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Conciseness and SAE
 

Conciseness and SAE

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concise, standard american english, SAE

concise, standard american english, SAE

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    Conciseness and SAE Conciseness and SAE Presentation Transcript

    • Conciseness and SAE Natasha Luepke
    • Agenda
      • Conciseness
      • Standard American English
    • Conciseness
      • What does it mean to be concise?
    • Conciseness
      • Why is being concise important in a business situation?
    • Concise Tips
      • Remove unnecessary or redundant words.
      • Take out empty words
      • Replace phrases with a single word
      • Reconsider sentences with “it is” and “there is/are.”
      • Adapted from Lunsford, A. (2005) The Everyday Writer (3 rd ed). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin’s
    • Removing Words
      • Consider what the audience already knows
      • Consider the obvious
    • Example
      • Wordy : Imagine a mental picture of someone engaged in the intellectual activity of trying to learn what the rules are for how to play the game of chess. (27 words)
      • From Writing Lab, OWL at Purdue, Purdue University. (2006) The OWL at Perdue . < owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/572/01 > [10 Mar 09]
      • Wordy : Imagine a mental picture of someone engaged in the intellectual activity of trying to learn what the rules are for how to play the game of chess. (27 words)
      • Concise : Imagine someone trying to learn the rules of chess. (9 words)
      • From Writing Lab, OWL at Purdue, Purdue University. (2006) The OWL at Perdue . < owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/572/01 > [10 Mar 09]
    • Redundancy
      • Avoid saying the same thing twice in a row.
      • I mean, avoid saying the same thing twice!
    • Redundant Examples
      • Redundant
      • 12 noon
      • Close proximity
      • Each and every
      • End result
      • Exactly the same
      • Free gift
      • Period of four days
      • Repeat again
      • Small in size
      • True facts
      • Concise
      • Noon
      • Proximity
      • Each [or every]
      • Result
      • The same
      • Gift
      • Four days
      • Repeat
      • Small
      • Facts
    • Empty Words
      • Empty words are filler, and do not add anything to your overall message
    • Empty Examples
      • kind of
      • sort of
      • type of
      • really
      • basically
      • for all intents and purposes
      • definitely
      • actually
      • generally
      • individual
      • specific
      • particular
    • Meaningless Modifiers
      • Absolutely
      • Awesome
      • Awfully
      • Central
      • Definitely
      • Fine
      • Interesting
      • Great
      • Literally
      • Major
      • Really
      • Very
    • Phrases
      • You can often replace a long, wordy phrase with just one word
    • Phrase Examples
      • Wordy
      • At all times
      • At the present time
      • At that point in time
      • Due to the fact that
      • For the purpose of
      • In order to
      • In spite of the fact that
      • In the event that
      • Concise
      • Always
      • Now/today/presently
      • Then
      • Because
      • For
      • To
      • Although
      • If
    • It is/There are
      • These phrases are called “expletives.”
      • Can be useful for emphasis
      • Overuse = wordy
    • It is/There are Examples
      • Wordy : It is the governor who signs or vetoes bills. (9 words)
      • Concise : The governor signs or vetoes bills. (6 words)
      • Wordy : There are four rules that should be observed: ... (8 words)
      • Concise : Four rules should be observed:... (5 words)
      • From Writing Lab, OWL at Purdue, Purdue University. (2006) The OWL at Perdue . < owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/572/01 > [10 Mar 09]
    • Standard American English
      • “ Standard American English is the communal language of educated professionals. It is easily understood by persons from all geographical regions, different educational backgrounds, and different ethnic and racial associations.
      • Persons who deal with the public and who want to present themselves as educated professionals need to understand the importance of having professional quality communication skills.”
      • -- James L. Fitch, Ph.D. Auburn University
    • What is it?
      • It can be easier to think of examples of non-standard American English:
      • Y’all, howdy, dere [there], tree [three], pin [pen], pop, cah [car], ain’t, don’t for doesn’t, be for are/am
    • How do I learn SAE?
      • If those around you do not speak SAE, it can be difficult to learn.
      • Read as much as you can, and watch/listen to as much as you can
      • Practice
      • Take quizzes
      • Ask questions
      • Know your audience
    • Questions?