Camera Obscura Image of the Empire State Building in Bedroom, 1994
Camera Obscura Image of Times Square in Hotel Room, 1997
He created the first permanent photograph, of a pigeon house and barn as seen from his window, in the summer of 1826.  The photograph was made using a camera obscura and a sheet of pewter coated with bitumen of Judea, an asphalt that when exposed to light, hardened permanently. This first photograph was captured during an eight hour exposure, taking so much time that the sun passed overhead, illuminating both sides of the courtyard.
Exposure times were several minutes making the streets seem deserted because everyone walking and riding by in carriages were moving to fast to register on the film.
This photograph is famous because this man stopped to have his boots polished and is the only person to clearly be recorded during this exposure.
He wrote “I have a photographic gun which has nothing murdurous about it, and which takes a picture of a bird flying or an animal running in less than 1/500th of a second. I do not know whether you can imagine such a speed, but it is something surprising.” The gun took 12 images a second. It had a lens in the barrel and a cylindrical breech within which was a sensitive plate which revolved when the trigger was pressed. The rotating plate was treated with gelatin silver bromide emulsion and stopped 12 times behind the lens while the shutter let in light for 1/720th of a second.
Overview of lecture: Photography and the ‘avant garde’ become linked. Photographers begin to reject the world as a subject and see the literal act of recording as limited.
2d 3d Media
Drawing <ul><li>A mark-making process used to produce a line-based composition </li></ul>
<ul><li>Dry Media: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pencil Metalpoint Charcoal Chalk and Crayon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liquid Media: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pen and Ink Brush and Ink </li></ul></ul>DRAWING
Hall of the Bulls (left wall), Lascaux, Dordogne, France, ca. 15,000–13,000 BCE. Largest bull approx. 11’ 6” long.
Spotted horses and negative hand imprints, wall painting in the cave at Pech-Merle, Lot, France, ca. 22,000 BCE. Approx. 11’ 2” long.
Glexis Novoa, Safe and Quiet, 2002, Graphite on Wall and Canvas
Matthew Ritchie, Eschaton , 2002, Vinyl decal on wall, approx. 38x72 feet
Vik Muniz, Cathedral de Leon , from the series, “Pictures of Chocolate”, 2003, Cibachrome Photograph, 40x30” Vik Muniz, from the series “Pictures of Earthworks”, 2002, Toned Gelatin Silver Print, 40x50”
<ul><li>Nature has always been recorded by artists, from pre-historic cave paintings to 20th century landscape photography. I too wanted to make nature the subject of my work, but in new ways. I started working outside using natural materials like grass and water, and this evolved into the idea of making a sculpture by walking. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Richard Long </li></ul></ul>
Richard Long, A Line Made by Walking England, 1967
Encaustic Fayum (or Fayoum) mummy portrait of a young woman with a gilded wreath Encaustic on wood Ancient Egypt, Roman Period A.D. 120-140
Tony Scherman, Kurt C, series: The Junkies , encaustic on canvas , 60" x 72" , 2007-08
Fresco <ul><li>Fresco secco – dry fresco – requires binder </li></ul><ul><li>Buon fresco – paint made of pigment and water is appliet to wet lime plaster. </li></ul>
Fowling scene, from the tomb of Nebamun, Thebes, Egypt, Dynasty XVIII, ca. 1400–1350 BCE. Fresco on dry plaster, approx. 2’ 8” high. British Museum, London.
LEONARDO DA VINCI, Last Supper (uncleaned), ca. 1495–1498. Fresco (oil and tempera on plaster), 29’ 10” x 13’ 9”. Refectory, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan.
Interior of the Sistine Chapel (view facing east), Vatican City, Rome, Italy, built 1473.
MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, 1508–1512. Fresco, approx. 128’ x 45’.
DIEGO RIVERA, Ancient Mexico, from the History of Mexico fresco murals, National Palace, Mexico City, 1929–1935. Fresco.
GIOTTO DI BONDONE, Madonna Enthroned, ca. 1310. Tempera on wood, 10’ 8” x 6’ 8”. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
Methods of Applying Paint <ul><li>Grisaille – (gree-Zye) “gray” –colored glazes over a monochrome under-painting (similar to hand coloring a black and white photo) </li></ul><ul><li>Glazing – thin, transparent layers of paint </li></ul><ul><li>Alla Prima – “all in one go” – one sitting </li></ul><ul><li>Impasto – thick paint (“paste”) </li></ul>
John Singer Sargent, Claude Monet Painting in a Garden Near Giverny , 1885, Oil on canvas 21 1/4 x 25 1/2 in.
ALBRECHT DÜRER, The Great Piece of Turf, 1503. Watercolor, approx. 1’ 4” x 1’ 1/2”. Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna.
Walton Ford, “Falling Bough”, 2002 Watercolor, gouache, ink and pencil on paper, 60 3/4 x 119 1/2" Courtesy Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Ambassadeurs: Aristide Bruant 1892.
Jasper Johns Two Maps II , 1966 Lithograph printed on white Japan, laid down on black Fabriano 25 3/8 x 20 1/4 inches Signed, dated, annotated and numbered in white crayon Edition 30
Andy Warhol, "Green Car Crash (Green Car Burning 1)" 1963, synthetic polymer, silkscreen ink and acrylic on linen
Andy Warhol Orange Disaster , 1963 silkscreen 30 1/6" x 30 1/8"
<ul><li>Chapter 9 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PHOTOGRAPHY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Still Camera and Its Beginnings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Documenting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Photography and Art </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FILM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Origins of Motion Pictures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artists and Film </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VIDEO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THE INTERNET </li></ul></ul>
EADWEARD MUYBRIDGE, Horse Galloping, 1878. Collotype print. George Eastman House, Rochester, New York.
EUGÈNE DURIEU and EUGÈNE DELACROIX, Draped Model (back view), ca. 1854. Albumen print, 7 5/ 16” x 5 1/8”. J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles.
JULIA MARGARET CAMERON, Ophelia, Study no. 2, 1867. Albumen print, 1' 11" x 10 2/3". George Eastman House, Rochester, New York.
TIMOTHY O’SULLIVAN, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1863. Negative by Timothy O’Sullivan. Original print by ALEXANDER GARDNER, 6 3/8" x 8 3/4". The New York Public Library
Internet and Conceptual Art Mike Parr's Aussie, Aussie, Aussie, Oi, Oi, Oi , 2003. “ democratic torture”
<ul><li>Chapter 11 </li></ul><ul><li>METHODS AND MATERIALS OF SCULPTURE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeling Casting Carving Assembling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expanded Field - Installation </li></ul>
Modeling <ul><li>Additive process </li></ul><ul><li>Play Dough </li></ul>
Warrior Vase, from Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1200 BCE. Approx. 1’ 4” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
Casting <ul><li>Involves a mold of some kind – into which liquid or semi-liquid material is poured and allowed to harden </li></ul>
Rachel Whitread, House, 1993. Whiteread sprayed concrete on the inside of all the walls of a Victorian era house in a block that was to be torn down to make space for a public park. The walls were then removed, leaving just the shell of the house, or the shell of the negative space formerly created by the walls.
Marc Quinn Self 82" by 25" by 25" blood/stainless steel, Perspex, refrigeration equipment 1991
“Good art is an object or a situation that allows you to feel or think something new.” - Marc Quinn
Lick and Lather«, 1993 by Janine Antoni. 14 portrait busts, cast of a model of the artist herself and mounted on look-a-like ancient classical pedestals. Seven statues were cast in white soap, and the other seven in brown chocolate, and then reshaped by the rather subjective acts which engaged her tongue passing over, and the frothing up of bubbles, fizz, effervesce…
Downscaled and Overthrown«, 2008 by Shahryar Nashat. "Public Figures" 1998-1999 Installation view at Metrotech Center Commons, Brooklyn, New York Fiberglass/resin, steel pipes, pipe fittings, 10 x 7 x 9 feet
Unpainted Sculpture Charles Ray 1997 fiberglass, paint
RICHARD SERRA, Tilted Arc, 1981. Cor-Ten steel, 12’ x 120’ x 2 1/2”. Installed Federal Plaza, New York City by the General Services Administration, Washington D.C. Removed by the U.S. Government 1989.