Week12 art between_the_wars

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Week12 art between_the_wars

  1. 1. <ul><li>Art Deco (c. 1925- 1939) is based on mathematical geometric shapes. It was widely considered to be an eclectic form of elegant and stylish modernism, being influenced by a variety of sources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Among them were the so-called &quot;primitive&quot; arts of Africa, Ancient Egypt, and Aztec Mexico. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It also drew on machine-age or streamline technology, such as modern aviation, electric lighting, the radio, the ocean liner and the skyscraper for inspiration. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. Built 1930
  3. 7. The Cruise Room 1600 17th St Denver, CO 80202 Since 1933
  4. 10. <ul><li>Machine-age, old Hollywood, geometric shapes, influenced by modern aviation, ocean liners, and skyscrapers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art Deco </li></ul></ul>
  5. 11. <ul><li>De Stijl : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch = ‘The style’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded in Leiden in 1917 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Style of austere (severe) abstract clarity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Piet Mondrian (1872 -1944) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art should be ‘denaturalized’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art should be purely abstract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No representational relationship to the natural world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most universal signs of order = horizontal and vertical lines and the primary colors, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mondrian thought of his canvases as places where we could turn to stabilize ourselves and restore our calm. </li></ul>
  6. 12. LESS/MORE <ul><li>“ Less is more” Mies van der Rohe </li></ul><ul><li>“ Less is only more when more is no good” Frank Lloyd Wright </li></ul><ul><li>“ Achieve more with less” Norman Foster </li></ul><ul><li>“ More matter with less art” William Shakespeare </li></ul>
  7. 13. PIET MONDRIAN, Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow, 1930. Oil on canvas, 2’ 4 5/8” x 1’ 9 1/4”.
  8. 14. GERRIT THOMAS RIETVELD, Schröder House, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 1924.
  9. 15. Gerrit Rietveld. Schroeder House . Interior. 1923-24
  10. 18. Walter Gropius. Bauhaus Building, Dessau, Germany. View from northwest. 1925-1926
  11. 19. <ul><li>The Bauhaus and De Stijl both sought to create harmony between individual lives and modern industry and technology. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Bauhaus was a school formed in Germany in 1928, designed to eliminate divisions between painters, sculptors, architects, crafts, and designers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They envisioned clean lines for “a return to order” and economical manufacturing made available for everyone. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is when the elements and principles became common terminology in arts education. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 20. Bauhaus <ul><li>School of Design aimed to eliminate traditional divisions between painters, sculptors, architects, craft artists, graphic and industrial designers </li></ul><ul><li>Objects and buildings were stripped of superficial embellishment and pared down to clean lines. </li></ul>
  13. 21. MARCEL BREUER, tubular chair, 1925.
  14. 22. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Chair and Ottoman , 1929 (Bauhaus)
  15. 23. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT, Kaufmann House (Fallingwater), Bear Run, Pennsylvania, 1936–1939.
  16. 24. Frank Lloyd Wright, Denver Art Museum made for the office of the Larkin Soap Company in Buffalo NY
  17. 25. CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI, Bird in Space, 1928. Bronze (unique cast), 4’ 6” x 8” x 6” high.
  18. 26. AARON DOUGLAS, Noah’s Ark, ca. 1927. Oil on masonite, 4’ x 3’. Fisk University Galleries, Nashville, Tennessee.
  19. 27. CHARLES DEMUTH, My Egypt, 1927. Oil on composition board, 2’ 11 3/4” x 2’ 6”.
  20. 28. Charles Demuth, The Figure 5 in Gold , 1928
  21. 29. William Carlos Williams <ul><li>so much depends upon </li></ul><ul><li>a red wheel barrow </li></ul><ul><li>glazed with rain water </li></ul><ul><li>beside the white chickens. </li></ul>
  22. 30. GEORGIA O’KEEFFE, New York, Night, 1929. Oil on canvas, 3’ 4 1/8” x 1’ 7 1/8”.
  23. 31. GRANT WOOD, American Gothic, 1930. Oil on beaverboard, 2’ 5 7/8” x 2’ 7/8”.
  24. 32. THOMAS HART BENTON, Pioneer Days and Early Settlers, State Capitol, Jefferson City, 1936. Mural.
  25. 33. Thomas Hart Benton, The Ballad of the Jealous Lover of Lone Green Valley, 1934
  26. 34. 1935.10 27&quot; x 36&quot; (68.58 x 91.44cm) oil on linen Vance Kirkland, Central City Lovers
  27. 36. PABLO PICASSO, Guernica, 1937. Oil on canvas, 11’ 5 1/2” x 25’ 5 3/4”. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid.
  28. 37. Guernica shows the Nazi German bombing of Guernica, Spain, by twenty-eight bombers, on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. The attack killed between 250 and 1,600 people, and many more were injured.
  29. 38. Edward Hopper, Ground Swell , Oil on Canvas, 1939
  30. 40. Edward Hopper, New York Movie , 1939, Oil on canvas, 32 1/4 x 40 1/8 in. The Museum of Modern Art, New York
  31. 41. EDWARD HOPPER, Nighthawks, 1942. Oil on canvas, 2’ 6” x 4’ 8 11/16”.
  32. 42. First Row Orchestra , Oil on Canvas, 1951
  33. 43. Left: Caspar David Friedrich, Woman at the Window , 1822 Right: Edward Hopper, Room in Brooklyn , 1932
  34. 44. WRITING ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>Write 1 page about Office at Night , by Edward Hopper from 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on interpretation and content – not bio or much background information – be creative! </li></ul><ul><li>Base your paper on the approach found in the National Gallery Lecture (linked on BB) </li></ul>
  35. 46. Office at Night 1940, Oil on canvas, 22 1/8 x 25 inches
  36. 47. WRITING ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>Write 1 page about Office at Night , by Edward Hopper from 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on interpretation and content – not bio or much background information – be creative! </li></ul><ul><li>Base your paper on the approach found in the National Gallery Lecture (linked on BB) </li></ul>
  37. 48. Art Since 1945
  38. 49. Map of the World in 1945
  39. 50. Map of the World in 2000
  40. 51. JACKSON POLLOCK, Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist), 1950. Oil, enamel, and aluminum paint on canvas, 7’ 3” x 9’ 10”.
  41. 55. Franz Kline, 1962. 
  42. 56. WILLEM DE KOONING, Woman I, 1950–1952. Oil on canvas, 6’ 3 7/8” x 4’ 10”.
  43. 57. Willem de Kooning , Untitled XII, 1975. Oil on canvas. 79 3/4 x 69 3/4 in.
  44. 61. J M W Turner, Rain, Steam and Speed , 1844
  45. 62. JAMES ABBOTT MCNEILL WHISTLER, Nocturne in Black and Gold (The Falling Rocket), ca. 1875. Oil on panel, 1’ 11 5/8” x 1’ 6 1/2”.
  46. 63. James McNeill Whistler, Nocturne: Blue and Silver—Battersea Reach, 1872–78, Oil on canvas

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