International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 1 de 9Área: English Asignatura: English Curso: 10thFecha: 20 TO 26 -05 Periodo: II Nº Hor: 6hr Semana: 6Tema: Complex sentencesIndicador Students will be able to use the complex sentences in narrative.de Logro Exploración use the complex sentences in narrative Contextualización Conceptualización Experienced writers use a variety of sentences to make their writing interesting and lively. Too many simple sentences, for example, will sound choppy and immature while too many long sentences will be difficult to read and hard to understand. SIMPLE SENTENCE A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought. In the following simple sentences, subjects areEMOCIÓN in yellow, and verbs are in green.
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 2 de 9 A. Some students like to study in the mornings. B. Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon. C. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.The three examples above are all simple sentences. Note that sentence B contains acompound subject, and sentence C contains a compound verb. Simple sentences,therefore, contain a subject and verb and express a complete thought, but they canalso contain a compound subjects or verbs.COMPOUND SENTENCEA compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator.The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpful hint: Thefirst letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS.) Except for very shortsentences, coordinators are always preceded by a comma. In the followingcompound sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the coordinatorsand the commas that precede them are in red. A. I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English. B. Alejandro played football, so Maria went shopping. C. Alejandro played football, for Maria went shopping.The above three sentences are compound sentences. Each sentence contains twoindependent clauses, and they are joined by a coordinator with a comma precedingit. Note how the conscious use of coordinators can change the relationship betweenthe clauses. Sentences B and C, for example, are identical except for thecoordinators. In sentence B, which action occurred first? Obviously, "Alejandroplayed football" first, and as a consequence, "Maria went shopping. In sentence C,"Maria went shopping" first. In sentence C, "Alejandro played football" because,possibly, he didnt have anything else to do, for or because "Maria went shopping."How can the use of other coordinators change the relationship between the twoclauses? What implications would the use of "yet" or "but" have on the meaning ofthe sentence?COMPLEX SENTENCE
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 3 de 9A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependentclauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since,after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. In thefollowing complex sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and thesubordinators and their commas (when required) are in red. A. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. B. The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. C. The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow. D. After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies. E. Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying.When a complex sentence begins with a subordinator such as sentences A and D, acomma is required at the end of the dependent clause. When the independent clausebegins the sentence with subordinators in the middle as in sentences B, C, and E, nocomma is required. If a comma is placed before the subordinators in sentences B, C,and E, it is wrong.Note that sentences D and E are the same except sentence D begins with thedependent clause which is followed by a comma, and sentence E begins withtheindependent clause which contains no comma. The comma after thedependentclause in sentence D is required, and experienced listeners of Englishwillten hear a slight pause there. In sentence E, however, there will be no pausewhen the independent clause begins the sentence.
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 4 de 9 ProducciónACCIÓN
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 5 de 9ModelaciónA complex sentence is made from an independent clause and a dependent clause joined together.Some examples:After I came home, I made dinner.(dependent clause: "After I came home")(indpendent clause: I made dinner)We visited the museum before it closed.(dependent clause: before it closed.)(independent clause: We visited the museum) Complex sentences are often formed by putting these words at the beginning of the dependent clause:as, as if, before, after, because, though, even though, while, when, whenever, if, during, as soon as, aslong as, since, until, unless, where, and wherever. These words are called subordinating conjunctions.
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 6 de 9 Taller 1: The Americanization of Shadrach Cohen is a short story about values by Bruno Lessing. Simple CompoundEVALUACION Complex 2: Shadrach Cohen had two sons, Abel and Gottlieb. Simple Compound
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 7 de 9 Complex3: When Abel and Gottlieb moved to New York, they opened their ownbusiness in their fathers name. Simple Compound Complex4: The business was successful, so Abel and Gottlieb told their father to jointhem in New York City. Simple Compound Complex5: When Shadrach came, he brought Marta, the family maidservant. Simple Compound Complex6: When the ship landed, Shadrach was met by two dapper-looking young men. Simple Compound Complex7: Each son wore a flashy tie with a diamond pin. Simple Compound Complex8: Shadrachs sons welcomed him to the new land, but they were amazed byhis old fashioned appearance. Simple Compound Complex9: Shadrach looked like so many new immigrants that Gottlieb and Abel hadridiculed in the past. Simple Compound Complex10: Gottlieb and Abel first wanted to take their father to a barbershop to trimhis beard to make him look more like an American.
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 8 de 9 Simple Compound Complex11: Although Gottlieb and Abel already had a servant, Marta stayed with thefamily. Simple Compound Complex12: At their first meal together, Shadrach saw a wall between him and his sons. Simple Compound Complex13: Shadrach was puzzled because he realized that some change had occurred. Simple Compound Complex14: When the meal was over, Shadrach donned his praying cap and began torecite grace. Simple Compound Complex15: While Abel and Gottlieb thought their father would change after a fewmonths, he didnt. Simple Compound Complex16: When Gottlieb told his father about the wedding, Shadrach wanted to meetthe bride right away. Simple Compound Complex17: Because Gottlieb was ashamed of his father, he did not want to introducehim to his future bride. Simple Compound
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 9 de 9 Complex18: Shadrach was upset and told Gottlieb to go straight to bed. Simple Compound Complex19: Shadrach then began running both the house and the business. Simple Compound Complex20: Shadrach dismissed two employees and told Abel and Gottlieb to take theirplaces. Simple Compound ComplexBibliografíaI. Understanding and using grammar (1999). Third edition. Betty Schrampfer Azar.II. The big picture (2011). Santillana Education. S.L Richmond Publishing.III. Top Notch (2011). Second Edition, Student book. Pearson Education, Inc.