Ontario Provincial Parks

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How do Ontario Provincial Parks promote ecological integrity and provide recreation & eco-tourism?

(is this system sustainable?)

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Ontario Provincial Parks

  1. 1. Natasha C Dunn // Ontario Provincial Parks GG256: Ontario Regions November 27, 2009
  2. 2. // images of Ontario Provincial Parks what comes to mind?
  3. 3. // wildlife wolf - snake - white tailed deer moose beaver - black bear - loon
  4. 4. // wildlife wolf - snake - white tailed deer moose beaver - black bear - loon
  5. 5. // foliage - trees, shrubs, moss - roots and rocks - fall colours
  6. 6. // foliage - trees, shrubs, moss - roots and rocks - fall colours
  7. 7. // recreation ($) - nalgene bottles - canoeing - snow shoe - waterfront
  8. 8. // recreation ($) - nalgene bottles - canoeing - snow shoe - waterfront
  9. 9. // camping ($) - cooking - trails - tent camping
  10. 10. // camping ($) - cooking - trails - tent camping
  11. 11. // why Ontario Provincial Parks and Conservation?
  12. 12. // why Ontario Provincial Parks and Conservation?
  13. 13. // protected areas • covers land and water • has boundaries • permanently protects natural heritage (landforms, plants, animals)
  14. 14. // protected areas // provincial parks • covers land and water • protect natural, cultural, & recreational environments • has boundaries • provide recreational activities to visitors • permanently protects natural heritage (landforms, plants, animals)
  15. 15. // protected areas // provincial parks • covers land and water • protect natural, cultural, & recreational environments • has boundaries • provide recreational activities to visitors • permanently protects natural heritage (landforms, plants, animals) • Protection • Recreation • Heritage Appreciation • Tourism
  16. 16. // focus How do Ontario Provincial Parks promote ecological integrity and provide recreation & eco-tourism? (is this system sustainable?)
  17. 17. Ecological Integrity “when biological and physical parts of an ecosystem, as well as the makeup and abundance of native species and biological communities, reflect their natural regions. As // focus well, ecological processes can take place without interference.” How do Ontario Provincial Parks promote ecological integrity and provide recreation & eco-tourism? (is this system sustainable?)
  18. 18. Ecological Integrity “when biological and physical parts of an ecosystem, as well as the makeup and abundance of native species and biological communities, reflect their natural regions. As // focus well, ecological processes can take place without interference.” How do Ontario Provincial Parks promote ecological integrity and provide Recreation recreation & eco-tourism? allow people to enjoy parks as special places; enhance well-being; (is this system sustainable?) enjoy nature & outdoor activities; scenery; heritage appreciation; tourism ($)
  19. 19. // timeline • 1893 - Algonquin Park • 1983 - 155 parks added • 1894 - Rondeau • 1994 - Public Lands Act (conservation reserves) • 1913 - Provincial Parks Act <land not suitable for agriculture/ • 1999 - 378 new protected areas settlement> > 2.4 million hectares • 1954 - Revised Provincial Parks Act • 2007 - Provincial Parks and <Lands & Forests> Conservation Reserves Act • 1959 - Wilderness Areas Act • 1960 - 72 Parks in system
  20. 20. // timeline • 1893 - Algonquin Park • 1983 - 155 parks added • 1894 - Rondeau • 1994 - Public Lands Act (conservation reserves) • 1913 - Provincial Parks Act <land not suitable for agriculture/ • 1999 - 378 new protected areas settlement> > 2.4 million hectares • 1954 - Revised Provincial Parks Act • 2007 - Provincial Parks and <Lands & Forests> Conservation Reserves Act • 1959 - Wilderness Areas Act • 1960 - 72 Parks in system
  21. 21. // timeline • 1893 - Algonquin Park • 1983 - 155 parks added • 1894 - Rondeau • 1994 - Public Lands Act (conservation reserves) • 1913 - Provincial Parks Act <land not suitable for agriculture/ • 1999 - 378 new protected areas settlement> > 2.4 million hectares • 1954 - Revised Provincial Parks Act • 2007 - Provincial Parks and <Lands & Forests> Conservation Reserves Act • TODAY (2008 stats) • 1959 - Wilderness Areas Act - 330 Provincial Parks - 292 Conservation Reserves • 1960 - 72 Parks in system - 10 Wilderness Areas - 8.7 million hectares (9% of Ontario’s total land + water)
  22. 22. Ontario Ecoregions • 14 regions • particular combo of: • climate • landform • soil • species
  23. 23. WOODLAND CARIBOU Ontario James Bay Regions Page # Northwestern . . . . . . . . 48 MANITOBA PAKWASH TIDEWATER Northeastern. . . . . . . . . 56 POLAR BEAR MOOSONEE Manitoba Near North . . . . . . . . . . 62 OPASQUIA WABAKIMI WINISK RIVER KESAGAMI OJIBWAY Algonquin/Central . . . . . 70 WOODLAND CARIBOU TIDEWATER KENORA BLUE LAKE WABAKIMI RUSHING RIVER Southeastern. KESAGAMI. . . . . . 76 .. SIOUX NARROWS AARON QUEBEC SANDBAR LAKE Lake Nipigon MACLEOD FUSHIMI LAKE Northeastern Southwestern . . . . . . . . 82 NAGAGAMISIS CALIPER LAKE RENÉ BRUNELLE Northwestern GREENWATER FORT RAINBOW FALLS KAPUSKASING FRANCES OUIMET CANYON ROSSPORT TERRACE BAY COCHRANE U.S.A NEYS MISSINAIBI KETTLE LAKES THUNDER BAY WHITE LAKE CHAPLEAU - NEMEGOSENDA QUETICO KAKABEKA FALLS RIVER TIMMINS OBATANGA ESKER LAKES SLEEPING GIANT PIGEON RIVER (SIBLEY) IVANHOE LAKE POTHOLES Minnesota WAWA Lake Superior THE SHOALS WAKAMI LAKE KAP-KIG-IWAN MANITOBA POLAR BEAR MAKOBE-GRAYS LADY EVELYN - SMOOTHWATER LAKE SOLACE OPASQUIA SUPERIOR BISCOTASI LAKE SPANISH RIVER OBABIKA WINISK RIVER MISSISSAGI FINLAYSON POINT PANCAKE BAY BATCHAWANA RIVER HALFWAY LAKE STURGEON RIVER Quebec MARTEN RIVER WOODLAND CARIBOU TIDEWATER WINDY LAKE WABAKIMI MISSISSAGI SUDBURY FAIRBANK SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN Near North KESAGAMI MATTAWA RIVER DRIFTWOOD SAULT STE. MARIE CHUTES QUEBEC FRENCH RIVER RESTOULE ALGONQUIN KILLARNEY GRUNDY LAKE VOYAGEUR MIKISEW BONNECHERE OTTAWA STURGEON BAY CARSON LAKE FITZROY ARROWHEAD LAKE ST. PETER Southeastern Lake KILLBEAR OASTLER LAKE LOWER MADAWASKA RIVER RIDEAU RIVER U.S.A Algonquin/ BON ECHO THE MASSASAUGA SILVER LAKE SILENT LAKE SIX MILE LAKE SHARBOT LAKE MURPHYS POINT Huron C e n t r a l PETROGLYPHS FRONTENAC CHARLESTON LAKE Michigan SAUBLE FALLS AWENDA BASS LAKE MARA BALSAM LAKE MARK S. BURNHAM MACGREGOR POINT CRAIGLEITH McRAE POINT FERRIS EMILY INVERHURON WASAGA BEACH SIBBALD POINT PRESQU'ILE LAKE ON THE MOUNTAIN SPRINGWATER Parks of the Call the following numbers for additional travel information. EARL ROWE NORTH SANDBANKS DARLINGTON BEACH POINT FARMS TORONTO St. Lawrence Ontario Tourism Lake Southwestern Lake Ontario see page 90 BRONTE CREEK English: 1-800-ONTARIO PINERY IPPERWASH HAMILTON New York French: 1-800-268-3736 Michigan LONDON SELKIRK ROCK POINT PORT BRUCE TURKEY POINT JOHN E. PEARCE Ministry of Natural Resources PORT BURWELL LONG POINT RONDEAU English: 1-800-667-1940 WINDSOR Pennsylvania WHEATLEY French: 1-800-667-1840 Lake Erie TTY for Hearing Impaired: 1-866-686-6072 Ohio Ontario Provincial Park Regions 46 47
  24. 24. // operating parks Algonquin Provincial Park 1893 2nd Largest Ontario Park 7.72 square km OntarioParks.com locator (http://www.ontarioparks.com/english/ont_map.html)
  25. 25. // non-operating parks Polar Bear Provincial Park 1970 Largest Ontario Park 24,000 square km OntarioParks.com locator (http://www.ontarioparks.com/english/ont_map.html)
  26. 26. // relevance to the geography of Ontario • maintain ecosystems • protects habitats for wildlife & species at risk • supports tourism (ecotourism) • scientific and educational value • enhance health and well-being of patrons (enjoyment of nature & outdoor recreation)
  27. 27. // focus & key points How do Ontario Provincial Parks promote ecological integrity and provide recreation & eco-tourism? (is this system sustainable?) Case Ecological Recreation & Study Integrity Tourism Algonquin
  28. 28. // focus & key points How do Ontario Provincial Parks promote ecological integrity and provide recreation & eco-tourism? (is this system sustainable?) Case Ecological Recreation & Study Integrity Tourism Algonquin
  29. 29. // ecological integrity keeping nature in touch with it’s roots
  30. 30. // ecological integrity & Ontario Provincial Parks • protection and maintenance • outdoor education, awareness, research • compatible and low-impact recreational activities • promote environmental stewardship • include legislation that recognizes these elements • add additional classifications to existing legislations
  31. 31. // recreation & eco-tourism “Ontario Parks...connecting naturally”
  32. 32. // recreation & eco-tourism “Ontario Parks...connecting naturally” “Recharge your body” “Go Green” “Refresh your Soul” “Relax your mind” “connect with nature, family, & friends” “Take the road less travelled”
  33. 33. // outdoor recreational activities
  34. 34. // outdoor recreational activities
  35. 35. // outdoor recreational activities
  36. 36. // outdoor recreational activities
  37. 37. Ontario Provincial Parks Visitation 2008 Ontario Provincial Parks Visitation/ Visite des parcs provinciaux de l'Ontario 2008 11,000,000 10,000,000 10,000,000 visitors 9,000,000 8,000,000 7,000,000 Millions/Millions 6,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0 Total Visitors/Total des Day-Use Camper Nights/Nuits Interior Camper visiteurs Visitors/Visiteurs d'une de camping Nights/Nbre de journee camping sauvage 6
  38. 38. Ontario Provincial Parks Visitation 2008 Ontario Provincial Parks Visitation/ Visite des parcs provinciaux de l'Ontario 2008 11,000,000 10,000,000 10,000,000 visitors 9,000,000 8,000,000 7,000,000 Millions/Millions 6,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0 Total Visitors/Total des Day-Use Camper Nights/Nuits Interior Camper visiteurs Visitors/Visiteurs d'une de camping Nights/Nbre de journee camping sauvage 6
  39. 39. Ontario Provincial Parks Visitation 2008 Ontario Provincial Parks Visitation/ Visite des parcs provinciaux de l'Ontario 2008 11,000,000 23% 10,000,000 10,000,000 visitors 9,000,000 8,000,000 7,000,000 77% Millions/Millions 6,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0 Total Visitors/Total des Day-Use Camper Nights/Nuits Interior Camper visiteurs Visitors/Visiteurs d'une de camping Nights/Nbre de journee camping sauvage 6
  40. 40. P campsites accessible only by canoe. Fees for camping vary according to the facilities and services provided. A Ontario Parks has three levels of fees for camping – premium, middle and low. Each fee level reflects B the popularity of a campsite and the availability of facilities such as flush toilets and showers, and personal B services such as educational programs. Page 42 outlines your Internet and phone reservation payment options. P // fees & spending When registering in person at the park you may use your debit card, cash, VISA, MasterCard or American Express credit cards to pay for your camping fees. GST is included. Sorry, but personal cheques are not S Rus accepted for in-person payments. A Fees for camping and operating dates for individual provincial parks are subject to change. B B Regular Ontario Seniors Ont. Persons with Disabilities Cot A - Premium (per night) A Fees A Fees B 40.00 Electrical with showers 32.00 Electrical with showers 20.00 Electrical with showers S 38.50 Elec. without showers 30.75 Elec. without showers 19.25 Elec. without showers S 35.00 With showers 28.00 With showers 17.50 With showers A 33.50 Without showers 26.75 Without showers 16.75 Without showers S B - Middle (per night) B Fees B Fees S 36.75 Electrical with showers 29.25 Electrical with showers 18.25 Electrical with showers Lod 35.25 Elec. without showers 28.00 Elec. without showers 17.50 Elec. without showers S 31.75 With showers 25.25 With showers 15.75 With showers N 30.25 Without showers 24.00 Without showers 15.00 Without showers * C - Low (per night) C Fees C Fees 32.25 Electrical with showers 25.75 Electrical with showers 16.00 Electrical with showers Bac 30.75 Elec. without showers 24.50 Elec. without showers 15.25 Elec. without showers 27.25 With showers 21.75 With showers 13.50 With showers Algo 25.75 Without showers 20.50 Without showers 12.75 Without showers (Res Ontario Parks discounts camping fees for Ontario residents 65 and older and for Ontario residents with a P disability who have a CNIB identity card or an MTO disabled persons parking permit. Ontario Senior rates have been P discounted by 20 per cent, rates for Ontario persons with disabilities by 50 per cent. For eligibility refer to page 36. A * N Que Reservation Fee 12.00 P Cancellation Fee 9.00 minimum (Please refer to page 42, Reservations) P Change Fee 9.00 minimum (Please refer to page 42, Reservations) Que Can
  41. 41. P campsites accessible only by canoe. Fees for camping vary according to the facilities and services provided. A Ontario Parks has three levels of fees for camping – premium, middle and low. Each fee level reflects B the popularity of a campsite and the availability of facilities such as flush toilets and showers, and personal B services such as educational programs. Page 42 outlines your Internet and phone reservation payment options. P // fees & spending When registering in person at the park you may use your debit card, cash, VISA, MasterCard or American Express credit cards to pay for your camping fees. GST is included. Sorry, but personal cheques are not S Rus accepted for in-person payments. A Fees for camping and operating dates for individual provincial parks are subject to change. B B Regular Ontario Seniors Ont. Persons with Disabilities Cot A - Premium (per night) A Fees A Fees B 40.00 Electrical with showers 32.00 Electrical with showers 20.00 Electrical with showers S 38.50 Elec. without showers 30.75 Elec. without showers 19.25 Elec. without showers S 35.00 With showers 28.00 With showers 17.50 With showers A 33.50 Without showers 26.75 Without showers 16.75 Without showers S B - Middle (per night) B Fees B Fees S 36.75 Electrical with showers 29.25 Electrical with showers 18.25 Electrical with showers Lod 35.25 Elec. without showers 28.00 Elec. without showers 17.50 Elec. without showers S 31.75 With showers 30.25 Without showers ~ $40.00 25.25 With showers 24.00 Without showers ~ $10.00 15.75 With showers 15.00 Without showers N * C - Low (per night) C Fees C Fees 32.25 Electrical with showers 25.75 Electrical with showers 16.00 Electrical with showers Bac 30.75 Elec. without showers 24.50 Elec. without showers 15.25 Elec. without showers 27.25 With showers 21.75 With showers 13.50 With showers Algo 25.75 Without showers 20.50 Without showers 12.75 Without showers (Res Ontario Parks discounts camping fees for Ontario residents 65 and older and for Ontario residents with a P disability who have a CNIB identity card or an MTO disabled persons parking permit. Ontario Senior rates have been P discounted by 20 per cent, rates for Ontario persons with disabilities by 50 per cent. For eligibility refer to page 36. A * N Que Reservation Fee 12.00 P Cancellation Fee 9.00 minimum (Please refer to page 42, Reservations) P Change Fee 9.00 minimum (Please refer to page 42, Reservations) Que Can
  42. 42. // connecting naturally • NEAT (nature, eco, adventure • sense of place tourism) • therapeutic landscapes/possibilities • connect with nature, family, & friends • escape pressures • “The Original High Definition” • refresh your soul • Ontario Provincial Park Events • recharge your body • camping/campfires • relax your mind • fishing
  43. 43. Refresh your soul Recharge your body Relax your mind Ontario Parks are special places, allowing you to rekindle your sense of wonder and solitude. Hundreds of lakes and rivers, thousands of kilometres of hiking trails, pristine sandy beaches – the therapeutic possibilities are endless. Restore balance in your life. Watch quietly as a moose grazes in the early morning mist, toast a marshmallow, learn the canoeing J-stroke, marvel at the stories told in Aboriginal rock art, or just relax on the beach. Ontario Parks – the natural therapy. Killarney 4 5
  44. 44. this!” – Mike and Marilyn Hamel “Connecting with nature … is an exercise in sensory awareness … the sun’s rays glistening on the water, … the sand between your toes, … smelling the crispness of the morning air, … hearing the songbirds in the trees and the wind in the leaves.” – Ann Simard Mississagi River “The serenity of nature beckons us so that we can rejuvenate, realign and reconnect with ourselves … the sounds, sights and smells of nature's grandeur overshadow and silence the congestion of our daily lives.”– Sandi Lowe 7 “reawaken your sense”
  45. 45. thank you // questions

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