happen<br />Requires planning on the instructors part<br />And don’t forget to Scream….<br />Set the stage<br />Create the environment<br />Release of responsibility<br />Encourage collaboration<br />Assess regularly<br />Motivate learners<br />
  16. 16. Learning Communities:<br />Are not just group assignments:<br />Learning communities require a higher level collaboration<br />This is usually brought about by creating: <br />A shared sense of community<br />A group value system<br />A common community goal<br />Habituation<br />
  17. 17. Learning Communities (cont.):<br />This paradigm has become the template for many cohort-based programs in higher ed.<br />Learning Communities <br />Linked Courses<br />Freshman focus groups<br />Multi-part Group Assignments?<br />
  18. 18. Forming Learning Communities:<br />A shared sense of community<br />The Assignment<br />Requires interaction<br />Students depend on one another<br />A common community goal<br />Create a scoring system that examines both individual and group efforts.<br />A group value system<br />As students depend...<br />Feel a responsibility to each other<br />Obligation<br />Make it FUN???<br />Habituation<br />Icebreaker<br />Students need to feel confortable with each other<br />A Place to call home<br />The Wiki!<br />
  19. 19. Mediation Models:<br />How can we use Wikis in Collaborative learning?<br />Student Control? Group Control? Instructor Control?<br />Self Mediated<br />Each student has own wiki<br />Students visit other wikis of group members<br />Group Mediated<br />Each group has their own space<br />Student each have a page linked together from a community home<br />Shared Space<br />The group participates in collective activities on one page.<br />Instructor/Class Mediated<br />Each group has a page as part of a larger class wide wiki<br />
  20. 20. Sample Learning Community:Group Mediated – Individual Pages<br /><br />
  21. 21. Sample Learning Community:Instructor Mediated<br /><br />
  22. 22. Additional Wiki Uses:<br />Assembling sources for research projects<br />Construct annotated bibliography<br />Publishing course resources<br />Concept mapping or brainstorming<br />Student comment and revision<br />
  23. 23. Questions?<br /><br /><br />
  24. 24. Selected References:<br />Carter, J. (2009). Lines of communication: Using a WIKI in a mathematics course. Primus: Problems, Resources & Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies, 19(1), 1-17.<br />Clark, C. & Mason, E. (2008). A wiki way of working. Internet Reference Services Quarterly, 13(1), 113-132.<br />Elgort, I., Smith, A., & Toland, J. (2008). Is Wiki an effective platform for group course work? Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(2), 195-210.<br />Ellison, N. B. & Y. Wu (2008). Blogging in the classroom: A preliminary exploration of student attitudes and impact on comprehension. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia17(1): 99-122.<br />Farmer, B.; Yue, A.& Brooks, C. (2008). Using blogging for higher order learning in large cohort university teaching: A case study. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology24(2): 123-136.<br />Harris, A. L.& Rea, A. (2009). Web 2.0 and virtual world technologies: A growing impact on IS education. Journal of Information Systems Education, Summer2009, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p137-144<br />Hazari, S., North, A., & Moreland, D. (2009). Investigating pedagogical value of Wiki technology. Journal of Information Systems Education, 20(2), 187-198.<br />Hung-Ling, T. (2009). Effective Wiki strategies to support high-context culture learners. TechTrends: Linking Research & Practice to Improve Learning, 53(5), 16-22.<br />Matthew, K., Felvegi, E., & Callaway, R. (2009). Wiki as a collaborative learning tool in a language arts methods class. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 42(1), 51-72.<br />Moskaliuk, J., Kimmerle, J., & Cress, U. (2009). Wiki-supported learning and knowledge building: effects of incongruity between knowledge and information. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25(6), 549-561.<br />Neumann, D., & Hood, M. (2009). The effects of using a wiki on student engagement and learning of report writing skills in a university statistics course. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 25(3), 382-398.<br />Roberts, T. S. & J. M. McInnerney (2007). Seven problems of online group learning (and their solutions). Educational Technology and Society10(4): 257-268.<br />Skiba, D. (2005). Do your students Wiki? Nursing Education Perspectives, 26(2), 120-121.<br />Stewart, B. L. (2004). Online learning: a strategy for social responsibility in educational access. The Internet and Higher Education7(4): 299-310. <br />Vicenc F., Pep, S., & J. M. Sallan, Podcasting: A new technological tool to facilitate good practice in higher education. Computers & Education, 53(2): 385-392<br />Vratulis, V. & Dobson, T. M. (2008). Social negotiations in a Wiki environment: a case study with pre-service teachers. Educational Media International, 45(4), 285-294.<br />Vygotskiĭ, L. S.(Lev Semenovich),1993. Studies on the history of behavior : ape, primitive, and child. Hillsdale, N.J. : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. <br />Yayoi, A. (2009). Digital trends among Japanese university students: Podcasting and Wikis as tools for learning. International Journal on E-Learning, 8(4), 453-467.<br /> <br />