ATLANTIC COUNCIL & INTERNATIONAL FUTURESRank 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 20601UnitedStatesUnitedStatesChina China China China2 China ChinaUnitedStatesUnitedStatesIndia India3 India India India IndiaUnitedStatesUnitedStates4 Japan Japan Japan Japan Brazil Brazil5 Germany Germany Brazil Brazil Japan Japan6 Russia Russia Russia Russia Germany Germany7UnitedKingdomBrazil Germany GermanyUnitedKingdomPakistan8 FranceUnitedKingdomUnitedKingdomUnitedKingdomPakistanUnitedKingdom9 Brazil France France France France France10 Italy Indonesia Indonesia Pakistan Russia Philippines
Country Capital City Continents CurrencyNationalPower Index(NPI)United Statesof AmericaWashington DC North America US Dollar 0.9China Beijing Asia Yuan/Renminbi 0.85France Paris EuropeEuro (FormerlyFrench Franc)0.84UnitedKingdomLondon Europe Pound Sterling 0.83Germany Berlin EuropeEuro (FormerlyDeutsche Mark)0.77Russia Moscow Europe Ruble 0.77Japan Tokyo Europe Yen 0.75Italy Rome EuropeEuro (FormerlyItalian Lira)0.7Canada Ottawa North America Canadian Dollar 0.68Spain Madrid EuropeEuro (FormerlyPeseta)0.67
ITALY• 4th biggest economy of Europe and 8th in the worldaccording to the International Monetary Fund• Tourism: Holiday destination par excellence• Exports: cars, fashion brands, food brands, furniturebrands, design, motorbikes• Great brains• New companies being formes despite the bad economy
BRAZIL• By 2016, Brazil was expected to overtake and France, ranking fifth in the world, behind the U.S., China,Japan and Germany.• Was appreciated the financial services of the country that the growth rate of the Brazilian economy wouldland from 7% in 2010 to 3% in 2011 and expected for 2012 growth of 4 to 5%• In 2011, Brazil notched up growth of 2.7% and overtook the UK to become the worlds sixth-biggesteconomy.• Gross domestic product (GDP), grew 0.9% in the year, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics(IBGE) said.• The Brazilian economy of 2.5 trillion. U.S. dollar corresponds to a population of about 200 millioninhabitants.• The demographic dynamism is one of the "hard cards" of Brazil, along with the mineral wealth of theAmazon, or the giant undersea oil fields off the Brazilian coast.• Brazil runs forward with an engine the consumption needs of a domestic petty bourgeoisie, which isconstantly expanded and enhanced, thanks to the income policy of the governments of Lula and Roussef.• In the political field is expected: the claim from Brazil, for a stronger voice in international fora, morevotes in the IMFs management and a permanent hydra on the UN Security Council.
FRANCE• France: second-largest consumer market in Europe and fifth-largest economy inthe world• leading tourist destination in the world, third-leading recipient of foreign directinvestment in the world• 23,463 foreign companies currently have a base in France, with over 2.3 millionpeople• one of the most qualified workforces in Europe( 37% higher education graduatescompared to 29% to the European Union)• a magnet for global bio-fuel companies, poised to become Europe’s front runner innon-nutritional use of agro-resources by 2015• world’s leading producer in glass products, industrial glass, production of buildingmaterials, information and communications technologies, fashion center
U.K• the third largest economy in Europe• maintains industrial capacity in high-tech and other sectors, world’s centre for financial services• Agriculture: intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, produces about60% of food needs with less than 2% of the labor force• UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil resources (oil and natural gas reserves are declining and theUK became a net importer of energy in 2005)• banking, insurance, business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GDP whileindustry continues to decline in importance• 2008: the global financial crisis hit the economy particularly hard, due to the importance of itsfinancial sector• UK will jump from being the sixth wealthiest country in the world to third, based on nationalincome per head• Britain will be the biggest economy in Europe( the wealthiest populations by the middle of thecentury) according to leading economists• economy will benefit from immigration which will boost the working age population and higherinvestment
RUSSIA• Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of theEarths inhabited land area.• Its the worlds ninth most populous nation with 143 million people• Russia has the worlds largest reserves of mineral and energy resources and is thelargest producer of oil and natural gas globally. Its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the worlds liquid fresh water,• The Russian economy is the worlds ninth largest by nominal GDP and sixthlargest by purchasing power parity• Has the 3rd largest nominal military budget. It is one of the five recognized nuclearweapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction• Russia is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member ofthe G8, G20
GERMANY• Worlds single exporting nation and biggest singlemarket• German-based euro is now the international currencyof choice- cash transactions in euros are now greater innumber than those in dollars• Modest debt levels• Steadily grown economy• Embraced manufacturing• Unemployment fel from 8.5% to 7.1% in 2011
JAPAN• Japans industrialized, free market economy is the third biggest in the world• It has the largest electronics industry and the third largest automobile industry inthe world• Japan’s economy is well-known by its efficiency and competitiveness in exportsoriented sectors, but productivity is lower in areas such as agriculture• According to a release from the Japanese Cabinet Office, gross domestic productstagnated in the fourth quarter of 2012 from a quarter earlier and expanded 0.5percent compared with the same quarter of 2011• Japans robust trade performance enabled the country to have the second largeststock of foreign exchange reserves in the world, after China• Until 2010 Japan was the second largest economy in the world
INDIA• They encourage economic reform and foreign investment. It is now courtedby the worlds leading economic and political powers• They have made great strides in fields such as information and technology• Skilled workforce makes it a popular choice for international companiesseeking to outsource work• It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area,• the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and• the most populous democracy in the world.I• it has world second military power.
CINA• Chinas rapid economic growth was planted back in 1978 when the CommunistParty started to introduce capitalist market principles- Economic expansionaccelerated dramatically in the 1990s as a result of mass privatisations, theopening up of the country to foreign investment and overseas firms rushed tobuild factories in China to take advantage of its low labour costs.• Chinas high-speed economic growth has substantially increased the wealth of thepopulation particulary in the cities, where factory workers wages have risenstrongly, giving them more disposable income• Lower transaction costs due to technological developments• Government has the ability to implement things quickly• The large size of government’s share in the economy means that growth in Chinahas been driven mainly by investment by the government rather thanconsumption by the private sector, which shows its sustainability
USA• The United States engage global economic, political, and military influence. It is apermanent member of the UN Security Council and New York City hosts the UnitedNations Headquarters. Is a member of of the G8, of the G20, and the OECD.• The United States has a "special relationship" with the United Kingdom and strongties with Canada,Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Japan, South Korea, Israel,and several European countries. It works closely with fellow NATO members on militaryand security issues and with its neighbors through the Organization of American Statesand free trade agreements such as the trilateral North American Free Trade Agreementwith Canada and Mexico.• In 2008, the United States spent a net $25.4 billion on official developmentassistance, the most in the world. As a share of Americas large gross national income(GNI), however, the U.S. contribution of 0.18% ranked last among twenty-two donorstates.