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Sochi 2014 (en)

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  • 1. 2014 Winter Olympics Sochi 2014 1 By Tamara Zhukova Natalia Zhukova 2014
  • 2. The Winter Olympic Games is a major international sporting event that occurs once every four years under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Les Jeux olympiques d'hiver The Winter Olympic Games first took place in 1924 initially as part of the Olympic Summer Games. History Page 2 Until1992, the Winter and Summer Olympic Games were held in the same years, but in accordance with a 1986 decision by the IOC to place the Summer and Winter Games on separate four-year cycles in alternating even- numbered years, the next Winter Olympics after 1992 was in 1994.
  • 3. The Olympic symbol The primary symbol of the Olympic Games is composed of five interlocking rings, colored blue, yellow, black, green, and red on a white field, known as the "Olympic rings." The symbol was originally designed in 1913 and presented at the 1920 Summer Olympics by the city of Antwerp (Belgium) by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, co-founder of the modern Olympic Games. According to Coubertin, the ring colors with the white background stand for those colors that appeared on all the national flags that competed in the Olympic games at that time. 3
  • 4. The champions of Winter Olympics (team event) (1924-2014) 4 USSR 7 times Norway 7 times Germany 3 times Russia 2 times RDA 1 time USA 1 time Canada 1 time
  • 5. Development dynamics 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 м Sports Participating countries Number of sets of Medals 5
  • 6. The capital of Winter Olympic Games 2014 – Sochi The 2014 Winter Paralympics will use most of the same venues that were used by the Olympics In preparation, organizers focused on modernizing the telecommunications, electric power, and transportation infrastructures of the region. While originally budgeted at US$12 billion, various factors caused the budget to expand to over US$51 billion, surpassing the estimated $44 billion cost of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing as the most expensive Olympics in history. Sochi was selected as the host city in July 2007, during the 119th IOC Session held in Guatemala City. It was the first Olympics in Russia since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union was the host nation for the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. 6
  • 7. Sochi Olympic Park (Coastal Cluster) • Bolshoy Ice Dome • Shayba Arena • Adler Arena • Iceberg Skating Palace • Ice Cube Curling Center • Fisht Olympic Stadium 7
  • 8. Krasnaya Polyana (Mountain Cluster) • Laura Biathlon & Ski Complex • Rosa Khutor Extreme Park • Sliding Center Sanki • RusSki Gorki Jumping Center 8
  • 9. 2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony The opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics took place at the Fisht Olympic Stadium in Sochi, Russia, on 7 February 2014 at 20: 14 MSK (UTC+4). An audience of 40,000 were in attendance at the stadium with an estimated 2,000 performers. The Games were officially opened by President Vladimir Putin. In addition to United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, forty-four heads of states or governments attended the opening ceremonies. 9
  • 10. Lighting Ceremony of the Olympic Flame For the finale Vladislav Tretiak and Irina Rodnina jointly lit the Olympic cauldron installed at the Sochi Medals Plaza in the Sochi Olympic Park. This was followed by a fireworks display across the area around Fisht Olympic Stadium, including the other sporting venues. The final torch bearers of the Olympic flame : • Maria Sharapova, • Yelena Isinbayeva, • Alexandre Kareline , • Alina Kabaeva, • Irina Rodnina et • Vladislav Tretiak. Vladislav Tretyak and Irina Rodnina light the mini-cauldron 10
  • 11. Olympic Games Sports • Women's ski jumping • Ski half-pipe (men/women) • Ski slopestyle (men/women) • Snowboard slopestyle (men/women) • Snowboard parallel special slalom (men/women) • Figure skating team event • Team relay luge • Mixed relay biathlon A total of 12 new events are contested : 11
  • 12. Biathlon To date, the Olympic Winter Games program has five biathlon events for men and five for women: individual race, sprint, pursuit, mass start race and relay; and there is also the mixed relay. Olympic Games Sports Cross-Country Skiing Twelve cross-country skiing events feature in the Olympic Winter Games: six men’s events and six ladies’ events, including individual races and mass start races, the skiathlon, the relay, and individual and team sprints. 12
  • 13. Alpine Skiing Ten events make up the Olympic alpine skiing program, five for men and five for ladies. These include the downhill, slalom, giant slalom, super giant, and super combined races. Different courses are prepared for the different events. A total of ten sets of medals are awarded. Curling Curling was a demonstration sport at the 1932, 1988 and 1992 Games and has been an official Olympic sport since 1998. There are two medal events in curling: men’s and women’s team competition. Olympic Games Sports 13
  • 14. Olympic Games Sports Speed Skating Men’s speed skating was first included in the Olympic Winter Games in 1924. It was at the Winter Olympics in 1960 that women first competed in speed skating. 12 sets of medals are awarded in speed skating. Short Track speed skating The Olympic races include 500m, 1000m, and 1500m races (for both men and women), and relay races at 3000m (women) and 5000m (men). Eight sets of medals are awarded. 14
  • 15. Olympic Games Sports Nordic Combined Nordic Combined events include a ski jumping competition (1 jump) and a 10 km cross-country ski race. Nordic Combined individual events have been part of the Olympic program since the first Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix in 1924. Ski Jumping Women will compete in ski jumping for the first time during Sochi 2014. Four events make up the Olympic program: the men’s and women’s individual normal hill competition, the men’s individual large hill competition, and the men’s team competition. Four sets of medals are awarded. 15
  • 16. Freestyle skiing The Olympic freestyle events include mogul skiing, aerials, ski cross, ski halfpipe, and ski slopestyle. Ski halfpipe and ski slopestyle were added to the Olympics in 2011. Both men and women participate in each type of event. A total of ten sets of medals are awarded for freestyle. Snowboarding Snowboarding made its Olympic debut in 1998 at the Nagano Winter Olympics. There are ten snowboarding events in the Olympic Games. Olympic Games Sports 16
  • 17. Olympic Games Sports Skeleton Skeleton became an Olympic discipline in 2002 (Salt Lake City) Olympic Winter Games. There are only two sets of medals to be won in skeleton. Luge There are three classes of Olympic competition: singles men, singles women and doubles, in addition the Olympic Games sports program in Sochi has added a relay competition for the first time. Bobsleigh There are three events that make up the Olympic bobsleigh program: 2- man bobsleigh competition, 4 - man bobsleigh competition and women’s bobsleigh competition (with two women in a team). 17
  • 18. Olympic Games Sports Figure Skating The Olympic Games program includes the following figure skating competitions: individual men’s and women’s events, pairs events, ice dancing and also team events. At the present time, only 5 sets of medals are contested in the Olympic figure skating program. Ice Hockey In the Olympic Winter Games program, there are separate ice hockey competitions for men and women. Two sets of medals are contested. 18
  • 19. Medal count Rank Country Gold Silver Bronze Total 1 Russian Fed. 13 11 9 33 2 Norway 11 5 10 26 3 Canada 10 10 5 25 4 United States 9 7 12 28 5 Netherlands 8 7 9 24 6 Germany 8 6 5 19 7 Switzerland 6 3 2 11 8 Belarus 5 0 1 6 9 Austria 4 8 5 17 10 France 4 4 7 15 19
  • 20. 2014 Winter Olympics closing ceremony The closing ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics was held on 23 February 2014 from 20:14 to 22:25 MSK (UTC+4) at the Fisht Olympic Stadium in Sochi, Russia. The Olympic flag was handed over by Sochi's mayor to the mayor of Pyeongchang, South Korea, host of the next 2018 Winter Olympics. 20
  • 21. Goodbye, see you soon! 21
  • 22. Thank you for your attention! 22