The ABCs of Korean Culture

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The ABCs of Korean Culture

  1. 1. By Natalie Cho, Elliot Arzel, and Ethan  Woo 
  2. 2. A  is for Art South Korea has a variety of art and a fraction of it is music. A genre of Korean music is K-Pop, which consists of hip hop, rock, and electronic music with a similar feel to American songs but in Korean. Many teenagers and young adults listen to K-Pop around Asia and this music is even starting to target the American market. A popular singer, is RAIN, an international superstar who is a singer, dancer, and movie actor who has starred in a number of movies such as, "Speed Racer", and "Ninja Assasin".
  3. 3. <ul><li>Korea has a rich history of unique architecture.  The most famous type of Korean buildings are their Buddhist temples.  These temples are elegantly painted, made of wood, are built with no nails, and have sculptures of Buddhist symbols that adorn them.  These characteristics make Korean Buddhist temples unique.  The pictures shows one of the many Korean Buddhist temples. (Beopjusa) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Communication is typically used in South Korea through Westernized methods such as calling, texting, and e-mailing.   An average teenager sends 2000 text messages a month (in America, a teenager sends 85 text messages a month), which is an extremely popular medium of communication in South Korea. (“Text”) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Most people in South Korea garb themselves in Western-style brands such as 'Abercrombie and Fitch', 'Forever 21', 'H&M', and 'Nike'.  However, on special occasions, people wear Korean traditional outfits known as han-boks.  For men, a han-bok is a loose fitting tunic with trousers.  For women, a hanbok consists of a lengthy yet colorful dress. (“Fashion”) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>South Korean economy has progressed unbelievably rapidly and has made remarkable progress in a very short period of time.  The biggest employer in South Korea is LG, a major manufacturer of electronic products and telecommunication company.  The picture shows one of the many products LG has made: the Lollipop phone. (“LG”) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Family is valued very highly in Korean life.  The father is typically the master of the family and he is the one who provides all the necessities of life for his family.  In addition, a child's number one priority is to their parents.  Due to Confucian influences, respecting the elders in the family is valued very highly.  In fact, disrespecting your elders is considered one of the worst acts one can commit.  (“South Korea: Language”) </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Korean government allows their citizens certain democratic rights through a very Western style government mixed with Chinese influences.  In other words, this means that people have influence over the government's actions through freedom of speech and press.  In addition, the government is very similar to that of America as they have a Supreme Court, a president, and a Legislative branch.  The picture is one of the current South Korean president, Myunk-Bak Lee. (“South Korea Government”) </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Korean history is not a very pleasant one, in fact, it is full of war. In 1910, Japan seized control of Korea during the expansion of Japan. The Japanese controlled Korea for 35 years, and abused Korean citizens for their own benefit through hard labor and harsh punishments. Afterwards, two superpowers controlled different parts of Korea which started the Korean war and eventually caused it to separate.
  10. 10. <ul><li>South Korea, from pop stars to politicians, has many icons, but one who would bring an immediate response would be Kim Yuna. Kim Yuna started off as just a girl learning how to skate but grew up to be a professional, Olympic figure skater. When she won a gold medal  at the Vancouver Winter Olympics in 2010 she achieved world fame because South Korea had never gotten a medal in figure skating, much less a gold one.  </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The average person makes a living in South Korea by manufacturing automobiles and ships, doing steelwork, making consumer electronics, and helping with telecommunications.  These occupations make up the majority of the South Korean job market.  South Korean factory workers can assemble a cell phone in a matter of seconds and one out of a million of those cell phones is defective.  The picture shows factory workers hard at work. (“South Korea: Job”) </li></ul>
  12. 12. South Koreans value knowledge and find it of vital importance and as a result, about four percent of South Korea's GDP is spent on education.  Ninety seven percent of the population is able to read and write and the average South Korean spends  a total of seventeen years in school.  In the picture, you can see hardworking students in a classroom. (CIA)
  13. 13. The Korean language, also known as Hangul , plays an important role in Korean people. King Sejong finally developed Hangul in the mid 15th century. This language is spoken in both North and South Korea, but North Koreans prefer to call it Chosongul.  Although Hangul is the main language, there are a few second languages taught in schools such as English, Chinese, and Russian. (South Korea Language)
  14. 14. <ul><li>There are a number of ways to get around in South Korea. Driving is a very common way of getting from one place to another, although many people can not afford cars. This is why public transportation, such as buses or subways, are very common since they are cheap, fast, and experience little to no city traffic. International transportation by airplanes are also fairly popular since there is a mass of international visitors and emigrations. (South Korea Transportation)  </li></ul>
  15. 15. N is for National Pride South Koreans love their country and as a result, they would stand up and fight for it. In 1919, the Koreans grew frustrated with Japanese rule so they campaigned to get their freedom back. As a result, Korean nationalists led an enormous, peaceful demonstration which led to the death of 2,000 people as well as a jailing of 19,000 others. In this photo, South Koreans wave their flags high above, representing their country. (Ahmad, 381)  
  16. 16. O   is for Organizations South Korea has many organizations but the most known one is the Korean military or (ROK). The ROK is the largest military branch in South Korea. Men must complete 21 months of military service in a certain amount of time. It is a very well equipped army and it is one of the best in Asia.
  17. 17. South Korea may not be the biggest country, but it does have a enormous population of 48,754,657 people. South Korea has one of the top ethnically and linguistically homogeneous population although many people emigrate to countries such as China, the United States, and Japan. Additionally, the northwest, southeast, and the plains south of the Seoul-Incheon area are most populated. (South Korea)
  18. 18. Q is for Quality of Life Due to South Korea's amazing economy, most of the people are happy and extremely healthy. Most people have very successful jobs, can afford housing, heat, electricity, and medical bills. South Korea has clean water, and plenty of food to eat due to trade. Korea is a bustling city with many public buses, cars (including taxis), trains, and planes.
  19. 19. In South Korea, their Constitution provides freedom of religion. Foreign missionaries and religious groups do not need to be licensed nor do they need to have a registration requirement. Furthermore, the Government does not authorize the teaching of a certain religion in public schools, although private schools are certified to  advise religious activities. About twenty six percent of South Koreans are Buddhist, twenty six percent are Christian, forty six percent are atheist, and two percent are affiliated with other religions. (Religion)
  20. 20. <ul><li>Most people in South Korea consider themselves in the upper middle class or middle class. They base their social class on the level of education (such as a college graduate) compared to those with primary education. (Culture) There is a huge variety of people in South Korea; some with lots of money, and some without any money.  </li></ul>= STATUS
  21. 21. In South Korea, manners are important. For example, when you enter a house, you MUST take off your shoes.  To wear your shoes inside a house is considered both dirty and disrespectful. (South Korea: Culture)
  22. 22. U   is for Urban or Rural South Korea is mostly made up of cities as more than 70% was urbanized by 2000. However, South Korea has a small percentage of rural area of twenty three percent by 2000. South Korea has many cities such as Seoul, the capital city, Pusan, and other big cities.  The pictures shows one example of a huge city in Korea known as Seoul.  
  23. 23. <ul><li>South Koreans mainly enjoy soccer and their traditional sport, tae kwon do, which is a kind of martial art that developed 2000 years ago and was meant for self defense and a type of Korean sparring match known as ssrium, a very simple and physical game.  An opponent tries to force the other person to the ground by grabbing their belt.  If a part of the body above the knee touches the ground, the other person wins. (“Recreation”) </li></ul>
  24. 24. W   is for Way of Life Many rich people in South Korea hire maids to do the work of everyday life and to take care of their children. The maids wash the clothes, usually in a washing machine, and sometimes cook dinner when the parents can't come home in time. However, it's often the mother who takes care of the shopping.  
  25. 25. <ul><li>The Korean Peninsula is a very mountainous and rugged place. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of the Korean Peninsula is covered by mountains and forests. To the east, there is the Sea of Japan, to the south, there is the Korean Strait, and to the west, there is the Yellow Sea. The DMZ which divides North and South Korea is along the 38th parallel. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Korean people normally eat rice, a sort of soup, and kimchee with every meal.  The sorts of soups either involve a sort of salty broth with meat and vegetables or a stew of beans or another sort of vegetables.  Kimchee is a pickled cabbage spiced with garlic, onions, peppers, and shellfish sauce. The meal above consists of rice, kimchee, and a fermented bean soup. (Woo) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Z   is for Ztuff Chopsticks are traditional and modern utensils used mainly by  East Asia and Asian restaurants. They are used to grab different kinds of foods like a fork. They come in pairs and are small thin sticks of wood or plastic. They are held by one hand in a certain way so that you can grab the food easily.
  28. 28. &quot;The Hankyoreh.&quot; www.hani.co.kr . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_int ernational/170932.html>. Ahmad, Iftikhar, et al. World Cultures: A Global Mosaic. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1996. Print. &quot;Culture of South Korea - Traditional, History, People, Clothing, Traditions, Women, Beliefs, Food, Customs.&quot;  Countries and Their Cultures . Advameg, Inc., 2011. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/South-Korea.html &quot;Daily life and social customs.&quot;  www.britannica.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/322280/South-Korea/281328/Daily-l ife-and- social-customs>. &quot;CIA - The World Factbook.&quot;  CIA - The World Factbook . 25 Apr. 2011. Web. 15 May 2011. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-f actbook/geos/ks.html>. &quot;Military Overview.&quot;  www.globalsecurity.org . N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/rok/intro.htm>. &quot;LG Career FAQs | LG Electronics Global.&quot; Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.lg.com/global/aboutlg/ careers/faq.jsp>. &quot;Beopjusa Temple in South Korea, Beopjusa Temple.&quot; Cheap Hotels & Accommodation at AsiaRooms, The Last Minute Hotel Reservations Booking Experts. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.asiarooms.com/en/travel-guide/south-korea/south-korea-tourist-attractions/temples-insouth- korea/beopjusa-temple-in-south-korea.html>. WORKS CITED &quot;Fashion in South Korea.&quot; Countryreports.com. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.countryreports.org/country/KoreaSouth/fashion.htm>.
  29. 29. WORKS CITED   &quot;South Korea: Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette.&quot;  Kwintessential . Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/south-korea-country- profile.html>. &quot;South Korea Geography.&quot;  www.countryreports.org . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.countryreports.org/country/KoreaSouth/geography/overview.htm >. &quot;Religion in South Korea.&quot;  CountryReports . CountryReports, 2011. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.countryreports.org/country/KoreaSouth/religion.htm>. &quot;Rain, Korean Superstar.&quot;  sexycoverspot.blogspot.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://sexycoverboys.blogspot.com/2008/01/rain-korean-superstar.html>. &quot;Nanny Au Pair Jobs from South Korea.&quot; www.newaupair.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.newaupair.com/browse_families_results.aspx?cntry=South%20 Korea&pg=0>. &quot;South Korea Language.&quot;  CountryReports . CountryReports, 2011. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.countryreports.org/country / KoreaSouth/language.htm>.  Sappenfield, Mark. &quot;Kim Yuna: Record Score Gives Vancouver Olympics Their 6.0 Moment - CSMonitor.com.&quot; The Christian Science Monitor . 26 Feb. 2010. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Olympics/Olympics-blog/2010/0226/Kim-Yuna-record-score-gives- Vancouver-Olympics-their-6.0-moment>. Silva, Mario. &quot;Youth Olympics Day 3 - Taekwondo.&quot;  Zimbo . Zimbo, Inc., 16 Aug. 2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.zimbio.com/pictures/oX5WwAjh-um/Youth+Olympics+Day+3+Taekwondo/9mvQnXW4BKE/Mario+Silva>. &quot;Recreation in South Korea.&quot; Countryreports.com. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.countryreports.org/country/KoreaSouth/recreation.htm>. &quot;South Korea Government.&quot; Countryreports.com. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.countryreports.org/country/KoreaSouth/government.htm>. &quot;South Korea: Job Market | Prospects.ac.uk.&quot; Home Page: Graduate Jobs, Postgrad Study, Work Experience, Graduate Career Information | Prospects.ac.uk . Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.prospects.ac.uk/south_korea_job_market.htm>.
  30. 30. WORKS CITED &quot;The Story of King Sejong and Hangeul Day.&quot;  Buhay Sa Korea . 10 Oct. 2010. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.buhaykorea.com/2010/10/10/the-story-of-king-sejong-and-hangeul-day/>.     &quot;South Korea Transportation.&quot;  World Map, Map of the World . 2009. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/south-korea/travel-guide/transportation.html>. &quot;South Korean Population Distribution Cities/Rural/Urban, 1955 to 2000.&quot; www.paulnoll.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011 . <http://www.paulnoll.com/Korea/History/South-Korean-pop-dist.html>. &quot;South Korea: Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette.&quot; Kwintessential. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/south-korea-country-profile.html>. &quot;Text Messaging: How Many times a Day Do You Do It? « SMS 411.&quot; SMS 411. Web. 16 May 2011. <http://sms411.net/2007/05/text-messaging-how-many-times-a-day-do-you-do-it/>. Woo, Chuhee. Personal Interview. May 16th, 2011. &quot;South Korea.&quot;  U.S. Department of State . 10 Dec. 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2800.htm>.

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