German expressonism

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German expressonism

  1. 1. GERMAN EXPRESSONISM(1905-1935)<br />Veronica Bennett<br />Natalie Oliver<br />Ellexus Montoya<br />
  2. 2. CHARACTORISTICS<br />Vivid color<br />Subjective<br />Distorted colors and images<br />agitated strokes/bold lines<br />Expresses emotion<br />Sets a mood<br />Exaggeration<br />Direct composition <br />Dramatic <br />
  3. 3. Background <br />Germany had become more industrial<br />World War I and II<br />Draft<br />Post Impressionism<br />Depression and debt in Germany<br />
  4. 4. INFLUENCES<br />Vincent Van Gogh<br />Post impressionism painter<br />Temperamental (crazy)<br />Used color to express emotion<br />Religious background<br />Edvard Munch <br />Painter and printmaker<br />Inspired by African tribal art<br />Extremely psychological and emotional<br />Extremely religious background<br />Art explained childhood experiences/mental decline<br />
  5. 5. Starry night<br />
  6. 6. Cypresses<br />
  7. 7. Bedroom at Arles<br />
  8. 8. The Scream<br />
  9. 9. Puberty<br />
  10. 10. Die Brüke (1905-1913)<br />Means: “The Bridge”<br />Bridge between Germany’s past and future<br />Adresses social classes, wealth, German nightlife, and chaos that reigned in their cities<br />Based in Dresden, Germany<br />Expressed radical social views <br />Inspired by the combination of traditional , African, Oceanic, Tribal, and Fauvism art. <br />Same values as romanticism <br />
  11. 11. ARTISTS<br /><ul><li>Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
  12. 12. Ernst Kirchner
  13. 13. Erich Heckel
  14. 14. Fritz Bleyl
  15. 15. Emil Nolde</li></li></ul><li>Schmidt- Rottluff<br />Printer, Painter, and Sculptor<br />Most independent of the group<br />Focused on landscapes (paintings and watercolors)<br />1911- he migrated to Berlin <br />1915- served on the Eastern Front<br />Began making religious woodcuts<br />Returned from the war and continues paintings and watercolors<br />1931-1933 art was removed from museums and expelled from artist guild<br />
  16. 16. Red Tower in a Park<br />
  17. 17. Blooming Trees<br />
  18. 18. Girl At The Mirror<br />
  19. 19. Two Women<br />
  20. 20. Kirchner<br /><ul><li>First created wood scluptures
  21. 21. After moving to Berlin, transitioned to paintings of streets and scenes
  22. 22. Inspired by Primitivism
  23. 23. Drafted for WWI in 1915 but didn’t serve due to a nervous breakdown
  24. 24. Returned to Berlin and was hit by a car
  25. 25. Recovered in Switzerland and painted landscapes
  26. 26. Prior to WWII, the Nazi’s declared his work “degenerate art” and confiscated it from museums.
  27. 27. Kirchner went into depression and shot himself</li></li></ul><li>Nude (dodo)<br />
  28. 28. Berlin Street Scene<br />
  29. 29. Judgment of Paris<br />
  30. 30. Self Portrait as a Solider<br />
  31. 31. Emile Nolde<br /><ul><li>Joined Die Brucke in 1906
  32. 32. Only stayed in the group for a few months
  33. 33. Older and more conservative than the other members of the group
  34. 34. Landscapes, seascapes, and biblical themed paintings
  35. 35. His work reflected his strict Protestant upbringing
  36. 36. Art was confiscated by Nazi’s as “degenerate art” </li></li></ul><li>Moonlit Night<br />
  37. 37. Sunflowers<br />
  38. 38. Candle Dancers<br />
  39. 39. Crucifixion<br />
  40. 40. DerBlaueReiter (1911-1914)<br /><ul><li>Means “the Blue Rider”
  41. 41. Second expressionist group formed.
  42. 42. Formed in Munich, Germany
  43. 43. Formed by Russian Immigrants
  44. 44. lacked a central artistic manifesto
  45. 45. centered around Kandinsky and Marc
  46. 46. Spiritually inclined
  47. 47. Inject art with spiritual values using color
  48. 48. Broke up during WW1 </li></li></ul><li>ARTISTS<br /><ul><li>WassilyKandinsky
  49. 49. Franz Marc
  50. 50. August Macke
  51. 51. Alexej von Jawlensky</li></li></ul><li>Wassily Kandinsky<br />Born in Russia but raised in Germany<br />Had the condition Synaesthesia<br />Blue was a important color to him<br />His links between music and art influenced his experimentation with color <br />Gave up being a lawyer to devote himself to painting <br /> Art moved from depictions of realistic form to the spiritual realms of abstraction <br />
  52. 52. The Blue Rider<br />
  53. 53. Murnau- View with railroad and castle<br />
  54. 54. St. George II<br />
  55. 55. Franz Marc<br />Influenced by the Swiss animal painter: Jean Bole Niestle<br />Had his own color theory<br />Deeply religious- Pantheistic<br />Almost always painted animals<br />When he and Macke died, Blau Reiter Ended<br />
  56. 56. Small Blue Horses<br />
  57. 57. Deer in the Woods<br />
  58. 58. The Tiger<br />
  59. 59. Kammerspielfilm (chamber feature film)<br />The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari<br />Nosferatu (1922) <br />Film Trailer <br />Metropolis(1926)<br />

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