NASSCOM ILF 2014: Ten technologies to transform India: Noshir Kaka, McKinsey and Company


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NASSCOM ILF 2014: Ten technologies to transform India: Noshir Kaka, McKinsey and Company

  1. 1. Ten technologies to transform India Conference Document February 12, 2014 SOURCE: Source CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Any use of this material without specific permission of McKinsey & Company is strictly prohibited
  2. 2. India’s needs for the next decade are huge Ten technologies have transformative potential for India The opportunity at stake is 4X6X of IT-ITES current value McKinsey & Company | 1
  3. 3. India’s needs for the next decade are huge Accelerated growth, inclusiveness and governance 650 Mn 500 Mn skilled people need proper nourishment people needed over the next decade 400 Mn 300 Mn people need access to electricity ACCELERATION GOVERNANCE #134 out of 189 countries on ease of doing business #124 out of 190 countries on United Nation’s E-Governance index rural people need access to quality healthcare 120 Mn rural households need bank accounts McKinsey & Company | 2
  4. 4. Ten technologies have a key role in this transformation ▪ Solar capacity of ▪ 43 GW solar capacity 1.7 GW (0.7% of (9% connectivity Ubiquitous of India’s India’s installed installed capacity) capacity) Internet of things ▪ Scattered pilot applications in B2B and B2C settings affecting service Cloud industry ▪ Advanced automation in BPO/BPM with potential large scale disruption technology of medium skilled labor force ▪ Use of genomics in ▪payments Digital Regular genomic research based diagnosis for laboratories and non-communicable for very small diseases and patient sets (50 targeted treatment Universal biometric 100 patients) identity ▪ 14% penetration, ▪ 60-80% Advanced oil & gas penetration with with 43% through mobile >70% Exploration & Recovery through ▪ $10 per MBPS mobile access cost ▪ <$1 per mbps Renewable energy sources ▪ Enabled with ▪ custom devices for closed systems Advanced energy applications storage access cost Enabled with affordable standardized devices for open system applications across industries ▪Automation of knowl-– 10 billion ~1.4 billion B2B and ▪ 5 B2C transactions transactions edge work driven by high value fixed line transactions Next generation genomics (large scale) including large scale mobile based low value P2P payments McKinsey & Company | 3
  5. 5. Technology can change millions of lives, fast Sector People Impacted, 2025 Healthcare Education “500 million” additional rural people with access to quality healthcare “190 million” people with additional 4-8 yrs of education Scale Equal to the population of US + Mexico 5x current number of vocationally trained in India 2 x current Financial services “68% of adult” population with access to most financial services financially included people across India in India Agriculture “90 million” farmers with higher farm 50 % increase Energy “80-110 million” people with access to Equal to lighting up a country of size of electricity Philippines Citizen services “2-5% increase” in citizen’s time 5-12extra days productivity, better market information availability due to digital services in farm productivity per person per year freed up McKinsey & Company | 4
  6. 6. Ten technologies to transform India SOURCE: Source CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Any use of this material without specific permission of McKinsey & Company is strictly prohibited
  7. 7. Healthcare SughaVazhvu – towards end-to-end technology led healthcare Physician training and setup Education of medical protocol for treatment of diseases Patient enrollment and assessment Phone tablet based door to door enrollment Treatment and diagnosis Protocol based treatment Medication and follow-up Printed Rx Geotagging and Barcoded UID for all patients Online reports Autoreplenishment of drugs Rapid risk assessment of patient Low cost diagnostic through centralized test labs Auto patient reminder on visits scheduled Setup 2 laptops + 2 tablet per clinic Electronic health records 100,000 patients enrolled and treated till date in the districts of Tamil Nadu McKinsey & Company | 6
  8. 8. 60-80% reduction in training time and standardised care Healthcare Context Outcome ▪ Takes about 14+ ▪ Reduced time years for a nurse to be skilled for practicing in ICUs to training/ up-skill ▪ Better quality ▪ Big shortfall in skilled nurses at all levels – Early tenure nurses put in ICU leading to reduced quality – Junior doctors put in ICUs leading to higher cost ICU Signals Reminders Alarms Treatment protocol Work scheduling EMR + Cloud of care due to – Influenced behaviour of nurses – Paperless recording ▪ Smart decision making Doctors inputs McKinsey & Company | 7
  9. 9. Education Freeing up teachers to do teaching and better school outcomes Biometric attendance Impact on disadvantaged schools is much higher, +56%, vs. top end K12 E-content Self-assessment/ recommendation engines Customized learning Computer adaptive learning allow children to learn at their pace Solution already delivered to ~50K students Performance of students improved by 90%1 50% of teacher time can be reallocated Cost can go down to INR 50 per month per student 1 Comparison of pre- and post-test scores for the Ratlam project by EI SOURCE: McKinsey analysis, Educational Initiatives, Kerala govt Data analytics/ report generation Affordable devices Performance tracking In Kerala, details of ~60 lakh student to be recorded and analyzed in real-time Potential for drastic reduction in the consuming activities, e.g., 20-30% time saved Enabling fact based schools management McKinsey & Company | 8
  10. 10. Education Vocational with technology – capacity, effectiveness, job suitability Supply generation Supply demand matching Tech enabled training Trainee data Labour portals Employee data Case example “K-Yan” (Knowledge Yan) delivers multimedia content in classroom Masonry K-YAN Computer Hardware Textiles ▪ 9,000+ student were trained with 85% placement ▪ ▪ rate in FY2012 Uses hub and spoke model for training Received “Best Performing Corporate Partner Award” at the NSDC Partners Meet, 2012 ▪ Transparently provides update on skills demand ▪ and supply Needs to refreshed more frequently e.g. Australia labour portal updates data on a monthly basis McKinsey & Company | 9