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Week12 art between_the_wars
 

Week12 art between_the_wars

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    Week12 art between_the_wars Week12 art between_the_wars Presentation Transcript

      • Art Deco (c. 1925- 1939) is based on mathematical geometric shapes. It was widely considered to be an eclectic form of elegant and stylish modernism, being influenced by a variety of sources.
        • Among them were the so-called "primitive" arts of Africa, Ancient Egypt, and Aztec Mexico.
        • It also drew on machine-age or streamline technology, such as modern aviation, electric lighting, the radio, the ocean liner and the skyscraper for inspiration.
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    • Built 1930
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    • The Cruise Room 1600 17th St Denver, CO 80202 Since 1933
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      • Machine-age, old Hollywood, geometric shapes, influenced by modern aviation, ocean liners, and skyscrapers
        • Art Deco
      • De Stijl :
        • Dutch = ‘The style’
        • Founded in Leiden in 1917
        • Style of austere (severe) abstract clarity
      • Piet Mondrian (1872 -1944)
        • Art should be ‘denaturalized’
        • Art should be purely abstract
        • No representational relationship to the natural world.
        • Most universal signs of order = horizontal and vertical lines and the primary colors,
      • Mondrian thought of his canvases as places where we could turn to stabilize ourselves and restore our calm.
    • LESS/MORE
      • “ Less is more” Mies van der Rohe
      • “ Less is only more when more is no good” Frank Lloyd Wright
      • “ Achieve more with less” Norman Foster
      • “ More matter with less art” William Shakespeare
    • PIET MONDRIAN, Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow, 1930. Oil on canvas, 2’ 4 5/8” x 1’ 9 1/4”.
    • GERRIT THOMAS RIETVELD, Schröder House, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1924.
    • Gerrit Rietveld. Schroeder House . Interior. 1923-24
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    • Walter Gropius. Bauhaus Building, Dessau, Germany. View from northwest. 1925-1926
      • The Bauhaus and De Stijl both sought to create harmony between individual lives and modern industry and technology.
        • The Bauhaus was a school formed in Germany in 1928, designed to eliminate divisions between painters, sculptors, architects, crafts, and designers.
        • They envisioned clean lines for “a return to order” and economical manufacturing made available for everyone.
          • This is when the elements and principles became common terminology in arts education.
    • Bauhaus
      • School of Design aimed to eliminate traditional divisions between painters, sculptors, architects, craft artists, graphic and industrial designers
      • Objects and buildings were stripped of superficial embellishment and pared down to clean lines.
    • MARCEL BREUER, tubular chair, 1925.
    • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Chair and Ottoman , 1929 (Bauhaus)
    • FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT, Kaufmann House (Fallingwater), Bear Run, Pennsylvania, 1936–1939.
    • Frank Lloyd Wright, Denver Art Museum made for the office of the Larkin Soap Company in Buffalo NY
    • CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI, Bird in Space, 1928. Bronze (unique cast), 4’ 6” x 8” x 6” high.
    • AARON DOUGLAS, Noah’s Ark, ca. 1927. Oil on masonite, 4’ x 3’. Fisk University Galleries, Nashville, Tennessee.
    • CHARLES DEMUTH, My Egypt, 1927. Oil on composition board, 2’ 11 3/4” x 2’ 6”.
    • Charles Demuth, The Figure 5 in Gold , 1928
    • William Carlos Williams
      • so much depends upon
      • a red wheel barrow
      • glazed with rain water
      • beside the white chickens.
    • GEORGIA O’KEEFFE, New York, Night, 1929. Oil on canvas, 3’ 4 1/8” x 1’ 7 1/8”.
    • GRANT WOOD, American Gothic, 1930. Oil on beaverboard, 2’ 5 7/8” x 2’ 7/8”.
    • THOMAS HART BENTON, Pioneer Days and Early Settlers, State Capitol, Jefferson City, 1936. Mural.
    • Thomas Hart Benton, The Ballad of the Jealous Lover of Lone Green Valley, 1934
    • 1935.10 27" x 36" (68.58 x 91.44cm) oil on linen Vance Kirkland, Central City Lovers
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    • PABLO PICASSO, Guernica, 1937. Oil on canvas, 11’ 5 1/2” x 25’ 5 3/4”. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid.
    • Guernica shows the Nazi German bombing of Guernica, Spain, by twenty-eight bombers, on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. The attack killed between 250 and 1,600 people, and many more were injured.
    • Edward Hopper, Ground Swell , Oil on Canvas, 1939
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    • Edward Hopper, New York Movie , 1939, Oil on canvas, 32 1/4 x 40 1/8 in. The Museum of Modern Art, New York
    • EDWARD HOPPER, Nighthawks, 1942. Oil on canvas, 2’ 6” x 4’ 8 11/16”.
    • First Row Orchestra , Oil on Canvas, 1951
    • Left: Caspar David Friedrich, Woman at the Window , 1822 Right: Edward Hopper, Room in Brooklyn , 1932
    • WRITING ASSIGNMENT
      • Write 1 page about Office at Night , by Edward Hopper from 1940
      • Focus on interpretation and content – not bio or much background information – be creative!
      • Base your paper on the approach found in the National Gallery Lecture (linked on BB)
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    • Office at Night 1940, Oil on canvas, 22 1/8 x 25 inches
    • WRITING ASSIGNMENT
      • Write 1 page about Office at Night , by Edward Hopper from 1940
      • Focus on interpretation and content – not bio or much background information – be creative!
      • Base your paper on the approach found in the National Gallery Lecture (linked on BB)
    • Art Since 1945
    • Map of the World in 1945
    • Map of the World in 2000
    • JACKSON POLLOCK, Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist), 1950. Oil, enamel, and aluminum paint on canvas, 7’ 3” x 9’ 10”.
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    • Franz Kline, 1962. 
    • WILLEM DE KOONING, Woman I, 1950–1952. Oil on canvas, 6’ 3 7/8” x 4’ 10”.
    • Willem de Kooning , Untitled XII, 1975. Oil on canvas. 79 3/4 x 69 3/4 in.
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    • J M W Turner, Rain, Steam and Speed , 1844
    • JAMES ABBOTT MCNEILL WHISTLER, Nocturne in Black and Gold (The Falling Rocket), ca. 1875. Oil on panel, 1’ 11 5/8” x 1’ 6 1/2”.
    • James McNeill Whistler, Nocturne: Blue and Silver—Battersea Reach, 1872–78, Oil on canvas