Oracle12c data guard farsync and whats new

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  • Maximum Performance : This mode is the default protection mode and the log transport service must use the ASYNC mode with the LGWR or ARCH attribute. with 11g, ARCH transport is not recommended because it doesn't offer any advantage in terms of performance, and offers less data protection. (ASYNC) Maximum performance doesn’t bother of standby database whether redo is been sent to standby or even received or even applied..
    There are not so many changes with protection mode except Maximum availability in 12c.
    From 12c Maximum availability supports only AFFIRM earlier, now it supports to NOAFFIRM as well.
    Just changing of redo transport attributes doesn’t perform protection level, You have to manually convert protection mode.
    What are new changes in 12c? – Max availability
    The NET_TIMEOUT parameter allows the LGWR on the primary database to wait for the specified time in the parameter for the RFS on the standby server to send an acknowledgement to the LGWR on the primary database saying that the log has been applied to the standby database and finally commits the ongoing transaction. If the LGWR in primary does not receive the acknowledgement within the NET_TIMEOUT period, then it would go ahead with the commitment and starts behaving in as the Maximum Performance Mode. Once the standby is up, it automatically gets the logs from the online redo logs of the primary database.

    The Maximum Availability mode is the data protection mode that has the ability to run as a Maximum Protection or Maximum Performance mode depending on the accessibility of standby databases. It guarantees 100-percent data protection during normal operation in the event that the primary database fails(until unless same time failure at the primary site and power is lost at the standby site) .

    No data loss even if primary database fails, to reach the protection level the redo data needed to recover transaction must be written to both the online redo log and to the standby redo log at least one synchronized standby database before the transaction commits
  • ALTER DATABASE SET STANDBY DATABASE TO MAXIMIZE AVAILABILITY;

    NSS(11.2) - Acts as a slave for LGWR when SYNC transport is configured for a remote standby destination
    NSS(12.1) - Transfers redo from current online redo logs to remote standby destinations configured for SYNC transport

    LNS - primary database LGWR process is writing redo
    to its ORL, a separate Data Guard process called the Log Network Server (LNS) is reading from
    the redo buffer in SGA and passes redo to Oracle Net Services for transmission to the standby
    database

    RFS - Redo records transmitted by the LNS are received at the standby database by another Data
    Guard process called the Remote File Server (RFS). The RFS receives the redo at the standby
    database and writes it to a sequential file called a standby redo log file (SRL).
  • At least one standby I able to transmit redo and the other standby(cascade) am not much worried because my data is safe in at least one standby
    Avoided network trip between primary to standby databases
    But I need huge storage in case of VLDB
  • Database = control + data files + redo , Instance = Memory + Back Ground processes, Semi Database – far sync

    Far sync instances are part of the Oracle Active Data Guard Far Sync feature, which requires an Oracle Active Data Guard license.
    offload the primary database performance obligations/complexity and overcome network latency issues involved while shipping the redo synchronously to its all remote standby databases configured far away, at the same time guarantee zero data loss failover capabilities.
    - cannot perform any switchover or either failover operations

    Supports up to 29 remote destinations


  • If your redo rate 8738133 bytes per second , bandwidth is 100 Mbps
  • Standby servers doesn’t mean that failover performed to different location, its just logical representation that we performed failover and now the database is new primary
  • Why VALID_FOR used STANDBY_LOGFILE,STANDBY_ROLE used from far sync to standby?
    The redo_log_type keyword identifies the destination whether valid or not.
  • For real-time apply, no need to start recovery using “current logfile”, real-time apply is enabled by default.
  • Standby can be
  • Oracle12c data guard farsync and whats new

    1. 1. Oracle 12c Data Guard – Far Sync and what’s new Author & Presenter: Nassyam Basha Date: 08-NOV-2014
    2. 2. Nassyam Basha • Post Graduation in computers from University of Madras • Oracle Database Consultant @ Pythian • Frequent OTN contributor (CKPT) /MOSC certified GURU • Co-Author of Oracle 11gR2 Data Guard administration beginners Guide • Blogger • Author of OTN Articles • 11g Oracle Certified Master • Co-Founder of @nassyambasha /nassyambasha 2 © 2014 Pythian
    3. 3. Oracle Data Guard Evolution 7.x 8i Managed standby Database Read-only Physical standby database Managed Recovery of standby Remote archiving of redo log files Logical standby database Integrated zero data loss Broker, Switchover & Failover Automatic GAP resolution Cascade redo log destinations 9i 3 © 2014 Pythian ADG, Heterogeneous Platform support Snapshot Standby , Rolling Upgrade, Tuning Reports 11g Now lets See 12c Real-Time Apply, Simplified 10g Configuration, SRL Support with Logical standby database, FSFO, Flashback database over Data Guard
    4. 4. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 4 © 2014 Pythian
    5. 5. Quick look at Protection modes – 12c • Maximum Performance: – Works as independent database – (ASYNC/NOAFFIRM) – Oracle no longer recommends ARCH transport • Maximum Protection: – Highest level of data protection, No data loss – Must recommended to have more than one standby database. – (SYNC/AFFIRM) • Maximum Availability(11g/12c): – Flexibility to run in Maximum Protection and Maximum Performance – (SYNC/AFFIRM) - Maximum protection in maximum Availability – (SYNC/NOAFFIRM) – Maximum performance with maximum Availability MAX_PERFORMANCE MAX_PROTECTION MAX_AVAILABILITY ASYNC SYNC SYNC NOAFFIRM AFFIRM AFFIRM/NOAFFIRM 5 © 2014 Pythian
    6. 6. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 6 © 2014 Pythian
    7. 7. Protection with Maximum Availability – 11.x • SYNC/AFFIRM – Maximum Availability Primary 11.x Commit LGWR NSS -bash-3.2$ ps -ef|grep nss oracle 12908 1 0 22:06 ? 00:00:02 ora_nss2_mcdb oracle 17079 15150 0 23:31 pts/2 00:00:00 grep nss -bash-3.2$ ps -ef|grep lns oracle 17081 15150 0 23:31 pts/2 00:00:00 grep lns -bash-3.2$ LOG1 LOG2 7 © 2014 Pythian 11.x RFS SLOG1 SLOG2 1 2 3 4 5 6 Standby MRP SYNC
    8. 8. Performance with Maximum Availability – 12c FastSync • SYNC/NOAFFIRM – Maximum Availability Primary 12c Commit LGWR NSS LOG1 LOG2 8 © 2014 Pythian 12c RFS SLOG1 SLOG2 1 2 2 3 4 5 Standby MRP SYNC NOAFFIRM Ack Receipt
    9. 9. Performance with Maximum Availability – Fast Sync • Prior to 12c it Maximum availability supports only SYNC/AFFIRM, SQL> alter system set log_archive_dest_2='service=india sync noaffirm valid_for=(online_logfiles,primary_role) db_unique_name=india' scope=both; System altered. SQL> select protection_mode from v$database; PROTECTION_MODE -------------------- MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE SQL> alter database set standby database to maximize availability; Database altered. SQL> 9 © 2014 Pythian
    10. 10. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 10 © 2014 Pythian
    11. 11. Far Sync – Road Map (Topology 1:n) • Multiple standby databases support(dest_n) • Standby database can be Physical or Logical or Snapshot • What is throughput and network traffic from one to many topology? • Is your all of standby sites will have same network speed across global? • What happens if you have only one datacentre very far distance? 11 © 2014 Pythian
    12. 12. Far Sync – Evolution • Cascade standby – Disadvantages? 12 © 2014 Pythian
    13. 13. Far Sync - Introduction • Light weight Oracle database instance • Far Sync supports both Physical standby and also Logical standby. • Far Sync doesn’t require a license but other nodes must required Oracle Active Data Guard License • SPFILE, Password file, Standby Control file , SRL’s and ARL’s • No Datafiles • No Database Open • No storage cost and It consumes very less server resources (CPU, Memory…) • Far Sync supports either Maximum Availability or Maximum Performance… Why? • Far Sync supports Data Guard Broker. • Compression of redo can be enabled with advanced compression license. 13 © 2014 Pythian
    14. 14. Far Sync – Best Location to create • Considerations before creating FAR SYNC – Redo write size – Available network bandwidth – Round Trip Network latency – Standby I/O performance 14 © 2014 Pythian
    15. 15. Far Sync – Zero Data Loss Protection- How? • As soon as Far Sync receives synchronous redo from primary, it also completes sending committed transactions to the standby destination(s) of Data Guard configuration. - My data is safe in standby database(s) • Now it lefts to you whether you wish to configure FSFO for failover operations or you prefer to do using manual method. 15 © 2014 Pythian
    16. 16. Far Sync – Implementation: Prerequisites  Change to SPFILE in case of PFILE.  Create Password file on Primary - Copy password file to Far Sync instance and standby servers  Primary database should be in Archive log mode  Enable FORCE LOGGING on Primary database  Listener configuration on all locations (Primary, Far Sync and Standby)  Network connection - Primary to Far Sync and vice versa - Far Sync to remote standby database(s) and vice versa - Primary to remote database(s), useful in case of switchover and any checks  Create SRL(Standby redo logs) and recommended to have same or more size than ORL(online redo logs) and create same or more number of standby redo log groups(SRL) than online redo log group(ORL) - Creation of SRL’s on overall Data Guard configuration including primary will helps us in case of role transition - Avoid multiplexing of SRL(standby redo logs) 16 © 2014 Pythian
    17. 17. Far Sync – Implementation: Know your environment • In this scenario, We have Primary database and one standby, Now we introducing Far Sync instance to transmit redo information through it. DATABASE_ROLE DB_UNIQUE_NAME Oracle Net Primary CANADA CANADA Far Sync CANFAR CANFAR Standby INDIA INDIA • Now create control file for Far Sync instance from primary database • Create SPFILE and copy it to Far Sync server and modify required parameters • Copy Password file to remote servers and rename it as per instance name • Copy control file backup(above location) to the Far Sync server, Either you can restore using RMAN even directly copy to the required location and perform mount. 17 © 2014 Pythian
    18. 18. Far Sync – Implementation • The new values of parameters from all destinations are 18 © 2014 Pythian
    19. 19. Far Sync – Implementation(critical) • Create standby redo logs on primary – Because of LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT parameter the standby redo logs will be created automatically on Far Sync if they are created. • Increase protection mode to avail Maximum availability with zero data loss • Black Box Primary database is in MAXIMUM AVAILABILITY mode Changing standby controlfile to MAXIMUM AVAILABILITY mode Changing standby controlfile to RESYNCHRONIZATION level Standby controlfile consistent with primary • Recovery (MRP) – When recovery comes into picture, probably recovery can started from Far Sync? Then you will run into “ORA-01665: control file is not a standby control file” – Moreover there are no data files to update any committed transaction, its any instance which works as broker between primary and standby database, Recovery(MRP) should start only on standby database(s). 19 © 2014 Pythian
    20. 20. Far Sync - Validation • After the successful configuration of introducing Far Sync, Overall status of the configuration • SRL’s are being used? • Parent and child relationship of Data Guard configuration. 20 © 2014 Pythian
    21. 21. Far Sync: Flexible • Alternate destination - alter system set log_archive_dest_2='service=canfar SYNC AFFIRM MAX_FAILURE=1 ALTERNATE=LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_3 DB_UNIQUE_NAME=canfar VALID_FOR=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,PRIMARY_ROLE)'; - alter system set log_archive_dest_3='service=india ASYNC ALTERNATE=LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2 DB_UNIQUE_NAME=india VALID_FOR=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,PRIMARY_ROLE)'; • By thus configurations, redo will be sent asynchronously to alternate destinations and when far sync is available Data Guard automatically resynchronizes far sync(canfar) instance and redo will be transmitted towards far sync. 21 © 2014 Pythian
    22. 22. Far Sync: High Availability • After role transition(Switch over), will be the commit response time remains same between new primary and the Far Sync-1(canfar)? • To avail maximum availability for zero data loss establish a new far sync instance near to the primary. ASYNC SYNC 22 © 2014 Pythian Switch over Switch over Distance ? SYNC ASYNC
    23. 23. Far Sync – Add second far instance • Adding Far Sync instance near to remote destination is easy. – Create SPFILE from new/modified PFILE – Copy Password file – Network connection between all the locations. – Create new Far Sync control file from Primary database and mount. – Ensure SRL’s are available for maximum availability in case of role transition 23 © 2014 Pythian
    24. 24. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 24 © 2014 Pythian
    25. 25. Real-Time Cascaded Standby Databases • Cascaded destinations now receives redo in Real-Time • Must have Active Data Guard License • Cascading Standby can be in any Protection Mode • Data Guard Broker now supports cascade standby • First standby should be either Physical or Far Sync Standby but no Logical Standby 25 © 2014 Pythian
    26. 26. Real-Time Cascaded Standby Databases - Setup • Real-Time Cascade, Then transport mode should be ASYNC and it can be any destinations. • For Non Real-Time Cascade, Transport mode should be SYNC and use the destinations from 1 to 10. • Standby Redo Logs(SRLs) must have created already on cascaded standby database. Primary to Cascading: SQL> alter system set log_archive_dest_2='SERVICE=INDIA SYNC AFFIRM VALID_FOR=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,PRIMARY_ROLE) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=INDIA' scope=both; Cascading to Cascade: SQL> alter system set log_archive_dest_2='SERVICE=UK ASYNC VALID_FOR=(STANDBY_LOGFILES, STANDBY_ROLE) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=UK' scope=both; 26 © 2014 Pythian
    27. 27. Real-Time Cascade with Broker • From 12c Cascade standby now with Broker support • Configure RedoRoutes DGMGRL> edit database CANADA set property redoroutes='(LOCAL:INDIA) (INDIA:UK)'; Property "redoroutes" updated DGMGRL> edit database INDIA set property redoroutes='(CANADA:UK ASYNC)'; Property "redoroutes" updated DGMGRL> 27 © 2014 Pythian
    28. 28. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 28 © 2014 Pythian
    29. 29. Simpler Role Transitions • Simple Failover with “SQL> alter database failover to india;” 29 © 2014 Pythian
    30. 30. Simpler Role Transitions 30 © 2014 Pythian
    31. 31. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 31 © 2014 Pythian
    32. 32. 11g Rolling Upgrade • Disable Broker • Create Guaranteed restore point on primary & Standby • Convert standby to Transient Logical standby • Create 2nd Guaranteed restore point • Upgrade Transient Logical standby • Switchover to Primary • Flashback Original Primary • Mount Primary from new home and convert to physical standby • Start Switchover on primary • Complete switchover on standby • Restart Old primary as standby • Drop Restore points 32 © 2014 Pythian
    33. 33. DBMS_ROLLING • Legacy Rolling Upgrade Vs DBMS_ROLLING • PL/SQL package of ADG Feature • Very useful in case of any maintenance, Patching. 33 © 2014 Pythian
    34. 34. DBMS_ROLLING • High Level Steps • DBMS_ROLLING.DESTROY_PLAN (); • DBMS_ROLLING.ROLLBACK_PLAN; 34 © 2014 Pythian
    35. 35. DBMS_ROLLING 35 © 2014 Pythian
    36. 36. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 36 © 2014 Pythian
    37. 37. Online standby data file movement • Online standby data file is feature of 12c and this is applicable either primary or standby but now it is more flexible… How? – No need to terminate the recovery (MRP) – No need to set STANDBY_FILE_MANAGMENT to MANUAL – If using ADG no need to bounce database to mount either. 37 © 2014 Pythian
    38. 38. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 38 © 2014 Pythian
    39. 39. Recover standby database using primary service From 12c to fill huge archive lags, incremental backups on fly procedure can be performed for faster and simple form of recovery by using service name from standby and no need to have any backup either in primary or standby to do. • Should be in mount status or else – Recovery cannot be performed in open status and data file fall into exclusive enqueue – No need to have backup from primary • Restore Datafile RMAN> restore datafile 6 from service “canada" ; 39 © 2014 Pythian
    40. 40. What’s new in 12c Data Guard? • Fast Sync • Far Sync • Real-time Cascade standby database • Switchover Preview • DBMS_ROLLING • Online standby data file movement • Restore datafile & Recover standby database using primary service • SYSDG role 40 © 2014 Pythian
    41. 41. SYSDG Role • SYSDG administrative privilege specific to Data Guard. • If you want to manage with SYSDG role then ensure you have fresh copy of password file. – ALTER SYSTEM, – ALTER SESSION – ALTER DATABAE, – FLASHBACK DATABASE – DROP RESTORE POINT – SELECT ANY DICTIONARY – All DGMGRL Commands 41 © 2014 Pythian
    42. 42. Finally…… "There is a law written somewhere in the universe that says the day your standby's config diverges from your primary is the day you will need to failover. Better hope such divergence doesn't hurt the end user experience now that they are using the standby." - Brian Peasland 42 © 2014 Pythian
    43. 43. Thank you and Q&A basha@pythian.com @nassyambasha www.oracle-ckpt.com 43 © 2014 Pythian
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