Branches of government
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Branches of government

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A description of the US political system

A description of the US political system

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Branches of government Branches of government Presentation Transcript

  • BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
  • Branches of Government Legislative Executive Judicial
  • Legislative Branch
    • Congress
    Senate Senators/2 per state House of Representatives Representatives/based on population What they do : Originate a bill , get a majority vote from all of Congress, get the President to approve – bill becomes a law
  • Executive Branch
    • The President
    • Responsible for enforcing laws
    Elected and serves for no more than two consecutive 4-year terms, appoints members of the President’s cabinet Commander-in-chief of the armed forces, deals with other countries, veto power
  • Judicial Branch
    • Supreme Court
    • Responsible for interpreting the laws
    Appointed by the President, highest court, there are 9 total members, serve a lifetime term Overrule decisions made by lower courts, determine actions made by the President or Congress unconstitutional
  • Review Branches of Government Legislative Branch Congress makes laws Executive Branch The President enforces laws Judicial Branch The Supreme Court interprets laws
  • Constitution
    • We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
  • Constitution
    • The principle of popular sovereignty asserts that the people are the source of any and all government power, and government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
    • The principle of limited government states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away.
    • Separation of powers is the principle in which the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government are three independent and coequal branches of government.
  • Constitution
    • Checks and balances is the system that allows the legislative, executive, and judicial branches to check, or restrain, the actions of one another.
    • The principle of judicial review consists of the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action.
    • Federalism is a system of government in which the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments.
  • Obama’s Inauguration (1.2 Miles!)
  • Obama’s Inauguration
  • Obama’s Inauguration