Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering

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Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering

  1. 1. Investigating Collaborative Information Seeking Practice of Design Engineering Students
  2. 2. <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>What’s information seeking? </li></ul><ul><li>The need to study information seeking in a collaborative setting </li></ul><ul><li>What are the skills that students in a design engineering course are expected to have or to acquire? </li></ul><ul><li>The use of concept/mind map tools as a potential solution </li></ul><ul><li>The role of librarians </li></ul>Agenda Engineering & Science Library
  3. 3. <ul><li>Design engineering projects are commonly collaborative. </li></ul><ul><li>The identification of the needed information is an essential competency? </li></ul><ul><li>Google generation and the information overload </li></ul>Overview Engineering & Science Library
  4. 4. <ul><li>Information seeking behaviour is the area where we can study how people need, seek, give, and use information in different contexts, including the workplace and everyday living. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no single definition for information seeking behaviour as it depends on the discipline where it is studied. </li></ul><ul><li>Foster defines collaborative information seeking as “the study of the systems and practices that enable individuals to collaborate during the seeking, searching and retrieval of information.” </li></ul><ul><li>Source: J. Foster, &quot;Collaborative information seeking and retrieval&quot;, Annual Review of Information Science and Technology , Medford, NJ, 2006, Vol. 40, pp. 329-356. </li></ul>What is information seeking? Engineering & Science Library
  5. 5. <ul><li>Kuhlthau’s six stages of the ISP model are: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initiation : recognize information need. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selection : identify general topic. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration : investigate information on general. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formulation : formulate focus. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collection : gather information pertaining to focus. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation : complete. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Source: C.C. Kuhlthau, “Inside the search process: seeking meaning from the user’s perspective”, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, Vol. 42, No. 5, 1991, pp. 361–371. </li></ul>Information seeking process (ISP) model Engineering & Science Library
  6. 6. Information seeking during the design process (based on the type of resource) Source: D. Veshosky, &quot;Managing Innovation Information in Engineering and Construction Firms,&quot; Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol. 14, 1998, pp. 58-66.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ellis and Haugan categorized engineers’ information seeking practice into eight categories : </li></ul><ul><li>Surveying : the initial search for an overview of the related literature within a subject field. </li></ul><ul><li>Chaining : following chains of different forms of connection between resources to identify new sources of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring : maintaining awareness of development and technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Browsing : scanning of primary and secondary resources </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguishing : ranking information sources according to their relative importance </li></ul><ul><li>Filtering : using search strategies to make the retrieved information more relevant and precise. </li></ul><ul><li>Extracting : working through sources to select materials for specific use such as a presentation, a discussion, or a report. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending : activities involved with finishing the information seeking process at the end of the design project. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: D. Ellis and M. Haugan, &quot;Modelling the information seeking patterns of engineers and research scientists in an industrial environment&quot;, Journal of Documentation, Vol. 53, 1997, pp. 384-403. </li></ul>Information seeking behaviour of engineers
  8. 8. <ul><li>Collaborative information seeking behaviour is not information sharing. </li></ul><ul><li>Which tools would students use in collaborative information seeking? And how they can learn them? </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative information behaviour is studied on working groups rather than studying individuals and it includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying needs collaboratively, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formulating queries collaboratively, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieving information collaboratively, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating about information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating information retrieval activities. </li></ul></ul></ul>Collaborative information seeking Engineering & Science Library
  9. 9. How to investigate collaborative information seeking in a design engineering course? Engineering & Science Library
  10. 10. Suggested Model Engineering & Science Library Design knowledge framework Source: O. Eris and L. Leifer, “Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team”, International Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2003, pp. 142-152.
  11. 11. Suggested Model with intervention Engineering & Science Library Design knowledge framework Based on: O. Eris and L. Leifer, “Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team”, International Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2003, pp. 142-152. Librarian/ TA /Project Manager
  12. 12. <ul><li>Concept/ mind maps </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative online tools .. Google docs, Refworks, Facebook ! </li></ul><ul><li>Who, How, and When? </li></ul>Suggested tools Engineering & Science Library
  13. 13. Example: Rob’s map
  14. 14. <ul><li>The purpose of this presentation is to introduce the need to study collaborative information practice in design engineering project with a highlight of the role of librarians and information specialists in studying and mapping the information resources that engineering students would use during the project lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Information is not a pill an individual can swallow in order to become informed, but a plastic substance that can be shaped in many ways. An information user is not a passive information processing system but actively makes sense of the surrounding reality and attached personal meaning to information” * </li></ul><ul><li>Source: S.Talja, K. Tuominen, and R. Savolainen, R. ‘Isms’ in information science: Constructivism, collectivism and constructionism . Journal of Documentation , 2005, vol. 61 no. 1, 79-101. </li></ul>Final thoughts Engineering & Science Library
  15. 15. Questions and Comments ! <ul><li>Nasser Saleh: [email_address] , (613) 533-6846 </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.queensu.ca/webeng </li></ul>ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE LIBRARY FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE

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