Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering
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Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering






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Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering Presentation Transcript

  • Investigating Collaborative Information Seeking Practice of Design Engineering Students
    • Overview
    • What’s information seeking?
    • The need to study information seeking in a collaborative setting
    • What are the skills that students in a design engineering course are expected to have or to acquire?
    • The use of concept/mind map tools as a potential solution
    • The role of librarians
    Agenda Engineering & Science Library
    • Design engineering projects are commonly collaborative.
    • The identification of the needed information is an essential competency?
    • Google generation and the information overload
    Overview Engineering & Science Library View slide
    • Information seeking behaviour is the area where we can study how people need, seek, give, and use information in different contexts, including the workplace and everyday living.
    • There is no single definition for information seeking behaviour as it depends on the discipline where it is studied.
    • Foster defines collaborative information seeking as “the study of the systems and practices that enable individuals to collaborate during the seeking, searching and retrieval of information.”
    • Source: J. Foster, "Collaborative information seeking and retrieval", Annual Review of Information Science and Technology , Medford, NJ, 2006, Vol. 40, pp. 329-356.
    What is information seeking? Engineering & Science Library View slide
    • Kuhlthau’s six stages of the ISP model are:
        • Initiation : recognize information need.
        • Selection : identify general topic.
        • Exploration : investigate information on general.
        • Formulation : formulate focus.
        • Collection : gather information pertaining to focus.
        • Presentation : complete.
    • Source: C.C. Kuhlthau, “Inside the search process: seeking meaning from the user’s perspective”, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, Vol. 42, No. 5, 1991, pp. 361–371.
    Information seeking process (ISP) model Engineering & Science Library
  • Information seeking during the design process (based on the type of resource) Source: D. Veshosky, "Managing Innovation Information in Engineering and Construction Firms," Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol. 14, 1998, pp. 58-66.
    • Ellis and Haugan categorized engineers’ information seeking practice into eight categories :
    • Surveying : the initial search for an overview of the related literature within a subject field.
    • Chaining : following chains of different forms of connection between resources to identify new sources of information.
    • Monitoring : maintaining awareness of development and technologies.
    • Browsing : scanning of primary and secondary resources
    • Distinguishing : ranking information sources according to their relative importance
    • Filtering : using search strategies to make the retrieved information more relevant and precise.
    • Extracting : working through sources to select materials for specific use such as a presentation, a discussion, or a report.
    • Ending : activities involved with finishing the information seeking process at the end of the design project.
    • Source: D. Ellis and M. Haugan, "Modelling the information seeking patterns of engineers and research scientists in an industrial environment", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 53, 1997, pp. 384-403.
    Information seeking behaviour of engineers
    • Collaborative information seeking behaviour is not information sharing.
    • Which tools would students use in collaborative information seeking? And how they can learn them?
    • Collaborative information behaviour is studied on working groups rather than studying individuals and it includes:
        • Identifying needs collaboratively,
        • Formulating queries collaboratively,
        • Retrieving information collaboratively,
        • Communicating about information
        • Coordinating information retrieval activities.
    Collaborative information seeking Engineering & Science Library
  • How to investigate collaborative information seeking in a design engineering course? Engineering & Science Library
  • Suggested Model Engineering & Science Library Design knowledge framework Source: O. Eris and L. Leifer, “Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team”, International Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2003, pp. 142-152.
  • Suggested Model with intervention Engineering & Science Library Design knowledge framework Based on: O. Eris and L. Leifer, “Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team”, International Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2003, pp. 142-152. Librarian/ TA /Project Manager
    • Concept/ mind maps
    • Engineering portfolios
    • Collaborative online tools .. Google docs, Refworks, Facebook !
    • Who, How, and When?
    Suggested tools Engineering & Science Library
  • Example: Rob’s map
    • The purpose of this presentation is to introduce the need to study collaborative information practice in design engineering project with a highlight of the role of librarians and information specialists in studying and mapping the information resources that engineering students would use during the project lifetime.
    • “ Information is not a pill an individual can swallow in order to become informed, but a plastic substance that can be shaped in many ways. An information user is not a passive information processing system but actively makes sense of the surrounding reality and attached personal meaning to information” *
    • Source: S.Talja, K. Tuominen, and R. Savolainen, R. ‘Isms’ in information science: Constructivism, collectivism and constructionism . Journal of Documentation , 2005, vol. 61 no. 1, 79-101.
    Final thoughts Engineering & Science Library
  • Questions and Comments !
    • Nasser Saleh: [email_address] , (613) 533-6846