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Mediterranean Trade of Wine
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Mediterranean Trade of Wine


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    • 1. “ the peoples of the Mediterranean began to emerge from barbarism when they learned to cultivate the olive and the vine” - Thucydides
    • 2. Timeline of Mediterranean Wine Trade  8000BC – Earliest signs of wine production in Mesopotamia  6500BC – Wine production in Macedonia  6000BC – First signs of a winery in Mesopotamia  3000BC – Domestic grapes grown in Egypt , Mesopotamia and Greece
    • 3. Timeline of Mediterranean Wine Trade  1500BC – Phoenicians begin trading along the Mediterranean Sea  1500-1000BC – Vineyards begin to be planted throughout Greece  900-800BC – Phoenicians plant vines and teach winemaking through Spain  400-300BC – Wine becomes a main commodity and modern winemaking techniques are used as experimentation with wine begins
    • 4. Mesopotamia  Mesopotamia was Greek for ‘the land between the two rivers’  These rivers were the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers  This area is now known as Iraq  There are signs of the first wines being produced in this region from 8000BC  Evidence of the first winery during 6000BC
    • 5. Mesopotamia
    • 6. Phoenicia  Phoenicia created a maritime trading civilisation along the coastline of what is now Lebanon  The Phoenicians began the trade of wine along with wood, glass and Tyrian purple dye  The use of amphorae or ‘Canaanite jar’ to carry wine was spread to different regions via trading
    • 7. Phoenicia
    • 8. Phoenician Trading Routes
    • 9. Egypt  Wine and vines were introduced to Egyptians from Mesopotamia and Phoenicia  The best wine growing region was in the Delta  Wine was predominantly produced for kings and tombs were decorated with scenes of winemaking  Winemaking techniques were used more frequently in this era  Evidence of trellising systems has also been found
    • 10. Egypt
    • 11. Greece  Have been producing wine for over 6000 years  Introduced vines to France, Italy, Spain  Created the first labels on amphorae which included the variety, winemaker and location
    • 12. Greek Trading Routes
    • 13. Resources  Spiliotopoulos, K. (2013). Greek wine history. Retrieved on 12 August 2013 from  Wine in ancient Egypt. (n.d.). Retrieved on 12 August 2013 from  Poe, M. (2011). Wine in acient Egypt. Retrieved on 12 August 2013 from magf2.htm  Wikipedia. (n.d.). Phoenicia. Retrieved on 12 August 2013 from 0.C2.A0BC  Gore, R. (n.d.). Who were the phoenicians? Retrieved on 12 August 2013 from tp://  Map of Mesopotamia Retrieved on 12 August 2013 from  History of Wine I: From Ancient Times to Enlightment. (2010). Retrieved on July 27, 2013 from wine-i-from-ancient-times-to-the-enlightment/